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Castle Mine (Castle-Trethewey Mine), Haultain Township, Gowganda area, Cobalt-Gowganda region, Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 40' 35'' North , 80° 44' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.67639,-80.74139
GeoHash:G#: f0qx4xjzj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


The deposit was discovered in 1917 and developed through two shafts by Castle-Trethwey Mines Ltd. Production to the end of 1931 totaled 6.5 million oz. Ag and 300,000 lbs. Co. The mine was reopened by Agnico-Eagle Mines in 1983. They rehabilitated the Castle #3 shaft (11 levels to 850ft.) and operated until sometime in the late 1980's.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Castle Mine, Haultain Township, Gowganda area, Cobalt-Gowganda region, Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Habit: plates of integrown sub mm xls
Colour: grey
Fluorescence: none
Description: Substrate for more interesting Proustites and Xanthoconites
Reference: RWMW Specimen
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: RWMW Specimen
'Apatite'
Reference: George Robinson 1990 National Museum
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-13
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Reiner Mielke; A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921; Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 283
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 283
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-13
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Eric Mosley, Mine Geologist for Agnico
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-13; A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Description: ID confirmed by XRD by George Robinson when he worked at the National Museum of Canada
Reference: George Robinson 1990
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Habit: lustrous hexagonal barrels with rhomb terminations to 4 mm
Colour: bright red
Fluorescence: none
Description: Similar material came from the O'Brien in Cobalt. When ever one sees prostites like this on acanthite one should look for sub mm yeloow Xanthoconites
Reference: RWMW Specimen; A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-13
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921; Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 283
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Habit: Sub mm classic monoclinic tablets and spherical clusters
Colour: yellow
Fluorescence: none
Description: This specimen containing Xanthoconite, Proustite, Acanthite and clinoamphibole was recovered from the Castle Mine in 1915 and has a GSC catalogue number 13951
Reference: RWMW Specimen

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Proustite'2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Safflorite'2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
'Skutterudite'2.EC.05CoAs3
'Xanthoconite'2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Erythrite'8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Kainosite-(Y)'9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Xanthoconite3.4.2.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
OOxygen
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyriteFeS2
S XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni NickelineNiAs
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As NickelineNiAs
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
YYttrium
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185030
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cobalt Group

Comments: Southern Province

Lithology: Mudstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 609442
Mafic to intermediate metavolcanic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Superior Province

Lithology: Basaltic and andesitic flows, tuffs and breccias, chert, iron formation, minor metasedimentary and intrusive rocks, related migmatites

Reference: Ontario Geological Survey. 1:250 000 scale bedrock geology of Ontario. ISBN 978-1-4435-5705-4. Miscellaneous Release–Data 126 - Revision 1. [1]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sabina, Ann P., 2000. Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec, GSC. Miscellaneous Report 57, 266 p.
Ontario Dept. of Mines, 1968, MRC No.10, Silver Cobalt Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, by A.O.Sergiades
OGS 1978, Rpt.175, Geology of the Gowganda Lake-Miller Lake silver area, District of Timiskaming, W.H. McIlwaine
Northern Miner Nov.17, 1983


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