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Copper Mines, Walchen, Öblarn, Niedere Tauern, Styria, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 25' 45'' North , 14° 3' 18'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.42936,14.05527
Other regions containing this locality:The Alps, Europe
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Kupfergruben, Walchen, Öblarn, Niedere Tauern, Steiermark, Österreich

Ancient copper mines, dating back to (at least) mediaeval times (13th century), located in the Walchen (Walchengraben). Finally abanoned in 1959. Some of the mines were converted to visitor's mines (Thaddäuss adit - 'Thaddäusstollen'), and collecting is strictly prohibited at these places. There still are some fairly extensive dumps at other places in the area, though.
A mining trail, established in 2000, can be walked ('Kupferweg' = copper trail).

The slag dumps in this mining area are a separate locality (

Lower Palaeozoic 1-2 m layer of massive to disseminated pyrite-pyrrhotite-chalcopyrite ore with an average grade of 1% Cu. The ore horizon is in sericitic and quartzitic phyllites with carbonate-garnet-graphite intercalations.
Submarine exhalative origin; affected by prograde metamorphism during the Variscan orogeny and by retrograde effects during a later event.

The grid reference is located on the Thaddäus adit.

Mineral List

14 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
252.17 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3137431
Ostalpines Kristallin

Age: to Permian (252.17 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{mica schist}, Minor{marble,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Carboniferous - Early Paleozoic
298.9 - 541 Ma

ID: 2621605

Age: Paleozoic (298.9 - 541 Ma)

Description: marine, partially metamorphic

Comments: Upper Austroalpine, Greywacke Zone (in part anchimetamorphic to epimetamorphic); (dolomite, limestone only near 640)

Lithology: Argillaceous shale, slate, and/or schist, graywacke, dolomite, limestone, radiolarite, phyllite

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Redlich, K. A. (1903): Die Walchen bei Öblarn, ein Kiesbergbau im Ennsthal. Berg - und Hüttenmann. Jahrbuch 51, 1-62.
- Redlich, K.A. (1908): Jamesonit aus dem Kiesbergbau Walchen bei Öblarn (Ennstal), in: Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Stuttgart.
- Unger, H.J. (1968): Der Schwefel- und Kupferkiesbergbau in der Walchen bei Öblarn im Ennstal. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 7, 2-52.
- Unger, H.J. (1969): Detaillierte geologische Aufnahme des Walchengrabens bei Öblarn (Ennstal) und des Niederöblarner Grabens bis zum Ernestine-Stollens. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 9, 131-139.
- J. Schlüter, M. Tarkian & E. F. Stumpfl (1984): Die stratiforme Sulfidlagerstatte Walchen, Steirmark, Österreich: Geochemie und Genese. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 33, 287-296.
- Unger, H. J. (1986): Der Schwefel- und Kupferkiesbergbau in der Walchen bei Öblarn im Ennstal. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen 7, 2-52.
- Köstler, H. J. (1993): Das Bergwerk in der Walchen bei Öblarn. Seine Entwicklung vom Kupfer- und Edelmetallbergbau zur Schwefelkiesgrube seit Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Zeitschrift des historischen Vereines für Steiermark, 84, 193-259.
- Fuchs, G. (2000): Kupfer, Silber und Gold aus der Walchen bei Öblarn. Archäologie Österreichs, 11, 50-52.
- Koch, U. & Mogessie, A. (2002): Der ehemalige Schwefel- und Kupferkiesbergbau Walchen bei Öblarn im Ennstal. PANGEO Austria 2002, Univ. Salzburg, p. 93-94.
- Emmerer, B. & Hafellner, J. (2005): Zur aktuellen Vegetation auf Abraum- und Schlackenhalden historischer Kupferbergbaue in der Montanstufe der Niederen Tauern und der Eisenerzer Alpen (Steiermark, Österreich). Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Steiermark 134, 121-152.

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