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Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake), Viterbo Province, Lazio, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake)Complex
Viterbo ProvinceProvince
LazioAdministrative Region
ItalyCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Civita Castellana11,745 (2014)
Vetralla11,231 (2014)
Ronciglione7,211 (2014)
Nepi6,186 (2014)
Capranica5,271 (2014)
Sutri4,162 (2014)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Complesso vulcanico di Vico (Lago di Vico), Provincia di Viterbo, Lazio, Italia


The Vico volcanic complex is part of the belt of potassic and ultrapotassic rocks running from northern Latium to the Neapolitan area, known as the Roman Magmatic Province, which includes the Vulsini Mts., the Sabatini Mts., and the Alban Hills.

It is a composite volcano with a summit caldera now occupied by a lake (Vico Lake or Lago di Vico).

Its evolution can be distinguished in three main phases:

(1) a first phase (0.8-0.4 m.y.), characterised by the emission of predominantly leucitic tephrite to trachyphonolite lavas (Sollevanti, 1983);

(2) an explosive phase during which four pyroclastic units, named ignimbrites A to D according to Locardi (1965), were emplaced, lasting up to 0.2 m.y.; and

(3) a final explosive phase associated with the caldera collapse occurring ~95,000 y ago (Laurenzi and Villa, 1985).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

