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Spain

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Key
Lock Map
Area:505,992 km2
Locality type:Country
Museums in region:
Name(s) in local language(s):España


Note: Books on regional mineralogies are listed on the pages of the respective regions (e.g., Aragón etc.).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

1001 valid minerals. 33 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abellaite (TL)
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Ibáñez-Insa, J., Elvira, J.J., Oriols, N., Llovet, X. and Viñals, J. (2016) Abellaite, IMA 2014-111. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, page 200; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 199–205; Ibáñez-Insa J., Elvira J.J., Llovet X., Pérez-Cano J., Oriols N., Busquets-Masó M., Hernández S. (2017): Abellaite, NaPb2(CO3)2(OH), a new supergene mineral from the Eureka mine, Lleida province, Catalonia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 915-922.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aerinite (TL)
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Lasaulx, A. v. (1876). Aërinit, ein neues Mineral. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, 352-358 Vidal, M. (1882). Yacimiento de la aerinita. Boletín de la Comisión del Mapa Geológico de España, 9, 113-121. Calvo, M. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'commodity:Aggregates'
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Low Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Nd)
Formula: {CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Alluaudite-NaNa'
Formula: Na4Na4Mn2+4 Fe3+8(PO4)12
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Alunite Group'
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Amicite
Formula: K2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Ammonium-Vermiculite'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Amphibolite'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Andalusite (TL)
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Miguel Calvo: "Minerales que tienen en España su localidad tipo" (http://milksci.unizar.es/miner/mineralesp/tipo.html)
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
'Andesite'
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
'Ankerite-Dolomite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite (TL)
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Jiménez, R., Calvo, M., Martínez, M.A. and Gorgues, R. (2005) Yacimientos de aragonito del triásico español. Bocamina,(16), 28-93.; Calvo, M. (2012) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
'Armalcolite-Pseudobrookite Series'
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 138 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arsenuranylite
Formula: Ca(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Asbestos'
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
'Augen gneiss'
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 133 localities in this region.
Azurite var: Zincazurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Ballesterosite'
Barahonaite-(Al) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: Viñals, J., Jambor, J.L., Raudsepp, M., Roberts, A.C., Grice. J.D., Kokinos, M., Wise, W.S. (2008): Barahonaite-(Al) and barahonaite-(Fe), new Ca-Cu arsenate mineral species, from Murcia Province, southeastern Spain, and Gold Hill, Utah. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 205-217.
Barahonaite-(Fe) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Fe3+2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: Viñals, J., Jambor, J.L., Raudsepp, M., Roberts, A.C., Grice. J.D., Kokinos, M., Wise, W.S. (2008): Barahonaite-(Al) and barahonaite-(Fe), new Ca-Cu arsenate mineral species, from Murcia Province, southeastern Spain, and Gold Hill, Utah. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 205-217.
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bariosincosite
Formula: Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'commodity:Barite (Barytes)'
Barquillite (TL)
Formula: Cu2CdGeS4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy 11 (1999), 111; AM 84 (1999), 1464; MR 30 (1999), 399
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 235 localities in this region.
'Basalt'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Basanite'
Bassetite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Belloite
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Benauite
Formula: SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Berdesinskiite
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Bilibinite'
Billietite
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Titanian Biotite'
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
'Black shale'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Bolivarite (TL)
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
Reference: Navarro and Barea (1921) Bol. Soc. espan. Hist. nat.: 21: 326; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 873; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual, p25.
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
'Breccia'
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Calamine'
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcioferrite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 509 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Lublinite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Plumboan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Calderónite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Am. Min., 88, 1703–1708, 2003; Lapis 29(1), 46 (2004)
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Caliche'
'Californite'
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Camérolaite
Formula: Cu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Canaphite
Formula: Na2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
Capgaronnite
Formula: AgHgClS
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
'Carbonatite'
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Čechite
Formula: PbFe2+(VO4)(OH)
Čejkaite
Formula: Na4(UO2)(CO3)3
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Černýite
Formula: Cu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 124 localities in this region.
Cervantite (TL)
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: NJMM (1962), 93 Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 309 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chalcosiderite var: Alumo-chalcosiderite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chayesite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe)4FeSi12O30
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
'Chert'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Chevkinite Group'
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 114 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Chlorophyllite'
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Chromitite'
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Claraite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clay'
'Clays'
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clino-ferri-holmquistite (TL)
Formula: ◻{Li2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 83:167-171 (1998)
Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite (TL)
Formula: ◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Oberti, R., et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 1345-1354
'Clino-holmquistite'
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Clinotyrolite'
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
'Coal'
Locality: Asturias, Spain
Cobaltarthurite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Can Min (2002) 40 (2), 725-732; Lapis 2002(11), 29
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Cobaltneustädtelite
Formula: Bi2Fe3+(Co,Fe3+)(AsO4)2(O,OH)4
'Cobaltoan calcite-spherocobaltite'
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Columbite Group'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Compreignacite
Formula: K2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2O
'Conglomerate'
Conichalcite (TL)
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 95, 98-99.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Datolite var: Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
'Davidite'
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Deliensite
Formula: Fe[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2](H2O)7
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Desert Rose'
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Diogenite meteorite'
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
'Dolerite'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 181 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Teruelite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Dolomite-mudstone'
'Dolostone'
Donbassite
Formula: Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Epidote Supergroup
Formula: A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Erionite'
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Ernstite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Eucrite breccia meteorite'
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Eudialyte Group'
'Eudialyte Group var: Eucolite'
Eugsterite
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fassinaite
Formula: Pb2(S2O3)(CO3)
Faujasite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series var: Hortonolite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Ferberite (TL)
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Calvo, M. y Viñals, J. (2008). La localidad tipo de la ferberita en el Barranco Jaroso, Sierra Almagrera, Almería.Revista de Minerales, 3 (5), 52-54.
Ferberite var: Reinite
Formula: FeWO4
'Ferberite-Hübnerite Series'
'Fergusonite'
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
'Ferrierite'
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferri-leakeite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
'Ferri-pedrizite' (FRL)
Formula: [Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist 85 (2000) 578-585
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Ferrocarpholite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
'Ferrocarpholite-Magnesiocarpholite Series'
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-pedrizite (TL)
Formula: [Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Oberti, R., et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 1345-1354; OBERTI, R., CÁMARA, F., CABALLERO, J.M. & OTTOLINI, L. (2003): Sodic-ferri-ferropedrizite and ferri-clinoferroholmquistite: mineral data and degree of order of the A-site cations in Li-rich amphiboles. Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1345-1354
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fillowite
Formula: {Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
'Flint'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Florencite'
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluorcalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 154 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Stink-Fluss
Formula: CaF2
'commodity:Fluorite (Fluorspar)'
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
'Gabbro'
'Gadolinite'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 313 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Getchellite
Formula: AsSbS3
'Geyserite'
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Gismondine'
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Glauberite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Brongniart, A. (1808). Mémoire sur une nouvelle espèce de minéral de la classe des sels, nommée Glauberite. Journal des Mines, 23, 5-20. Calvo, M. (2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VI. Sulfatos (Seleniatos, Teluratos), Cromatos, Molibdatos y Wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 págs.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
'Gmelinite'
Gmelinite-K
Formula: K4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2O
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 245 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Gormanite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Gossan'
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
'Granite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Granodiorite'
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15