San Rafael Mine, Melgar Province, Puno Department, Peru
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||14° 13' 58'' South , 70° 19' 18'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||-14.23278,-70.32167|
The world's richest currently (2004) active tin(-copper) mine. Reserves 14 million tons ore at 5% Sn.
Lode-type Sn-Cu deposit, centered on a shallow-level, Late Oligocene granitoid stock, which was emplaced into early Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks.
20 valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
443.8 - 541 Ma
|Cambrian-Ordovician sedimentary rocks|
- Mlynarczyk, Michael S. J., Sherlock, Ross L. & Williams-Jones, Anthony E. (2003): San Rafael, Peru: geology and structure of the worlds richest tin lode. Mineralium Deposita 38, 555-567.
- Thomas Wagner, Michael S. J. Mlynarczyk, Anthony E. Williams-Jones, and Adrian J. Boyce (2009): Stable Isotope Constraints on Ore Formation at the San Rafael Tin-Copper Deposit, Southeast Peru. Economic Geology 104, 223-248.