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Poudrette quarry (De-Mix quarry; Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire; MSH), Mont Saint-Hilaire, La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada

This page kindly sponsored by Keith Wood
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 33' 46'' North , 73° 8' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.56278,-73.14167
GeoHash:G#: f25gpw7y7
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


ATTENTION: PLEASE DO NOT MAKE ANY CHANGES OR ALTERATIONS TO THIS LOCALITY FILE WITHOUT CONSULTING MINDAT MANAGER LÁSZLÓ HORVÁTH. CONTRIBUTORS SHOULD BRING PROPOSED UPDATES TO HIS ATTENTION EITHER UNDER THE "MISTAKES AND ERRORS FORUM," OR VIA PRIVATE MESSAGE IN THE MINDAT MESSAGE FEATURE.


Formerly: Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire), Mont Saint-Hilaire, Rouville RMC (& Rouville Co.), Montérégie, Québec, Canada.

The Poudrette quarry now incorporates the Demix quarry workings, which in turn incorporated the older Desourdy and Uni-Mix quarries. The Demix quarry was sold to the Poudrette family in 1994 and now forms part of the central and the west side of the Poudrette quarry. Since some of the early descriptions of new species were from the Demix quarry, it is useful to retain the name as "former Demix quarry, now the western part of the Poudrette quarry."

Note: In late 2007 the Poudrette quarry changed ownership and the Poudrette family are no longer involved. The current name of the quarry is Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire. Under the current (2017) policy of the owner, collecting is restricted to one or two field trips per year, to small groups (drawn by lottery) of members of the Club de Minéralogie de Montréal, under very strict rules.

Please note that the flooded area in the south corner shown in the 2012 photo (505035) is now (2016) drained and the quarrying operations are proceeding on level 10, along the SW wall (photo 777705).

I would strongly advise that we keep the Poudrette quarry name, as it has been well established in the minds of collectors and in the mineralogical literature for the last 50 years. Furthermore, all the minerals on the species list below have been collected before 2007. The new quarry name has not appeared as the primary name in any mineralogical publications to date. [updated by L. Horváth 2017 May 29].

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada
Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Desourdy quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire), Mont Saint-Hilaire, La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada
Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Desourdy quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire; MSH), Mont Saint-Hilaire, La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada
Poudrette Quarry, Mnt. St.Hilaire, Quebec, Canada
Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Desourdy quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire), Mont Saint-Hilaire, Rouville RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada
Mt. St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada
Poudrette quarry, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Canada
Poudrette Quarry, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada
Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Desourdy quarry), Mont Saint-Hilaire, Rouville RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada
Poudrette Quarry, Mnt. St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada
Poudrette Quarry
Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire; MSH), Mont Saint-Hilaire, La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


414 valid minerals. 65 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Abenakiite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O
Reference: McDonald, A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Grice, J.D. (1994), Abenakiite-(Ce), a new silicophosphate carbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Description and structure determination. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 843-854.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Adamsite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Grice, J. D., Gault, R. A., Roberts, A. C., Cooper, M. A. (2000) Adamsite-(Y), a new sodium-yttrium carbonate mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 1457-1466.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., and Lalonde, A.E. (1998) The crystal chemistry of aegirine from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 779-791.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: PIILONEN, P.C., McDONALD, A.M., and LALONDE, A.E. (1998) The crystal chemistry of aegirine from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 779-791.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Canadian Micro Mineral Association (CMMA), 45 (6), 2
'commodity:Aggregates'
Reference:  
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: POIRIER, G. and ERCIT, S. (2009) Chemical composition and zoning of garnets from several Quebec localities. Abstract with Program, 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 85, 463.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: There are many amphibole group members at MSH, This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: Trapezohedra up to 25cm across
Colour: Transparent colorless to opaque white or gray in larger crystals
Description: Probably the best analcime specimens I have ever seen have been from St Hilaire. Some crystals are about 15 cm in diameter and often associated with other interesting minerals like aegirine and serandite. Specimens that have interesting associations are always more appreciated by collectors. Pseudomorphs of cancrinite or burbankite(?) to 25cm. Formed in zoned pockets up to 1.3 by 2.6 meters.
Reference: Wells G.S. (1975) Studies of the mineral analcime from Mount St.-Hilaire, Quebec. M. Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., HARRIS, D.C., HOUNSLOW, A.W., MANDARINO, J.A., and PERRAULT, G. (1967) Minerals from the nepheline syenite, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 109 123. HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
'Ancylite Group'
Reference: Both ancylite-(Ce) and calcioancylite-(Ce) are found at MSH. Tony Steede (CMMA Micronews v44-1,2) has found (using EDS) that there is no foolproof rule for visual identification. This entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. POIRIER, G. and ERCIT, S. (2009) Chemical composition and zoning of garnets from several Quebec localities. Abstract with Program, 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 85, 463.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Horváth collection XRD & EDS 2006
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lalonde, A.E. and Chao, G.Y. (1997), Annite, biotite and siderophyllite from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, 187.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Schilling et al. (2011) J. Petr. 52, 2147-2185.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Schilling et al. (2011) J. Petr. 52, 2147-2185.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Can. Museum of Nature & Horváth collections - XRD
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Arfvedsonite Root Name'
Formula: ANa2(Z2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: According to the Horvaths (e.g. Lapis 7-8/2000) both species occur at MSH and are about equally likely in the marble xenoliths. This entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Reference: PIILONEN, P.C., MCDONALD, A.M., GRICE, J.D., ROWE, R., GAULT, R.A., POIRIER, G., COOPER, M.A., KOLITSCH, U., ROBERTS, A.C., LECHNER, W. & PALFI, A. (2010) Arisite-(Ce), a new rare-earth fluorcarbonate from the Aris phonolite, Namibia, Mont Saint-Hilaire and the Saint-Amable sill, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 48, 661-671.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Ashcroftine-(Y)
Formula: K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
Habit: Capillary to acicular, tetragonal prisms.
Colour: Purple to pale pink.
Fluorescence: None observed.
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: Piilonen et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1 & 27 Martin D. (1975), Studies of astrophyllite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. B.Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
'Astrophyllite-Kupletskite Series'
Reference: Both astrophyllite and kupletskite are found at MSH with compositions spanning the entire series (Piilonen 2003b). This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
'Astrophyllite Supergroup'
Formula: A2pFrC7D2(T4O12)2IXOD2XOA4XPDnWA2
Reference: There are many astrophyllite group members at MSH, This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: SCHILLING, J., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., VENNEMANN, T., HORVÁTH, L., TARASSOFF, P., JACOB, D.E. and MARKL, G. (2011b) The magmatic to hydrothermal evolution of the intrusive Mont Saint-Hilaire complex: Insights into the late-stage evolution of peralkaline rocks. Journal of Petrology 52, 2147-2185.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Horváth collection specimen (unpublished XRD & WDS data)
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Behoite
Formula: Be(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. (2009) Bertrandite, eirikite and a review of beryllium minerals from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 43(5), 9-12.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/beryllonite.pdf
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Biotite'
Reference: RICHARDS, R. P., & ERCIT, T. S. (1992). Baveno-twinned albite from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Can. Mineral, 30, 207-214.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Bobshannonite (TL)
Formula: Na2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2
Reference: Sokolova, E., Cámara, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Horváth, L. and Pfenninger- Horváth, E. (2015): Bobshannonite, Na2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2, a new TS-block mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 79, 1791-1811.
