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Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Salt mineMine
Hallstatt- not defined -
Gmunden- not defined -
Upper AustriaState
AustriaCountry

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Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 1.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 2.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 3.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 1.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 2.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 3.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 1.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Hallstatt underground mining scene, ca. 1929 – photo 2.

Salt mine, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria
Name(s) in local language(s):Salzbergwerk, Hallstatt, Gmunden, Oberösterreich, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 33' 48'' North , 13° 38' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.56348,13.63670
GeoHash:G#: u23ww69vq
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hallstatt310 (2018)0.9km
Lahn458 (2018)1.4km
Obertraun613 (2018)3.8km
Winkl113 (2018)3.8km
Steeg180 (2018)4.1km


One of three worldwide underground salt mines in the ancient world.
The first settlements were probably around 5000 B.C. due to the salt nearby.
The Natural History Museum Vienna is digging here in a perfectly conservated surrounding within a several meter high ancient waste dump.

Hallstatt is a world heritage!

There exists the possibility to visit a tourist mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 447; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Schorn, A., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M. (2013): Polyhalite microfabrics in an Alpine evaporite mélange: Hallstatt, Eastern Alps. Journal of Structural Geology 46, 57-75.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 449; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Schorn, A., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M. (2013): Polyhalite microfabrics in an Alpine evaporite mélange: Hallstatt, Eastern Alps. Journal of Structural Geology 46, 57-75.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Epsomite var: Ferroan Epsomite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 432; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 5; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434; R. Exel (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
Leonite ?
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 447; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Omongwaite
Formula: Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Schorn, A., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M. (2013): Polyhalite microfabrics in an Alpine evaporite mélange: Hallstatt, Eastern Alps. Journal of Structural Geology 46, 57-75.
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Schorn, A., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M. (2013): Polyhalite microfabrics in an Alpine evaporite mélange: Hallstatt, Eastern Alps. Journal of Structural Geology 46, 57-75.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
var: Ferroan Epsomite7.CB.40(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Langbeinite7.AC.10K2Mg2(SO4)3
Leonite ?7.CC.55K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Löweite7.CC.45Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Omongwaite7.CD.65Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Picromerite7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Langbeinite28.4.4.1K2Mg2(SO4)3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Leonite ?29.3.3.3K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Picromerite29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Löweite29.4.3.1Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Omongwaite29.6.1.2Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Epsomite
var: Ferroan Epsomite
-(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natrite-Na2CO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Epsomite (var: Ferroan Epsomite)(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C NatriteNa2CO3
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O Epsomite (var: Ferroan Epsomite)(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
O LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O NatriteNa2CO3
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NatriteNa2CO3
Na OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg Epsomite (var: Ferroan Epsomite)(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
Mg LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S Epsomite (var: Ferroan Epsomite)(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
S LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K SylviteKCl
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
K LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe Epsomite (var: Ferroan Epsomite)(Mg,Fe2+)[SO4] · 7H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3162013
Nördliche Kalkalpen, Drauzug

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: flysch (sediments)

Lithology: Major:{conglomerate}, Minor{marlstone,limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Scythian - Late Permian
247.2 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 2610311

Age: Phanerozoic (247.2 - 272.95 Ma)

Description: marine, partially limnic-fluvial deposits, evaporite

Comments: With Verrucano, Präbichl Formation, Werfen Formation, Haselgebirge; Upper Austroalpine

Lithology: Conglomerate, quartzite, sandstone, claystone, limestone, claystone-breccia, halite, gypsum

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 432, 434, 447, 449.
Exel, R. (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
Schorn, A., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M. (2013): Polyhalite microfabrics in an Alpine evaporite mélange: Hallstatt, Eastern Alps. Journal of Structural Geology: 46: 57-75.
Arthofer, P. (2015): Der Salzbergbau von Hallstatt/Oberösterreich und seine Mineralien. OÖ. Geonachrichten 30, 5-27.

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