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Northern Cape, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Northern CapeProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Province
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kimberley142,089 (2012)
Upington71,373 (2012)
De Aar32,318 (2012)
Postmasburg30,089 (2018)
Warrenton17,946 (2012)
Jan Kempdorp13,485 (2012)


This province was created in 1994 when the old Cape of Good Hope province was split up. The Northern Cape province is the largest and most sparsely populated province in South Africa, its size is comparable with the state of Montana and Germany. Kimberley is the capital, well known for the diamond rush which started 1869. The Orange River flows through the province and forms the border with the Free State province in the south-east and with Namibia in the north-west. The river is also known for the orange to red hematite included quartz crystals that have emerged since the millennium. The north of the province is primarily Kalahari Desert a semi-arid savannah with a thick layer of red sand dominating the landscape. The Northern Cape province reflects a rich, mainly Stone Age, archaeological heritage, with cave sites and a wealth of rock art sites. In the north-eastern parts of the province there are sites attributable to the Iron Age. The Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in 2007. The Province is divided into 5 districts.

(Sources: Wikipedia, Minerals of South Africa by Cairncross et al & UNESCO.)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

417 valid minerals. 37 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aegirine-augite var: Blanfordite
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Afwillite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Magazine(1925) 20, 277-285; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Akdalaite
Formula: 5Al2O3 · H2O
Description: ROM specimen M16225
Reference: Zhou, B., Sherriff, B. L., Taulelle, F., & Wu, G. (2003). Nuclear magnetic resonance study of Al: Si and F: OH order in zunyite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 891-903.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
'Amesite-2H1'
Formula: (Mg2Al)(SiAl)O5(OH)4
Habit: Small, hexagonal prisms
Colour: White to pale greenish-gray
Description: Occurring in clusters or disseminated in bixbyite ore
Reference: Zheng, H. & Bailey, S.W. (1997) Refinement of an amesite-2H1 polytype from Postmasburg,South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals: 45(3): 301-310
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Description: Late-stage hydrothermal orange-red octahedral cystals, associated with henritermierite and earlier calcite, in cracks and vugs of hematite-haussmannite ore.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Armbrusterite
Formula: K5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2O
Arsenbrackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Peach pink to rose pink morganite has been found in pegmatites on this farm.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 49.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismoclite (TL)
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1935): 24: 59-62; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 61.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 181 pp.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 22:480]
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Braunite-II' (FRL)
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Reference: American Mineralogist (1967): 52, 20-30; Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) pp 282; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 190; Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, pp 156.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bultfonteinite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Description: The mineral was first found by a miner named Cann in 1903 or 1904 on the 480-foot level of the Bultfontein mine at Kimberley. It occurred, associated with calcite, apophyllite, and natrolite, in a large 'horse' of dolerite and shale fragments enclosed in kimberlite, Parry et al (1932)
Reference: Parry J, Williams A F, Wright F E (1932) On bultfonteinite, a new fluorine-bearing hydrous calcium silicate from South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 23, 145-162
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cairncrossite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Type Locality:
Description: Found on dump Block 17, Wessels Mine, Northern Cape, only known specimen in the collection of Ludi Von Bezing.
Reference: Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Pristacz, H., Rieck, B. and von Bezing, K.-L. (2013) Cairncrossite, IMA 2013-012. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Pristacz, H., Rieck, B., Topa, D., von Bezing, K.-L. (2016): Cairncrossite, a new phyllosilicate from the Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 495-505
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Glendonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: South African Journal of Geology Date: September 1, 2001 p265
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Calderite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Description: Pectolite
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/cebollite.pdf.; F. J. Kruger (1982) The Occurrence of Cebollite in Kimberlite and Included Zeolitized Crustal Xenoliths—A Correction and Discussion of the Occurrence of Pectolite. Mineralogical Magazine 46:274-275.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record 9(3) pp 151.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: USGS Open File report 02-189
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Habit: microcrystals
Colour: red
Description: Originally found in the late 1990's on bladed hausmannite, XRD confirmed both. Recent finds of calcite with cinnabar inclusions have been identified.
