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Lolon Mine (Challacollo Mine), Challacollo, El Tamarugal Province, Tarapacá Region, Chile

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 20° South , 69° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~25km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


Located 30 km east of Oficina Victoria, the nearest large city being Iquique. In early 2004 a new find of caracolite was made here, with crystals up to 5 mm, considerably better than those from the type locality.

Most of the minerals listed here have been studied and identified by Dr. Jochen Schluter, curator of the Hamburg Mineral Museum, Germany.

Regions containing this locality

Atacama Desert, Chile

Desert - 512 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Habit: Lustrous, thick hexagonal tabs
Colour: Colorless
Description: Crusts of perfectly colorless crystals on matrix.
Reference: Schluter, J., Pohl, D., & Britvin, S. (2005). The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 182(1), 95-101.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed specimens
Challacolloite (TL)
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: J. Schlüter at al.: N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101 (2005)
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Van King
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 44; J. Schlüter at al.: N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101 (2005)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Associated to challacolloite in M.E. Ciriotti collection (2005)
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: maurzi
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Associated to challacolloite in M.E. Ciriotti collection (2005); Schluter, J., Pohl, D., & Britvin, S. (2005). The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 182(1), 95-101.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: D. Harries
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Reference: maurzi
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: maurzi; Schluter, J., Pohl, D., & Britvin, S. (2005). The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 182(1), 95-101.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Schwartzembergite
Formula: Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Reference: Remy Phillippe personal communication
Seeligerite
Formula: Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Reference: Associated to challacolloite in M.E. Ciriotti collection (2005); Schluter, J., Pohl, D., & Britvin, S. (2005). The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 182(1), 95-101.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed material

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Challacolloite' (TL)3.AA.55KPb2Cl5
'Chlorargyrite'3.AA.15AgCl
'Cotunnite'3.DC.85PbCl2
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
'Herbertsmithite'3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
'Paratacamite'3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
'Pseudoboleite'3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Schwartzembergite'4.KB.10Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
'Seeligerite'4.KB.15Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Nitratine'5.NA.05NaNO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Caracolite'7.BD.20Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
'Glauberite'7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
'Uklonskovite'7.DF.05NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
'Wulfenite'7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Olivenite'8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Fraipontite'9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
'Willemite'9.AA.05Zn2SiO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX5·xH2O
Challacolloite (TL)11.4.2.1KPb2Cl5
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitratine18.1.1.1NaNO3
Group 22 - IODATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Schwartzembergite22.1.3.1Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Seeligerite22.1.2.1Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Caracolite30.3.2.1Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Uklonskovite31.7.2.1NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Herbertsmithite-Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
H UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
NNitrogen
N NitratineNaNO3
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
O CerussitePbCO3
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O NitratineNaNO3
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O QuartzSiO2
O SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
O SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
O UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na NitratineNaNO3
Na UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Cl ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Cl SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
KPotassium
K ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
ZnZinc
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
IIodine
I SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
I SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Pb SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

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