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Saima U-REE deposit, Saima complex, Fengcheng Co., Dandong, Liaoning, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Saima U-REE depositDeposit
Saima complexComplex
Fengcheng Co.County
DandongPrefecture
LiaoningProvince
ChinaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 59' 42'' North , 124° 14' 41'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.99500,124.24472
GeoHash:G#: wz235qbjp
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Dwa : Monsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climate


Uranium deposit with significant REE, thorium and niobium contents, hosted in sodium-rich aegirine-nepheline syenites in the northwestern part of the Saima complex. Depending on the colour of the aegirine, several petrographic varieties of the host rock are distinguished: grass green aegirine syenite and green aegirine-nepheline syenite, which both grade into grass green aegirine-eudialyte-nepheline syenite at depth. These rocks are cut by veins of dark green aegirine-nepheline syenite and by pegmatite, aplite and lamprophyre dykes and pockets, and also contain abundant xenoliths of earlier intrusive rocks. In the western part of the deposit, where the intrusive rocks contact dolomitic marble, steeply dipping skarn zones are developed. Earlier skarns are magnesian or calcic-magnesian in composition (humite-spinel-forsterite skarns, phlogopite-tremolite skarns, etc.) while later skarns (termed "alkaline skarns") are composed of arfvedsonite, magnesian arfvedsonite, microcline and nepheline. In the upper part of the deposit, primary nepheline syenites were transformed by meso-epithermal alteration into rocks resembling alkali syenites in colour and composition (termed "episyenites"). Much of the deposit has also been affected by late hydrothermal alteration.

The main ore-bearing rock is grass green aegirine syenite which contains uraniferous rinkite as the main ore mineral. This type of ore accounts for more than 90% of the uranium reserves. Rinkite and its hydrothermal alteration products (REE carbonates, vudyavrite, fluorite and various U-Th minerals) are also the main carriers of REE and Nb in the deposit. Another 5% of the uranium reserves is contained in pyrochlore group minerals, which occur as disseminations or veinlets in alkaline skarns, and subordinately in episyenites and tremolite skarns. Episyenites in the upper part of the deposit also contain scarce veinlets of pitchblende associated with base metal sulfides.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


46 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Apatite'
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Biotite'
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Need to be checked if it can be assigned to eckermannite according to the redefinition by IMA (IMA2013-136).
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Description: Humite occurs in magnesian skarns
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Description: Uraniferous
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Thorianite var: Aldanite
Formula: (Th,Pb)O2 ?
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Thorianite var: Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
'Vudyavrite'
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
'Brookite'4.DD.10TiO2
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var: Aldanite4.DL.05(Th,Pb)O2 ?
var: Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Cancrinite'9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Catapleiite'9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-
'Biotite'-
Chlorite Group-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Pyrochlore-
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Vudyavrite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Thorianite
var: Aldanite
-(Th,Pb)O2 ?
var: Uranothorianite-(Th,U)O2
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Vudyavrite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Thorianite (var: Aldanite)(Th,Pb)O2 ?
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O ThorianiteThO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ti Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Nb Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
CeCerium
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TaTantalum
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
PbLead
Pb Thorianite (var: Aldanite)(Th,Pb)O2 ?
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Thorianite (var: Aldanite)(Th,Pb)O2 ?
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
Th Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
UUranium
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2
U Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
U Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3193223
Mesozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Uranium Deposit in the Saima Alkaline Massif, Northeast China. Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389.
Wu, C., Yuan, Z., and Bai, G. (1996): Rare earth deposits in China. In: Jones, A.P., Wall, F., and Williams, C.T. (Eds.): Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, origin and ore deposits. The Mineralogical Society Series, Vol. 7. Chapman & Hall (London), pp. 281-310.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits and Occurrences. USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Amphiboles in skarn deposits of China. Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Dahlkamp, F.J. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156.

External Links



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