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Kuruman, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africai
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Kuruman- not defined -
Kalahari manganese field- not defined -
Northern CapeProvince
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Tiger eye used as building material in Kuruman 1974

Kuruman, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africa
Tiger eye used as building material in Kuruman 1974

Kuruman, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africa
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 7' 45'' South , 22° 51' 56'' East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~0km


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Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Kalahari Desert, AfricaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

87 valid minerals. 8 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Habit: euhedral
Colour: black
Description: Until late 2011 aegirine was found as gangue mineral, now found in association with marshallsussmanite.
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, pp 150.
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:252
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Description: associated with andradite garnet
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 181 pp.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Description: Braunite II was first discovered in 1945 at Black Rock and described as ferrianbraunite. The phase was renamed braunite II by De Villiers and Herbstein in 1967 and its crystal structure was determined by De Villiers in 1980. Metallic-grey braunite II crystals have come from Wessels, Black Rock (up to two centimetres) and N’Chwaning II. The crystals are typically bipyramidal with complex terminations. In 1995, crystals up to three centimetres were found at Wessels mine, and a few very rare larger crystals were also collected at the time. These were associated with andradite garnet, hausmannite and occasionally yellow ettringite. Braunite II is not listed as a recognised species in the IMA RRUFF database. See De Villiers (1945), De Villiers and Herbstein (1967), De Villiers (1970), De Villiers (1980) and De Villiers (1989) for details.
Reference: De Villiers, J.E. (1945b). Some minerals occurring in South African manganese deposits. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 48, 17–25. De Villiers, P.R. and Herbstein, F.H. (1967). Distinction between two members of the braunite group. American Mineralogist, 52, 20–30. De Villiers, P.R. (1970). The geology and mineralogy of the Kalahari manganese-field north of Sishen, Cape Province. Memoir of the Geological Survey of South Africa, No. 59, 84 pages. De Villiers, J.P.R. (1980). The crystal structure of braunite II and its relation to bixbyite and braunite. American Mineralogist, 65, 756–765. De Villiers, J.P.R. (1989). Stacking variations and nonstoichiometry in the bixbyite-braunite polysomatic mineral group. American Mineralogist, 74, 1325–1336. Cairncross, B., Beukes, N. and Gutzmer, J. (1997): The manganese adventure – the South African manganese fields. Associated Ore & Metal Corporation Limited, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa, 236 pp. Cairncross, B. and Beukes, N.J. (2013). The Kalahari Manganese Field: the adventure continues. Struik Nature, Cape Town, South Africa, 384 pages.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Geoff Krasnov collection
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: [Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Charlesite ?
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Description: No formal testing known
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Habit: microcrystals
Colour: red
Description: Originally found in the late 1990's on bladed hausmannite, XRD confirmed both. Recent finds of calcite with cinnabar inclusions have been identified.
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, 192 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Associated with calcite and ettringite
Reference: Cairncross photo ID 729305
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: dan weinrich
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Gageite-2M'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gatehouseite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Yellow
Description: Occurs in the shigaite zone associated with baryte, rhodochrosite and shigaite.
Reference: Personally communication between Bruce Cairncross and Frank Hawthorne who quatitatively identified a second, virtually identical specimen of gatehouseite
Gaudefroyite
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, p 216;
Gowerite
Formula: Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Recorded as small grains.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 214.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Description: Recorded as small grains.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 214.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Guidottiite (TL)
Formula: Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Wahle, M.W., Bujnowski, T.J., Guggenheim, S., Kogure, T. (2010): Guidottiite, the Mn-analogue of cronstedtite: A new serpentine group mineral from South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals, 58, 364-378.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Henritermierite
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: octahedrons to 8mm
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Jouravskite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kenotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Type Locality:
Description: The type specimen was erronously stated as comiing from the Wessels mine in Merlino et al (2001), and corrected in Biagioni et al (2015).
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590 ; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
'Kenotobermorite-4O'
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lavinskyite ?
Formula: K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Reference: Label from Kalahari Minerals.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Lipuite (TL)
Formula: KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Xie, X., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Evans, S.H. and Downs, R.T. (2015) Lipuite, IMA 2014-085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 58; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: [Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Geoff Krasnov collection
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganvesuvianite (TL)
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Reference: T. Armbruster et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 137-150
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nchwaningite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Pocket near fault intersection in Section 27 South
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 377-386; MinRec 27:203-204]
Olmiite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.
Orlymanite
Formula: Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Oyelite
Formula: Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Poldervaartite
Formula: CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite ?
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ruizite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Colour: Light pink to deep pink
Description: Discovered in 2011 from Wessels and N'Chwaning II mines.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Strontioruizite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Cairncross, B., Gu, X., Yong, T. and Downs, R.T. (2017) Strontioruizite, IMA 2017-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine; 81: 1279–1286
Sturmanite
Formula: Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Taniajacoite (TL)
Formula: SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T. and Xie, X. (2015) Taniajacoite, IMA 2014-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 531; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Description: occurs as abundant low-z "globular" and vuggy masses overgrown by similar globular sugilite. Accompanying EPMA analytical data for material in thin section FKM-173 (https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-151-to-fkm-175/#FKM-173). Li2O content for this analysis is calculated by stoichiometry. Mn and Fe initially treated as 2+; subsequent Mn3+ (and hence Mn2O3) and Fe3+ (and hence Fe2O3) derived by charge balance. Data in weight% oxides (only those constituents exceeding 0.05 wt%). Al2O3 content in this Al-dominant material ranges from 5.5 to 7.6 wt%.
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-173)
