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Torre de Moncorvo, Bragança, Portugali
Regional Level Types
Torre de Moncorvo- not defined -
BragançaDistrict
PortugalCountry

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Municipality of Bragança district.

In the region of Moncorvo is one of the largest iron mineral deposits in all of Europe; magnetite and hematite, predominantly. This mineral wealth had been exploited since Roman times, and although there were some intermissions, this mining exploitation continued until the end of the 18th century, accompanied by metal working and casting works. Large scale extraction, envisioned since the 19th century, only became a reality with the establishment of Ferrominas, occurring between 1951 and the 1980´s during the 20th century. In order to testify in regards to this long history, and frame it as part of the local reality (Archaeology, Ethnography, Building Heritage), the Iron and Moncorvo Region Museum was established. Currently this museum is located in the Historical Downtown of the Moncorvo Torre, next to the Igreja Matriz (National Monument).
In: Direcção Geral de Energia e Geologia - DGEG

Registered mining concessions (up to 1962):

numbernameminparishregistered on
2833Cachão do GordeteWCarviçais16-07-1953
2834Cachão do Gordete no. 3WCarviçais16-07-1953
2832Martim TiradoWCarviçais15-07-1953
2796Eira do VelhoSn-WCarviçais25-11-1952
2316Cabecinho do PinheiroW-SnCarviçais22-05-1948 cancelled
1527PissarrãoPbCarviçais13-06-1924
1525Lagar VelhoWCarviçais27-05-1924
343FerrariasFeCarviçais12-03-1902
CM42Santa MariaFeFelgar27-11-1943
279Canada do CarvalhalFeFelgar22-08-1898
280Canada das GaitasFeFelgar22-08-1898
280Curral da RosaFeFelgar22-08-1898
284CorvosFeFelgar22-08-1898
286Encosta Boreal do Cabeço da MuaFeFelgar22-08-1898
287Encosta Nordeste do Cabeço da MuaFeFelgar22-08-1898
288Encosta Ocidental do Cabeço da MuaFeFelgar22-08-1898
289Encosta Sul do Cabeço da MuaFeFelgar22-08-1898
290Fragas da CarvalhosaFeFelgar22-08-1898
291GalosFeFelgar22-08-1898
292Ocidental das Fragas do CarvalhalFeFelgar22-08-1898
294RatosFeFelgar22-08-1898
295SerpentesFeFelgar22-08-1898
298Vale da NogueirinhaFeFelgar22-08-1898
299Veigas do SobreiralFeFelgar22-08-1898
268Vale de BuracosFeFelgar22-08-1898
269Santa MariaFeFelgar12-08-1898 CM Santa Maria
272Oriental das Fragas do CarvalhalFeFelgar11-08-1898 CM Santa Maria
267Cabeço da MuaFeFelgar04-08-1898
342Canada dos Vieiros do FradeFeFelgueiras11-03-1902
280Canada das GaitasFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
281Canada do MarFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
282Canada do SenhorFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
282Curral da RosaFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
284CorvosFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
294RatosFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
297Vale GrandeFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
298Vale da NogueirinhaFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
2165Vale de BuracosFeFelgueiras22-08-1898
2988AveleiraWLarinho09-05-1955
2170FarinhataSnLousa13-07-1946 cancelled
2164SuiçaW-SnLousa30-05-1946
2785FerronhoPbMós11-11-1952
CM43MoncorvoFeTorre de Moncorvo27-11-1943
283Casarão do PinhalFeTorre de Moncorvo22-08-1898
293Poça da CotoviaFeTorre de Moncorvo22-08-1898
278Alto do MendelFeTorre de Moncorvo19-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
277Campos de LamelasFeTorre de Moncorvo18-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
276Duas RodeirasFeTorre de Moncorvo17-08-1898
275Fragas do Facho e do ChapéuFeTorre de Moncorvo16-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
274Fragas da CotoviaFeTorre de Moncorvo13-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
271Alto do ChapéuFeTorre de Moncorvo10-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
270Fragas dos ApriscosFeTorre de Moncorvo08-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
269Barro VermelhoFeTorre de Moncorvo06-08-1898 CM Moncorvo
268SobralhalFeTorre de Moncorvo05-08-1898 CM Moncorvo

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 466Fe
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 554Sn
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Colour: Green
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: various correctly added photos
'Chlorite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: F. Noronha et al. (1998) Mineralizações filonianas de chumbo-atimónio do NE de Portugal. Algumas notas para o seu conhecimento. Cumunicações do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro. Tomo 84, fasc. 1: B75-B78
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: F. Noronha et al. (1998) Mineralizações filonianas de chumbo-atimónio do NE de Portugal. Algumas notas para o seu conhecimento. Cumunicações do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro. Tomo 84, fasc. 1: B75-B78
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Antonio Joaquim Monteiro specimen
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 559W
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: LNEG/Siorminp database
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection (p-XRD and SEM EDS analysed samples)
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 554Sn

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
Lechatelierite-SiO2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)