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, 192 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinotobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Lezzerini, M., Merlini, M., & Merlino, S. (2012). Thermal behaviour of tobermorite from N’Chwaning II mine (Kalahari Manganese Field, Republic of South Africa). I. Thermo-gravimetric and X-ray diffraction studies. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(6), 981-989.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colinowensite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Rieck, B. (2013) Colinowensite, IMA 2012-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 6; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.; Thomas Kleser collection.; Leon Hupperichs collection.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Creaseyite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Cualstibite-1M'
Formula: (Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cuspidine ?
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)
Formula: Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Type Locality:
Reference: Panikorovskii,T.L.,Shilovskikh,V.V., Avdontseva, E.Y., Zolotarev, A.A., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2015) Cyprine, IMA 2015-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1228; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.; Panikorovskii, T.L., Shilovskikh, V.V., Avdontseva, E.Yu., Zolotarev, A.A., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V. (2017): Cyprine, Ca19Cu2+(Al,Mg,Mn)12Si18O68(OH)10, a new vesuvianite-group mineral from the Wessels mine, South Africa. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 295-306.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Prior, G. T. (1918). The Meteorite stones of Lauton, Warbreccan, Cronstad, Daniel’s Kuil, Khairpur, and Soko-Banja, and Angela. Mineralogical Magazine 18 (83): 1-25.; Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Desert Rose'
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 211 pp; Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, SA, 124 pp;
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Diamond var: Stewartite (of Sutton)
Formula: C
Reference: J. H. Sutton, 1911. Nature, London, vol. lxxxvii, p. 550
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Diaspore var: Mangan-diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)
Formula: Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rumsey, M. S., Welch, M. D., Kampf, A. R., & Spratt, J. (2013). Diegogattaite, Na2CaCu2Si8O20· H2O: a new nanoporous copper sheet silicate from Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Republic of South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3155-3162.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Econ Geol (1981) 76:694-705
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 136 pp.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp;
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Effenbergerite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Description: It occurs in pectolite veins which transect a fine grained massive matrix of sugelite, braunite and manganite. Additional minerals accompanying the assemblage include copper, calcite, clinozoite and quartz.
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1994). Effenbergerite BaCu [Si4010], a new mineral from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 663-670.
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Faheyite
Formula: Be2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)4 · 6H2O
Reference: O. von Knorring: "Some mineralogical, geochemical and economic aspects of lithium pegmatites from the Karibib-Cape-Cross pegmatite field in South West Africa/Namibia", Commun. Geol. Surv. SW Africa/Namibia 1:79-84 (1985)
Fairchildite
Formula: K2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series var: Knebelite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Ferro-akermanite'
Formula: Ca2FeSi2O7
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: In a few metamorphic rocks. Cairncross & Dixon (1995) refers to it as alumino-ferro-hornblende (= synonym to ferro-hornblende)
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa (1995), 290p.
Ferrokinoshitalite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Type Locality:
Reference: [AmMin 85:1562]
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Freudenbergite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
'Gadolinite'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Gageite-2M'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Gamagarite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Amer.Min.(1943) 28, 329-335; The Manganese Adventure: The South African Manganese Fields
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Gatehouseite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Yellow
Description: Occurs in the shigaite zone associated with baryte, rhodochrosite and shigaite.
Reference: Personally communication between Bruce Cairncross and Frank Hawthorne who quatitatively identified a second, virtually identical specimen of gatehouseite
Gaudefroyite
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/geikielite.pdf.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Gowerite
Formula: Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: USGS Open File report 02-189
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Stalder, M. & Rozendaal, A. (2002): Graftonite in phosphatic iron formations associated with the mid-Proterozoic Gamsberg Zn-Pb deposit, Namaqua Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 66, 915-927.
