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Luobusha ophiolite ("Luobusa ophiolite"), Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.), Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture), Tibet, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Luobusha ophiolite ("Luobusa ophiolite")- not defined -
Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)County
Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)Prefecture
TibetAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):罗布莎蛇绿岩, 曲松县 (ཆུ་གསུམ་རྫོང་), 山南地区 (ལྷོ་ཁ་ས་ཁུལ་), 西藏自治区, 中国
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 28° North , 92° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~37km
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


The Luobusha ophiolite is situated along the Luobusha fault zone, also known as Yarlung Zangbo (or, Brahmaputra) suture zone. It consists mainly of mantle peridotite and dunite, overlying a mélange zone composed of pillow lavas, gabbros, pyroxenites and cherts in a serpentinite matrix. To the south, it is separated from Triassic flysch by a steep reverse fault; to the north, it is thrust over the Tertiary Luobusha Formation and Gangdese granitic batholith.

The ophiolite extends 42 km in an east-west direction and has an outcrop area of approximately 70 km2. Podiform chromitite ores, included in a dunite-harzburgite assemblage, occur discontinuously in a band in the upper mantle peridotites. These are, from east to west, the Kangjinla, Xiangkashan and Luobusha deposits. The chromitites display massive, disseminated, brecciated and nodular textures, and are believed to have formed by precipitation from boninitic melts interacting with the host peridotites. These chromitites have an unusual mineral assemblage, including ultra-high pressure (UHP) minerals such as diamond and moissanite (SiC), as well as a number of highly reduced phases such as graphite, native chromium, iron, nickel, gold, copper, and silicon identified by electron microprobe and X-ray diffraction studies. Some phases seem to have formed at the core/mantle boundary. Among the unusual phases found are alloys (Fe/Si-phases, Ni/Fe-phases, Fe/Cr-phases, Ir/Fe-phases, W/Co-phases, Cr/C-phases, Ti/N-phases, Si/Ca-phases, Si/C-phases, etc.), as well as numerous new oxides, sulphides and arsenides.

NOTE: "Luobusa" is a misnomer used in early publications on the ophiolite (see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-247373.html ). The Chinese name, 罗布莎, transliterates to "Luo-Bu-Sha".

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia PlatePlate
Southwest China, ChinaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