Bobtraillite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
Reference: McDONALD, A.M., and CHAO, G.Y. (2005) Bobtraillite, (Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14Si42B6O132(OH)12•12H2O, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: description, structure determination and relationship to benitoite and wadeite. Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 747-758.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: TICE, P. (2010) Petrology and geochemical evolution of the East Hill suite of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline plutonic complex. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of New Orleans, New Orleans. 414 p.
Bonshtedtite
Formula: Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: P. Tarassoff & Can. Museum of Nature collection; XRD
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: CMMA Micro-News 41-1 (2007) W. Henderson & L. Horvath
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Laurentian University specimen XRD + EDS
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: If there is britholite-(Ce) and fluorbritholite-(Ce), there must be britholite group
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mandarino, J.A., and Anderson, V. (1989) Monteregian Treasures: The Minerals of Mont Saint Hilaire, Quebec. Cambridge University Press, New York, 281 p.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
Bussyite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4
Description:
Reference: GRICE, J.D. ROWE, R., POIRIER, G., PRATT, A., and FRANCIS, J. (2009) Bussyite-(Ce), a new beryllium silicate mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 193-204.
Bussyite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34
Reference: Grice, J.D., Rowe, R. and Poirier, G. (2014) Bussyite-(Y), IMA 2014-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1247; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248.; Grice, Joel, D., Rowe, R. and Poirier, G. (2015): Bussyite-(Y), a new beryllium silicate mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist. 53:235-248
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Belovitskaya, Y.V., Pekov, I.V., Gobechiya, E.R., and Kabalov, Y.K. (2013) Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports: 58(2): 216-219.
Calcioburbankite (TL)
Formula: Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Reference: Van Velthuizen, J., Gault, R.A. and Grice, J.D. (1995), Calcio-burbankite, Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, and its relationship to the burbankite group of minerals. Canadian Mineralogist: 33: 1231-1236.
Calciohilairite
Formula: CaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
'Cancrinite Group'
Reference: needed for specimens not analysed in detail
Cancrisilite
Formula: Na7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
Reference: TARASSOFF, P. (2007) Cancrisilite, litvinskite and kapustinite from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 41(2), 3-4.
Cappelenite-(Y)
Formula: Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and HORVÁTH, E. (2010) Recent (2009-2010) additions to the minerals of MSH. MICRONEWS, 44(4),
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Caresite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y. and Gault, R.A. (1997) Quintinite-2H, quintinite-3T, charmarite-2H, charmarite-3T, and caresite-3T, a new group of carbonate minerals related to the hydrotalcite-manasseite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1541-1549.
Carletonite (TL)
Formula: KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
Habit: Cubes to 2cm
Colour: Deep blue to mottled blue/white
Reference: Chao G.Y. (1971), Carletonite, KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(F,OH) 7 H2O a new mineral from Mount St. Hilaire, Quebec. American Mineralogist: 56: 1855-1866; American Mineralogist (1971): 56, 354; Chao G.Y. (1972), The crystal structure of carletonite, KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(F,OH)7 H2O, a double sheet silicate. American Mineralogist: 57: 765-778.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Machairas, G. and Perrault, G. (1965) Catapleiite from St.-Hilaire, P.Q. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 398.; Pendlebury, G.B. (1966) Catapleiite from St. Hilaire Mountain, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 120-121.; Horváth, L. and Gault, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Chabazite'
Reference: If there is chabazite-Ca and -Na there needs to be "chabazite"
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: TICE, P. (2010) Petrology and geochemical evolution of the East Hill suite of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline plutonic complex. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of New Orleans, New Orleans. 414p.
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Reference: A. McDonald & RRUFF data
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Charleshatchettite (TL)
Formula: CaNb4O10(OH)2·8H2O
Reference: Haring, M.M. and McDonald, A.M. (2015) Charleshatchettite, IMA 2015-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1228; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229 –1236.; Haring, M.M.M. & McDonald, A.M. (2017): Charleshatchettite, CaNb4O10(OH)2·8H2O, a new mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada: Description, Crystal-Structure Determination and Origin. American Mineralogist: 102: 2333–2340 https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-5926
Charmarite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., and GAULT, R.A. (1997) Quintinite-2H, quintinite-3T, charmarite-2H, charmarite-3T and caresite-3T, a new group of carbonate minerals related to the hydrotalcite-manasseite group. Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1541-11549.
'Charmarite-2H'
Formula: Mn2+4Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A. (1997), Quintinite-2H, quintinite-3T, charmarite-2H, charmarite-3T, and caresite-3T, a new group of carbonate minerals related to the hydrotalcite-manasseite group. Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1541-1549.
'Charmarite-3T'
Formula: Mn2+4Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A. (1997), Quintinite-2H, quintinite-3T, charmarite-2H, charmarite-3T, and caresite-3T, a new group of carbonate minerals related to the hydrotalcite-manasseite group. Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1541-1549.
Chkalovite
Formula: Na2BeSi2O6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Chlormagaluminite
Formula: Mg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
Reference: Can Min 32:843 - 854 (1994)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Yakovleva etYAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 795-805.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: RRUFF project specimen R080108.9.
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Horváth collection XRD & EMPA EDS
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Description: Recent (2016 08 03) EMPA EDS confirmed that the mineral is the Ca-dominant member clinoptilolite-Ca.
Reference: Tillet collection
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: YAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010b) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 795-805.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1975), Cordylite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 93-94; Giester, G., Ni, Y., Jarosch, D., Hughes, J.M. Ronsbo, J., Yang, Z. and Zemann, J. (1998), Cordylite-(Ce): A crystal chemical investigation of material from four localities, including type material. American Mineralogist: 83: 178-184.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: TICE, P. (2010) Petrology and geochemical evolution of the East Hill suite of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline plutonic complex. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of New Orleans, New Orleans. 414p.
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: László Horváth unpubl. data 10/06/2006
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; J. S. Stevenson and L. S. Stevenson (1977) Dawsonite-fluorite relationships at Montreal-area localities. The Canadian Mineralogist 15:117-120
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Donnayite Group'
Reference: There are many published donnayite group members at MSH. This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Donnayite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Mainwaring, P.R., Baker, J. (1978), Donnayite, NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 73H2O, a new mineral from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 335-340.
Dorfmanite
Formula: Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Doyleite (TL)
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., BAKER, J., SABINA, A.P., and ROBERTS, A.C. (1985) Doyleite, a new polymorph of Al(OH)3, and its relationship to bayerite, gibbsite and nordstrandite. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 21 28. Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Can Min 32:843-854(1994)
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Habit: teragonal prisms up to 0.1m long with fiberous ragged terminations
Colour: colorless
Reference: Horváth, L & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,143,
Eirikite
Formula: KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Habit: acicular, prismatic
Colour: colorless to white
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. (2009) Bertrandite, eirikite and a review of beryllium minerals from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 43(5), 9-12.
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Description: The original "ekanite" of Richard (1971) and Perrault & Richard (1973) was later described as the new species steacyite (Perrault & Szymansky (1982). Several specimens since 1982 have been identified as ekanite, however, to date most of them turned out to be steacyite or turkestanite. As of 2017 July there is no confirmed ekanite documented at Mont Saint-Hilaire. [L. Horváth]
Reference: Richard A.J. (1971), La methode d'addition symbolique et la definition de la structure cristalline de l'ekanite de St-Hilaire, P.Q. Ph.D. Thesis, Ecole polytechnique de Montréal, Canada; Perrault G. and Richard P. (1973), L'ekanite de St-Hilaire, P.Q. Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 913-929.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y. (1967), Leucophanite, elpidite, narsarsukite from the Desourdy quarry, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 286-87; Henderson, W. (1979), Oriented overgrowth of labuntsovite on elpidite from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Mineralogical Record: 10: 970; Falls R.B.(1983), Elpidite and narsarsukite from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. B.S. Thesis, University of Toronto, Canada.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Can Min 32:843-854(1994)
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Habit: Groups of short prismatic crystals, very often forming cyclic twins.