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Graphite
Formula: C
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Gregoryite
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp;
Guidottiite (TL)
Formula: Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Wahle, M.W., Bujnowski, T.J., Guggenheim, S., Kogure, T. (2010): Guidottiite, the Mn-analogue of cronstedtite: A new serpentine group mineral from South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals, 58, 364-378.
'Gummite'
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hawthorneite (TL)
Formula: BaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1989), 74, 668-675; Minerals of South Africa
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Nabil Z. Boctor and F. R. Boyd (1982) Petrology of kimberlite from the DeBruyn and Martin Mine, Bellsbank, South Africa. American Mineralogist 67:917-925
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 136 pp.
Hedenbergite var: Ferrosalite
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 136 pp.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hennomartinite (TL)
Formula: SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: anhedral
Colour: yellow-brown
Description: Intergrowths with serandite-pectolite in small veins crosscutting an assemblage of idiomorphic sugilite in fibrous serandite-pectolite.
Reference: Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Henritermierite
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Microscopically identified in the ore.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 214.
Holtstamite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Type Locality:
Description: Zoned crystals with henritermierite.
Reference: Am. Min. (2005): 90: 1946; European Journal of Mineralogy: 17(2): 375-382.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Ronaldson, J. H. (1905) Notes on the Copper Deposits of Little Namaqualand. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 8:158-166.
Hotsonite (TL)
Formula: Al11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
Description: Occurs in the Wortel formation of the Bushmanland Group.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Schoch A E, Beukes G J, Praekelt H E (1985) A natroalunite - zaherite - hotsonite paragenesis from Pofadder, Bushmanland, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist 23, 29-34; G. J. Beukes, A. E. Schoch, H. de Bruiyn, W. A. van der Westhuizen and L. D. C. Bok (1984) A New Occurrence of the Hydrated Aluminium Sulphate Zaherite, from Pofadder, South Africa Mineralogical Magazine 48:131-135
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1997) 61:213-231
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Ilmenite var: Magnesian Chromian Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)(Ti,Cr)O3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)
Ilmenite var: Picroilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Habit: Platey crystals to 0.5mm
Description: Single pocket found.
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Jouravskite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kenotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Type Locality:
Description: The type specimen was erronously stated as comiing from the Wessels mine in Merlino et al (2001), and corrected in Biagioni et al (2015).
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590 ; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
'Kenotobermorite-4O'
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Soltys, A., Giuliani, A., & Phillips, D. (2018). Crystallisation sequence and magma evolution of the De Beers dyke (Kimberley, South Africa). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-16.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lavinskyite (TL)
Formula: K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Reference: http://rruff.info/lavinskyite; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. (2014): Lavinskyite, K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4, isotypic with planchéite, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99, 525-530.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
'Lead-parkerite'
Formula: Ni3Pb2S2
Reference: Du Preez, J.W. (1944) Ann. Univ. Stellenbosch, 22, sect. A, p. 101.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindsleyite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Lipuite (TL)
Formula: KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Xie, X., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Evans, S.H. and Downs, R.T. (2015) Lipuite, IMA 2014-085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 58; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pp 221.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Geoff Krasnov collection
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Manganvesuvianite (TL)
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Reference: T. Armbruster et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 137-150
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Mathiasite (TL)
Formula: (K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
Reference: S.E. Haggerty, J.R. Smyth, A.J. Erlank, R.S. Rickard, R.V. Danchin: Amer. Mineral. 68:494-505 (1983)
Meieranite (TL)
Formula: Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Lavinsky, R.M. and Xie, X. (2015) Meieranite, IMA 2015- 009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 533; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: http://meteoriticalsociety.org/
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Mountainite (TL)
Formula: KNa2Ca2[Si8O19(OH)] · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Gard J A, Taylor H F W, Chalmers R A (1957) An investigation of two new minerals: rhodesite and mountainite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 611-623
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Pocket near fault intersection in Section 27 South
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 377-386; MinRec 27:203-204]
Neltnerite
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Tolman, C. F., & Rogers, A. F. (1916). A Study of the Magmatic Sulphide Ores. Leland Stanford Junior Univ. Pub., Univ. Service.
