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Arzwaldgraben, Waldstein, Peggau, Styria, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Arzwaldgraben- not defined -
Waldstein- not defined -
Peggau- not defined -
StyriaState
AustriaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 14' 31'' North , 15° 17' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Adriach387 (2018)3.0km
Land-Übelbach587 (2018)3.0km
Waldstein236 (2018)3.1km
Frohnleiten3,106 (2018)3.7km
Prenning327 (2018)3.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Arzwaldgraben, Waldstein, Peggau, Steiermark, Österreich


Ancient lead, zinc, silver and baryte mining area. Located approx. 6 km NW of Peggau.
It is quite likely that the Celts (300 B.C.) were the first to mine for silver in this area.
The “newer” mines were worked with interruptions from the 16th century till 1954.
Records go back to 1630 when Fürst Johann Ulrich von Eggenberg owned the mine. It changed hands several times until in 1927 it was owned by the Schurfgesellschaft Kogler und Lokar. In 1951 the Bleiberger Bergwerks Union (BBU) started to work the Glückaufstollen. In 1954 the mine was closed. In the 1970’s some exploration work was done by the BBU.
Production for Arzwaldgraben and Rabenstein together in 1775 was about 220 metric tons of ore with 70 t of lead, 60 kg of silver and 93 t of galena. The production reached its peak during WWI with about 1’500 t of ore per year. In total these 2 mines produced approx. 15’000 t of lead, 1’500 t of zinc, 20 t of silver and a very small amount of baryte until 1954.

The mine consisted of up to 12 adits, most of them are now caved in and overgrown. Still known are the Antonistollen (Erbstollen), the Josefistollen (still accessible in 2002), the Glückauf-Stollen, the Johann-Nepomuk-Stollen and the Oberer Grabbauer-Stollen.

The minerals are found in the numerous mine dumps, but many of the dumps are now overgrown or have been covered by road works.

Mine dumps and adits are located at:

N47.236867 E15.276432 , elev. 610 m, dump is partly accessible
N47.237119 E15.277431 , elev. 580 m, covered
N47.236898 E15.278888 , elev. 530 m, caved in shaft
N47.2375083 E15.279695 , elev. 520 m, Antoni adit, closed and covered
N47.239147 E15.2798737, elev. 540 m, Glückauf adit, caved in
N47.239289 E15.280637, elev. 550 m, dump of the Glückauf adit
N47.238914 E15.280988 , elev. 575 m, dump of Josefi adit which was still accessible in 2002
N47.239365 E15.282088 , elev. 600 m
N47.240848 E15.281953 , elev. 575 m, dump of the Johann Nepomuk adit, the adit is covered up by roadwork
N47.240675 E15.282630 , elev. 600 m, dump is partly accessible
N47.241909 E15.284772 , elev. 700 m, dump is partly accessible
N47.242327 E15.285318 , elev. 700 m, dump is partly accessible
N47.239296 E15.287320 , elev. 700 m, dump of the Oberen Grabbauer adit (caved in and covered)
N47.238475 E15.286015 , elev. 640 m, dump is partly accessible

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Steir.Mineralog 25/2011, p.30
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Steir.Mineralog 25/2011, p.30
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum (1983) , Bände 51-59.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Weber, L.(1997) Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung, Band 19
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Victor Ritter von Zepharovich, Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Kaiserthum Österreich 1790 – 1857, p. 473

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri-CaCO3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
CCarbon
C Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnataseTiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O WitheriteBaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 3138679
Ostalpines Palaözoikum

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Carbonates, consolidated

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kopezky, B. (1855) Uebersicht der Mineralwässer und einfachen Mineralien Steiermarks.
Steinhaus, J. (1879), Die Blei- und Zinkbergbaue des Werkskomplexes “Ludwigshütte” zu Deutschfeistritz in Steiermark, Zeitschrift des Berg- u. Hüttenmännischen Vereines für die Steiermark und Kärnten, 11, 12, 387-394, 401-413, Wien.
Gasparitz, A. (1890), Der Bergbau auf silberhältiges Blei und Zink in Deutsch-Feistritz, Peggau und Waldstein, In: Deutsch-Feistritz und Peggau mit den nächsten Burgen, 199-214, Graz.
Czermak, F. (1927), Gutachten über die Aufschlüsse von Blei-, Silber- und Zink-Erzen des Josef Kogler und Anton Lokar in der Katastralgemeinde Hofamt, Ortsgemeinde Rothleiten, Gerichtsbezirk Frohnleiten, Steiermark, Unveröffentlichte Gutachten, Lagerstättenarchiv
der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, Graz.
Czermak, F. (1938), Gutachten über die Blei-Silber-Zink Erzbergbaue von Guggenbach bis Übelbach, sowie die Blei-Silber-Zink- und Schwefelkiesbergbaue von Groß-Stübing in Mittel-Steiermark, Unveröff. Gutachten, Lagerstättenarchiv Geol. Bundesanstalt, Graz.
Flügel, H. (1953), Geschichte, Ausdehnung und Produktion der Blei-Zinkabbaue des Grazer Paläozoikums. III. Die Baue zwischen Groß-Stübing und Rabenstein, Berg- und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte 98, 61-68, Wien.
FLügel, H. (1953), Geschichte, Ausdehnung und Produktion der Blei-Zinkabbaue des Grazer Paläozoikums. IV. Besitzverhältnisse, Zusammenfassung und Schluß, Berg und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte 98, 211-218, Wien.
Flügel, H. (1958), 140 Jahre geologische Forschung im Grazer Paläozoikum, Mitteilungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines der Steiermark 88, 57-78, Graz.
Ebner F. & Weber L. (1978), Die geologisch-tektonischen Verhältnisse zwischen Tannebenstock und Rötschgraben (Grazer Paläozoikum), Mittelungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für die Steiermark 108, Graz, 95-113.
Ebner, F. (1983), Erläuterungen zur geologischen Basiskarte 1:50.000 der Naturraumpotentialkarte “Mittleres Murtal“, Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Geologie, Paläontologie und Bergbau des Landesmuseums Joanneum, Heft 44, Graz.
- Postl, W. + Moser, B. (1988): Anatas, Adular, Smithsonit, Hydrozinkit, Cerussit, Anglesit und Malachit von Halden des ehemaligen Blei-Zink-Bergbaues im Arzwaldgraben bei Waldstein. Mitt.Abt.Landesmuseum Joanneum. vol.56, p30.
Baumgartner, I. (1992), Die Blei- und Zinkerzbergbaue des Grazer Paläozoikums von 1860 bis 1928.
Feichter, M, M., Mogessie, A., Thalhammer, O. A. R., Weber, L,
(1998), Die Pb-Zn-Lagerstätte Arzberg/Steiermark, Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, Pörtschach, 271-272.
Kudjelka, A. (2002) Pflanzenverfügbarkeit und Mobilität von Schwermetallen in Blei-Zink Bergwerkshalden des Grazer Paläzoikums.
Offenbacher, H. (2011): Aragonit, Varietät Eisenblüte, von Waldstein in der Steiermark, Der Steirische Mineralog 25, p.30.

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