80 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Afghanite
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Scherillo A. (1940): I proietti con minerali boriferi dei Vulcani Cimini. Per. Mineral., 11, 367-391; Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Scherillo A. (1940): I proietti con minerali boriferi dei Vulcani Cimini. Per. Mineral., 11, 367-391; Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alunite Group'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Carlini, R., Signoretti, E. (2016): Il Lazio Classico, minerali della zona di Vetralla: Tre Croci, Capo d’Acqua, Fosso Ricomero e Carcarelle. Fossils & Minerals Review, 2, 21-55; http://www.giovanigeologi.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/numero2web.pdf
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Zambonini F. (1900): Anortite di S. Martino (Viterbo). Riv. Miner. e Crist. Ital., 24, 4-13; Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Asbecasite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Description: Sb-bearing asbecasite.
Reference: A. Maras et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 439-446.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: XRD analysis at Pavia University
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Antonio Borrelli Collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
'Cancrinite Group'
Reference: Antonio Borrelli Collection
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Ciprianiite (TL)
Formula: Ca4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (2002): 87: 739–744
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Davyne
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi Collection
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Reference: Ion Microprobe by Passaglia at Modena University
Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Langone, A., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C. and Bernabè, E. (2018) Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce), IMA 2017-087a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.; Oberti, R.,Langone, A., Boiocchi, M., Bernabè, E. & Hawthorne, F. C (2019) News from the hellandite group: the redefinition of mottanaite and ciprianiite and the new mineral description of ferri-mottanaite-(Ce), the first Fe3+-dominant hellandite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31(4): 799-806
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
Franzinite
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Camara, F., Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Ventura, G. D., Bellatreccia, F. (2008): The crystal chemistry of Li in gadolinite. American Mineralogist, 93, 996-1004.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Guarinite'
Formula: (Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Reference: Pucci, R. e Edgardo Signoretti, E. (2006): La "guarinite" di Tre Croci, Vetralla (VT). Il Cercapietre, 2/2006, 47-50.
Hellandite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Reference: Lapis 11(1999), 27; Della Ventura, G., Williams, C.T., Cabella, R., Oberti, R., Caprilli, E., Bellatreccia, F. (1999) Britholite-hellandite intergrowths and associated REE-minerals from the alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy): petrological implications bearing on REE mobility in volcanic systems. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 843-854; Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Cámara, F., Della Ventura, G. (1999) Crystal structure of non-metamict Th-rich hellandite-(Ce) from Latium (Italy) and crystal chemistry of the hellandite-group minerals. American Mineralogist, 84, 913–921; Della Ventura, G. (2002) Ciprianite, mottanaite-(Ce) e hellandite-(Ce): tre nuovi minerali scoperti nel Lazio e revisione sistematica del gruppo dell'hellandite. Il Cercapietre, 1-2; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista02/testo/02A01.html; Oberti, R., Della Ventura, G., Ottolini, L., Hawthorne, F.C., Bonazzi, P. (2002) Re-definition, nomenclature and crystal-chemistry of the hellandite group. American Mineralogist, 87, 745–752; Allori, R. (2003) 'Hellanditi' laziali: ciprianiite, hellandite-(Ce) e mottanaite-(Ce), tre nuove specie. Micro, 1, 0 (0-2003) notizie mineralogiche, 1-4; Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2009): Italian type minerals. Edizioni Plus – Università di Pisa, Pisa, 357 pp.
'Hellandite Group'
Formula: X4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Della Ventura, G., Williams, C.T., Cabella, R., Oberti, R., Caprilli, E., Bellatreccia, F. (1999) Britholite-hellandite intergrowths and associated REE-minerals from the alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy): petrological implications bearing on REE mobility in volcanic systems. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 843-854; Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Cámara, F., Della Ventura, G. (1999) Crystal structure of non-metamict Th-rich hellandite-(Ce) from Latium (Italy) and crystal chemistry of the hellandite-group minerals. American Mineralogist, 84, 913–921.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Parodi, G. C., Della Ventura, G., & Lorand, J. P. (1989). Mineralogy and petrology of an unusual osumilite+ vanadium-rich pseudobrookite assemblage in an ejectum from the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy). American Mineralogist, 74(11-12), 1278-1284.
'Heulandite'
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Homilite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Reference: Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
'Hornblende'
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Chervonnyi, A.D. (2016): Infrared spectroscopy of minerals and related compounds. Springer, Cham Heidelberg Dordrecht New York London, page 511.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Parodi, G. C., Della Ventura, G., & Lorand, J. P. (1989). Mineralogy and petrology of an unusual osumilite+ vanadium-rich pseudobrookite assemblage in an ejectum from the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy). American Mineralogist, 74(11-12), 1278-1284.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Bellatreccia, F. (1994) Minerali di Terre Rare nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 21, 11-19; Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Parodi, G.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Fiori, S. (1996) Monazite-huttonite solid-solutions from the Vico Volcanic Complex, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 402, 751-758; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Mottanaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Reference: - M.E. Ciriotti (2006) EPMA+SIMS probed [a mottanaite-(Ce) with Al0.5Fe3+0.5] - Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Oxycalciobetafite'
Formula: Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Reference: Cámara, F., Williams, C.T., Della Ventura, G., Oberto, R. & Caprilli, E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine: 68: 939-950.; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Oxy-dravite
Formula: Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Description: confirmed by EMPA and SXRD
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer; Chukanov, N.V., Chervonnyi, A.D. (2016): Infrared spectroscopy of minerals and related compounds. Springer, Cham Heidelberg Dordrecht New York London, page 511.
Peprossiite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Bellatreccia, F. (1994) Minerali di Terre Rare nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 21, 11-19; Callegari, A., Caucia, F., Mazzi, F., Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Ungaretti, L. (2000) The crystal structure of peprossiite-(Ce), an anhydrous REE and Al mica-like borate with square-pyramidal coordination for Al. American Mineralogist, 85, 586-593; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piergorite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
Pitiglianoite
Formula: Na6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Christophe Boutry Collection
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Description: orange/brown crystals in sanidinite matrix
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection (Collected by Rossini Carlo in 2001, analyzed by Prof. Caprilli in 2004)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyroxene Group'
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sanidine var: High sanidine
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Tadzhikite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorianite var: Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Reference: Carlini, R., Signoretti, E. (2016): Il Lazio Classico, minerali della zona di Vetralla: Tre Croci, Capo d’Acqua, Fosso Ricomero e Carcarelle. Fossils & Minerals Review, 2, 21-55; http://www.giovanigeologi.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/numero2web.pdf
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'
Formula: ThO2 - UO2
Reference: Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Tuscanite
Formula: (K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
Reference: Luigi Matei photo
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Thorian Uraninite
Formula: (U,Th)O2
Reference: A. Maras et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 439-446.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
Vicanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; April 1995; v. 7; no. 2; p. 439-446; American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1139–1143, 2002
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: luigi mattei
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Asbecasite4.JB.30Ca3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'4.00.(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var: Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Thorian Uraninite4.DL.05(U,Th)O2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Peprossiite-(Ce)6.CA.45(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Afghanite9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ciprianiite (TL)9.DK.20Ca4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Davyne9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrierite-Mg9.GD.50(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Franzinite9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Hellandite-(Ce) (TL)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Homilite9.AJ.20Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mottanaite-(Ce)9.DK.20Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Oxy-dravite9.CK.05Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piergorite-(Ce) (TL)9.DL.10Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Pitiglianoite9.FB.05Na6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: High sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Stillwellite-(Ce)9.AJ.25(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Tadzhikite-(Ce)9.DK.20Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tuscanite9.EG.45(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Vicanite-(Ce) (TL)9.AJ.35(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Vishnevite9.FB.05(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alunite Group'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Cancrinite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) (TL)- Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
