Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Sudbury DistrictDistrict
OntarioProvince
CanadaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Sudbury underground nickel mining scene, ca. 1960.

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Aerial view of the Sudbury nickel mining area, in 1948.

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Aerial view of the Sudbury nickel mining area, in 1948.

Falconbridge Mine, Falconbridge Township, Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Sudbury underground nickel mining scene, ca. 1960.

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Aerial view of the Sudbury nickel mining area, in 1948.

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Aerial view of the Sudbury nickel mining area, in 1948.

Falconbridge Mine, Falconbridge Township, Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Sudbury underground nickel mining scene, ca. 1960.

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
Aerial view of the Sudbury nickel mining area, in 1948.

Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada


In the district is a giant polymetallic deposit hosted within one of the Earth's largest impact craters (diameter 250 km).
Initially discovered in 1856, but the main development started in 1883.

"The Sudbury Basin, also known as Sudbury Structure or the Sudbury Nickel Irruptive, is a major geological structure in Ontario, Canada. It is the second-largest known impact crater or astrobleme on Earth, as well as one of the oldest.
The basin is located on the Canadian Shield in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario. The former municipalities of Rayside-Balfour, Valley East and Capreol lie within the Sudbury Basin, which is referred to locally as "The Valley". The urban core of the former city of Sudbury lies on the southern outskirts of the basin." (From Wikipedia.)

