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Tuva, Russiai
Regional Level Types
TuvaRepublic
RussiaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kyzyl108,240 (2012)
Ak-Dovurak12,593 (2012)
Shagonar11,415 (2018)
Kaa-Khem10,375 (2014)
Chadan9,246 (2012)
Turan5,528 (2014)
Other Languages:
French:
Touva, Russie
German:
Tuwa, Russland
Russian:
Республика Тыва, Россия
Simplified Chinese:
图瓦共和国, 俄罗斯
Tuvan:
Тыва Республика, Россия


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

310 valid minerals. 19 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: no reference
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p87
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Aminoffite
Formula: Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Andreeva, I.A., (2006) Genesis Of The Alkaline Rocks And Carbonatites From The Belaya Zima Carbonatite Complex (Eastern Sayan, Russia): Evidence From Melt Inclusions. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Apachite
Formula: Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Argentopentlandite (TL)
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1977) 106, 688-691
Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe)
Formula: Ag6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Arzakite'
Formula: Hg2+3S2(Br,Cl)2
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La) (TL)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Cabriite
Formula: Pd2CuSn
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Cadmoselite (TL)
Formula: CdSe
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1957) 86, 626-628; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2009, November). Petrogenesis of extremely lithium-rich spodumene aplites of the Tastyg deposit, Sangilen Highland, Tyva Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 429, No. 1, pp. 1262-1266). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p87
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Ankusheva, N. N., & Kuzhuget, R. V. (2017). PT Conditions of Gold Mineralization Formation in Ores From Kyzyl-Tashtyg VMS-Polymetallic Deposit, Eastern Tuva, Siberia. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 9-12).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
'Clino-holmquistite'
Locality: Tastyg Spodumene deposit, Tuva, Russia - erroneously reported
Description: Oberti et. al (2005) finds that the clinoholmquistite holotyp material consists of a mixture of two distinct amphibole compositions, tremolite and a new amphibole end-member, fluoro-pedrizite
Reference: Trans.Min.Mus.Acad.Sci.USSR (1965) 16, 73-80; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow Oberti, R., Cámara, F., and Ottolini, L. (2005) Clinoholmquistite discredited: the new amphibole end-member fluoro-sodic-pedrizite. American Mineralogist, 90, 732–736
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
'Cobaltite-Gersdorffite Series'
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G., Flemming, R.L., Vymazalová, A., Martin, R.F. (2016): Melonite from Kingash and Kuskanak, Eastern Sayans, Russia, and the extent of Bi-for-Te substitution in melonite and synthetic Ni(Te,Bi)2-x. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12846 (2016)
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
'Cryophyllite'
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Cuproauride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Andreeva, I.A., (2006) Genesis Of The Alkaline Rocks And Carbonatites From The Belaya Zima Carbonatite Complex (Eastern Sayan, Russia): Evidence From Melt Inclusions. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31; Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p120
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p215ff
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferhodsite
Formula: (Fe,Rh,Ni,Ir,Cu,Pt)9S8
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Nikiforov, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2019): Platinum-group minerals from Seyba, Eastern Sayans, Russia, and substitutions in the PGE-rich pentlandite and ferhodsite series. Mineralogical Magazine: 83 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15357 (visited 04.21.2019)
'Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite' (FRL)
Formula: {Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 73,487(2009)
Ferronickelplatinum
Formula: Pt2FeNi
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Ferro-pedrizite (TL)
Formula: NaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Konovalenko, S.I., Ananyev, S.A., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Bakhtin, A.I., Nikolaev, A.G., Gainov, R., Sapozhnikov, A.N., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Bychkova, I.V. (2014) Ferro-pedrizite, IMA 2014-037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 803; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.
Ferroselite (TL)
Formula: FeSe2
Type Locality:
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1955) 105, 812-813; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p175
Fluor-liddicoatite
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V.; Bronzova, Yu. M.; Frank-Kamenetskaya, O. V.; Zolotarev, A. A.; Kuznetsova, L. G.; Bannova, I. I. (2008): Refinement of the crystal structure of calcium-lithium-aluminum tourmaline from the pegmatite vein in the Sangilen Upland (Tuva Republic). Crystallography Reports 53, 223-227.
'Fluoro-pedrizite' (FRL)
Formula: NaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2
Type Locality:
Description: Chemical composition: A(Na0.64K0.01) B(Li1.93Ca0.04Na0.03) M1(Mg1.69Fe2+0.31) M2(Al1.98Cr0.01Zn0.01)M3(Li0.64Fe2+0.21Mg0.13Mn0.02) T(Si7.96Al0.04) O22 W(F1.10OH0.90)
Reference: Oberti, R., Cámara, F., Ottolini, L. (2005): Clinoholmquistite discredited: The new amphibole end-member fluoro-sodic-pedrizite. The American Mineralogist, 90, 732-736.
