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Claï, Saint-Etienne-de-Tinée, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Francei
Regional Level Types
Claï- not defined -
Saint-Etienne-de-Tinée- not defined -
Alpes-MaritimesDepartment
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurRegion
FranceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 16' 44'' North , 6° 55' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.27889,6.91694
GeoHash:G#: spugvksz0
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée1,311 (2018)3.2km
Isola589 (2016)15.0km
Entraunes130 (2016)16.7km
Péone710 (2016)18.1km
Pratolungo-Roviera133 (2014)18.7km


Multiple parallel quartz veins in gneisses and migmatites.
Located on right bank of Riou du Claï brook.
A very old mine, exploited between 1871 and 1877, and in 1901-1902.

"2 km further north [of Saint-Etienne-de-Tinée] on the right, near a small waterfall, there is an old mine near the 'Ru du Claï' with arsenopyrite, bismuthinite, calcite, cerussite, chrysotile (a variety of serpentine), galena, malachite, molybdenite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, and quartz." [Belot, 1978]

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Chollet pascal collection
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Jean-Pierre Bourgarel collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Jean-Pierre Bourgarel collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jean-Pierre Bourgarel collection - SEM-EDS by Paris Natural History National Museum
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Description: In chalcopyrite.
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: In gersdorffite.
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Reported accordingly to chemical and physical similarities with opal-AN form Valcroze ( http://www.mindat.org/loc-47310.html ). But "opal" from Valcroze turned to be cuprian allophane
Reference: Chollet Pascal Collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cuprobismutite2.JA.10aCu8AgBi13S24
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal ?4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
1 < ø < 2
Cuprobismutite3.8.2.1Cu8AgBi13S24
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal ?75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CovelliteCuS
S CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
NiNickel
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
251.902 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3159672
Proterozoic gneiss

Age: to Triassic (251.902 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3189522
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Orthogneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pierrot, R., Picot, P., Feraud, J., and Vernet, J. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°4. Alpes Maritimes. Editions B.R.G.M, Paris, 168 pp.
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.


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