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Noelbensonite
Formula: BaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norrishite
Formula: KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Description: Occurs as a weathering product with cryptomelane in the ore bodies close to the surface.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 227.
Nyerereite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Prior, G. T. (1918). The Meteorite stones of Lauton, Warbreccan, Cronstad, Daniel’s Kuil, Khairpur, and Soko-Banja, and Angela. Mineralogical Magazine 18 (83): 1-25.; Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Olmiite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/omphacite.pdf)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orientite
Formula: Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Orlymanite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1990) 75, 923-927; Mandarino, 1997]
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Nowicki, T. E., Frimmel, H. E., and Waters, D. J., (1995): The occurrence of osumilite in pelitic granulites of the Namaqualand Metamorphic Complex, South Africa. - South African. Journal of Geology, Vol. 98, pp. 191-201.; Hokada, T., Motoyoshi, Y., Hiroi, Y., Shimura, T., Yuhara, M., Shiraishi, K., ... & Knoper, M. W. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of high-grade pelitic gneisses and related rocks from Namaqualand, South Africa. Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research. Special issue, 55, 105-126.
Oyelite
Formula: Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Reference: Kimura, M., Weisberg, M. K., Lin, Y., Suzuki, A., Ohtani, E. & Okasaki,R. (2005) Thermal history of the enstatite chondrites from silica polymorphs: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (6): 855–868. (June 2005)
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Gauert C, MacDonald N, Roelofse F (2014) Mineralogical and fluid inclusion characteristics of the spodumene-bearing Noumas I pegmatite, Northern Cape, South Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 266
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)
Formula: {CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Poldervaartite (TL)
Formula: CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Habit: Sprays to 1 cm
Colour: White
Description: One pocket was discovered
Reference: Amer.Min.(1993) 78, 1082-1087; von Bezing, L. & Gutzmer, J. (1994): Das Kalahari Manganerzfeld und seine Mineralien (II). Mineralien-Welt, 5(5), 41-59. Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2001): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Kalahari-Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 26(10), 32-42; Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2002): Spectacular Minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Rocks & Minerals, 77(2), 94-107.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)
Formula: [(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: fine fibers to 0.2mm
Colour: dark red to lilac
Reference: Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Potassic-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Qandilite
Formula: (Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Reference: Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Li, Q. L., Yang, J. H., & Zhang, Y. B. (2010). In situ U–Pb age determination and Nd isotopic analysis of perovskites from kimberlites in southern Africa and Somerset Island, Canada. Lithos, 115(1-4), 205-222.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
Quartz var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 237.
Rasvumite
Formula: KFe2S3
Reference: Clarke, D. B., Pe, G. G., MacKay, R. M., Gill, K. R., O'hara, M. J., & Gard, J. A. (1977). A new potassium-iron-nickel sulphide from a nodule in kimberlite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 35(3), 421-428.
Reichenbachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Rhodesite (TL)
Formula: KHCa2Si8O19 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mountain E D (1957) Rhodesite, a new mineral from the Bultfontein mine, Kimberley. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 607-610; Minerals of South Africa
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: M. Arliguie and Van King specimens.
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: M. Arliguie and Van King specimens.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ruizite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rutile var: Niobian Chromian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb,Cr)O2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 244;
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Scottyite (TL)
Formula: BaCu2Si2O7
Type Locality:
Reference: http://rruff.info/scottyite; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. and Origlieri, M.J. (2012): Scottyite, IMA 2012-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S., Pinch, W. (2013): Scottyite, the natural analogue of synthetic BaCu2Si2O7, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 98, 478–484.
