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Peru

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Area:1,285,216 km2
Museums in region:


NOTE: Although the subdivision of Peru was officially changed from Departments to Regions 2002 (see, e.g., wikipedia.org), the older subdivision is still completely in use. Thus, in Mindat Peru is subdivided into Departments.

The departments were identical to today's regions, with the exception of two new regions (Callao and Lima). Before the 2002 changeover, the province of Lima (which is basically the city of Lima) was part of the Lima department, and the city of Callao had the special status of Provincia Constitucional (constitutional province). When the regionalization law was passed, the Callao region was created from the former constitutional province, and the province of Lima separated from the rest of the Lima department, which in turn came to form the new Lima Region. A failed attempt to divide the country into twelve autonomous regions was made during the 1980s under the government of Alan García (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_Peru).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Agmantinite (TL)

Aikinite

'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'

Alabandite

Albite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Alunite

Alunogen

'Amber'

Amphibole Supergroup

Analcime

Anatase

Andalusite

'Andorite'

Andradite

var: Melanite

Anglesite

Anhydrite

var: Angelite

Anilite

Ankerite

Anorpiment (TL)

Anorthite

'Anorthoclase'

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Aphthitalite

var: Ammonium-Aphthitalite

Aragonite

Aramayoite

Arcanite

var: Taylorite (of Dana)

'Arequipite'

Argentobaumhauerite

Arsenic

'Arsenic Sulphide Glass No. 2'

Arsenopyrite

Atacamite

Aubertite

Augelite

Aurichalcite

Autunite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mn)

Azurite

Bariandite

Baryte

Baumhauerite

Baumstarkite (TL)

Benavidesite (TL)

Beryl

Beudantite

Billingsleyite

'Bindheimite'

'var: Argentian Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Biphosphammite

Bischofite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'

Bismutite

'Bitumen'

Blödite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'

'Bravoite'

Brochantite

Bustamite

'Calamine'

Calcite

'Calcite Group'

Caledonite

Canfieldite

Cassiterite

var: Wood Tin

Celadonite

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcostibite

Chamosite

Changoite

Chatkalite

Chenevixite

'Chlorite Group'

Chromite

Chrysocolla

'Chrysocolla Chalcedony'

'Chrysoprase'

Cinnabar

'Clays'

Clinoatacamite

Clinochlore

Clinozoisite

Coffinite

Colusite

Conichalcite

Copiapite

Copper

Coquimbite

Cordierite

Cosalite

Cotunnite

Covellite

Crandallite

'Crandallite-Goyazite Series'

Cristobalite

Cronstedtite

Cubanite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

var: Tile ore

Cuprobismutite

'Cuprocalcite'

Cupropavonite

D'Ansite

Dawsonite

Diaphorite

Diaspore

Dickite

Digenite

Dimorphite

Diopside

Dioptase

Djurleite

Dolomite

var: Manganoan Dolomite

Dravite

Dufrénoysite

Dumortierite

'Dürfeldtite'

Dwornikite (TL)

'Electrum'

Emplectite

Enargite (TL)

Enstatite

Epidote

Epsomite

Eriochalcite

Euclase

Famatinite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Ferberite

Ferdowsiite

Fernandinite (TL)

Ferrimolybdite

Ferro-hornblende

Fibroferrite

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Forsterite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

Friedelite

Friedrichite

Gahnite

Galena

'Garnet'

Geocronite

Gibbsite

Gladite

Goethite

Gold

Goldfieldite

Goldichite

Goslarite

Graphite

Gratonite (TL)

Greenockite

Grossular

var: Hessonite

Guanine (TL)

'Gummite'

Gustavite

Gypsum

var: Alabaster

var: Selenite

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halloysite-7Å

Halotrichite

Hammarite

Hedenbergite

Helvine

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Hercynite

Hessite

Heulandite-Ca

Hewettite (TL)

Hexahydrite

Hinsdalite

Hocartite

Hodrušite

'Hornblende'

Huanzalaite (TL)

Hübnerite

Hutchinsonite

Hydrocerussite

'Hydrophilite'

Hydrotungstite

Hydrozincite

'Hypersthene'

Hyršlite (TL)

Idaite

Ilmenite

Inyoite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Jalpaite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Johannsenite

Jordanite

Kaolinite

Kesterite

Keutschite (TL)

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kiddcreekite

Kosnarite

Krausite

Krupkaite

Kutnohorite

'Labradorite'

