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Spring Creek Mine, Wilmington, South Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Spring Creek MineMine
Wilmington- not defined -
South Flinders Ranges- not defined -
Flinders Ranges- not defined -
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 43' 52'' South , 138° 7' 37'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -32.73111,138.12694
GeoHash:G#: r44jz1kzr
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Wilmington628 (2013)9.4km
Melrose429 (2015)11.8km
Booleroo Centre486 (2011)26.7km
Booleroo486 (2018)29.4km
Port Germein466 (2012)34.4km


An abandoned copper mine located between Melrose and Wilmington, now situated in Mount Remarkable National Park.
Collecting on dump material in the creek bed below the fence is possible (with permission of the landholder).

One of the many things that make this site unusual is the very limited amount of sulphides.
The water in the main shaft is in fact so pure that it is pumped for use at the nearby town of Wilmington and surrounding area!
Legend has it that upon dewatering the mine in the early 1900s tools were found from the original mining period, which contained 'no rust', however of course this cannot be confirmed. Although as can be seen by the photos of the interior of the mine, there is very little degrading of materials placed during mining, some of which are well over 100 years old!

Collecting is prohibited because the mine is situated in a National Park.


Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Gawler Craton, South Australia, AustraliaCraton

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


50 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Bariosincosite (TL)
Formula: Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Some bariosincosites are very rich in Sr, although a Sr:Ba ratio >1 was not measured so far.
Reference: A. Pring, U. Kolitsch, W. D. Birch, B. D. Beyer, P. Elliott, P. Ayyappan and A. Ramanan (1999): Bariosincosite, a new hydrated barium vanadium phosphate, from the Spring Creek Mine, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741; [AmMin 85:1324]
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [AmMin 85:1324]; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741; Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: [AmMin 85:1324]; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741; Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: No reference listed
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: [AmMin 85:1324]; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: [AmMin 85:1324]
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Hentschelite
Formula: CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Johntomaite (TL)
Formula: BaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Min. Petrol. (2000): 70, 1-14.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 32: 214.
Likasite
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Mengeite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Mg,Mn2+)Mn3+4(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Elliott, P. (2018) Mengeite, IMA 2018-035. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx.
Metaswitzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1324.; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Never confirmed; most probably confused with libethenite or wrong locality given (see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-101027.html).
Reference: Catalog of Sount Australian Minerals-1983 ("reported from the Spring Creek mine")
Perloffite
Formula: Ba(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: [MinRec 32:214]
'Psilomelane'
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [AmMin 85:1324]
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Never confirmed; occurrence extremely unlikely.
Reference: Catalog of Sount Australian Minerals-1983 ("has been tentatively identified from the Spring Creek copper mine."); SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Springcreekite (TL)
Formula: BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
Type Locality:
Reference: U. Kolitsch, M. R. Taylor, G. Fallon and A. Pring (1999): Springcreekite, BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V3+-member of the alunite family and its crystal structure. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1999, 529-544; [AmMin 85:1324]; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Strontioperloffite (TL)
Formula: SrMn2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Elliott, P. (2015) Strontioperloffite, IMA 2015-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 944; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 2. No. 2. 1996. 57-70
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1324.; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Zapatalite
Formula: Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
Reference: P. Elliott & U. Kolitsch (X-ray powder diffraction + SEM-EDS)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Likasite5.ND.05Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bariosincosite (TL)8.CJ.65Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hentschelite8.BB.40CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Johntomaite (TL)8.BH.20BaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metaswitzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Olivenite ?8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Perloffite8.BH.20Ba(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Sampleite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Springcreekite (TL)8.BL.10BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Zapatalite8.DE.20Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mengeite (TL)-Ba(Mg,Mn2+)Mn3+4(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
'Psilomelane'-
Strontioperloffite (TL)-SrMn2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite ?16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Likasite19.1.5.1Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Metaswitzerite40.3.5.2Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite ?41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Perloffite41.9.1.4Ba(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Hentschelite41.10.1.3CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Zapatalite42.5.3.1Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Sampleite42.9.4.1NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Bariosincosite (TL)-Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Johntomaite (TL)-BaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mengeite (TL)-Ba(Mg,Mn2+)Mn3+4(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
Springcreekite (TL)-BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
Strontioperloffite (TL)-SrMn2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
H BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
H StrontioperloffiteSrMn22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
H MengeiteBa(Mg,Mn2+)Mn43+(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
H ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C GraphiteC
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
NNitrogen
N LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
O BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
O StrontioperloffiteSrMn22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
O MengeiteBa(Mg,Mn2+)Mn43+(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
O ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MengeiteBa(Mg,Mn2+)Mn43+(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
P BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
P StrontioperloffiteSrMn22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
P MengeiteBa(Mg,Mn2+)Mn43+(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S CovelliteCuS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
V BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
V VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn StrontioperloffiteSrMn22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Mn MengeiteBa(Mg,Mn2+)Mn43+(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
Mn PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
FeIron
Fe JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Fe StrontioperloffiteSrMn22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Cu ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr StrontioperloffiteSrMn22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
BaBarium
Ba SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
Ba BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Ba JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Ba MengeiteBa(Mg,Mn2+)Mn43+(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
Ba PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186197
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,limestone,siltstone,tillite,dolomite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 842066
Emeroo Subgroup

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Emeroo Subgroup

Description: Quartzite, sandstone, dolomite, conglomerate

Comments: sedimentary siliciclastic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Sedimentary siliciclastic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gee, L.C.E. & Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia, 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Birch, B. & Mumme, W. G. (1988): Hentschelite and perloffite from the Spring Creek Copper Mine, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 52, 408-411.
Beyer, B. D. & Elliott, Peter (1996): Minerals from the Spring Creek mine, near Wilmington, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 2(2), 57-70.
Pring, A., U. Kolitsch, W. D. Birch, B. D. Beyer, P. Elliott, P. Ayyappan and A. Ramanan (1999): Bariosincosite, a new hydrated barium vanadium phosphate, from the Spring Creek Mine, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63, 735-741.
Kolitsch, U., M. R. Taylor, G. Fallon and A. Pring (1999): Springcreekite, BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V3+-member of the alunite family and its crystal structure. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1999, 529-544.
Kolitsch, U., A. Pring and P. Elliott (1999): An update on the mineralogy of the Spring Creek mine, South Australia, including the new species springcreekite, bariosincosite and tomaite. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 55-62. [Note: in the subsequent issue tomaite was corrected to johntomaite.]
American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1324.


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