83 valid minerals. 8 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminium
Formula: Al
'Apatite'
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
'Biotite'
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
'Chlorite Group'
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Diamond
Formula: C
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iridarsenite
Formula: (Ir,Ru)As2
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Rutheniridium
Formula: (Ir,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lead
Formula: Pb
Lime
Formula: CaO
Linzhiite (TL)
Formula: FeSi2
Type Locality:
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Luobusaite (TL)
Formula: Fe0.84Si2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Naquite (TL)
Formula: FeSi
Type Locality:
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polkanovite
Formula: Rh12As7
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Qingsongite (TL)
Formula: BN
Type Locality:
Qusongite (TL)
Formula: WC
Rambergite
Formula: MnS
Rhodium
Formula: (Rh,Pt)
Ruthenarsenite
Formula: (Ru,Ni)As
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silicon
Formula: Si
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Sphalerite var: Mátraite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
'Tantalum'
Formula: Ta
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tin
Formula: Sn
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Titanium (TL)
Formula: Ti
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tungsten
Formula: W
'UM1999-02-As:NiRh'
Formula: (Rh,Ni)7As4
'UM2000-60-Si:Fe'
Formula: Fe3Si7
'UM2007-01-As:CuPd'
Formula: (Pd,Cu)7As3
'UM2007-02-As:NiPd'
Formula: (Pd,Ni)7As4
'UM2007-03-As:NiRh'
Formula: Rh3Ni3.57As3
'UM2007-04-As:Pd'
Formula: Pd4As
'UM2007-05-As:PdTe'
Formula: Pd7(As,Te)2
'UM2007-06-As:Rh'
Formula: Rh7As3
'UM2007-16-N:Ti'
Formula: Ti7N3
'UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh'
Formula: (Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
'UM2007-22-S:AsRu'
Formula: Ru3(S,As)7
'UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh'
Formula: (Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
'UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh'
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
'UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi'
Formula: (Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
'UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi'
Formula: (Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
'UM2007-30-S:Fe'
Formula: Fe3S2
'UM2007-31-S:Ti'
Formula: Ti7S3
'UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS'
Formula: (Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
'UM2007-42-Te:AsPd'
Formula: Pd7(Te,As)2
'UM2007-43-Te:Pd'
Formula: Pd5Te2
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Yarlongite (TL)
Formula: Cr4Fe4NiC4
Zangboite (TL)
Formula: TiFeSi2
Type Locality:
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium1.AA.05Al
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Chromium1.AE.05Cr
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Rutheniridium1.AF.10(Ir,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Linzhiite (TL)1.BB.20FeSi2
Luobusaite (TL)1.BB.25Fe0.84Si2
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Naquite (TL)1.BB.15FeSi
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Qusongite (TL)1.BA.25WC
Rhodium1.AF.10(Rh,Pt)
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silicon1.CB.15Si
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Titanium (TL)1.AB.05Ti
Tungsten1.AE.05W
'UM2007-16-N:Ti'1.BC.Ti7N3
Yarlongite (TL)1.BA.30Cr4Fe4NiC4
Zangboite (TL)1.BB.TiFeSi2
Zinc1.AB.05Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Iridarsenite2.AC.45b(Ir,Ru)As2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polkanovite2.AC.30Rh12As7
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rambergite2.CB.45MnS
Ruthenarsenite2.CC.15(Ru,Ni)As
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Mátraite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
'UM1999-02-As:NiRh'2.AC.30(Rh,Ni)7As4
'UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh'2.CC.(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
'UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh'2.BB.(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
'UM2007-30-S:Fe'2.BB.05Fe3S2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lime4.AB.25CaO
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Qingsongite (TL)-BN
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tantalum'-Ta
'UM2000-60-Si:Fe'-Fe3Si7
'UM2007-01-As:CuPd'-(Pd,Cu)7As3
'UM2007-02-As:NiPd'-(Pd,Ni)7As4
'UM2007-03-As:NiRh'-Rh3Ni3.57As3
'UM2007-04-As:Pd'-Pd4As
'UM2007-05-As:PdTe'-Pd7(As,Te)2
'UM2007-06-As:Rh'-Rh7As3
'UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh'-(Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
'UM2007-22-S:AsRu'-Ru3(S,As)7
'UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi'-(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
'UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi'-(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
'UM2007-31-S:Ti'-Ti7S3
'UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS'-(Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
'UM2007-42-Te:AsPd'-Pd7(Te,As)2
'UM2007-43-Te:Pd'-Pd5Te2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Aluminium1.1.1.5Al
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Chromium1.1.12.1Cr
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Linzhiite (TL)1.1.33.3FeSi2
Luobusaite (TL)1.1.33.7Fe0.84Si2
Naquite (TL)1.1.33.2FeSi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Qusongite (TL)1.1.29.3WC
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Yarlongite (TL)1.1.25.3Cr4Fe4NiC4
Zangboite (TL)1.1.33.8TiFeSi2
Zinc1.1.5.1Zn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Rhodium1.2.1.3(Rh,Pt)
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Silicon1.3.7.1Si
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Ruthenarsenite2.8.17.1(Ru,Ni)As
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
var: Mátraite2.8.15.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Iridarsenite2.12.4.5(Ir,Ru)As2
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Lime4.2.1.5CaO
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Iridium
var: Osmiridium
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Rutheniridium-(Ir,Ru)
Iron-Fe
Osmium
var: Iridosmine
-(Os,Ir)
Polkanovite-Rh12As7
Qingsongite (TL)-BN
Rambergite-MnS
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tantalum'-Ta
Titanium (TL)-Ti
Tungsten-W
'UM1999-02-As:NiRh'-(Rh,Ni)7As4
'UM2000-60-Si:Fe'-Fe3Si7
'UM2007-01-As:CuPd'-(Pd,Cu)7As3
'UM2007-02-As:NiPd'-(Pd,Ni)7As4
'UM2007-03-As:NiRh'-Rh3Ni3.57As3
'UM2007-04-As:Pd'-Pd4As
'UM2007-05-As:PdTe'-Pd7(As,Te)2
'UM2007-06-As:Rh'-Rh7As3
'UM2007-16-N:Ti'-Ti7N3
'UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh'-(Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
'UM2007-22-S:AsRu'-Ru3(S,As)7
'UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh'-(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
'UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
'UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi'-(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
'UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi'-(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
'UM2007-30-S:Fe'-Fe3S2
'UM2007-31-S:Ti'-Ti7S3
'UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS'-(Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
'UM2007-42-Te:AsPd'-Pd7(Te,As)2
'UM2007-43-Te:Pd'-Pd5Te2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B QingsongiteBN
CCarbon
C YarlongiteCr4Fe4NiC4
C QusongiteWC
C GraphiteC
C MoissaniteSiC
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
NNitrogen
N QingsongiteBN
N UM2007-16-N:TiTi7N3
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O PericlaseMgO
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O RutileTiO2
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O WüstiteFeO
O CoesiteSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O LimeCaO
O LithargePbO
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CalciteCaCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CelestineSrSO4
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ZinciteZnO
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MgMagnesium
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AluminiumAl
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si LuobusaiteFe0.84Si2
Si LinzhiiteFeSi2
Si NaquiteFeSi
Si ZangboiteTiFeSi2
Si SiliconSi
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si UM2000-60-Si:FeFe3Si7
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
S AlabanditeMnS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S Sphalerite (var: Mátraite)ZnS
S CelestineSrSO4
S MilleriteNiS
S TroiliteFeS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S LauriteRuS2
S Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S RambergiteMnS
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh(Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
S UM2007-22-S:AsRuRu3(S,As)7
S UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
S UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
S UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
S UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
S UM2007-30-S:FeFe3S2
S UM2007-31-S:TiTi7S3
S UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS(Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca LimeCaO
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniumTi
Ti ZangboiteTiFeSi2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti UM2007-16-N:TiTi7N3
Ti UM2007-31-S:TiTi7S3
Ti OsborniteTiN
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr YarlongiteCr4Fe4NiC4
Cr ChromiumCr
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn RambergiteMnS
FeIron
Fe LuobusaiteFe0.84Si2
Fe YarlongiteCr4Fe4NiC4
Fe LinzhiiteFeSi2
Fe NaquiteFeSi
Fe ZangboiteTiFeSi2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe IronFe
Fe WüstiteFeO
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
Fe UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
Fe UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
Fe UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
Fe UM2007-30-S:FeFe3S2
Fe UM2000-60-Si:FeFe3Si7
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni YarlongiteCr4Fe4NiC4
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni NickelNi
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
Ni UM1999-02-As:NiRh(Rh,Ni)7As4
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni UM2007-02-As:NiPd(Pd,Ni)7As4
Ni UM2007-03-As:NiRhRh3Ni3.57As3
Ni UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
Ni UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
Ni UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
Ni UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu UM2007-01-As:CuPd(Pd,Cu)7As3
Cu UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
Cu UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
Cu UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
Cu UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
Cu UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS(Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn ZincZn
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Sphalerite (var: Mátraite)ZnS
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
As UM1999-02-As:NiRh(Rh,Ni)7As4
As SperrylitePtAs2
As PolkanoviteRh12As7
As Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
As UM2007-04-As:PdPd4As
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As UM2007-01-As:CuPd(Pd,Cu)7As3
As UM2007-02-As:NiPd(Pd,Ni)7As4
As UM2007-03-As:NiRhRh3Ni3.57As3
As UM2007-05-As:PdTePd7(As,Te)2
As UM2007-06-As:RhRh7As3
As UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh(Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
As UM2007-22-S:AsRuRu3(S,As)7
As UM2007-42-Te:AsPdPd7(Te,As)2
SeSelenium
Se UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS(Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
Ru Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ru Iridium (var: Rutheniridium)(Ir,Ru)
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
Ru Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
Ru UM2007-22-S:AsRuRu3(S,As)7
RhRhodium
Rh Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
Rh UM1999-02-As:NiRh(Rh,Ni)7As4
Rh Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
Rh PolkanoviteRh12As7
Rh UM2007-03-As:NiRhRh3Ni3.57As3
Rh UM2007-06-As:RhRh7As3
Rh UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh(Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
Rh UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
Rh UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
Rh UM2007-33-Se:CuRhS(Rh,Cu)9(Se,S)11
PdPalladium
Pd Palladium(Pd,Pt)
Pd UM2007-04-As:PdPd4As
Pd UM2007-01-As:CuPd(Pd,Cu)7As3
Pd UM2007-02-As:NiPd(Pd,Ni)7As4
Pd UM2007-05-As:PdTePd7(As,Te)2
Pd UM2007-42-Te:AsPdPd7(Te,As)2
Pd UM2007-43-Te:PdPd5Te2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn TinSn
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te UM2007-05-As:PdTePd7(As,Te)2
Te UM2007-42-Te:AsPdPd7(Te,As)2
Te UM2007-43-Te:PdPd5Te2
TaTantalum
Ta TantalumTa
WTungsten
W QusongiteWC
W TungstenW
OsOsmium
Os Osmium (var: Iridosmine)(Os,Ir)
Os Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
IrIridium
Ir Osmium (var: Iridosmine)(Os,Ir)
Ir Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Iridium (var: Rutheniridium)(Ir,Ru)
Ir Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
Ir Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
Ir UM2007-21-S:AsIrRh(Rh,Ir)3(S,As)7
Ir UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
Ir UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
Ir UM2007-28-S:CuFeIrNi(Ni,Ir,Fe,Cu)8S9
Ir UM2007-29-S:CuFeIrNi(Ir,Ni,Fe,Cu)8S9
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LithargePbO
Pb LeadPb