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
'Gagarinite'
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p175
Gagarinite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaYF6
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Gold var: Mercurian Gold
Formula: (Au,Hg)
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2009, November). Petrogenesis of extremely lithium-rich spodumene aplites of the Tastyg deposit, Sangilen Highland, Tyva Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 429, No. 1, pp. 1262-1266). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p87
Grechishchevite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+3S2(Br,Cl,I)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gugiaite
Formula: Ca2Be(Si2O7)
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist 59:209
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p87
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Habit: columnar xls
Colour: yellowish green
Description: Columnar xls up to 3-4 cm long, usually intergrowth with nepheline and microcline.
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L. (1965) Zircosulfate, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 94: 530-533 (in russian)
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Holmquistite
Formula: ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Hornblende'
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Imiterite
Formula: Ag2HgS2
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Iridarsenite
Formula: (Ir,Ru)As2
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Kadyrelite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OBr3(OH)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
'Kafehydrocyanite' (FRL)
Formula: K4[Fe(CN)6] · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist 59:209
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Karasugite (TL)
Formula: SrCa[Al(F,OH)7]
Type Locality:
Reference: O. V. Petersen et al.: N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 209-216 (1994); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
'K Feldspar'
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Krutovite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Kuzminite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
Kuznetsovite (TL)
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+(AsO4)Cl
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1980) 225, 963-968; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/tuva/tuva.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Lavrentievite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+3S2(Cl,Br)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
Lazarenkoite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Fe2+)Fe3+As3+3O7 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Liroconite
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Cook, R. B. (2001). Connoisseur's Choice: Liroconite: Gwennap, Cornwall, England. Rocks & Minerals, 76(6), 404-405.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Magnesio-foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist 59:209
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Melonite var: Palladoan Melonite
Formula: (Ni,Pd)Te2
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G., Flemming, R.L., Vymazalová, A., Martin, R.F. (2016): Melonite from Kingash and Kuskanak, Eastern Sayans, Russia, and the extent of Bi-for-Te substitution in melonite and synthetic Ni(Te,Bi)2-x. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12846 (2016)
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
'Mertieite'
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Mica Group'
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p175
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2009, November). Petrogenesis of extremely lithium-rich spodumene aplites of the Tastyg deposit, Sangilen Highland, Tyva Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 429, No. 1, pp. 1262-1266). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p87
Miersite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)I
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Sm)
Formula: Sm(PO4)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Montroydite
Formula: HgO
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Moschelite
Formula: (Hg2+2)I2
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Moschellandsbergite
Formula: Ag2Hg3
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Reference: ; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p173ff
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Paraschachnerite
Formula: Ag3Hg2
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Ankusheva, N. N., & Kuzhuget, R. V. (2017). PT Conditions of Gold Mineralization Formation in Ores From Kyzyl-Tashtyg VMS-Polymetallic Deposit, Eastern Tuva, Siberia. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 9-12).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Andreeva, I.A., (2006) Genesis Of The Alkaline Rocks And Carbonatites From The Belaya Zima Carbonatite Complex (Eastern Sayan, Russia): Evidence From Melt Inclusions. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31; Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Andreeva, I.A., (2006) Genesis Of The Alkaline Rocks And Carbonatites From The Belaya Zima Carbonatite Complex (Eastern Sayan, Russia): Evidence From Melt Inclusions. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31; Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Poyarkovite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3Cl2O2
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p173ff
'Protolithionite'
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p215ff
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p173ff
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rinkite-(Y)
Formula: Na2Ca4YTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2015
'Roméite'
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: no reference
'Scapolite'
'Scapolite Group'
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Schuetteite
Formula: Hg2+3(SO4)O2
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/tuva/tuva.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Ni-Serpentine'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Shubnikovite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Gas’kov, I. V. (2008). New data on the correlation of skarn and gold mineralization at the Tardan deposit (northeastern Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 49(12), 923-931.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L. (1965) Zircosulfate, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 94: 530-533 (in russian)
Smolyaninovite (TL)
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakhontova, L.K., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 109,849-850(1956)
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Sopcheite
Formula: Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Taimyrite
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; Kuznetsova, L. G. (2009). Uncommon rare-elements spectrum and geochemical evolution of the Tastyg spodumene granitoids (South Siberia, Russia). Estudos Geol, 19(2), 150-155.
Telargpalite
Formula: (Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Gas’kov, I. V. (2008). New data on the correlation of skarn and gold mineralization at the Tardan deposit (northeastern Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 49(12), 923-931.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Terlinguaite
Formula: (Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Gas’kov, I. V. (2008). New data on the correlation of skarn and gold mineralization at the Tardan deposit (northeastern Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 49(12), 923-931.