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp;
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Soddyite
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Gevers, T. W.; Partridge, F. C.; Joubert, G. K. (1937): The pegmatite area south of the Orange River, Namaqualand. Mem. Geol. Survey, S. Africa, No. 31, 172 pp.
Sogdianite
Formula: K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Reference: Michael O’Donoghue, Gems, Sixth Edition (2006), p. 454
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontioruizite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Cairncross, B., Gu, X., Yong, T. and Downs, R.T. (2017) Strontioruizite, IMA 2017-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine; 81: 1279–1286
Sturmanite ? (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Although this locality is the type locality for the mineral, it is believed that the actual type locality is the Wessels mine due to an error in labeling the type specimen. No subsequent specimens containing sturmanite or other minerals on the type specimen have been found since, similar material from Wessels was found from 5 pockets in the years 1978-1982.
Reference: PEACOR, D.R., DUNN, P.J. & DUGGAN, M. (1983): Sturmanite, a ferric iron, boron analogue of ettringite. Canadian Mineralogist 21, 705-709. HOCHLEITNER, R. (1986): Sturmanit und Ettringit aus den Kalahari-Manganfeldern. Lapis, Jg. 10, Nr. 10, 19-24. VON BENZIG, K.L., DIXON, R.D., POHL, D. & CAVALLO, G. (1991): The Kalahari manganese field: An update. Mineralogical Record 22, 292-293. CAIRNCROSS, B. & DIXON, R. (1995): Minerals of South Africa. Published by The Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 60-66 and 244-245.
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Taikanite
Formula: Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Reference: Armbruster, T. , Oberhänsli, R. and Kunz, M. (1993). "Taikanite BaSr2Mn3+2O2(Si4O12) from the Wessels mine (South Africa)." American Mineralogist, 78(9/10),pp:1088-1095. - Minerals of South Africa
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taniajacoite (TL)
Formula: SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T. and Xie, X. (2015) Taniajacoite, IMA 2014-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 531; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Baldwin, J.R. (1989): Replacement phenomena in tantalum minerals from rare-metal pegmatites in South Africa and Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine: 53: 571-581
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp;
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.; Ronaldson, J. H. (1905) Notes on the Copper Deposits of Little Namaqualand. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 8:158-166.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Tetraferriannite
Formula: KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Henrietta Farr, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips (2018) Melt evolution of the Finsch orangeite, South Africa. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 423
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Ronaldson, J. H. (1905) Notes on the Copper Deposits of Little Namaqualand. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 8:158-166.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Habit: Thin, rectangular blades stacked together in spherical groups
Reference: Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).;
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
'Tiger's Eye'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368; Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E., & Armbruster, T. (2001). The real structure of tobermorite 11Å normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(3), 577-590.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Lezzerini, M., Merlini, M., & Merlino, S. (2012). Thermal behaviour of tobermorite from N’Chwaning II mine (Kalahari Manganese Field, Republic of South Africa). I. Thermo-gravimetric and X-ray diffraction studies. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(6), 981-989.; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tokyoite
Formula: Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Triploidite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tweddillite (TL)
Formula: {CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(2002) 66, 137-150; Lapis 2002(11), 43
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1975-09-O:BaCrFeMgTiV'
Formula: (Fe,Mg,Ba,Ca)3Cr3VTi7O23 or (Ba,Ca)(Fe5Mg3)(Cr7V4Ti20)O66 ?
Reference: Haggerty, S.E. (1975): The chemistry and genesis of opaque minerals in kimberlites. Phys. Chem. Earth: 9: 295-307; in: Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Cabri, L.J. (1976): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 1055
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Description: occurs as abundant low-z "globular" and vuggy masses overgrown by similar globular sugilite. Accompanying EPMA analytical data for material in thin section FKM-173 (https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-151-to-fkm-175/#FKM-173). Li2O content for this analysis is calculated by stoichiometry. Mn and Fe initially treated as 2+; subsequent Mn3+ (and hence Mn2O3) and Fe3+ (and hence Fe2O3) derived by charge balance. Data in weight% oxides (only those constituents exceeding 0.05 wt%). Al2O3 content in this Al-dominant material ranges from 5.5 to 7.6 wt%.
