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Erie Railroad cut (Bergen archways), Bergen Hill, Jersey City, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Erie Railroad cut (Bergen archways)- not defined -
Bergen HillHill
Jersey CityCity
Hudson Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 44' 6'' North , 74° 3' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Jersey City264,290 (2017)1.9km
Hoboken53,635 (2017)2.3km
New York City8,175,133 (2018)4.9km
Weehawken14,104 (2017)4.9km
Financial District60,976 (2017)5.1km


A railroad cut through the Bergen Hill (Palisades diabase) at Jersey City, NJ (1906-1910). The cut has been used as a state highway right-of-way (state route 139) for decades and provides access to Jersey City and the Holland tunnel. Coordinates are for the middle of the cut.

Manchester (1919) noted that only the western quarter of the cut contained epigenetic minerals. This may reflect that 95% of the heat from a cooling, intrusive sheet, dipping at a shallow angle, is dispersed upwards. The western (upper) portion of the sill would experience the overwhelming bulk of convective fluid circulation.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161; Wherry (1919).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ, specimen.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Manchester (1919); Rocks & Min.: (1984):161.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gmelinite'-
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Manchester, J. G. (1931), The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineral Club Bulletin: 3(1).
Rocks & Minerals (1984): 157-183, esp. 161.


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