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Separation Rapids Lithium Project (Separation Lake area), Kenora District, Ontario, Canada

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 15' 33'' North , 94° 26' 35'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.25944,-94.44306
GeoHash:G#: cbuvfvkwm
Owned/operated by:Avalon Advanced Materials Inc.
Locality type:Project
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


The Separation Lake area (not a formal geographic name rather an area around the lake that includes primarily Paterson Lake Area & the Treelined Lake Area) is host to the most important rare-element pegmatites in Ontario, Canada. They include the Big Whopper and Big Mack petalite pegmatite systems which potentially represent the world's second largest lithium deposit of this type. The pegmatites occur in two distinct clusters adjacent to the Separation Rapids pluton which is thought to be the source of the rare-elements. Beryl-type and complex-, petalite-subtype pegmatites are the most common and a few pegmatites have characteristics similar to the lepidolite-subtype.
There are currently 29 recognized pegmatites in the area.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


49 valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: [AmMin 84:992]; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Biotite'
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'commodity:Caesium'
Formula: Cs
Reference:  
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: [AmMin 84:992]; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'commodity:Feldspar'
Reference:  
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Ferrotitanowodginite
Formula: Fe2+TiTa2O8
Reference: [AmMin 84:992]; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Ferrowodginite
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'commodity:Lithium'
Formula: Li
Reference:  
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Monazite'
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Nanpingite
Formula: CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)' (FRL)
Formula: (Y,◻)2Nb2O6O
Reference: Tindle, A.G. & Breaks, F.W. (1998) Oxide minerals of the Separation Rapids rare-element granitic pegmatite group, northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 609-635.; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: [AmMin 84:992]; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609
'commodity:Rubidium'
Formula: Rb
Reference:  
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'commodity:Silica'
Reference:  
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: FeTa2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'commodity:Tantalum'
Formula: Ta
Reference:  
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Titanowodginite
Formula: Mn2+TiTa2O8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: [AmMin 84:992]; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Wolframowodginite'
Formula: Mn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
Reference: [AmMin 84:992]; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Chrysoberyl'4.BA.05BeAl2O4
'Columbite-(Fe)'4.DB.35FeNb2O6
'Columbite-(Mn)'4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
'Ferronigerite-2N1S'4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
'Ferrotitanowodginite'4.DB.40Fe2+TiTa2O8
'Ferrowodginite'4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Gahnite'4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'4.DH.15
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Titanowodginite4.DB.40Mn2+TiTa2O8
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Wodginite'4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframowodginite'4.DB.40Mn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Alluaudite'8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Purpurite'8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
'Xenotime-(Y)'8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Bityite'9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
'Cookeite'9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Dravite'9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Elbaite'9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Eucryptite'9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
'Foitite'9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nanpingite'9.EC.15CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
'Petalite'9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
'Pollucite'9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Spessartine'9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Spodumene'9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Fluor-elbaite'-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Lepidolite'-
'Monazite'-
'Oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)' (TL)-(Y,◻)2Nb2O6O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ferrowodginite8.1.8.2Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Titanowodginite8.1.8.3Mn2+TiTa2O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.4A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)'
8.2.3.4A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'8.2.2.7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1FeTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3MnTa2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AXO4
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite71.2.2a.8CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
Ferrotitanowodginite-Fe2+TiTa2O8
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Lepidolite'-
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
'Oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)' (FRL)-(Y,◻)2Nb2O6O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Wolframowodginite'-Mn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
LiLithium
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8
O FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O Oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)(Y,◻)2Nb2O6O
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Al Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8
MnManganese
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
Mn TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
FeIron
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Fe FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8
Fe FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
YYttrium
Y Oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)(Y,◻)2Nb2O6O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)(Y,◻)2Nb2O6O
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Sn FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Sn WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
CsCaesium
Cs NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8
Ta FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoarchean
2500 - 2800 Ma



ID: 3192850
Archean intrusive rocks

Age: Neoarchean (2500 - 2800 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 624862
Foliated tonalite suite

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Superior Province

Lithology: Tonalite to granodiorite-foliated to massive

Reference: Ontario Geological Survey. 1:250 000 scale bedrock geology of Ontario. ISBN 978-1-4435-5705-4. Miscellaneous Release–Data 126 - Revision 1. [1]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Breaks, F.W. and Tindle, A.G. (1997) Rare-metal exploration potential of the Separation Lake area: an emerging target for Bikita-type mineralization in the Superior Province of Ontario; Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 5966, 27pp.
Tindle, A.G. & Breaks, F.W. (1998) Oxide minerals of the Separation Rapids rare-element granitic pegmatite group, northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 609-635.
Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W. & Webb, P.C. (1998) Wodginite-group minerals from the Separation Rapids Rare-Element Granitic Pegmatite Group, northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 637-658.
Tindle, A.G. and Breaks, F.W. (2000) Columbite-tantalite mineral chemistry from rare-element granitic pegmatites: Separation Lake area, N.W. Ontario, Canada. Mineralogy & Petrology, 70, 165-198.
Tindle, A.G. and Breaks, F.W. (2000) Tantalum mineralogy of rare-element granitic pegmatites from the Separation Lake area, NW Ontario, Canada. Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 6022, 378pp.
Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W. and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype granitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from the Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of NW Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.

External Links



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