Colour: Colourless to translucent white.
Fluorescence: Some fluoresce medium to strong green, yellowish green and pale yellow under SW UV.
Description: Undoubtedly the best crystallized specimens for the species.
Reference: Mandarino, J.A., Harris, D.C., and Bradley, J. (1965) Mangan-neptunite, epididymite, and new species from Mont St.-Hilaire. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 398.; Harris, D.C. and Mandarino, J.A. (1966) Epididymite from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 706-709.; Horváth, L., and Gault, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Epistolite
Formula: Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Erdite
Formula: NaFeS2 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Horváth, L & Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. JOHNSEN, O., and GAULT, R.A. (1997) Chemical variation in eudialyte. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 171, 215 237.
'Eudialyte Group'
Reference: There are many published eudialyte group members at MSH. This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Eudidymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Ewaldite
Formula: Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Reference: McDONALD, A.M. (1989) Ewaldite, a possible member of the weloganite group, and UK62, a new sodium, calcium fluocarbonate From Mont Saint Hilaire, Quebec. M.Sc. Thesis, Ottawa Carleton Geoscience Centre, Ottawa, Canada. 78 p. HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Faujasite-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: BAUM, M. (1999) Faujasite-Na; another species for the Mont Saint-Hilaire list. MICRONEWS, 33, No.3, 6-7
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: SCHILLING, J., FROST, B.R., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., and MARKL, G. (2011a) Fe-Ti oxide-silicate (QUIIF-type) equilibria in feldspathoid systems. Americen Mineralogist, 96, 100-110.
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Reference: YAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010b) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 795-805.
Ferri-kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: GREENWOOD, R.C. & EDGAR, A.D. (1984): Petrogenesis of the gabbros from Mont St Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Geological Journal (Liverpool) 19, 353 376.
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
Ferroceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
'Ferro-eckermannite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Ferro-ferri-nybøite (TL)
Formula: NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lussier, A.J., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y., Ball, N.A., Tait, K.T., Back, M.E., Steede, A.H., Taylor, R. and MacDonald, A.M. (2013) Ferro-ferri-nybøite, IMA 2013-072. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3251; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249 -3258.; Lussier, A.J., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Tait, K.T., Back, M.E., Steede, A.H., Taylor, R., McDonald, A.M. (2014): Ferro-ferri-nybøite, NaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2, a new clinoamphibole from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada: Description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 1019-1026.
'Ferro-ferri-sadanagaite'
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature & Horváth collection specimens
Ferrokentbrooksite (TL)
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Habit: pseudo-octrahedral crystals
Colour: reddish brown to red
Reference: JOHNSEN, O., GRICE, J.D., and GAULT, R.A. (2003) Ferrokentbrooksite, a new member of the eudialyte group from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 55-60.
'Ferro-nybøite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
Reference: Horváth et al. unpublished data.
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Can. Museum of Nature (unpublished microprobe (WDS) data)
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Fluorbritholite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: GU, JIEXIANG., CHAO, G.Y., and TANG, SUREN (1994) Fluorbritholite (Ce) A new mineral from Mont St. Hilaite, Quebec, Canada. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (China), 9(3), 9 14. and Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica (China) 15, (1996) 40 45 (in Chinese with English abstract) Abstracted in: Mineralogical Record, 27, 463.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Chao, G.Y. unpublished analytical data
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Reference: Chao, G.Y. unpublished analytical data
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Can. Museum of Nature specimen
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: SCHILLING, J., FROST, B.R., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., and MARKL, G. (2011a) Fe-Ti oxide-silicate (QUIIF-type) equilibria in feldspathoid systems. Americen Mineralogist, 96, 100-110.
Franconite
Formula: Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Gaidonnayite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Chao G.Y. (1973), The crystal structure of gaidonnayite, orthorhombic Na2ZrSi3O9 7 2H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 143-44; Chao, G.Y., Watkinson, D.H. (1974), Gaidonnayite, Na2ZrSi3O9 7 2H2O, a new mineral from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 316-319; Chao, G.Y. (1985), The crystal structure of gaidonnayite 2ZrSi3O9 7 2H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 11-15.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Garronite-Na (TL)
Formula: Na6(Al6Si10O32)·8.5H2O
Description: The mineral was known as garronite since about 1984 at MSH, but work by Grice et al. found it to be Na-dominant and a new species. The original garronite is now garronite-Ca.
Reference: GRICE, J.D., ROWE, R. & POIRIER, G. (2015): Garronite-Na, a new zeolite species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 54, 1549-1562.
Gaultite (TL)
Formula: Na4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Reference: Ercit, T.S. and Van Velthuizen, J. (1994), Gaultite, a new zeolite-like mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 855-864.
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Habit: Tetrahedrons (dominant {111}) from a few millimeters to 5 cm across, occurring in pegmatites.
Colour: Colorless, pale to lemon-yellow and apple-green.
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:248
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359].
Gjerdingenite-Na (TL)
Formula: K2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2O
Reference: PEKOV, I.V., CHUKANOV, N.V., YAMNOVA, N.A., ZADOV, A.E., and TARASSOFF, P. (2007) Gjerdingenite-Na and gjerdingenite-Ca, two new minerals species of the labuntsovite group. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 529-539.
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Habit: thin hexagonal plates froming shperical aggregates or rosettes up to 3mm in diameter
Colour: colorless, yellow, orange, red, brown, black, and green
Reference: Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. [Unpubl. data = gmelinite-Na]
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Habit: crude steep spike-like tetragonal pyramids up to 2mm across
Colour: white to tan
Reference: Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52, 213,
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Griceite (TL)
Formula: LiF
Reference: Van Velthuizen, J., Chao, G.Y. (1989) Griceite, LiF, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 125-127.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. POIRIER, G. and ERCIT, S. (2009) Chemical composition and zoning of garnets from several Quebec localities. Abstract with Program, 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 85, 463.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: POIRIER, G. and ERCIT, S. (2009) Chemical composition and zoning of garnets from several Quebec localities. Abstract with Program, 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 85, 463.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Reference: Peterson, R.C. (1983), The structure of hackmanite, a variety of sodalite, from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 21: 549-552.
Haineaultite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
Reference: McDONALD, A.M., and CHAO, G.Y. (2004) Haineaultite, a new hydrated sodium calcium titanosilicate from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: description, structure determination and genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 769-785.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Habit: morvenite and cruciform twins to 1mm long
Colour: white, colorless, grey
Reference: Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,239,
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Hellandite Group'
Formula: X4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
Reference: Micronews V45 #1 MSH Species February 2011
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary). YAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 795-805.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Heyerdahlite
Formula: Na3Mn7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
Description: Former unnamed mineral UK114
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature & Horváth collection specimens
Hilairite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Watkinson, D.H. and Chen, T.T. (1974), Hilairite, Na2ZrSi3O9 73H2O, a new mineral from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 237-240. HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Unpublished analytical data ROM & CMN 2006.
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Unpublished analytical data ROM & CMN 2006.
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hochelagaite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Reference: JAMBOR, J.L., SABINA, A.P., ROBERTS, A.C., BONARDI, M., OWENS, D.R., and STURMAN, B.D. (1986) Hochelagaite, a new calcium niobium oxide mineral from Montreal, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 24, 449 453. Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hogarthite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)2CaTi2Si10O26 · 8H2O
Reference: MCDONALD, A.M., CHAO, G.Y., and TARASSOFF, P. (2011) Hogarthite, a new Na-Ca titanosilicate hydrate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Program with abstracts GAC-MAC Annual meeting, Ottawa, May 2011.