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bai, W.J., Zhou, M.F., Robinson, P.T., et al. (1993) Possible diamond-bearing mantle peridotites and chromites in the Luobusa and Dongqiao ophiolites, Tibet. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 30: 1650-1659.
Meifu Zhou, Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., and Li Zijin (1996) Podiform Chromitites in the Luobusa Ophiolite (Southern Tibet): Implications for Melt-Rock Interaction and Chromite Segregation in the Upper Mantle. Journal of Petrology: 37(1): 3-21.
Wenji Bai, Robinson, P.T., Qingsong Fang, Jingsui Yang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Xufeng Hu, Meifu Zhou, and Malpas, J. (2000): The PGE and base-metal alloys in the podiform chromitites of the Luobusa ophiolite, southern Tibet. Canadian Mineralogist: 38(3): 585-598.
Bai, W.J., Zhou, M.F., and Fang, Q.S. (2000) Origin of podiform chromitites, diamonds and associated mineral assemblage in the Luobusha ophiolite, Tibet. Seismological Press (Beijing), 98 pp. (in Chinese).
Bai, W.J., Fang, Q.S., Zhang, Z.M., et al. (2001) Crystal structure of forsterite from podiform chromitite in Luobusha ophiolite of Tibet and its implications. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica: 20(1): 1-9 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001) Study on a storehouse of ultrahigh-pressure mantle minerals - podiform chromite deposits. Earth Science Frontiers: 8(3): 111-121 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Aitchison, J.C., Abrajevitch, A., Badengzhu, J.R.A., Davis, A.M., Luo, H., Liu, J.B., McDermid, I.R.C., and Ziabrev, S. (2002) New insights into the evolution of the Yarlung Tsangpo suture zone, Xizang (Tibet), China. Episodes: 25(2): 90-94.
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggang Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2002) Ultra-high pressure minerals: FeO, Fe, FeSi, Si and SiO2 assemblage from ophiolite in Tibet and its earth dynamic significance. Acta Geoscientia Sinica: 23(5): 395-402.
Wenji Bai, Nicheng Shi, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Mingquan Dai, Ming Xiong, and Binggan Yan (2002) Two new varieties of iron nickel from ophiolites, Tibet. Acta Mineralogica Sinica: 22(3): 201-206.
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, and Binggang Yan (2003) An unusual mantle mineral group in ophiolite, Tibet. Presented at the Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium, Selje, Norway, June 21-28 2003.
Jingsui Yang, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, Binggang Yan, He Rong, and Robinson, P. (2003) Newly discovered coesite-kyanite aggregates in the Luobusa ophiolite, southern Tibet, China, originated from exhumed mantle? Presented at the Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium, Selje, Norway, June 21-28 2003.
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Yufeng Ren, Nicheng Shi, Zhesheng Ma, and Mingquan Dai (2004) Some native metals from ophiolitic chromitites in Tibet. Earth Science Frontiers: 11(1): 179-187.
Wenji Bai, Nicheng Shi, Qingsong Fang, Guowu Li, Ming Xiong, Jingsui Yang, and He Rong (2006) Luobusaite: A New Mineral. Acta Geologica Sinica: 80(5): 656-659 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Robinson, P.T., Jingsui Yang, Wenji Bai, and Qingsong Fang (2006): Ultra-High Pressure Minerals in the Luobusa Ophiolite, Tibet: Implications for Tethyan Mantle Dynamics. 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0857.
Wenji Bai, Shufeng Tao, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Nicheng Shi and Guowu Li (2007): A mineral assemblage of sulfides and sulfo-arsenides from the ophiolite mantle in Tibet. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica: 26(5): 418-428.
Shi, N., Li, G., Bai, W., Xiong, M., Yang, J., Fang, Q., Ma, Z., Rong, H. (2012) Naquite, FeSi, a New Mineral Species from Luobusha, Tibet, Western China. Acta Geologica Sinica: 86: 533-538.

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