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Nurali complex (Nurali massif), Bashkortostan, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Nurali complex (Nurali massif)Complex
BashkortostanRepublic
RussiaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Нурали
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 47' 25'' North , 59° 34' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.79039,59.58324
GeoHash:G#: v3drey71n
Locality type:Complex
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


An ultramafic complex in the Southern Urals.

The Nurali lherzolite–gabbro complex, in the Southern Urals, consists of mantle tectonite overlain by an ultramafic layered sequence, passing upward to amphibole gabbro and diorite.
(Upper mantle – deep crust transition zone below a continental margin).

Bodies of chromitite in the Nurali lherzolite–gabbro complex are small concordant lenses within layered wehrlite and clinopyroxenite, overlying the lherzolitic mantle tectonite.
The ultramafic layered sequence hosting the chromitites formed by multistage intrusion and fractionation of hydrous magmas above a dominantly lherzolitic mantle tectonite.

One lens occurs within the wehrlite – clinopyroxenite – dunite – gabbro
cumulus sequence, above the contact with the dunite unit.
The other lens of chromitite is located inside a large ultramafic block isolated in the serpentinite mélange. The chromitite body consists of the rhythmic repetition of massive seams interlayered with wehrlite and clinopyroxenite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent
Western Siberian basin (Zapadno-Sibirskiy basin), RussiaEconomic Region

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

25 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Millerite
Formula: NiS
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potarite
Formula: PdHg
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)'
Formula: Pt2Fe
'Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)'
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3S2
'Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)'
Formula: (Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Wairauite
Formula: CoFe

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Potarite1.AD.25PdHg
Wairauite1.AE.15CoFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)'-Pt2Fe
'Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)'-(Pt,Pd)3S2
'Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)'-(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Wairauite1.1.11.6CoFe
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Potarite1.2.4.4PdHg
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)'-Pt2Fe
'Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)'-(Pt,Pd)3S2
'Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)'-(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
OOxygen
O Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SSulfur
S LauriteRuS2
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)(Pt,Pd)3S2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S MilleriteNiS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
S CooperitePtS
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe WairauiteCoFe
Fe Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)Pt2Fe
CoCobalt
Co WairauiteCoFe
NiNickel
Ni Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
CuCopper
Cu Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
RuRuthenium
Ru Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Ru LauriteRuS2
RhRhodium
Rh Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
PdPalladium
Pd Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)(Pt,Pd)3S2
Pd PotaritePdHg
OsOsmium
Os Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
IrIridium
Ir Unnamed (Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides)(Ru,Os,Ir,Fe,Ni,Cu)1-2O2-3
Ir Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
PtPlatinum
Pt Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)(Pt,Pd)3S2
Pt CooperitePtS
Pt Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)Pt2Fe
HgMercury
Hg PotaritePdHg

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., and Fershtater, G. (1997): Occurrence of unknown Ru-Os-Ir-Fe oxides in the chromitites of the Nurali ultramafic complex, southern Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1431-1439.
Zaccarini F., Pushkarev E.V., Fershtater G.B., Garuti G. (2004): Composition and mineralogy of PGE-rich chromitites in the Nurali lherzolite-gabbro complex, Southern Urals, Russia. Can. Mineral., 42, 545-562.
Saveliev D. E., Zaikov V. V., Kotlyarov V. A., Zaikova E. V., Kraynev Yu. D. (2017): Chromites and accessory minerals in chromitites and ultramafic rocks of the Nurali massif (the South Urals). Zapiski RMO 146, 59-83.
Saveliev, D. E., & Ankusheva, N. N. (2018). Nurali Ophiolite Massif (the Southern Urals): Geological, Structural, and Mineralogical Features. Вестник Пермского университета. Геология, 17(3), 228-244.

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