Horváthite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: NaY(CO3)F2
Reference: Grice, J.D. and Chao, G.Y. (1997) Horváthite-(Y), rare-earth-fluorocarbonate, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 743-749.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: ZULINSKI, N. and LALONDE, A.E. (2007) Mineralogy of hydrothermal ferruginous clay associated with colorless aegirine and bitumen in an altered pegmatite pocket from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada. Abstracts with Program, 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, 23; reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 83(4), 346-347.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hydroterskite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O12(OH)6
Reference: Grice, J.D., Rowe, R. & Poirier, G. (2015): Hydroterskite: a new mineral from the Sainte-Amable sill, Quebec, and a comparison with terskite and elpidite. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 821-832.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'
Reference: Both ilmenite and pyrophanite occur at MSH but can be difficult to distinguish visually. This entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Joaquinite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Johnsenite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na12Ce3Ca6Mn3Zr3WSi25O73(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Grice, J.D. & Gault, R.A. (2006): Johnsenite-(Ce), a new member of the eudialyte group from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 44:105-115
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Description: All analyses reported in the literature represent ferri-kaersutite under the current nomenclature (Hawthorne et al. 2012), a species described in 2016 (Gentili et al.).
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Kapustinite
Formula: Na5(Na,Mn2+)<1Zr(H2Si6O18)
Reference: TARASSOFF, P. (2007) Cancrisilite, litvinskite and kapustinite from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 41(2), 3-4.
Kellyite
Formula: Mn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Khomyakovite (TL)
Formula: Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Johnsen, O., Gault, R.A., Grice, J.D. & Ercit, T.S. (1999), Khomyakovite and manganokhomyakovite, two new members of the eudialyte group from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 893-899.
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Korobitsynite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. (2001) Korobitsynite and tsepinite-Na from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 35, No.5, 5-6.
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Reference: ZAITSEV, A.N., YAKOVENCHUK, V.N., CHAO, G.Y., GAULT, R.A., SUBBOTIN, V.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Y.A., and BOGDANOVA, A.N. (1996) Kukharenkoite (Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia and Qu_bec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327 1336.
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Horváth, L. and Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Piilonen et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1 & 27.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Labuntsovite-Mn
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. CHUKANOV, N.V., PEKOV, I.V., ZADOV, A.E., VOLOSHIN, A.V., SUBBOTIN, V.V., SOROKHTINA, N.V., RASTVETAEVA, R.K., and KRIVOVICHEV, S.V., (2003) Minerals of the labuntsovite group. Nauka, Moscow, 323p (in Russian).
Lalondeite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2O
Reference: McDONALD, A.M., and CHAO, G.Y. (2009) Lalondeite, a new hydrated Na-Ca fluorosilicate species from Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 181-192.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Landauite
Formula: NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Reference: Can. Museum of Nature unpublished data XRD & WDS
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
'Lanthanite'
Reference: needed for "lanthanite" specimens not fully analyzed
Lanthanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Laurentianite (TL)
Formula: Na3Nb3Si4O17 · 9H2O
Reference: HARING, M.M.M., McDONALD, A.M., COOPER, M.A., and POIRIER, G.A. (2012) Laurentianite, [NbO(H2O)]3(Si2O7)2[Na(H2O)2]3, a new minreral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: description, crystal-structure determination and paragenesis. Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 1265-1280.
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Lecoqite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na3Y(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: PEKOV, I.V., CHUKANOV, N.V., ZUBKOVA, N.V., KSENOFONTOV, D.A., HORVÁTH, L., ZADOV, A.E.and PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (2010) Lecoqite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3•6H2O, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 95-104.
Leifite
Formula: (Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Habit: Short to long, hexagonal, prismatic {1010}terminated by the {001} basal pinacoid.
Colour: Colorless to white.
Description: Specimens from here are considered the very best for the species by a large margin. In many specimens and even individual crystals both leifite and the related species eirikite are present.
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359., AmMin 57:1006(1971)
'Leifite Group'
Reference: Both eirikite and leifite are found at MSH - often in the sdame specimen (per Horvath CMMA Newsletter). This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed specimens.
Lemoynite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2O
Reference: Perrault G., Semenov E.I., Bikova A.V. and Capitonova T.A. (1969), La lemoynite, un nouveau silicate hydrate de zirconium et de sodium de St.-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 585-596. (in French with English abstract) LE PAGE, Y., and PERRAULT, G. (1976) Structure cristalline de la lemoynite, (Na,K2CaZr2Si10O26•5 6H2O.Canadian Mineralogist, 14, 132 138 (in French). McDonald, A.M. (1997), Lemoynite and lemoynite-like minerals from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium: 187-188.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Reference: Chao, G.Y. (1967), Leucophanite, elpidite, narsarsukite from the Desourdy quarry, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 286-87.
Leucosphenite
Formula: BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Reference: Chao, G.Y. and Watkinson, D.H. (1972), Leucosphenite from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec, Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 851-860.
Lintisite
Formula: LiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Litvinskite
Formula: Na2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6
Reference: TARASSOFF, P. (2007) Cancrisilite, litvinskite and kapustinite from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 41(2), 3-4.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: CHAKHMOURADIAN, A.R., HALDEN, N.M., MITCHELL, R.H., and HORVÁTH, L. (2007) Rb-Cs-rich rasvumite and sector-zoned “loparite-(Ce)” from the Mont Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) and their petrologic significance. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 533-546.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359., AmMin 72:173-177(1987)
Lovozerite
Formula: Na2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Lovozerite Group'
Formula: A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Reference: Several members of the lovozerite group are found at MSH. This generic entry is needed for unanalyzed (or qualitatively analyzed) specimens.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Lukechangite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
Reference: Grice, J.D. and Chao, G.Y. (1997), Lukechangite-(Ce), a new rare-earth-fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. American Mineralogist: 82: 1255-1260. HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Magadiite
Formula: Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
Reference: Horváth collection (unpublished microprobe (WDS) data)
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Makatite
Formula: Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: P. Tarassoff & Can. Museum of Nature collection; XRD
Malinkoite
Formula: NaBSiO4
Reference: SOKOLOVA, E., HAWTHORNE, F.C., and KHOMYAKOV, A.P (2001) The crystal chemistry of malinkoite, NaBSiO4, and lisitsynite, KBSi2O6, from the Khibina-Lovozero complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 159-169.
Manganoeudialyte
Formula: Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and HORVÁTH, E. (2010) Recent (2009-2010) additions to the minerals of MSH. MICRONEWS, 44(4),
Manganokhomyakovite (TL)
Formula: Na12Sr3Ca6Mn3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Johnsen, O., Gault, R.A., Grice, J.D. & Ercit, T.S. (1999), Khomyakovite and manganokhomyakovite, two new members of the eudialyte group from Mont St.-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 893-899.
Manganokukisvumite (TL)
Formula: Na6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
Reference: GAULT, R.A., ERCIT, T.S., GRICE, J.D., and VAN VELTHUIZEN, J. (2004) Manganokukisvumite, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 781-785.
Manganoneptunite
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Mandarino, J.A., Harris, D.C. and Bradley, J. (1965), Mangan-neptunite, epididymite, and new species from Mont St.-Hilaire. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 398.