Lautite

Lazulite

'Lignite
var: Quisqueite'

Lillianite

'Limonite'

Ludwigite

Luzonite

Mackinawite

Magnesiocopiapite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

Mallardite

'Manganese Oxides'

'Manganoan Calcite'

Manganoquadratite (TL)

Marcasite

Marialite

Marrite

Mascagnite

Matildite (TL)

Mawsonite

Melanovanadite (TL)

Melanterite

'Melnikovite'

Menchettiite (TL)

Meneghinite

Mercury

Meta-autunite

Metavoltine

Miargyrite

Microcline

var: Amazonite

Mimetite

Minasragrite (TL)

Minrecordite

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Montmorillonite

Moraesite

Morenosite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Natrolite

Neotocite

Nepheline

'Olivine'

Opal

var: Andean Opal

var: Opal-AN

var: Opal-CT

Orpiment

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Osumilite-(Mg)

Oxammite (TL)

Palygorskite

Pararealgar

Paratacamite

Pascoite (TL)

Patrónite (TL)

Pavonite

Pearceite

'Pearceite-T2ac'

Pentahydrite

Phlogopite

Phosphammite

'Pink Opal'

Plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Plumbostannite

Polybasite

Prehnite

Proustite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

'Pumpellyite'

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrophyllite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Carnelian

var: Chalcedony

var: Citrine

var: Jasper

var: Milky Quartz

var: Rock Crystal

var: Rose Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Realgar

Renardite

Retgersite (TL)

'Revoredite' (FRL)

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Rhomboclase

Robinsonite

Römerite

Roscoelite

Roxbyite

Rozenite

Rutile

Salammoniac

Sanidine

Sauconite

'Scapolite'

'Schalenblende'

Scheelite

Schorl

Schwertmannite

Scorodite

Seligmannite

Sellaite

Semseyite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Sherwoodite

Siderite

var: Oligonite

Siderotil

Sillimanite

Silver

Sincosite (TL)

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Sodalite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Spinel

Spryite (TL)

Stanleyite (TL)

Stannite

Stannoidite

Starkeyite

Stephanite

Stercorite

Sternbergite

Stibnite

Stolzite

Stromeyerite

'Stylotypite'

Sulphur

Svanbergite

'Svanbergite-Woodhouseite Series'

Sylvite

Talc

Tamarugite

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tephroite

Terrywallaceite (TL)

Teschemacherite

Tetrahedrite

var: Argentian Tetrahedrite

'Thénardite'

Titanite

Topaz

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Tridymite

Troilite

Tungstenite

Tungstite

Turquoise

Uchucchacuaite (TL)

Ulexite

'UM1986-35-S:AsBiPbSb'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Uytenbogaardtite

Valleriite

Variscite

Veenite

Velikite

Vesuvianite

Vinciennite

Virgilite (TL)

Vivianite

'Wad'

Weeksite

'Werthemanite'

Willemite

Wittichenite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Wurtzite

Xanthoconite

'Zeolite Group'

Zinkenite

'Zinnwaldite'

Zircon

Zoisite

Zunyite


341 valid minerals. 28 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleocene : 57 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Paleocene
ⓘ Chalcopyrite57 MaToquepala Mine, Barrio Obrero Toquepala, Ilabaya, Jorge Basadre Province, Tacna Department, Peru

Localities in this Region

Peru
Peru

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Raimondi, A. (1878): Minéraux du Pérou: Catalogue raisonné d’une collection des principaux types minéraux de la République. Paris, 336 pp.
Petersen, U. (1965): Regional geology and major ore deposits of central Peru. Economic Geology, 60, 407–476.
Soler, P. (1986): La province polymétallique des Andes du Péru central—Syntese gîtologique. Chronique de la Recherche Miniere, 54, 39–54.
Silber, H.J. (1987): Peru heute. Bericht über die aktuellen Funde in peruanischen Lagerstätten. LAPIS 12 (6), 17-28 (in German).
Crowley, J.A., Currier, R.H. & Szenics, T. (1997): Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record 28, 1-98.
J. Hyršl, J. A. Crowley, R. H. Currier & T. Szenics (2011): Peru: Paradise of Minerals. Andrés Del Castillo Museum, Lima, Peru, 544 pp.

External Links

http://www.ingemmet.gob.pe/

http://www.kampagne-bergwerk-peru.de/ [Geological Survey of Peru / Instituto Geológico Minero y Metalúrgico INGEMMET]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peru

Mineral and/or Locality  
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