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Terramonte Mine, Raiva, Castelo de Paiva, Aveiro, Portugali
Regional Level Types
Terramonte MineMine
Raiva- not defined -
Castelo de Paiva- not defined -
AveiroDistrict
PortugalCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 1' 53'' North , 8° 19' 11'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Rio Mau1,407 (2018)4.9km
Moreira11,336 (2018)6.4km
Melres10,328 (2018)8.0km
Alpendurada8,485 (2018)8.9km
Lobão6,049 (2012)14.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina de Terramonte, Raiva, Castelo de Paiva, Distrito de Aveiro, Portugal


Quartz veins with Pb-Zn-Ag mineralisation. The Terramonte mine was one of the most important European silver mines between 1966 and 1973, as it produced up to 10.3 t in 1967.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: self-find Nuno Afonso
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: self-find Nuno Afonso
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: self-find Nuno Afonso
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: self-find Nuno Afonso; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Pedro Alves collection; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O CerussitePbCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O RutileTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Ag DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Sb DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Pb DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3189819
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Middle Cambrian - Neoproterozoic
501 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3161697
Xisto-Grauvaquico Complex

Age: Neoproterozoic to Cambrian (501 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Xisto-Grauvaquico Complex

Description: flysch (sediments)

Lithology: Shale/slate

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Carvalho, P. C. S.; Neiva, A. M. R.; Silva, M. M. V. G.; Antunes, I. M. H. R. (2014): Metal and metalloid leaching from tailings into streamwater and sediments in the old Ag-​Pb-​Zn Terramonte mine, northern Portugal. Environmental Earth Sciences 71, 2029-2041.
A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.


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