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-173)
'Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)'
Formula: Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Gevers, T. W.; Partridge, F. C.; Joubert, G. K. (1937): The pegmatite area south of the Orange River, Namaqualand. Mem. Geol. Survey, S. Africa, No. 31, 172 pp.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: USGS Open File report 02-189
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Gutzmer, J., Banks, D.A., Luders, V., Hoefs, J., Beukes, N.J. and von Bezing, K.L. (2003): Ancient sea-floor alteration of basaltic andesites of the Ongeluk Formation, South Africa: implications for the chemistry of Paleoproterozoic seawater. Chemical Geology 201, 37-53
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vonbezingite (TL)
Formula: Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: elongated monoclinic crystals to 1.5 cm.
Description: No more than 50 specimens where collected from this single pocket, in association with Sturmanite, Calcite, Baryte, Bultfonteinite, Brucite & Vesuvianite. Azurite occurs as tiny inclusions in Vonbezingite.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1292-1300 Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 251.
Vuagnatite
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Wad'
Werdingite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Description: In a gneiss
Reference: Moore, J. M., Waters, D. J., & Niven, M. L. (1990). Werdingite, a new borosilicate mineral from the granulite facies of the western Namaqualand metamorphic complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 75(3-4), 415-420.
Wesselsite (TL)
Formula: SrCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1996). Wesselsite, SrCu [Si4Olo], a further new gillespite-group mineral from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 795-798.; Rumsey, M. S., Welch, M. D., Kampf, A. R., & Spratt, J. (2013). Diegogattaite, Na2CaCu2Si8O20· H2O: a new nanoporous copper sheet silicate from Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Republic of South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3155-3162.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wolfeite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Stalder, M. & Rozendaal, A. (2002): Graftonite in phosphatic iron formations associated with the mid-Proterozoic Gamsberg Zn-Pb deposit, Namaqua Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 66, 915-927.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zaherite
Formula: Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Description: Occurs in the Wortel formation of the Bushmanland Group.
Reference: Schoch A E, Beukes G J, Praekelt H E (1985) A natroalunite - zaherite - hotsonite paragenesis from Pofadder, Bushmanland, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist 23, 29-34; G. J. Beukes, A. E. Schoch, H. de Bruiyn, W. A. van der Westhuizen and L. D. C. Bok (1984) A New Occurrence of the Hydrated Aluminium Sulphate Zaherite, from Pofadder, South Africa Mineralogical Magazine 48:131-135
Zemkorite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
var: Stewartite (of Sutton)1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
'Manganese'1.AE.30Mn
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rasvumite2.FB.20KFe2S3
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite (TL)3.DC.25BiOCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akdalaite4.FL.705Al2O3 · H2O
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
var: Mangan-diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Feitknechtite4.FE.25Mn3+O(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Freudenbergite4.CC.10Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hawthorneite (TL)4.CC.45BaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Magnesian Chromian Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe2+,Mg)(Ti,Cr)O3
var: Picroilmenite4.CB.05(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lindsleyite (TL)4.CC.40(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marokite4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Mathiasite (TL)4.CC.40(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Priderite4.DK.05bK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Qandilite4.BB.05(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Chromian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb,Cr)O2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Glendonite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Eitelite5.AC.05Na2Mg(CO3)2
Fairchildite5.AC.20K2Ca(CO3)2
Gregoryite5.AA.10(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Nyerereite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Shortite5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Zemkorite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Group 6 - Borates
Gaudefroyite6.AB.60Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Gowerite6.EC.10Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Charlesite7.DG.15Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jouravskite7.DG.15Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Sturmanite ? (TL)7.DG.15Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Vonbezingite (TL)7.DD.65Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Zaherite7.DE.65Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Arsenbrackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Arsentsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Brackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Faheyite8.CA.15Be2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)4 · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gamagarite (TL)8.BG.05Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Gatehouseite8.BD.10Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hotsonite (TL)8.DF.05Al11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reichenbachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tokyoite8.BG.05Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Triploidite8.BB.15(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wolfeite8.BB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var: Blanfordite9.DA.20(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Afwillite (TL)9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Hydroandradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Armbrusterite9.EG.65K5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (TL)9.AG.05CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Bultfonteinite (TL)9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Calderite9.AD.25(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Cebollite ?9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinotobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Creaseyite9.HH.15Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Cuspidine ?9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Effenbergerite (TL)9.EA.05BaCuSi4O10
