Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Ingadanais Mines, Vila Velha de Rodão, Castelo Branco District, Portugal

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Name(s) in local language(s):Minas dos Ingadanais, Vila Velha de Rodão, Distrito de Castelo Branco, Portugal

In the proximity of Vila Vélha de Ródão and close to the train line of Beira Baixa there are located some mines with copper explorations and that presently are contained. Their names are as follows: River Enxarique Mine, River S. Pedro Mine nº 2 and nº 3, S. Pedro Cabeiro Mine, Sítio do Cobre Mine and Vila Vélha de Ródão Mine nº 2. (Locally the whole area is denominated by ruins of Ingadanais Mines). In the proximity of Tojeirinha village and over of Ingadanais Mines area, there are located Vila Vélha de Ródão Mine and Peladas do Cobre/Palheirinhas Mine. They are located in the Complex schist-greywacke and, in agreement with the disposition of the same ones, the mineralized veins seem to have a NE-SW orientation. The minerals are encountered in the inerts [dumps?] to the mouth of the mine (secondary copper sulphates formed due to alteration of the copper ore). Some secondary copper minerals also occur in slags.

The copper ores of Vila Velha de Ródão, Castelo Branco district, represent the main Portuguese copper occurrence north of the Tagus River. The copper mineralization occurs in a NE-SW fault system associated with the Ponsul fault that has an inherited Variscan geometry and an Alpine reactivation. The mineralized veins are sub-vertical running NE-SW and comprise massive and disseminated copper and iron sulphides. The primary mineralization comprises chalcopyrite ± pyrite, arsenopyrite, marcasite, tetrahedrite-tennantite, and pyrrhotite in quartz veins or silicified greywacke breccias. The secondary mineralization results from the oxidation of the sulphide minerals and comprises secondary sulphides, copper oxides and sulphates, and iron hydroxides. Two copper reduction slag deposits were identified, one from the 1950s and other attributed to the Roman period. Roman (?) slags are denser, less vesicular, and more devitrified than those from the 1950s smelting and often contain a considerable amount of copper implying a low-efficiency smelting.

Mindat Articles

Ruins of Ingadanais Mines by Martins da Pedra

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Localities in this Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


GUIMARÃES DOS SANTOS, J. (1945). As minas de cobre de Vila Velha de Ródão, Estudos, Notas e Trabalhos do Serviço Fomento Mineiro (SFM) Vol. 1 – Fasc. 3 e 4, p. 266-285.

RIBEIRO, O.; TEIXEIRA, C. & FERREIRA, C. R. (1967). Carta Geológica de Portugal 1:50000 (1967) – folha 24D (Castelo Branco), Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, Lisboa.

DIAS, R. P. & CABRAL, J. (1989). Neogene and Quaternary Reactivation of the Ponsul Fault in Portugal. Comun. Serv. Geol. Portugal, t. 75, pp. 3-28.

Short note on Vila Velha de Ródão Copper Ore deposits and implications for Ancient Mining João Carvalho e Miguel Gaspar (GeoFCUL, CREMINER-ISR-LA, Universidade de Lisboa). 2009.

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 17, 2018 01:24:51 Page generated: October 6, 2017 04:17:25
Go to top of page