Manganotychite
Formula: Na6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Martinite (TL)
Formula: (Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2O
Reference: Mcdonald, A.M & Chao, G.Y. (2007): Martinite, a new hydrated sodium calcium fluorborosilicate species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: description, structure determination and genetic implications. Canadian mineralogist, 45: 1281-1292
Mazzite-Na
Formula: Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Reference: Lapis (2005) Jg. 30, Nr. 10, p. 63
Mckelveyite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
'Mica Group'
Reference: There are several micas at MSH. This is for unanalyzed specimens which can't be visually identified.
Micheelsenite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Reference: McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedrmayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G.(2001): Micheelsenite,(Ca,Y)3Al(PO3OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O, a new mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshehefte, 2001 (8), 337-351. [MinRec 33:165]
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Miserite
Formula: K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Mohrite
Formula: (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Horváth, L. (2007): Secondary minerals associated with sulfides at Mont Saint-Hilaire. Micronews, 41(1), 7-9.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: J. A. Mandarino and R. I. Gait (1970) Molybdenite polytypes in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Canadian Mineralogist 10:723-729
'Molybdenite-3R'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: J. A. Mandarino and R. I. Gait (1970) Molybdenite polytypes in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Canadian Mineralogist 10:723-729
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Monteregianite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2O
Reference: Chao G.Y. (1978), Monteregianite, a new hydrous sodium potassium yttrium silicate mineral from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 561-565. HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Description: Over the last 30+ years there was a debate regarding the validity of mosandrite and/or rinkite in general. Mosandrite was identified from MSH prior to the debate and that species name was generally accepted, awaiting some resolution on the validity. Recent work confirmed the validity of both species from heir respective type localities, and the presence of rinkite from MSH in two specimens. In 2016, analytical work at the ROM & CMN by Raman spectroscopy, EMPA WDS confirmed the presence of mosandrite in a number of specimens.The very first specimen identified in 1978 by XRD as mosandrite was fully confirmed, as were specimens collected in 1987 and 2003.
Reference: Sokolova, E. & Cámara, F. (2008): From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897. Bellezza, M., S. Merlino, and N. Perchiazzi (2009), Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 897-908. CÁMARA, F., SOKOLOVA, E., and HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2011) From structure topology to chemical composition. XII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of rinkite, Na2Ca4REETi(Si2O7)OF3. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2755-2774.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Horváth et al. unpublished manuscript
Nahpoite
Formula: Na2HPO4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Nalipoite (TL)
Formula: NaLi2PO4
Reference: Chao, G.Y. and Ercit, T.S. (1991), Nalipoite, sodium dilithium phosphate, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 565-568.
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Rajasekaran, K.C. (1966), Narsarsukite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 506-514; Chao, G.Y. (1967), Leucophanite, elpidite, narsarsukite from the Desourdy quarry, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 286-87; Falls R.B.(1983), Elpidite and narsarsukite from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. B.S. Thesis, University of Toronto, Canada.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Natrolemoynite (TL)
Formula: Na4Zr2Si10O26•9H2O
Reference: McDONALD, A.M., and CHAO, G.Y. (2001) Natrolemoynite, a new hydrated sodium zirconosilicate from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: description and structure determination. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 1295-1306.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: prisms averaging 5mm in diameter and 25mm long, rarely up to 2cm wide and 15cm long
Colour: milky white to colorless; less commonly pale-pink or gray
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52.,
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Natrophosphate
Formula: Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Natrosilite
Formula: Na2Si2O5
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Neighborite
Formula: NaMgF3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359., AmMin 40:1154(1955)
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: XRD, WDS Can. Museum of Nature data
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Niobokupletskite (TL)
Formula: K2NaMn2+7(Nb,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., Lalonde, A.E., McDonald, A.M., and Gault, R.A. (2000) Niobokupletskite, a new astrophyllite-group mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 627–639.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Niveolanite (TL)
Formula: NaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: PEKOV, I.V., ZUBKOVA, N.V., CHUKANOV, N.V., AGAKHANOV, A.A., BELAKOVSKIY, D.I., HORVÁTH, L., FILINCHUK, Y.E., GOBECHIYA, E.R., PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu., and RABADANOV, M.Kh. (2008) Niveolanite, the first natural beryllium carbonate, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 1343-1354.
Nolzeite (TL)
Formula: NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2·2H2O
Reference: Haring, M.M. and McDonald, A.M. (2015) Nolzeite, IMA 2014-086. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 248; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251; Haring, M. & McDonald, A.M. (2017): Nolzeite, Na(Mn,□)2[Si3(B,Si)O9(OH)2]•2H2O, a new pyroxenoid mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 183–197
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Nordite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Description: XRD & WDS confirmation
Reference: WIGHT, Q., and CHAO, G.Y. (1995) Mont Saint Hilaire revisited. Rocks & Minerals, 70, 90-103; 131-138.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Chao, G.Y. and Baker, J. (1982), Nordstrandite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 77-85.
Normandite (TL)
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: Chao, G.Y. and Gault, R.A. (1997), Normandite, the Ti analogue of låvenite, from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1035-1040. PERCHIAZZI, N., McDONALD, A.M., GAULT, R.A., JOHNSEN, O., and MERLINO, S. (2000) The crystal structure of normandite and its crystal-chemical relationship to låvenite. Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 641-648.
Oneillite (TL)
Formula: Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Johnsen, O., Grice, J.D. and Gault, R.A. (1999), Oneillite: A new Ca-deficient and REE-rich member of the eudialyte group from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1295-1301.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Sky to dark blue opal coating quartz crystals.
Reference: http://membres.lycos.fr/quebecminerals/tripbluequartz.html
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: ROBINSON, G.W. (1996) Green dolomite from Mont Saint Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Abstracts with Program, 23rd Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 18 21, 1996, 21. Rocks and Minerals, 72, 189.
Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
'Palygorskite Group'
Reference: Modris Baum collection. Analysis gave "tupperssuatsiaite like".
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Reference: Henderson, B. (2007): Römerite and paracoquimbite, two new sulfates found at Mont St-Hilaire. Micronews, 41(1), 4-6
Parakeldyshite
Formula: Na2ZrSi2O7
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Paranatrolite (TL)
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Habit: prisms and epitaxial overgrowths up to 1mm thick
Colour: transparent colorless, gray, yellow, pink
Description: Per the IMA report on zeolite nomenclature, paranatrolite must be considered a doubtful species.
Reference: Chao, G.Y. (1980), Paranatrolite, a new zeolite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 18: 85-88; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,394
Paraumbite
Formula: K3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Cheang, K.K. (1977), Structure and polytypism of synchisite and parisite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. M. Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
Peatite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Li4Na12Y12(PO4)12(CO3)4(F,OH)8
Reference: McDonald, A.M., Back, M.E., Gault, R.A., Horváth, L. (2013): Peatite-(Y) and ramikite-(Y), two new Na-Li-Y{+/-}Zr phosphate-carbonate minerals from the Poudrette pegmatite, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 569-596.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Penkvilksite
Formula: Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Perraultite (TL)
Formula: BaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Reference: CHAO, G.Y. (1991): Perraultite, a new hydrous Na-K-Ba-Mn-Ti-Nb silicate species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 355-358. YAMNOVA, N.A., EGOROV-TISMENKO,YU.K. & PEKOV, I.V. (1998): Crystal structure of perraultite from the coastal region of the Sea of Azov. Crystallography Reports 41, 401-410.
Petarasite (TL)
Formula: Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y. and Chen, T.T. (1980), Petarasite, a new hydrated sodium zirconium hydroxylchlorosilicate mineral from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 18: 497-502; Perrault, G., Chao G.Y. and Chen T.T. (1981), Additional data on petarasite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 411-413.
Petersenite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5
Reference: Grice, J.D., Van Velthuizen, J. and Gault, R.A. (1994), Petersenite-(Ce), a new mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire and its structural relationship to other REE carbonates. Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 405-414.