For geological map see http://www.mindat.org/photo-707684.html

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

223 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Alaskaite'
Reference: Ames D, Hanley J, Jackson S (2014)Low sulfide high-grade sperrylite-epidote-quartz zone, Sudbury Canada: implications for hydrothermal-magmatic processes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 96
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ann P.Sabina 1991, Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: White, C. J. (2012). Low-Sulfide PGE-Copper-Nickel Mineralization From Five Prospects Within The Footwall Of The Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. PhD thesis. University of Toronto (Canada).
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ann P.Sabina 1991, Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/gosportal/gos?command=mndmsearchdetails:mdi&uuid=MDI41I09NE00003
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: OGS OFR5329, P.28-9.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1974) Rocks and minerals for the collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 73-13, 154-155.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.178
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Ontario Geological Survey (2015), Mineral Deposit Inventory (MDI) MDI41I06SE00002
Arsenohauchecornite (TL)
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Type Locality:
Reference: GAIT, R.L. & HARRIS, D.C. (1980): Arsenohauchecornite and tellurohauchecornite: new minerals in the hauchecornite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 877-878.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 24
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1974) Rocks and minerals for the collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 73-13, 154-155.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Li, C. & Naldrett, A.J. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 31-44.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: http://www.ursamajorminerals.com/reports/URS%20%20WGM%20AGN%20Final%20Report%2021%20April%202005.pdf
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cerianite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: GRAHAM, A.R. (1955): Cerianite, CeO2: a new rare earth oxide mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 560-564.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18; Rainer Mielke collection (SXRD-analysis Uwe Kolitsch)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Ann P.Sabina 1991, Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.178
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Schandl, E. S. (2004). The role of saline fluids base-metal and gold mineralization at the Cobalt Hill prospect northeast of the sudbury igneous complex, Ontario: A fluid-inclusion and mineralogical study. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(5), 1541-1562.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Schandl, E. S. (2004). The role of saline fluids base-metal and gold mineralization at the Cobalt Hill prospect northeast of the sudbury igneous complex, Ontario: A fluid-inclusion and mineralogical study. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(5), 1541-1562.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Dare, S. A., Barnes, S. J., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2014). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Cu-Rich Ores from the McCreedy East Ni-Cu-PGE Deposit (Sudbury, Canada): Implications for the Behavior of Platinum Group and Chalcophile Elements at the End of Crystallization of a Sulfide Liquid. Economic Geology, 109(2), 343-366.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Crerarite
Formula: Pt2-x(Bi,Pb)11(S,Se)11
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Markland, G.D., (UNK), The Geology of the Moose Mountain Mine and its Application to Mining and Milling
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Traill R. J. (1983): Catalogue of Canadian Minerals Revised, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18. P. 125.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: K. D. Watson, G. S. W. Bruce, and L. B. Halladay (1978) Kimberlitic dyke in Keith Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:97-102
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Schandl, E. S. (2004). The role of saline fluids base-metal and gold mineralization at the Cobalt Hill prospect northeast of the sudbury igneous complex, Ontario: A fluid-inclusion and mineralogical study. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(5), 1541-1562.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Ames, D. E., McClenaghan, M. B., Averill, S., & Milkereit, B. (2007). Footwall-hosted Cu-PGE (Au, Ag), Sudbury Canada: towards a new exploration vector. Exploration 07, Exploration in the New Millennium, 1013-1017.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Ann P.Sabina 1991, Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Antiperthite'
Reference: Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: McCormick, K.A. and McDonald, A. (1999) Chlorine-bearing amphiboles from the Fraser mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1385-1403.
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
Froodite (TL)
Formula: α-PdBi2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: HAWLEY, J.E. & BERRY, L.G. (1958): Michenerite and froodite, palladium bismuth minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 6, 200-209. CABRI, L.J., HARRIS, D.C. & GAIT, R.I. (1973): Michenerite (PdBiTe) redefined and froodite (PdBi2) confirmed from the Sudbury area. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 903-912. ; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geffroyite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Description: Sulfur rich
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hauchecornite
Formula: Ni9BiSbS8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Hibbingite
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561; Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 53- 54.
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Dana's New Mineralogy
'Hornblende'
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: TRAILL, R.J. (1983): A catalogue of Canadian minerals, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18, 432 p.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: OGS OFR5329, P.28-9.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Insizwaite
Formula: Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: ; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I. M. & Douma, S L. (2003) Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE ore mineralogy compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI). Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787.
Leucoxene
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Lisiguangite
Formula: PtCuBiS3
Reference: Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Weber, J. and Greer, R., 1965, Dehydration of Serpentine, American Mineralogist, v 50,p 450-464.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Krisztián Szentpéteri (2002) Cu-Ni-Platinum-Group Element Deposits, Copper Cliff North Area, Sudbury, Canada. Economic Geology 97:1459-1470
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Malyshevite
Formula: PdCuBiS3
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Maslovite
Formula: PtBiTe
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
'Mica Group'
Michenerite (TL)
Formula: PdBiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: HAWLEY, J.E. & BERRY, L.G. (1958): Michenerite and froodite, palladium bismuth minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 6, 200-209. [TL1] CABRI, L.J., HARRIS, D.C. & GAIT, R.I. (1973): Michenerite (PdBiTe) redefined and froodite (PdBi2) confirmed from the Sudbury area. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 903-912. CHILDS, J.D. & HALL, S.R. (1973): The crystal structure of michenerite, PdBiTe. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 61-65.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Naldrettite
Formula: Pd2Sb
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II Ph.D. P.G.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: McCormick, K.A. and McDonald, A. (1999) Chlorine-bearing amphiboles from the Fraser mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1385-1403.
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Parkerite (TL)
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: SCHOLZ, D.L. (1937): The magmatic nickeliferous ore deposits of East Griqualand and Pondoland I. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 39, 83-212. MICHENER, C.E. (1940): Minerals Associated with Large Sulphide Bodies of the Sudbury Type. Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario. MICHENER, C.E. & PEACOCK, M.A. (1943): Parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2) from Sudbury, Ontario: redefinition of the species. American Mineralogist 28, 343-355. FLEET, M.E. (1973): The crystal structure of parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2). American Mineralogist 58, 435-439. PETRUK, W., HARRIS, D.C. & STEWART, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 610-612.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Description: "Periclase" is extremely susceptible to hydration when exposed to normal atmosphere and readily forms a brucite pseudomorph.
Reference: Royal Ontario Museum
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Dana's New Mineralogy
'Platinum-Group Elements'
Reference: Krisztián Szentpéteri (2002) Cu-Ni-Platinum-Group Element Deposits, Copper Cliff North Area, Sudbury, Canada. Economic Geology 97:1459-1470