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Thalénite-(Y)
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Reference: no reference
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorbastnäsite (TL)
Formula: ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Tikhonenkovite (TL)
Formula: Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Törnebohmite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Description: Originally described as trichalcite.
Reference: Yakhontova, L. K.; Stolyarova, T. I.; Dubinchuk, V. T.; Sidorenko, G. A. (1972): Find of trichalcite. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshchest. 101, 91-96. (in Russian)
'UM1993-06-F:CaNaREEY'
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Y,REE)3F12
Reference: Kabalov, Yu.K., Sokolova, Ye.V., and Grigor'yev, A.P. (1993): Determination of the crystal structure of the new mineral Na1.23Ca0.12Y1.28TR0.24F6 by the Rietveld method. Doklady Akad. Nauk, 330(6), 713-715 (in Russian; in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1213
'UM1994-24-S:Rh'
Formula: Rh11S9
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Krivenko, A.P. (1994): On the composition of sulfides containing platinum group elements. Zapiski Vseross. Mineral. Obshch.: 123(2): 4l-49 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C (1995): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80: 1330
'Unnamed (Rhodium (Iridium Nickel Iron) Sulfide)'
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Ni,Fe)1-xS
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Krivenko, A.P. (1994): On the composition of sulfides containing platinum group elements. Zapiski Vseross. Mineral. Obshch.: 123(2): 4l-49 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C (1995): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80: 1330
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Sooty Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Uytenbogaardtite
Formula: Ag3AuS2
Reference: Gas’kov, I. V., Akimtsev, V. A., Kovalev, K. R., & Sotnikov, V. I. (2006). Gold-bearing mineral assemblages of Cu-ore deposits in the Altai-Sayan folded area. Russian Geology and Geophysics (Geologiya i Geofizika), 47(9), 982-990.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vladimirite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Yakhontova L K, Stolyarova T I (1970) New information on vladimirite, Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 99, issue 3, 362-364
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Xenotime'
Reference: USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p175
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Zircophyllite (TL)
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Type Locality:
Description: In syenite.
Reference: ZVMO,(1972) 101, 459-463; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Zircosulfate (TL)
Formula: (Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: White
Description: Found as a white crust in a 2cm in diameter large cavity in a weathered sulphide-bearing pegmatite.
Reference: Kapustin, Y. L. (1965) Zircosulfate, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 94: 530-533 (in russian); Fleischer, M. (1966) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 51: 529-534

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cabriite1.AG.30Pd2CuSn
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Cuproauride1.AA.10aCu3Au
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Ferronickelplatinum1.AG.40Pt2FeNi
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Mercurian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Hg)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Moschellandsbergite1.AD.15dAg2Hg3
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Paraschachnerite1.AD.15aAg3Hg2
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Taimyrite1.AG.15(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Argentopentlandite (TL)2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe)2.GB.05Ag6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
'Arzakite'2.FC.15aHg2+3S2(Br,Cl)2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Cadmoselite (TL)2.CB.45CdSe
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cherepanovite2.CC.15RhAs
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Corderoite2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Ferroselite (TL)2.EB.10aFeSe2
Fischesserite2.BA.75Ag3AuSe2
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geerite2.BA.05Cu8S5
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Grechishchevite (TL)2.FC.15cHg2+3S2(Br,Cl,I)2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Imiterite2.BD.05Ag2HgS2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iridarsenite2.AC.45b(Ir,Ru)As2
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Krutovite2.EB.25NiAs2
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Lavrentievite (TL)2.FC.15aHg2+3S2(Cl,Br)2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
var: Palladoan Melonite2.EA.20(Ni,Pd)Te2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sopcheite2.BC.55Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Telargpalite2.BC.45(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Uytenbogaardtite2.BA.75Ag3AuS2
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Calomel3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Eglestonite3.DD.05(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Gagarinite-(Y)3.AB.35NaCaYF6
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Kadyrelite (TL)3.DD.05(Hg2+2)3OBr3(OH)
Karasugite (TL)3.CB.30SrCa[Al(F,OH)7]
Kuzminite (TL)3.AA.30(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Miersite3.AA.05(Ag,Cu)I
Moschelite3.AA.30(Hg2+2)I2
Poyarkovite3.DD.10(Hg2+2)3Cl2O2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Terlinguaite3.DD.20(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Tikhonenkovite (TL)3.CC.10Sr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lazarenkoite (TL)4.JC.10(Ca,Fe2+)Fe3+As3+3O7 · 3H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Montroydite4.AC.15HgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Sooty Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La) (TL)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Eitelite5.AC.05Na2Mg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20b