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Navidad Mine (Mina Navidad; Abasolo Mine; Rodeo Mine), Abasolo, Rodeo, Mun. de Rodeo, Durango, Mexicoi
Regional Level Types
Navidad Mine (Mina Navidad; Abasolo Mine; Rodeo Mine)Mine
Abasolo- not defined -
Rodeo- not defined -
Mun. de RodeoMunicipality
Durango- not defined -
MexicoCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Navidad
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 25' 59'' North , 104° 46' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 25.43306,-104.78306
GeoHash:G#: 9st2xtgq3
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
San Rafael199 (2018)5.8km
San Francisco de Asís341 (2018)11.8km
Abasolo1,208 (2018)18.6km
El Torreón de San Isidro147 (2018)18.9km
Labor de Guadalupe199 (2013)21.6km


The mine name translates to "Nativity" (Christmas) Mine. "Mina Abasolo" and "Mina Rodeo" are misnomers derived from the name of the nearest village and municipality. Arguably using both Abasolo and Rodeo in addition to Municipality of Rodeo is confusing. 35 km NW of Rodeo.

Navidad is a brecciated fluorite vein that has been mined intermittently for many years. Massive fluorite is the principal product, but the vein is very vuggy and large numbers of plates of distinctive octahedral fluorite crystals, often coated with fine-grained quartz or chalcedony can be collected fairly easily. Most specimens are plates of touching octahedral crystals, isolated crystals are less common. Dealers commonly use hydrofluoric acid to remove the siliceous coating and the matrix is therefore often pitted and crumbly bleached white quartz. The fluorites are naturally dark purple, almost black, but turn a lovely pink color after a few months exposure to the sun. Almost all of what is seen in the market is sun bleached and many have benefitted from "luster in a can".

The creedite occurs in clay-filled breccia voids in the same vein. Many appear to grow suspended in the clay and have no apparent point of attachment. Color ranges from colourless and transparent through shades of orange and brown to black depending on the amount and type of inclusion. Violet colored specimens are known, but rare. Cleavage fragments of fluorite are often trapped in or on the creedite crystals adding green or violet accents. Creedite locally overgrows sparkly white gearksutite.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Habit: blade-like crystals with {-111}, {111}, and {110} forms
Colour: Clear to Orange
Description: Many times it is found together with Fluorite or other halogen minerals
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 422-426; Rob Lavinsky
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Rob Lavinsky
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Peter Megaw
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: sergio varvello collection
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: sergio varvello collection
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
'Meurigite'
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Michael Shannon specimens

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lipscombite8.BB.90Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Meurigite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lipscombite41.10.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Meurigite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
FFluorine
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
AlAluminium
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
SSulfur
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
FeIron
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 2430274

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Acidic igneous extrusive

Reference: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conjunto de Datos Vectoriales Geológicos. Continuo Nacional. Escala 1:1’000,000. [63]

Miocene - Oligocene
5.333 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 3184329
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Sierra Madre Occidental

Lithology: Ignimbrite(s); felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Megaw, P.K.M. (March-April 2013) Mexican Fluorite. Rocks and Minerals 88(2), 120-133.


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