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Salsigne mine, Salsigne, Aude, Occitanie, France

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Salsigne, \'Puits Castan\' headframe

Salsigne mine, Salsigne, Aude, Occitanie, France
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 20' 12'' North , 2° 21' 15'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.33667,2.35417
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mine de Salsigne, Salsigne, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Languedoc-Roussillon

An opencast gold mine closed in 2004.
Located near Salsigne at the southern rim of the 'Montagne Noire' (meaning 'Black Mountain'), around 13 km N of Carcassonne.
West and south part located in Salsigne district.
East and north part located in Villanière district.

Antehercynian stratabound and tardihercynian NS vein mineralization in alternating sandstones/carbonate rocks (Lower Cambrian).
The stratiform deposit shows a zonality:
- Upper level: pyrite + pyrrhotite
- Massive arsenopyrite + pyrite + (chalcopyrite, galena, sphalerite)
- Basal sandstones (quartz + sericite) alternating with arsenopyrite

Presence of hydrothermalized metabasite sills (up to 10 meters thick). Two hydrothermal events have affected the metabasite:
1) Greisenization
Magmatic Cr/Mg spinels Cr/Zn spinels
2) Later alteration event, with Fe/Ti-enrichment and pH diminution
Cr/Zn spinels Cr/Zn ferrichromites + quartz + phengite

Mineral List

87 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

485.4 - 541 Ma

ID: 3187425
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Massif Central

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

485.4 - 541 Ma

ID: 3151588
platform deposit or turbidittic basin

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{limestone,phyllite,quartzite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 242.
Tollon, F. (1970) Le district aurifère de Salsigne - Aude. Edition de la Société des Mines et Produits chimiques de Salsigne. 175 pp.
Forner, H. et al. (1997) La mine d'or de Salsigne (Aude), Le Règne Minéral, n° spécial, 36-60.
Descouens, D. (1986) Les minéraux de Salsigne (Aude). Monde et Minéraux, (72), 20-22.
Vincienne, H. and Mozaffari, C. (1966) Etude micrographique des minéralisations de Salsigne - Aude. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 89, 100-106.
Descouens, D. and Baffaly, C. (1985) Les phosphates de la mine de Salsigne (Aude). Monde et Minéraux, 67, 4-5.
Marcoux, E. and Lescuyer, J.L. (1994) Les minerais sulfo-arséniés aurifères de Salsigne - Aude - France. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 159-178.
Demange, M., Pascal, M.L., Raimbault, L., Armand, J., Forette, M.C., Serment, R., and Touil, A. (2006) The Salsigne Au–As–Bi–Ag–Cu deposit, France. Economic Geology 101, 199-234.

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