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Tungsten Queen Mine and plant (Hamme Mine; Haile Mines; Sneed-Walker), Tungsten, Hamme Tungsten Mining District, Vance Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Tungsten Queen Mine and plant (Hamme Mine; Haile Mines; Sneed-Walker)- not defined -
Tungsten- not defined -
Hamme Tungsten Mining DistrictMining District
Vance Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 30' 54'' North , 78° 28' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Stovall430 (2017)11.7km
Clarksville1,204 (2017)14.4km
Middleburg132 (2017)18.3km
Boydton416 (2017)18.5km
Henderson15,271 (2017)21.5km


A former W mine located 0.2 km (600 feet) NE of Tungsten (town). First operated in the period 1942 - 1971, on private land. Discovered and first production was in 1942. Ownership is fee ownership. The total land holding is 96 hectares. Operated and owned by the Ranchers Exploration and Development Corp.; also by Hecla Mining and by Atlas Mine and Mill Supply Co. (100.00%), Washington (1989). MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 10 meters.

A W deposit hosted in phyllite. The ore body strikes N35E and dips 70E at a thickness of 10 meters, width of 579 meters and a length of 3,650 meters over an area of 25 hectares. It is a fissure vein deposit of lenticular shape with a shear zone. Primary mode of origin is hydrothermal. Primary ore control was faulting and secondary was a contact zone. Wallrock alteration is intense (sericitic). Associated rocks include diorite. Local rocks include metavolcanic-epiclastic Rock.

Local geologic structures include a shear zone near a phyllite-granodiorite contact. This deposit is within the Paleozoic oogenic belt (Blue Ridge-Piedmont area of the Appalachian Mountains).

A major post-ore emplacement geologic event was cross-cutting, steep and flat joint sets with several Triassic diabase dikes. Veins were controlled by a shear zone at small angle to foliation in the phyllite and pluton. Major ore bodies occur as steeply SSW-plunging bodies, overlapping on echelon quartz pods, mostly in schist, but also in granodiorite.

Workings include underground openings to a depth of 520 meters and a length of 2000 meters. The mining method was filled stopes - horizontal cut and fill with waste rock.

Production data are found in: International Strategic Minerals Inventory Record W 111 .

Production statistics: 1970: W ore: 39,472 metric tons/year; 1971: W ore: 77,939 metric tons/year.

The mineral wolframite was identified in 1901. Nature of discovery was conventional prospecting. Non-geologic constraints on development or expansion were due to commodity price. Could be a viable deposit under better economic conditions.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Foose, Michael, Slack, John, F. and Casadevall, 1980, Textural and Structural Evidence for a Predeformation Hydrothermal Origin of the Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, North Carolina, Economic Geology, 75:515-522.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr., and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg #335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Colour: Yellow to Green
Description: Found in the upper portions of the quartz veins as powdery, yellow to green masses.
Reference: Espenshade,1947,USGS Bulletin 948-A,Tungsten deposits of Vance County,NC and Mecklenburg County.,Virginia
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:523-537
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:523-537
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Espenshade,G.H (1947) Tungsten Deposits of Vance County North Carolina, and Mecklenburg County, Virginia;U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 948-A
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Espenshade,G.H (1947) Tungsten Deposits of Vance County North Carolina, and Mecklenburg County, Virginia;U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 948-A
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:523-537
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Foose, Michael, Slack, John, F. and Casadevall, 1980, Textural and Structural Evidence for a Predeformation Hydrothermal Origin of the Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, North Carolina, Economic Geology, 75:515-522.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Habit: Crystals to 35cm
Description: Main ore mineral. Mainly anhedral grains
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas, pg#335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and Mckenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Wilson,W.F and Mckenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Foose, Michael, Slack, John, F. and Casadevall, 1980, Textural and Structural Evidence for a Predeformation Hydrothermal Origin of the Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, North Carolina, Economic Geology, 75:515-522.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Economic Geology; July 1980; v. 75; no. 4; p. 523-537; J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ransom,Jay Ellis.,1974,Gems and Minerals of America
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ransom,Jay Ellis.,1974,Gems and Minerals of America
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Espenshade,G.H (1947) Tungsten Deposits of Vance County North Carolina, and Mecklenburg County, Virginia;U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 948-A
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas, pg#335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Quartz var: Blue Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas, pg#335; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Espenshade,G.H (1947) Tungsten Deposits of Vance County North Carolina, and Mecklenburg County, Virginia;U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 948-A
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Parker, John M. "Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia". NCGS bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 1963; Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:515-522
Volynskite ?
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Foose, Michael, Slack, John, F. and Casadevall, 1980, Textural and Structural Evidence for a Predeformation Hydrothermal Origin of the Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, North Carolina, Economic Geology, 75:515-522.
Wittichenite ?
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Foose, Michael, Slack, John, F. and Casadevall, 1980, Textural and Structural Evidence for a Predeformation Hydrothermal Origin of the Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, North Carolina, Economic Geology, 75:515-522.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Volynskite ?2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Wittichenite ?2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite ?3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
ø = 2
Volynskite ?3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Blue Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O HübneriteMnWO4
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W HübneriteMnWO4
W CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Espenshade, G. H. (1947), Tungsten Deposits of Vance County North Carolina, and Mecklenburg County, Virginia, USGS Bulletin 948-A, 17 pp.
Sweet, J.R. (1954), Tungsten Mining in North Carolina, Mining Congress Journal: 40(August): 81-86.
Broadhurst, S.D. (1961), Topography, Geology, And Mineral Resources Of North Carolina. North Carolina Department Of Conservation And Development, Educational Series 2, 17 pp.
Malcolm, J. B. (1962), Hamme Mine Reopening Made Feasible Through Change in Mining Method, Mining Engineering: 14(April): 44-49.
Parker, John M. (1963), Geologic setting of the Hamme Tungsten District North Carolina and Virginia. North Carolina Geological Survey Bulletin 1122-G, Raleigh, 69 pp.
Ranchers Exploration and Development Corporation, Prospectus (1969).
Stuckley, J. L. (1970), Mineral Industry of North Carolina from 1960 through 1967, North Carolina Department of Conservation and Development, Economic Paper 68: 9.
Romagnoli, E. (1972), Tungsten, Engineering and Mining Journal: 173 (March): 107.
Gair, J. E. (1977), Map and Diagrams Showing Structural Control of the Hamme Tungsten Deposit, Vance County, North Carolina, U. S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Inventory Map I-1009.
Casadevall, Tom and Rye, Robert O. (1980), The Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, Vance County, North Carolina: A Stable Isotope Study of a Metamorphosed Quartz-Huebnerite Vein, Economic Geology: 75: 523-537.
Foose, Michael, Slack, John, F. and Casadevall, Tom (1980), Textural and Structural Evidence for a Predeformation Hydrothermal Origin of the Tungsten Queen Deposit, Hamme District, North Carolina, Economic Geology: 75: 515-522.
Wilson, W. F. and McKenzie, B. J. (1980), Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina.
AMAX Inc. (1983), Tungsten News: 21(1)(winter), 27 pp.
Horton, Jr., J. Wright and Victor A. Zullo (1991), The Geology of the Carolinas: 335.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10151777.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0371810001.
International Strategic Minerals Inventory Record W 111.

USGS MRDS Record:10151777

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