Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Chief Mountain, Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Chief MountainMountain
Pala- not defined -
Pala DistrictMining District
San Diego Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 23' 13'' North , 117° 3' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.38722,-117.05000
GeoHash:G#: 9muvbmyy9
Locality type:Mountain
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Rainbow1,832 (2011)9.4km
Temecula112,011 (2017)14.9km
Aguanga1,128 (2011)18.2km
Fallbrook30,534 (2011)18.7km
Valley Center9,277 (2011)18.8km


Summary:
Chief Mountain is the northeasternmost of five pegmatite-hosting mountains that comprise the Pala pegmatite district. Elevation approx. 1502' AMSL.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Occurs as masses to 3 inches (7.5 cm) diameter in the northern parts of the mine.
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Lauren A. Wright (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Special Report 7-A 72 pp.: 42.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Habit: Tabular
Colour: White to light gray
Description: Occurs as crystals.
Reference: Jahns, R. H., and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 31.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Osborn, P. (2005) Personal communication between Phillip Osborn of Hemet and Scott L. Ritchie of Temecula, California; description of beryl discovery on southwestern most Oceanview lode exposure; March.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38; Weber, F. H. (1963a), Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: 107; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 126.
'Clays'
Reference: Stephenson, J. (2007), Pala District Opens Wide: Oceanview Mine Strikes It Big. Mineral News: Pala International, Fallbrook, CA. December.
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Van King
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Van King
Foitite ?
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Habit: Felted masses and transparent crystals.
Colour: Dark blue to purplish blue
Description: Occurs as felted masses on quartz, and small needle-like inclusions within quartz.
Reference: Hapeman, Jeffrey R. (2011)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Van King
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mroch, W. (2009), The Big Kunzite Find of 2009. Gem and Mineral Exploration Company. Cypress, Orange County, California. December 28th.
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Lepidolite'
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Description: Moore (2000) analyzed lithiophilite from this locality and found the Mn/Mn + Fe ratio was 0.92
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388. Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Stephenson, J. (2008), Pala District Opens Wider: Oceanview Mine Strikes It Big. Gem News: Pala International, Fallbrook, CA. January 16th.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Stephenson, J. (2008), Pala District Opens Wider: Oceanview Mine Strikes It Big. Gem News: Pala International, Fallbrook, CA. January 16th.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Description: Parent lithiophilite from this locality has Mn/Mn + Fe = 0.92 (Moore, 2000).
Reference: Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336. Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Van King
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stephenson, J. (2007), Pala District Opens Wide: Oceanview Mine Strikes It Big. Mineral News: Pala International, Fallbrook, CA. December.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Description: Occurs in pegmatite.
Reference: Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Updates from the Oceanview Mine. The Vug quarterly magazine 4(1): 41-43.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Updates from the Oceanview Mine. The Vug quarterly magazine 4(1): 41-43.
'Zinnwaldite'
Habit: Stubby prisms
Colour: Dark-gray to deep reddish brown; bronze-like luster.
Description: Zinnwaldite occurs very sparingly in several pegmatites as dark-gray to deep reddish brown crystals and flakes, and has a bronze-like luster. Most crystals are stubby prisms 1/4 inch in maximum length. They are only in the pocket-bearing parts of the pegmatites, where they are most commonly associated with quartz, cleavelandite, and beryl.
Reference: Jahns, R. A., and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 7A: 31, 40.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
Foitite ?9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Eulytine51.5.4.1Bi4(SiO4)3
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite ?61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
Quartz
var: Citrine
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
CCarbon
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
PPhosphorus
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
VVanadium
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
FeIron
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
CuCopper
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
BiBismuth
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 2703489
Gabbro, undivided

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Massive, coarse-grained, dark-gray and black biotite-hornblende-hypersthene gabbro.

Reference: Kennedy, M.P., and S.S. Tan. digital prep. by Bovard et al. Geologic Map of the Oceanside 30’ x 60’ Quadrangle, California. California Department of Conservation California Geological Survey. [131]

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2776321
Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cuyamaca Gabbro; Elk Creek Gabbro; Gold Park Gabbro-Diorite; San Marcos Gabbro; Summit Gabbro

Description: Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Comments: Mostly small exposures of gabbro and diorite scattered in western Klamath Mts., Sierra Nevada, Coast Ranges, Mojave Desert, and Peninsular Ranges Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{diorite,gabbro}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186295
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jahns, R.H. and Wright, L.A. (1951) Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 31.
Murdoch, Joseph & Webb, Robert W. (1966) Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966). California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 102.

Localities in this Region
Show map


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 27, 2019 01:18:11
Go to top of page