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Laurel Hill (Snake Hill; Penitentiary Quarry), Secaucus, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 45' 35'' North , 74° 5' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.76000,-74.08500
GeoHash:G#: dr5rfhhun
Locality type:Hill
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


A 61 meter (203 feet) high outcrop of a pipe-like diabase intrusive, which is a vertical element of the underlying Palisades Sill. Mineralized shales and sandstones, intruded by the diabase, are visible in the north and southwest sections of the property. Minerals were found in veins in both the diabase and metamorphosed sediments. Quarrying took place from the late 1800s to the 1950s, when a section of the land was utilized as a prison (Penitentiary Quarry). In 1962 Hudson County finished closing their facilities on the site, which included the county prison and the insane asylum. The County entered into a 20 year contract with Callahan Industries to level much of the hill. In the 1960's and 70's Gallo Asphalt had 4 asphalt plants, side by side, adjacent to the quarry and supplied paving materials throughout the surrounding urban region. Production ended on schedule in 1982.

In the early 2000s, further blasting occurred along the New Jersey Turnpike. Most of the original 184 acre parcel is currently being utilized as a county park. (This site is also known as "Snake Hill.)".

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Laurel Hill (Snake Hill; Penetentiary Quarry), Secaucus, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


51 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: trapazohedra
Colour: milkey
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately); Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 66
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Apatite'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
'Asbestos'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Chabazite'
Habit: rhombohedra
Colour: white
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately)., Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 116
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Chalcodite'
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Reference: Nick Faciollo
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs as "blister copper" with magnetite crystals in fractures. Also found as individual, sphenoidal crystals implanted, with druzy quartz, on the walls of calcite filled fractures.
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately). Warren Cummings, personal communication, 2008
Chalcopyrite var: Blister Copper
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs in vein openings with octahedral magnetite crystals and calcite, often coated with amphibole asbestos (byssolite).
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 91.
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 91.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: cubic
Colour: red
Description: More common here than generally thought. Generally as dull red alteration product of Cpy. Good Xles rare - a few micro specimens.
Reference: Cummings, W. L., 2007, Personal communication
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Lévyne'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: Octahedral
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs as crystals with "blister copper" in fractures.
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Petersite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs as minute clusters of emerald-green crystals on fracture surfaces in sandstone matrix
Reference: Nick Facciola (finder); Peacor & Dunn, 1982 Am. Min. 67 (1982), 1039
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Habit: small, tight hemispherical groups
Colour: bluish green
Description: One fragment, 1.5 inches square, of light colored hornfels found circa 1981 during search for Petersite. Originally thought to be malachite but to blue and only disolved very slowly in HCl with no trace of fizz. Specimen also had tiny sprays of pyromorphite.
Reference: Cummings, W. L., 2007, Personal communication
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Description: See pseudomalachite
Reference: Cummings, W. L., 2007, Personal communication
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 91.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 91.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Talc ?
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Description: No data available to confirm the identity of the mineral at this locality. Reference cited contains no data.
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 91.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, NJ, Facciolla, N.W. (published privately).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
var: Blister Copper2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Safflorite'2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Petersite-(Y)' (TL)8.DL.15(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Pseudomalachite'8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Natrolite'9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Offretite'9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Pectolite'9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Prehnite'9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc ?9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Allanite Group-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Apatite-
Apophyllite-
Asbestos-
'var: Mountain Leather'-
Chabazite-
Chalcodite-K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Chlorite Group-
Gmelinite-
Heulandite subgroup-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lévyne-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Stilbite subgroup-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Petersite-(Y) (TL)42.5.2.1(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc ?71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'var: Mountain Leather'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chalcodite'-K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Chalcopyrite
var: Blister Copper
-CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
'Gmelinite'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CupriteCu2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
YYttrium
Y Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
NdNeodymium
Nd Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Jurassic - Early Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2884007
Passaic Formation Mudstone facies

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Passaic Formation

Description: Sandy mudstone (JTrpms) is reddish-brown to brownish-red, massive, silty to sandy mudstone and siltstone, which are bioturbated, ripple cross-laminated and interbedded with lenticular sandstone. To southwest where similar lithologic units also occur, they have not been mapped separately, but have been included in undivided unit JTrp.

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). The Passaic Formation unit description on the map encompasses multiple units (JTRp, JTRpms, JTRps, JTRpsc, JTRpcq, JTRpcl, and TRpg). The Passaic Formation was split into individual units according to the digital map and the appropriate descriptions were used for each. Names for units are from digital map. Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{sandstone mudstone,siltstone mudstone}, Minor:{siltstone,sandstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3187752
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Palisades Sill

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Manchester, J.G. (1931) The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin, 3: 58-9.
Puffer, J. & Peters, J. (1974), Economic Geology. Magnetite Veins in Diabase of Laurel Hill, New Jersey, 69: 1294-1299.
Facciolla, N. (1981), Minerals of Laurel Hill, Secaucus, New Jersey.
Peacor, D.R. & Dunn, P.J. (1982), American Mineralogist, 67: 1039-1042.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World: 66.
Cummings, Warren L. (2007), Geologist, New Jersey Department of Transportation, Trenton, NJ, personal communication to Mindat staff.


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