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Kenhardt, ZF Mgcawu District, Northern Cape, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Kenhardt- not defined -
ZF Mgcawu DistrictDistrict
Northern CapeProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
29° South , 19° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~22km
Köppen climate type:


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 188;
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Peach pink to rose pink morganite has been found in pegmatites on this farm.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 49.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 155; Minerals of South Africa
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 200;
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Colour: Blue
Description: Titanium rich. Lapidary grade.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 203;
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Gadolinite'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'K Feldspar'
'Lepidolite'
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 244;
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
AB21O38
Davidite-(La)8.5.1.5(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Morganite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O RutileTiO2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
SiSilicon
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
CrChromium
Cr Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
LaLanthanum
La Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38

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African PlateTectonic Plate

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