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Toluachi group of claims (Toluachi group; Bonanza tunnel; Tennantite claim), Salero area, Tyndall District, Santa Rita Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Toluachi group of claims (Toluachi group; Bonanza tunnel; Tennantite claim)Group of Claims
Salero areaArea
Tyndall DistrictMining District
Santa Rita MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 38' 4'' North , 110° 52' 40'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Claims
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Patagonia890 (2017)15.6km
Tubac1,191 (2011)16.1km
Tumacacori-Carmen393 (2015)17.2km
Amado295 (2011)19.5km
Arivaca Junction1,090 (2011)20.2km


‡Ref.: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 206-207.

U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Map #668.

Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Toluachi Group file data.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10113377, MRDS ID #M030399, MAS ID #0040230131.

A group of 19 Cu-Ag claims lying north and east of Bond's Camp, which is 1¼ miles north of Alto. Owned by Josiah Bond. Workings known as the Bonanza tunnel were on the Tennantite unpatented claim adjoining the Bonanza patented claim.

The country rock is a somewhat tuffaceous latite of dark green color. Along its eastern border; however, the formation contains so much granite porphyry, apparently in the form of included boulders and pebbles, that it has been mapped as granite porphyry. The rock is cut by a large number od small fissures which trend about east. the principal strikes being N.85ºW. As many as 50 small veins were noted in a distance 0of ¾ mile north from Bond's cabin. The quartz veins are mostly rather small but range up to 4 feet in width. They are stained with iron and manganese and in places show copper carbonates at the surface. Owned by the Bond Mining Trust (1962).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 206.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
'Chlorite Group'
Description: Occurs on the 90 level.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 206.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 206.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 206.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Sphalerite var: Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Field collected
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sphalerite
var: Cleiophane
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O QuartzSiO2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S AcanthiteAg2S
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Sphalerite (var: Cleiophane)ZnS
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Sphalerite (var: Cleiophane)ZnS
AsArsenic
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Br BromargyriteAgBr
AgSilver
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene - Oligocene
5.333 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 3184329
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Sierra Madre Occidental

Lithology: Ignimbrite(s); felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ypresian - Campanian
47.8 - 83.6 Ma



ID: 2840018
Early Tertiary to Late Cretaceous volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (47.8 - 83.6 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Williamson Canyon Volcanics

Description: Rhyolite to andesite and closely associated sedimentary and near-surface intrusive rocks; commonly dark gray to dark greenish gray or greenish brown. In the ranges west of Tucson, this unit includes thick welded ash-flow tuffs. Volcanic rocks of this unit are inferred to be derived from vents and volcanoes above magma chambers that solidified to form the granitic rocks of map unit TKg. These rocks are restricted to southeastern Arizona except for a small outcrop near Bagdad. (50-82 Ma)

Comments: Related, broadly, to unit TKg Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{rhyolite,dacite,andesite}, Minor:{clastic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

USGS MRDS Record:10113377

Localities in this Region
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