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Needed for unanalyzed "phillipsite" specimens
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.414., Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Phillipsite-Na
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.414., Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Phosinaite-(Ce)
Formula: Na13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
Reference: McDONALD, A.M., CHAO, G.Y., and GRICE, J.D. (1996) Phosinaite (Ce) from Mont Saint Hilaire, Quebec: new data and structure refinement. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 107-114.
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52; Perrault, G. (1966), Polylithionite from St. Hilaire, P.Q. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 671.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Potassic-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
Poudretteite (TL)
Formula: KNa2B3Si12O30
Reference: Grice, J.D., Ercit, T.S., VanVelthuizen, J. and Dunn, P.J. (1987), Poudretteite KNaB3Si12O30, a new member of the osumilite group from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 25: 763-766.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: [MinRec 13:242, 21:330-331]
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: [MinRec 10:103, 19:325, 19:327, 21:331, 21:333]
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Horvath, Laszlo (1990) The Mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilare Quebec Min Rec V21 #4 p. 331
Quintinite (TL)
Formula: Mg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A. (1997), Quintinite-2H, quintinite-3T, charmarite-2H, charmarite-3T, and caresite-3T, a new group of carbonate minerals related to the hydrotalcite-manasseite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1541-1549.
'Quintinite-3T'
Formula: Mg4Al2(OH)12CO3 · 4H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A. (1997), Quintinite-2H, quintinite-3T, charmarite-2H, charmarite-3T, and caresite-3T, a new group of carbonate minerals related to the hydrotalcite-manasseite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1541-1549; American Mineralogist: 83: 1347.
Raite
Formula: Na4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Ramikite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Li4(Na,Ca)12Y6Zr6(PO4)12(CO3)4O4[(OH),F]4
Reference: McDonald, A.M., Back, M.E., Gault, R.A., Horváth, L. (2013): Peatite-(Y) and ramikite-(Y), two new Na-Li-Y{+/-}Zr phosphate-carbonate minerals from the Poudrette pegmatite, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 569-596.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Laszlo Horvath pers. comm 10/06/2006
Rasvumite
Formula: KFe2S3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. CHAKHMOURADIAN, A.R., HALDEN, N.M., MITCHELL, R.H., and HORVÁTH, L. (2007) Rb-Cs-rich rasvumite and sector-Zoned “loparite-(Ce)” from the Mont Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) and their petrologic significance. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 533-546.
Reederite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)Cl
Reference: GRICE, J.D., GAULT, R.A., and CHAO,G.Y. (1995) Reederite (Y), a new sodium rare earth carbonate mineral with a unique fluorosulfate anion. American Mineralogist, 80, 1059 1064.
Rémondite-(Ce)
Formula: Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Rémondite-(La)
Formula: Na3(La,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: ZVMO 129(1):53-60(2000)
Revdite
Formula: Na16Si16O27(OH)26 · 28H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint‑Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284‑359.; HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Rhabdophane-(La)
Formula: La(PO4) · H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Description: Much controversy has surrounded the validity of the two related species rinkite and mosandrite for many years. The long history of the studies of these two species is detailed by Sokolova and Cámara (2008) and by Bellezza et al. (2009a and b). Mosandrite and rinkite are both valid, distinct species, differing in their chemical, crystallographic and structural features (IMA-09-C). Over the years, both species appeared on various lists and labels from MSH. Both species were confirmed in multiple specimen by XRD, EMP WDS analyses (Camara et al. (2011) Can. Museum of Nature (2016) unpublished data).
Reference: CÁMARA, F., SOKOLOVA, E., and HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2011) From structure topology to chemical composition. XII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of rinkite, Na2Ca4REETi(Si2O7)OF3. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2755-2774. BELLEZZA, M., MERLINO, S. & PERCHIAZZI, N. (2009a): Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 897-908. BELLEZZA, M., MERLINO, S., PERCHIAZZI, N. and RAADE, G. (2009b) “Johnstrupite”: a chemical and structural study. Atti Società Toscana Scienze Naturali, Mem, Serie A. 114, 1-3.
Rogermitchellite (TL)
Formula: Na6Sr12Ba2Zr13Si39B4O123(OH)6 ·20H2O
Reference: McDONALD, A.M., and CHAO, G.Y. (2010): Rogermitchellite, Na12(Sr,Na)24Ba4Zr26Si78(B,Si)12O246(OH)24*18H2O, a new mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Description, structure determination and relationship with HFSE-bearing cyclosilicates. Canadian Mineralogist. 48: 267-278
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: HENDERSON, W.A. (2007) Römerite and paracoquimbite, two new sulfates found at Mont St-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 41(3),6.
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Rouvilleite (TL)
Formula: Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Reference: McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 107-112.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Sabinaite
Formula: Na4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Wight & Chao (1995) Rocks & Minerals 70(2), 133.
Sazhinite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Sazhinite-(La)
Formula: Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Sazykinaite-(Y)
Formula: Na5YZr[SiO3]6 · 6H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Schairerite
Formula: Na21(SO4)7ClF6
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Habit: Blocky and tabular
Colour: red, pink, orange, colourless
Reference: Boissonault, J. and Perrault, G. (1965), Serandite from St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 132. HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Sheldrickite (TL)
Formula: NaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2O
Reference: Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A. and Van Velthuizen, J. (1997), Sheldrickite, a new sodium-calcium-fluorocarbonate mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 181-187.
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Shomiokite-(Y)
Formula: Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: GRICE, J.D. (1996) The crystal structure of shomiokite (Y). Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 649-655. HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 24, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lalonde, A.E. and Chao, G.Y. (1997), Annite, biotite and siderophyllite from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, 187.
Sidorenkite
Formula: Na3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Silinaite (TL)
Formula: NaLiSi2O5 · 2H2O
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Grice, J.D. and Gault, R.A. (1991), Silinaite, a new sodium lithium silicate hydrate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 359-362, Grice, et al: 363-367.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: http://www.saint-hilaire.ca/
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Description: Some crystals of sodalite associated with Nolzeite are found to atypically retain a pronounced violet color even after prolonged exposure (i.e., several years) to light.
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Haring, M. & McDonald, A.M. (2016): Nolzeite, Na(Mn,□)2[Si3(B,Si)O9(OH)2]•2H2O, a new pyroxenoid mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. POIRIER, G. and ERCIT, S. (2009) Chemical composition and zoning of garnets from several Quebec localities. Abstract with Program, 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 85, 463.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Steacyite (TL)
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Description: Many of the steacyite specimens in collections may be turkestanite. The two species cannot be visually distinguished and proper identification requires full chemical analysis. Turkestanite have been identified from multiple mineralogical environmets at MSH, same as steacyite (L. Horváth 2012).
Reference: PERRAULT, G., and SZYMAŃSKI, J.T. (1982)Steacyite, a new name and a re- evaluation of the nomenclature of "ekanite" group minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 20, 59-63. Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Steedeite (TL)
Formula: NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2
Reference: Haring, M. & MacDonald, A.M. (2013): On the crystal structure of UK 79, a potentially new mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, QC. GAC-MAC Winnipeg 2013, Abstracts, p. 107. [http://www.gac.ca/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/2013WinnipegGACMACAbstracts-merged.pdf]; Haring, M.M. and McDonald, A.M. (2013) Steedeite, IMA 2013-052. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3002; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Haring, M.M.M. & McDonald A.M. (2014): Steedeite, NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2: Characterization, crystal-structure determination, and origin. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 47-60.