Polarite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Pb)
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Potassic-chloro-hastingsite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
Reference: McCormick, K.A. and McDonald, A. (1999) Chlorine-bearing amphiboles from the Fraser mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1385-1403.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
'Pseudoleucite'
Reference: R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Nickelian Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.178
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: Mineralogical Research Company specimen
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Run-xing, J. I. A., Han-cheng, Z., Wen-shan, Z., & Jun-hui, G. (2012). Geochemical Characteristics of the Nairn Copper Polymetallic Deposit, Sudbury, Canada and Their Significance.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
'Pyrrhotite-5C'
Formula: Fe9S10
Reference: Johan P.R. de Villiers, David C. Liles, and Megan Becker (2009): The crystal structure of a naturally occurring 5C pyrrhotite from Sudbury, its chemistry, and vacancy distribution. American Mineralogist 94, 1405-1410.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Rheniite
Formula: ReS2
Reference: LeFort, D.T. (2012) A mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of modified, contact style Ni-Cu-PGE ores in the #1 and #4 shear zones, Garson Mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Unpublished M.Sc thesis, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 189p.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1974) Rocks and minerals for the collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 73-13, 154-155.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:429-439
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Reference: R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Description: Two different varieties of scorodite were observed - brown massive pseudomorphoses after cobaltite and pink Co-bearing (~1 % CoO) crystalline spherulites and crusts around brown pseudomorphoses.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Reiner Mielke specimens
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: R. G. Arnold and O. P. Malik (1974) Violarite in some nickel ores from Lynn Lake and Thompson, Manitoba, and Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Can Mineral, 12:320-326
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Picrolite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.178
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 49, page12 - 13.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
'Soapstone'
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sopcheite
Formula: Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite (TL)
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Gait, R.I. (1982): Sperrylite from the type locality. Mineralogical Record 13: 159-160; Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.; Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: K. D. Watson, G. S. W. Bruce, and L. B. Halladay (1978) Kimberlitic dyke in Keith Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:97-102
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stannopalladinite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sudburyite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: CABRI, L.J. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1974 ): Sudburyite, a new palladiumBantimony mineral from Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 275-279. FU, PING-CHIU, KUNG YU-HUA & LIU CHANG (1979): Crystal structure of sudburyite. Ti Ch'iu Hua Hseuh, 72-75 (in Chinese). ; Smith and Barnes (2011)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Ontario Division of Mines, Map 2311, Merrit and Foster Townships Sudbury District 1974
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 384.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tellurohauchecornite (TL)
Formula: Ni9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Type Locality:
Reference: GAIT, R.I. & HARRIS, D.C. (1972): Hauchecornite - antimonian, arsenian and tellurian varieties. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 819-825. GAIT, R.I. & HARRIS, D.C. (1980): Arsenohauchecornite and tellurohauchecornite: new minerals in the hauchecornite group. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 877-878.
Telluropalladinite
Formula: Pd9Te4
Reference: LeFort, D.T. (2012) A mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of modified, contact style Ni-Cu-PGE ores in the #1 and #4 shear zones, Garson Mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Unpublished M.Sc thesis, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 189p.
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tennantite var: Annivite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
Tin
Formula: Sn
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1974) Rocks and minerals for the collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 73-13, 154-155.
'UM1976-23-Sb:BiPdTe'
Formula: Pd(Sb,Te,Bi)
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G. (1976): The mineralogy of the platinum-group elements from some copper-nickel deposits of the Sudbury area, Ontario. Economic Geology: 71(7): 1159-1195
'UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
Reference: Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
'UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd'
Formula: ~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O
Reference: Li, C., and Naldrett, A.J. (1993): Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper Zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Can. Mineral.: 31,31-44; in: Jambor, J.L., and Vanko, D.A. (1993): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1317
'Unnamed (Re-Pb-Bi Sulphide)'
Formula: Re, Pb, Bi, S
Reference: Sarah A. S. Dare, Sarah-Jane Barnes, Hazel M. Prichard und Peter C. Fisher (2011): Chalcophile and platinum-group element (PGE) concentrations in the sulfide minerals from the McCreedy East deposit, Sudbury, Canada, and the origin of PGE in pyrite. Mineralium Deposita 46, 381-407.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: http://www.ursamajorminerals.com/reports/URS%20%20WGM%20AGN%20Final%20Report%2021%20April%202005.pdf
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 7:85
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Violarite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: CLARK, F.W. & CATLETT, C. (1889): A platinoferrous nickel ore from Canada, Laspeyres’s (sic) polydymite. American Journal of Science 37, 372-374. SHORT, M.N. & SHANNON, E.V. (1930): Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist 15, 1-22.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Wehrlite (of Huot)'
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Wehrlite (of Kobell)'
'Whartonite'
Reference: Emmens, Dr. S. H. (1915), Journal of the American Chemical Society: XIV(7): 209-211.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: http://www.ursamajorminerals.com/reports/URS%20%20WGM%20AGN%20Final%20Report%2021%20April%202005.pdf
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Niggliite1.AG.60PtSn
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stannopalladinite1.AG.25(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenohauchecornite (TL)2.BB.10Ni18Bi3AsS16
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
var: Danaite2.EB.20(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Berryite2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Crerarite2.LB.45Pt2-x(Bi,Pb)11(S,Se)11
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Froodite (TL)2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Geffroyite2.BB.15(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite2.EB.25(Ni,Co)AsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Hauchecornite2.BB.10Ni9BiSbS8
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Insizwaite2.EB.05aPt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Lisiguangite2.GA.25PtCuBiS3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Malyshevite2.GA.25PdCuBiS3
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maslovite2.EB.25PtBiTe
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Michenerite (TL)2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Naldrettite2.AC.25dPd2Sb
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Parkerite (TL)2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Polarite2.AC.40Pd(Bi,Pb)
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Nickelian Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Ni)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rheniite2.EB.35ReS2
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Rucklidgeite2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sopcheite2.BC.55Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite (TL)2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sudburyite (TL)2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tellurohauchecornite (TL)2.BB.10Ni9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Telluropalladinite2.BC.30Pd9Te4
Temagamite2.BC.50Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
var: Annivite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite (TL)2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Hibbingite3.DA.10aFe2+2(OH)3Cl
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce) (TL)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Mushketovite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tellurite4.DE.20TeO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[A