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Sonsela Butte deposit, Sonsela Buttes, Sonsela Butte Mining District, Apache Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Sonsela Butte deposit- not defined -
Sonsela ButtesPeak
Sonsela Butte Mining DistrictMining District
Apache Co.Mine
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 6' 3'' North , 109° 6' 6'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Crystal311 (2011)13.6km
Sehili135 (2011)20.8km
Sawmill748 (2011)22.8km
Navajo1,645 (2011)23.1km
Tsaile1,205 (2011)24.7km


A Mn deposit located in sec. 6, T4N, R5W, NM, 4.6 km (2.8 miles) E of Sonsela Buttes (coordinates of record), on the SE rim of Eastern Butte.

Mineralization is manganese oxides as botryoidal pods, disconnected knobby bunches, and irregular lenticular aggregates hosted in the Chuska Sandstone. The ore body is 1.52 meters thick, 4.57 meters wide and 914.4 meters long. Much of the outcrop is revealed only by float material. Local rocks include Oligocene to Paleocene[?] sedimentary rocks.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Colorado Plateau, USAPlateau
Navajo Nation Indian Reservation, USAReservation
Hopi-Navajo Indian Reservations, Colorado Plateau, Apache; Navajo and San Juan Cos., Arizona & Utah, USA

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


2 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Mayo, E.B. (1956), Metalliferous minerals and mineral fuels, Mineral Resources, Vol. No. 1: 39; Farnham, L.L., et al (1961), Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 7990: 4-8.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Description: As a filling in pore spaces between pebbles or fragments in sandstones and conglomerates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 338; Mayo, E.B. (1955b), Manganese, in Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona-Utah, vol. 1, Univ. AZ, Tucson: 39-47.; Mayo, E.B. (1956), Metalliferous minerals and mineral fuels, Mineral Resources, Vol. No. 1: 39; Farnham, L.L., et al (1961), Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 7990: 4-8.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: As a filling in pore spaces between pebbles or fragments in sandstones and conglomerates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 338, 343; Mayo, E.B. (1955b), Manganese, in Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona-Utah, vol. 1, Univ. AZ, Tucson: 39-47.; Mayo, E.B. (1956), Metalliferous minerals and mineral fuels, Mineral Resources, Vol. No. 1: 39; Farnham, L.L., et al (1961), Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 7990: 4-8.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
OOxygen
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Rupelian - Danian
28.1 - 66 Ma



ID: 2993514
Oligocene to Paleocene[?] sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleogene (28.1 - 66 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Chuska Sandstone

Description: "Rim gravels". Light colored, weakly to moderately consolidated conglomerate and sandstone deposited largely or entirely before mid-Tertiary volcanism and extensional faulting. Most sediment was deposited by early Cenozoic streams that flowed northeastward onto the Colorado Plateau from areas to the southwest that are now lower in elevation than the Plateau. Sediments of this map unit, other than the Chuska Sandstone in northeasternmost Arizona, are commonly referred to as "rim gravels" because they now rest on or near the Mogollon Rim, which is the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau. (30-65 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{conglomerate,sandstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Early Jurassic - Late Triassic
174.1 - 237 Ma



ID: 3185972
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mesozoic (174.1 - 237 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone-conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mayo, E.B. (1955 b), Manganese, in Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona-Utah, vol. 1, University of Arizona, Tucson: 39-47.
Mayo, E.B. (1956), Metalliferous minerals and mineral fuels, Mineral Resources, Vol. No. 1: 39.
Farnham, L.L., et al (1961), Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7990: 4-8.
Welty, J.W., Reynolds, S.J., Keith, S.B., Gest, D.E., Trapp, R.A., and DeWitt, Ed (1985) Mine index for metallic mineral districts of Arizona: Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Bulletin 196, 92 p.: 4. (district assignment)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 338, 343.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #0048360.
USGS crib list record #M899950.


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