Steenstrupine-(Ce)
Formula: Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Reference: HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Cheang, K.K. (1977), Structure and polytypism of synchisite and parisite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. M. Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Tadzhikite-(Ce) ?
Formula: Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Description: Tadzhikite-(Ce) was reported by Horváth & Gault (1990) and the species was accepted as valid for many years at MSH. However, recent studies indicate that in the absence of single cystal XRD it is not possible to fully confirm this species, beyond its status as a hellandite group mineral. Pending future confirmation this species reverted to its earlier status as UK39.
Reference: A. McDonald & L. Horvath pers. comm.
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Terskite
Formula: Na4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Tetranatrolite'
Habit: flakey crusts to 1mm thick; .1mm-long euhedral cystals; silky fibrous sprays; earthy patches
Colour: white, transulcent to opaque
Reference: Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1980), Tetranatrolite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 18: 77-84; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,220; Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359; AmMin 84:1445-1450(1999)
Thalcusite
Formula: Tl2Cu3FeS4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Thomasclarkite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Grice, J.D. & Gault, R.A. (1998), Thomasclarkite-(Y), a new sodium-rare-earth-element bicarbonate mineral species from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1295-1301.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Habit: fibrous blades rarely forming radiating balls up to 8mm in diameter
Colour: dull white
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52, 493; Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Thorbastnäsite
Formula: ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: YAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genetic peculiarities of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline complex, (Québec, Canada). Zapiski Vserossiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obschestva, 139(2), 15-31. (In Russian with English abstract). YAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 725-735. [English version of ZVMO paper]
Thornasite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Reference: ANSELL, V.E., and CHAO, G.Y. (1987) Thornasite, a new hydrous sodium thorium silicate from Mont St Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 181-183. LI, Y., KRIVOVICHEV, V., and BURNS, P.C. (2000) The crystal structure of thornasite, Na12Th3[Si8O19]4(H2O)18: A novel interrupted Silicate framework. American Mineralogist, 85, 1521-1525; LI, Y., KRIVOVICHEV, V., and BURNS, P.C. (2001) Errata. American Mineralogist, 86, 384. HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Horvath et al. unpublished
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Tsepinite-Na
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. (2001) Korobitsynite and tsepinite-Na from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS, 35, No.5, 5-6.
Tugtupite
Formula: Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Tumchaite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Reference: Unpublished analytical results XRD including single crystal & WDS by A. McDonald.
Tundrite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Tuperssuatsiaite
Formula: Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Turkestanite
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Description: Many of the steacyite specimens in collections may be turkestanite. The two species cannot be visually distinguished and proper identification requires full chemical analysis. Turkestanite have been identified from multiple mineralogical environmets at MSH, same as steacyite (L. Horváth 2012).
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & HORVÁTH, E. (2012) Turkestanite from Mont Saint-Hilaire. MICRONEWS 46(3), 22-25.
Uedaite-(Ce)
Formula: {Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: YAKOVLEVA, O.S., PEKOV, I.V., HORVÁTH, L., BRYZGALOV, I.A., YAPASKURT, V.O., and GUSEVA, E.V. (2010b) Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 795-805.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Reference: SCHILLING, J., FROST, B.R., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., and MARKL, G. (2011a) Fe-Ti oxide-silicate (QUIIF-type) equilibria
'UM1986-63-SiO:FeHKMnNa'
Formula: (K,Na)4-x(Mn,Fe)4-ySi8O20 · nH2O
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., CONLON, R.P., and VAN VELTHUIZEN, J. (1990) Mont Saint-Hilaire unknowns. Mineralogical Record, 21, 363-368.
'UM1990-13-CO:HNaREESrY '
Formula: Sr2Na2(Ce,La)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O ?
Description: Probably a Ce-analogue of donnayite-(Y).
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., CONLON, R.P., and VAN VELTHUIZEN, J. (1990) Mont Saint Hilaire unknowns. Mineralogical Record, 21, 363 368.
'UM1990-71-SiO:FeHKMnNaTi'
Formula: (Na,K)3Ti2(Fe,Mn)2-3Si8O20 · nH2O
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., CONLON, R.P., and VAN VELTHUIZEN, J. (1990) Mont Saint-Hilaire unknowns. Mineralogical Record, 21, 363-368.
'Unnamed (MSH UK-37A)'
Formula: Sr3NaCaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: A. Steed (pers. comm.)
'Unnamed (MSH UK-51)'
Formula: Al(OH)3 ?
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., CONLON, R.P., and VAN VELTHUIZEN, J. (1990) Mont Saint-Hilaire unknowns. Mineralogical Record, 21, 363-368.
'Unnamed (MSH UK-53B)'
Formula: NaBSiO4
Description: UK53b = untwinned UK53 of Chao et al. (1990)
Reference: CHAO, G.Y., CONLON, R.P., and VAN VELTHUIZEN, J. (1990) Mont Saint-Hilaire unknowns. Mineralogical Record, 21, 363-368.
'Unnamed (MSH UK-86)'
Formula: Fe, S, Si, O, Na, K, Cl
Reference: alkali-nuts website
Ussingite
Formula: Na2AlSi3O8OH
Reference: [MinRec 21:343-344]; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Description:
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German). [p. 61]; HORVÁTH, L., and PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary). [p. 146 & 152]
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: LALONDE, A.E. & KODAMA, H. (2001): Ferruginous vermiculite from the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline intrusion, Québec, Canada. Abstract with Program [Poster presentation, 12th International Clays Conference, Bahia Blanca, Argentina].
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Vitusite-(Ce)
Formula: Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Vuonnemite
Formula: Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Weloganite
Formula: Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37: 5-60; Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: [MinRec 10:105, 13:242, 23:429, 21:344, 21:346-347]
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A. (1998), The occurrence of two rare polytypes of wurtzite, 4H and 8H, at Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 775-778; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Yofortierite (TL)
Formula: Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Reference: Perrault G., Harvey Y. and Pertsowsky R. (1975), La yofortierite, un nouveau silicate hydrate de manganese de St. Hilaire, P.Q. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 68-74; HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359; Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Tait, K.T. and Back, M.E. (2013): The crystal structure of yofortierite. Can. Mineral. 51, 243-251.
Zakharovite
Formula: Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Zeophyllite
Formula: Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Zircophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Reference: PIILONEN, P.C. (2001) Crystal chemistry, Mössbauer spectroscopy and paragenesis of astrophyllite group minerals from over and undersaturated alkaline rocks. Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis, Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, University of Ottawa, Canada. 523 p.