'Guarinite'-(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
'Hellandite Group'-X4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Oxycalciobetafite'-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodalite Group'-
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'-ThO2 - UO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
AmBn[XO3]p
Peprossiite-(Ce)24.3.4.1(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Asbecasite45.1.3.1Ca3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Homilite54.2.1b.5Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Piergorite-(Ce) (TL)54.2.0.0Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Stillwellite-(Ce)54.2.3.2(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Vicanite-(Ce) (TL)54.3.1.1(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Tuscanite73.1.2.2(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Davyne76.2.5.5(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Franzinite76.2.5.6(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Pitiglianoite76.2.5.11Na6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Vishnevite76.2.5.15(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alunite Group'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Cancrinite Group'-
Ciprianiite (TL)-Ca4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) (TL)- Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Ferrierite-Mg-(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Guarinite'-(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
'Hellandite Group'-X4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
Hellandite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
Mottanaite-(Ce)-Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Oxy-dravite-Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Oxycalciobetafite'-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'
-(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Sanidine
var: High sanidine
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodalite Group'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Tadzhikite-(Ce)-Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Thorianite
var: Uranothorianite
-(Th,U)O2
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'-ThO2 - UO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
var: Thorian Uraninite
-(U,Th)O2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
H Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
H Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
H Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
H PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
BeBeryllium
Be CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Be Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Be Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Be AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Be Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
BBoron
B CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
B Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
B Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
B Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
B Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
B Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
B Hellandite GroupX4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
B Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
B HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
B Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
B Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
C Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
O Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
O Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
O Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
O Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O QuartzSiO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O ThorianiteThO2
O UraniniteUO2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Hellandite GroupX4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
O OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
O Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Uraninite (var: Thorian Uraninite)(U,Th)O2
O AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
O Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
O Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
O PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
O CristobaliteSiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O TridymiteSiO2
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O AnataseTiO2
O Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
FFluorine
F Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
F Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Na Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Na PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Na Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
AlAluminium
Al CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Al Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Al Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Al Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
Al PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
SiSilicon
Si CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Si Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Si Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Si Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Si Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Hellandite GroupX4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
Si Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Si AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Si Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Si Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
Si PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
SSulfur
S Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
S Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
S Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
S PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
ClChlorine
Cl Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
K Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
K PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2O
K Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Ca Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Ca Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Ca Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ca Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Ca HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Ca Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Ca Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Ca Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2O
Ca Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2O
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ti Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Ti AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Ti Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
FeIron
Fe Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Fe Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Fe Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
AsArsenic
As Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
As AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
YYttrium
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
LaLanthanum
La Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
La Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
La Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
La Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
CeCerium
Ce Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Ce Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Ce Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ce Ferri-mottanaite-(Ce) Ca4Ce2Fe3+(Be1.50.5)[Si4B4O22]O2
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Ce Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Ce Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(Ce,REE)Σ2Al(Be1.50.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22]O2
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
NdNeodymium
Nd Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
TaTantalum
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
WTungsten
W Hellandite GroupX4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
ThThorium
Th CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
Th Vicanite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce,La,Th)15As5+(As3+0.5,Na0.5)Fe3+Si6B4O40F7
Th Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(◻,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Uraninite (var: Thorian Uraninite)(U,Th)O2
Th Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
UUranium
U CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U),Ca]Σ2Al(Be0.51.5)Σ2[B4Si4O22](OH)2
U Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
U UraniniteUO2
U Uraninite (var: Thorian Uraninite)(U,Th)O2
U Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Locardi, E. (1965) Tipi di ignimbriti di magmi mediterranei. Il vulcano di Vico. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, 45, 55-173.
Sollevanti, F. (1983) Geologic, volcanologic and tectonic setting of the Vico-Cimino area, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 17, 203-217.
Laurenzi, M.A., and Villa, I.M. (1985) K/Ar chronology of the Vico Volcano (Latium, Italy). IAVCEI 1985 Scientific Assembly, 16-21 September 1985, Giardini Naxos, Italy. Abstract Volume.
Perini, G., Conticelli, S., and Francalanci, L. (1997) Inferences on the volcanic history of the Vico volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, central Italy: stratigraphic, petrographic and geochemical data. Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta, 40, 67-93.
Perini, G., Conticelli, S. ,Francalanci, L., and Davidson, J.P. (2000) The relationship between potassic and calc-alkaline post-orogenic magmatism at Vico volcano, central Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 95, 243-268.
Lini, M., and Preite, D. (2003) Die Vulkanmineralien des Vico-Sees, Provinz Latium, Mittelitalien. Lapis, 28(12), 19-28.
Peccerillo, A. (2005) Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy. Petrology, Geochemistry, Geodynamics. Springer, Ed., Heidelberg, 365 pp.
Oberti, R.,Langone, A., Boiocchi, M., Bernabè, E. & Hawthorne, F. C (2019) News from the hellandite group: the redefinition of mottanaite and ciprianiite and the new mineral description of ferri-mottanaite-(Ce), the first Fe3+-dominant hellandite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31(4): 799-806

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