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Ephesite9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ferrokinoshitalite (TL)9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Foshagite9.DG.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gageite9.DH.35Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glaucochroite9.AC.05CaMn2+SiO4
Gonyerite9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Guidottiite (TL)9.ED.15Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
var: Ferrosalite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hennomartinite (TL)9.BE.05SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Henritermierite9.AD.25Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Holtstamite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jennite9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentrolite9.BE.80Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kinoshitalite9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Manganvesuvianite (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Mountainite (TL)9.GG.10KNa2Ca2[Si8O19(OH)] · 6H2O
Mozartite9.AG.60CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)9.DB.30Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Neltnerite9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Noelbensonite9.BE.05BaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norrishite9.EC.20KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Olmiite (TL)9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orientite9.BJ.05Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orlymanite (TL)9.EE.30Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Oyelite9.HA.80Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Poldervaartite (TL)9.AF.90CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)9.DE.25[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Potassic-richterite9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodesite (TL)9.EB.05KHCa2Si8O19 · 5H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ruizite9.BJ.35Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Soddyite9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Sogdianite9.CM.05K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Taikanite9.DH.25Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite9.EC.20KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tweddillite (TL)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuagnatite9.AG.60CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Werdingite (TL)9.BD.35(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Wesselsite (TL)9.EA.05SrCuSi4O10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amesite-2H1'-(Mg2Al)(SiAl)O5(OH)4
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Cualstibite-1M'-(Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
'Desert Rose'-
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'-
'var: Knebelite'-from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
'Gadolinite'-
'Gageite-2M'-(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
'Lead-parkerite'-Ni3Pb2S2
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tiger's Eye'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1975-09-O:BaCrFeMgTiV'-(Fe,Mg,Ba,Ca)3Cr3VTi7O23 or (Ba,Ca)(Fe5Mg3)(Cr7V4Ti20)O66 ?
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
'Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)'-Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Perryite1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Rasvumite2.9.11.1KFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Akdalaite4.3.2.15Al2O3 · H2O
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite6.1.4.3Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marokite7.2.10.1CaMn3+2O4
Qandilite7.2.5.1(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
AB12X19
Hawthorneite (TL)7.4.1.3BaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (FRL)7.5.1.3CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Neltnerite7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Freudenbergite7.9.3.1Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Priderite7.9.4.1K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
AB21O38
Davidite-(La)8.5.1.5(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Lindsleyite (TL)8.5.1.8(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
Mathiasite (TL)8.5.1.7(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite (TL)10.2.1.2BiOCl
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Gregoryite14.1.2.2(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Eitelite14.3.2.1Na2Mg(CO3)2
Fairchildite14.3.3.1K2Ca(CO3)2
Nyerereite14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Zemkorite14.3.3.2Na2Ca(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Shortite14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Niter18.1.2.1KNO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Pentaborates
Gowerite26.5.8.1Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Gaudefroyite27.1.2.1Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Vonbezingite (TL)31.5.1.1Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Zaherite31.10.3.1Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Charlesite32.4.4.1Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Jouravskite32.4.4.3Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Sturmanite ? (TL)32.4.4.2Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Arsenbrackebuschite40.2.8.2Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Brackebuschite40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Faheyite40.5.3.1Be2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)4 · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Gatehouseite41.4.1.2Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reichenbachite41.4.3.2Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Triploidite41.6.3.