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Marokite4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Gaudefroyite6.AB.60Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Gowerite6.EC.10Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Charlesite ?7.DG.15Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jouravskite7.DG.15Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Sturmanite7.DG.15Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Gatehouseite8.BD.10Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Afwillite9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'9.AG.05CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Bultfonteinite9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite9.DH.35Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Gonyerite9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Guidottiite (TL)9.ED.15Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Henritermierite9.AD.25Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Manganvesuvianite (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mozartite9.AG.60CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Nchwaningite (TL)9.DB.30Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Olmiite (TL)9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Orlymanite9.EE.30Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Oyelite9.HA.80Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poldervaartite9.AF.90CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ruizite9.BJ.35Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gageite-2M'-(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite ?-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Marokite7.2.10.1CaMn3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'7.5.1.3CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pentaborates
Gowerite26.5.8.1Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Gaudefroyite27.1.2.1Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Charlesite ?32.4.4.1Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Jouravskite32.4.4.3Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Sturmanite32.4.4.2Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Gatehouseite41.4.1.2Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Henritermierite51.4.4.1Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Leucophoenicite52.3.2c.2Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Mozartite52.4.2.1CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Ruizite57.2.2.1Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Nchwaningite (TL)65.1.8.1Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
'Gageite-2M'65.3.2.2a(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Guidottiite (TL)71.1.4.8Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Oyelite72.3.2.8Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Orlymanite73.2.2b.2Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Poldervaartite78.1.8.1CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Gageite-Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite ?-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
Manganvesuvianite (TL)-Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Olmiite (TL)-CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
H OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
H LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
H Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
H Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
H StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
H Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
H OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
H CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
H LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
LiLithium
Li SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Li Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Li LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
BBoron
B GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
B SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
B GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
B OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
B CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
OOxygen
O NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
O OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
O LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
O Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
O Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
O StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
O GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
O CalciteCaCO3
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
O GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
O Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O CelestineSrSO4
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MarokiteCaMn23+O4
O MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
O SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O BloodstoneSiO2
O OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
O CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
FFluorine
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Na ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
MgMagnesium
Mg ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mg LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Al ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Al CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
SiSilicon
Si NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Si ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Si OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Si LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Si Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Si Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Si StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Si SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Si GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Si Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si QuartzSiO2
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Si SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si BloodstoneSiO2
Si OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Si Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Si CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Si LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
P GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
KPotassium
K LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
K LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
CaCalcium
Ca ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Ca OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Ca Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Ca GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Ca OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Ca MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Ca SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Ca OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
MnManganese
Mn NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mn OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Mn LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mn Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Mn StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Mn ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mn GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
Mn SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Mn JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Mn SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Mn PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mn GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Mn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Mn MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Mn RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Mn SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mn Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Mn SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Mn OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mn Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Mn Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Fe GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Fe Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Sr StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Beukes, N.J. (1984) Sedimentology of the Kuruman and Griquatown Iron-formations, Transvaal Supergroup, Griqualand West, South Africa. Precambrian Research 24: 47-84.
American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 377-386.
Mineralogical Record (1996): 27: 203-204.
Armbruster, T., et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine: 66: 137-150.
Wahle, M.W., Bujnowski, T.J., Guggenheim, S., Kogure, T. (2010): Guidottiite, the Mn-analogue of cronstedtite: A new serpentine group mineral from South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals, 58, 364-378.

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