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San Rafael Mine, Melgar Province, Puno, Perui
Regional Level Types
San Rafael MineMine
Melgar ProvinceProvince
PunoRegion
PeruCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 14° 14' 4'' South , 70° 19' 16'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -14.23469,-70.32128
GeoHash:G#: 6mmzpb9sg
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Macusani6,044 (2012)20.7km
Ñuñoa4,271 (2012)43.3km


The world's richest currently (2004) active tin(-copper) mine. Reserves 14 million tons ore at 5% Sn.

Lode-type Sn-Cu deposit, centered on a shallow-level, Late Oligocene granitoid stock, which was emplaced into early Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks.

Regions containing this locality

South AmericaContinent
Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate
Andean tin province, South America

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


34 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Biotite'
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Cassiterite var: Wood Tin
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Chamosite var: Daphnite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: In fluid inclusions
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Monazite'
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2003) 38: 555-567; Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
var: Wood Tin4.DB.05SnO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Aluminoceladonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
var: Daphnite9.EC.55(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Aluminoceladonite-K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Biotite'-
Cassiterite
var: Wood Tin
-SnO2
Chamosite
var: Daphnite
-(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O CassiteriteSnO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
AlAluminium
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3192909
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Economic Geology, 97 (2002), 1741-1777.
- Mlynarczyk, Michael S. J., Sherlock, Ross L. & Williams-Jones, Anthony E. (2003): San Rafael, Peru: geology and structure of the worlds richest tin lode. Mineralium Deposita 38, 555-567.
Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
- Thomas Wagner, Michael S. J. Mlynarczyk, Anthony E. Williams-Jones, and Adrian J. Boyce (2009): Stable Isotope Constraints on Ore Formation at the San Rafael Tin-Copper Deposit, Southeast Peru. Economic Geology 104, 223-248.


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