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Wolfeite41.6.3.1(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Gamagarite (TL)41.10.4.3Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Bradleyite43.2.1.1Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Arsentsumebite43.4.2.2Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hotsonite (TL)43.5.18.1Al11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Glaucochroite51.3.2.3CaMn2+SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Calderite51.4.3a.6(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Henritermierite51.4.4.1Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Leucophoenicite52.3.2c.2Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite (TL)52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite (TL)52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Mozartite52.4.2.1CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Vuagnatite52.4.2.2CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Soddyite53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Cuspidine ?56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Hennomartinite (TL)56.2.3.2SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kentrolite56.2.10.2Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Werdingite (TL)56.3.2.1(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Ruizite57.2.2.1Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)58.2.1a.12{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Orientite58.3.1.2Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Sogdianite63.2.1a.13K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Nchwaningite (TL)65.1.8.1Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Foshagite65.2.2.1Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
'Gageite-2M'65.3.2.2a(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Taikanite65.3.3.1Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)66.1.3c.13[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Guidottiite (TL)71.1.4.8Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Effenbergerite (TL)71.2.3.3BaCuSi4O10
Ephesite71.2.2b.16LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Kinoshitalite71.2.2c.5(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Norrishite71.2.2b.11KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite71.2.2b.4KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Clinotobermorite72.3.2.2[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Oyelite72.3.2.8Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Rhodesite (TL)72.5.1.1KHCa2Si8O19 · 5H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Orlymanite (TL)73.2.2b.2Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Zeolite group - related species
Mountainite (TL)77.2.3.1KNa2Ca2[Si8O19(OH)] · 6H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite ?78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Poldervaartite (TL)78.1.8.1CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Creaseyite78.7.2.1Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aegirine-augite
var: Blanfordite
-(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amesite-2H1'-(Mg2Al)(SiAl)O5(OH)4
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Hydroandradite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Armbrusterite-K5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2O
Beryl
var: Morganite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Calcite
var: Glendonite
-CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Cualstibite-1M'-(Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Cyprine (TL)-Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
'Desert Rose'-
Diamond
var: Stewartite (of Sutton)
-C
Diaspore
var: Mangan-diaspore
-AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'-
'var: Knebelite'-from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrokinoshitalite (TL)-(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
'Gadolinite'-
Gageite-Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'-
Hedenbergite
var: Ferrosalite
-CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Holtstamite (TL)-Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
var: Magnesian Chromian Ilmenite
-(Fe2+,Mg)(Ti,Cr)O3
var: Picroilmenite-(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
'Lead-parkerite'-Ni3Pb2S2
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese'-Mn
'Manganese Oxides'-
Manganvesuvianite (TL)-Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrite-Na2CO3
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Noelbensonite-BaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
Olmiite (TL)-CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Potassic-richterite-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz
-SiO2
var: Agate-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Rutile
var: Niobian Chromian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb,Cr)O2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tetraferriphlogopite-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite-(Th,U)SiO4
'Tiger's Eye'-
Tokyoite-Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tweddillite (TL)-{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'UM1975-09-O:BaCrFeMgTiV'-(Fe,Mg,Ba,Ca)3Cr3VTi7O23 or (Ba,Ca)(Fe5Mg3)(Cr7V4Ti20)O66 ?
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
'Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)'-Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
'Wad'-
Wesselsite (TL)-SrCuSi4O10
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
H HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
H PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
H Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
H HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
H Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MountainiteKNa2Ca2[Si8O19(OH)] · 6H2O
H ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
H GamagariteBa2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
H RhodesiteKHCa2Si8O19 · 5H2O
H HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
H LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
H CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
H DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
H LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
H Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
H CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
H Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
H SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
H Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Cualstibite-1M(Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)