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Kalem, Birresborn, Gerolstein, Vulkaneifel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Kalem- not defined -
Birresborn- not defined -
GerolsteinMunicipality
VulkaneifelDistrict
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Kalem, Birresborn, Gerolstein, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 11' 9'' North , 6° 37' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.18611,6.61833
GeoHash:G#: u0utw8576
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Birresborn1,299 (2011)1.1km
Kopp197 (2011)2.5km
Mürlenbach631 (2011)4.2km
Gerolstein7,664 (2015)5.0km
Büdesheim638 (2011)5.9km


Quarries in leucite-bearing nephelinites.
Located on Kalem mountain, 1 km NW of Birresborn and about 5.5 km SSW of Gerolstein.

Regions containing this locality

Eifel Volcanic Fields, GermanyGroup of Volcanic Fields
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Rhenish Massif, EuropeMassif
Eifel Mountains, Germany/BelgiumMountain Range
West Eifel Volcanic Field, GermanyVolcanic Field

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Description: Potassic amphiboles.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Biotite'
Description: Barium-rich biotite.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: [Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Tschörtner, J., Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors, 2006]
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Hannebachite
Formula: CaSO3 · H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
'Lévyne'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Up to 8.06 wt%BaO.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Phlogopite var: Barium-Phlogopite
Formula: (K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Description: Up to 8.06 wt%BaO.
Reference: A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hannebachite4.JE.10CaSO3 · H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barium-Phlogopite9.EC.20(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Lévyne'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Hannebachite34.2.5.1CaSO3 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Gismondine-Ca-CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Phillipsite'-
Phlogopite
var: Barium-Phlogopite
-(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2620523

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: volcanic

Lithology: Alkali basaltic and feldspathic basaltic tuff and glass

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3159802
Early Devonian quartzite

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{sandstone,shale/slate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lapis (1988) 2, 31-32.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West. Weise (Munich).


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