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Kara No. 1 Pit, Kara Mines, Hampshire district, Burnie City, Tasmania, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Kara No. 1 PitPit
Kara MinesGroup of Mines
Hampshire districtDistrict
Burnie CityCity
TasmaniaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 18' 33'' South , 145° 46' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -41.30944,145.77500
GeoHash:G#: r0xsvpy55
Locality type:Pit
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Highclere458 (2014)12.4km
Upper Natone106 (2014)12.6km
Henrietta168 (2014)17.0km
South Riana324 (2014)18.8km
Natone577 (2014)19.7km


An operating open-cut mine, located 40 km south of Burnie in northwestern Tasmania, producing magnetite and minor scheelite. It is the only presently operating mine in a series of related skarn deposits associated with Devonian granites intruding Ordovician limestones.

The pit contains a zoned magnetite-andradite-hedenbergite-vesuvianite-epidote skarn, which contains minor scheelite and molybdenite and calcite veins with various Cu, Pb, As, Zn, Bi sulphides, fluorite and some Be minerals.
Famous for excellent andradite specimens.

NOTE: It has been reported to us by local collectors that collecting at the mine is no longer permitted by the mine owners.

At least four paragenetic stages of skarn formation and ore deposition have been recognized (Zaw et al., 2000): stage I, clinopyroxene ± garnet ± vesuvianite ± wollastonite ± quartz ± scheelite; stage II, garnet-vesuvianite-magnetite ± scheelite ± apatite ± quartz; stage III, magnetite-amphibole-epidote-fluorite-quartz ± chlorite ± garnet ± vesuvianite ± scheelite ± carbonate ± pyrite ± clinopyroxene; and stage IV, hematite ± fluorite ± calcite ± quartz.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Thylacine Province, Tasmania, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


50 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit:
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Economic Geology 95:1215-1230 (2000); MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400
Anthoinite
Formula: AlWO3(OH)3
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
'Biotite'
Colour: dark green
Description: dark green, fine grained, with fluorite, danalite
Reference: R Bottrill unpub data, 2018
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: R Bottrill unpublished data 2017
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Bottrill, unpub. data; Bottrill (unpub)
'Chabazite' ?
Reference: http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Sorrell, S. P. & Bottrill, R. S. (2005): Minerals of the Kara Mine.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Economic Geology 95:1215-1230 (2000); Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005; Uwe Kolitsch collection; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: R Bottrill, 2018, unpublished MRT report
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.homestead.com/rbottrill/files/KARA-mins.htm; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: http://www.homestead.com/rbottrill/files/KARA-mins.htm; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Bottrill & Baker, 2008 Catalogue of mineral of Tasmania
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection (collected and SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch 2/08)
Kimuraite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Reference: R Bottrill, 2017, unpub. rep.
'Lanthanite'
Reference: R Bottrill, 2017, unpub. rep.
'Magnesian hastingsite'
Reference: Economic Geology 95:1215-1230 (2000)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Malayaite ?
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Reference: http://www.homestead.com/rbottrill/files/KARA-mins.htm
Milarite ?
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: R Bottrill, 2017, unpub. rep.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Bottrill, unpub. data
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400
Mpororoite
Formula: WAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Ranciéite ?
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Description: Some of this was tested and found to be takanelite, but more testing is needed.
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 397-400; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Whitehead, 1990; Sorrell, S., Bottrill, R. (2005) Minerals of the Kara Mine, Tasmania, 48 pages. Tuma, A. (2007) Kara Field Trip: Friday the 20th of April, 2007 - Stolzite Day!. Australian and New Zealand Mineral Collector Magazine, Issue No.2, 20-22.
Takanelite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Description: Further work on this material suggests some may be ranceite, but its unclear what proportion.
Reference: Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005. A Catalogue of The Minerals of Tasmania, Tasmanian Geological Survey Bulletin 73
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: R. Bottrill collection; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: http://www.homestead.com/rbottrill/files/KARA-mins.htm; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite ?4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Takanelite4.FL.40(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kimuraite-(Y)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anthoinite7.GB.35AlWO3(OH)3
Mpororoite7.GB.35WAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Baileychlore9.EC.55(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Malayaite ?9.AG.15CaSn(SiO4)O
Milarite ?9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite' ?-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Lanthanite'-
'Magnesian hastingsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB4X9
Ranciéite ?7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Takanelite7.10.1.2(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Kimuraite-(Y)15.4.5.1Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Anthoinite48.3.3.1AlWO3(OH)3
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Mpororoite49.3.4.1WAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Malayaite ?52.4.3.2CaSn(SiO4)O
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite ?63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Baileychlore71.4.1.6(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chabazite' ?-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Lanthanite'-
'Magnesian hastingsite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
H AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
OOxygen
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
O AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O HematiteFe2O3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
YYttrium
Y Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
NdNeodymium
Nd Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
WTungsten
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
W MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Tertiary
2.588 - 66 Ma



ID: 3191514
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Comments: East Australia Cainozoic Volcanic Belt

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Devonian
358.9 - 382.7 Ma



ID: 915602
Housetop Granite

Age: Late Devonian (358.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Housetop Granite

Description: I-type. Housetop Batholith rocks - biotite granite, reddish pink, +range of textures, fine- to med.-grained groundmass, mod.to strong porphyritic texture, miarolitic cavities.............

Comments: igneous felsic intrusive; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic intrusive

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Nagashima, K. (1984) Mpororoite and anthoinite from the Kara mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Magazine 48, 397-400.
Whitehead, C.H. (1990) Kara scheelite-magnetite deposit - production and deposits. In: Turner, N.J. & Taheri, J. (1990) Tin and tungsten deposits and related Devonian granitoids. Excursion guide E2 / 10th Australian Geological Convention, Hobart, 1990 Geological Society of Australia, 42 pages and maps.
Turner, N.J. (1992) Kara and other nearby magnetite resources. Tasmania Department of Mines-Report 1992/12.
Singoyi, B. (1997) Mineral Paragenesis, Geochemistry and Fluid Characteristics of the Kara Scheelite-Magnetite Skarn Deposit, Northwestern Tasmania. (Masters Thesis, University of Tasmania, Hobart), 161 pages.
Zaw, K., Singoyi, B. (2000) Formation of Magnetite-Scheelite Skarn Mineralization at Kara, Northwestern Tasmania: Evidence from Mineral Chemistry and Stable Isotopes. Economic Geology, 95, 1215-1230.
Singoyi, B., Khin Zaw (2001) A petrological and fluid inclusion study of magnetite–scheelite skarn mineralization at Kara, Northwestern Tasmania: implications for ore genesis. Chemical Geology 173: (1-3), 239–253.
Sorrell, S., Bottrill, R. (2005) Minerals of the Kara Mine, Tasmania, 48 pages.
Tuma, A. (2007) Kara Field Trip: Friday the 20th of April, 2007 - Stolzite Day!. Australian and New Zealand Mineral Collector Magazine, Issue No.2, 20-22.
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.

External Links



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