Zirsilite-(Ce)
Formula: Na11-12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si19O55)(Si3O9)2(CO3)(OH)3 · H2O
Reference: Grice, J.D. & Gault, R.A. (2006): Johnsenite-(Ce), a new member of the eudialyte group from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 44:105-115

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Erdite2.FD.20NaFeS2 · 2H2O
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rasvumite2.FB.20KFe2S3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thalcusite2.BD.30Tl2Cu3FeS4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Griceite (TL)3.AA.20LiF
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Neighborite3.AA.35NaMgF3
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Behoite4.FA.05aBe(OH)2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Doyleite (TL)4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Fluornatropyrochlore4.DH.(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Franconite4.FM.15Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hochelagaite (TL)4.FM.15(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Landauite4.CC.40NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Adamsite-(Y)' (TL)5.CC.30NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
'Ancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.18NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bonshtedtite5.BF.10Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcioburbankite (TL)5.AC.30Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Caresite (TL)5.DA.40Fe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Chalconatronite5.CB.40Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Charmarite (TL)5.DA.40Mn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Charmarite-2H5.00.Mn2+4Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Charmarite-3T5.00.Mn2+4Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chlormagaluminite5.DA.45Mg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Daqingshanite-(Ce)5.BF.15(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y) (TL)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ewaldite5.CC.05Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Horváthite-(Y) (TL)5.BD.25NaY(CO3)F2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.10Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lanthanite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Lukechangite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.05Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manganotychite5.BF.05Na6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
Mckelveyite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Niveolanite (TL)5.DC.35NaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Petersenite-(Ce) (TL)5.AD.15Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5
Pirssonite5.CB.30Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Quintinite (TL)5.DA.40Mg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reederite-(Y) (TL)5.BF.20(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)Cl
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rouvilleite (TL)5.BC.10Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Rémondite-(Ce)5.AD.15Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
Rémondite-(La)5.AD.15Na3(La,Ce)3(CO3)5
Röntgenite-(Ce)5.BD.20dCa2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Sabinaite5.BB.20Na4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4
Sheldrickite (TL)5.DC.15NaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2O
Shomiokite-(Y)5.CC.20Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
Shortite5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Sidorenkite5.BF.10Na3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Thomasclarkite-(Y) (TL)5.DC.20(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Thorbastnäsite5.BD.20aThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Weloganite5.CC.05Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Boyleite7.CB.15(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mohrite7.CC.60(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Schairerite7.BD.10Na21(SO4)7ClF6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thénardite7.AC.25Na2SO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Dorfmanite8.CJ.60Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Micheelsenite (TL)8.DO.30(Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Nahpoite8.AD.05Na2HPO4
Nalipoite (TL)8.AA.25NaLi2PO4
Natrophosphate8.DN.05Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhabdophane-(La)8.CJ.45La(PO4) · H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Vitusite-(Ce)8.AC.35Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Abenakiite-(Ce)' (TL)9.CK.10Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aenigmatite'9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthoclase9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Ashcroftine-(Y)9.DN.15K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Baileychlore9.EC.55(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Barylite9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Barytolamprophyllite9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bobtraillite (TL)9.CA.30(Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Bussyite-(Ce) (TL)9.EA.80(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4
Calciohilairite9.DM.10CaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cancrisilite9.FB.05Na7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
Cappelenite-(Y)9.AJ.30Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Carletonite (TL)9.EB.20KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chkalovite9.DM.20Na2BeSi2O6
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinoptilolite-Ca9.GE.05Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-K ?9.GE.05K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Eirikite9.EH.25KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Ekanite ?9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epididymite9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistolite9.BE.30Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eudidymite9.DG.60Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Faujasite-Na9.GD.30(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-eckermannite9.DE.25NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-nybøite (TL)9.DE.25NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite9.EC.15K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite (TL)9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorbritholite-(Ce) (TL)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gaidonnayite (TL)9.DM.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Ganophyllite9.EG.30(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Gaultite (TL)9.GF.20Na4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gjerdingenite-Na (TL)9.CE.30cK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2O
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gobbinsite9.GC.05Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Haineaultite (TL)9.DG.50(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hilairite (TL)9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Hingganite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Joaquinite-(Ce)9.CE.25NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
Johnsenite-(Ce) (TL)9.CO.10Na12Ce3Ca6Mn3Zr3WSi25O73(CO3)(OH)2
Kaersutite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kapustinite9.CJ.15aNa5(Na,Mn2+)<1Zr(H2Si6O18)
Kellyite9.ED.15Mn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Kentbrooksite9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Khomyakovite (TL)9.CO.10Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Korobitsynite9.CE.30aNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Labuntsovite-Mn9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lalondeite (TL)9.EE.85(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2O
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Leifite9.EH.25(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Lemoynite (TL)9.DP.35(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2O
Leucophanite9.DH.05NaCaBeSi2O6F
Leucosphenite9.DP.15BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Lintisite9.DB.15LiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
Litvinskite9.CJ.15aNa2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Lovozerite9.CJ.15aNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magadiite9.EA.20Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Makatite9.EE.45Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Malinkoite9.FA.10NaBSiO4
Manganoeudialyte9.CO.10Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Manganokhomyakovite (TL)9.CO.10Na12Sr3Ca6Mn3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Manganokukisvumite (TL)9.DB.20Na6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
Manganoneptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Martinite (TL)9.EE.80(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2O
Mazzite-Na9.GC.20Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Miserite9.DG.85K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Monteregianite-(Y) (TL)9.EB.15(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)9.BE.20NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolemoynite (TL)9.DP.35Na4Zr2Si10O26•9H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrosilite9.EE.40Na2Si2O5
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Niobokupletskite (TL)9.DC.05K2NaMn2+7(Nb,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordite-(Ce)9.DO.15(Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Normandite (TL)9.BE.17NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Oneillite (TL)9.CO.10Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)9.CE.25NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
Parakeldyshite9.BC.10Na2ZrSi2O7
Paranatrolite (TL)9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Paraumbite9.DG.25K3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Penkvilksite9.EA.60Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Perraultite (TL)9.BE.67BaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Petarasite (TL)9.CJ.40Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na9.GC.10(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosinaite-(Ce)9.CF.15Na13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Potassic-richterite9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Poudretteite (TL)9.CM.05KNa2B3Si12O30
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Raite9.EE.55Na4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
Revdite9.DM.30Na16Si16O27(OH)26 · 28H2O
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosenbuschite9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sazhinite-(Ce)9.EA.30Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Sazhinite-(La)9.EA.30Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Sazykinaite-(Y)9.DM.10Na5YZr[SiO3]6 · 6H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Searlesite9.EF.15Na(H2BSi2O7)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Silinaite (TL)9.EF.20NaLiSi2O5 · 2H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Steacyite (TL)9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Steenstrupine-(Ce)9.CK.20Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Stillwellite-(Ce)9.AJ.25(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Tadzhikite-(Ce) ?9.DK.20Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Terskite9.DM.40Na4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thornasite (TL)9.GF.50(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tsepinite-Na9.CE.30bNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Tugtupite9.FB.10Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Tumchaite9.EA.60Na2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Tundrite-(Ce)9.AH.10Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Tuperssuatsiaite9.EE.20Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Turkestanite9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Uedaite-(Ce)9.BG.05{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ussingite9.EH.20Na2AlSi3O8OH
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Vuonnemite9.BE.35Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Wadeite9.CA.10K2Zr(Si3O9)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Yofortierite (TL)9.EE.20Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Zakharovite9.EE.65Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zeophyllite9.EE.70Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zircophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Zirsilite-(Ce)9.CO.10Na11-12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si19O55)(Si3O9)2(CO3)(OH)3 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite Group'-
Arfvedsonite Root Name-ANa2(Z2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Astrophyllite Supergroup-A2pFrC7D2(T4O12)2IXOD2XOA4XPDnWA2
Astrophyllite-Kupletskite Series-
Biotite-
Bobshannonite (TL)-Na2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2
Britholite Group-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Bussyite-(Y) (TL)-(Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34
Cancrinite Group-
Chabazite-
Charleshatchettite (TL)-CaNb4O10(OH)2·8H2O
Donnayite Group-
Eudialyte Group-
Ferri-kaersutite-NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ferro-ferri-sadanagaite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Ferro-nybøite-NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Garronite-Na (TL)-Na6(Al6Si10O32)·8.5H2O
Hackmanite-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hellandite Group-X4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
Heyerdahlite-Na3Mn7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
Hogarthite (TL)-(Na,K)2CaTi2Si10O26 · 8H2O
Hydroterskite-Na2ZrSi6O12(OH)6
Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series-
Lanthanite-
Laurentianite (TL)-Na3Nb3Si4O17 · 9H2O
Lecoqite-(Y) (TL)-Na3Y(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Leifite Group-
Lovozerite Group-A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Mica Group-
Molybdenite-3R-MoS2
Nolzeite (TL)-NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2·2H2O
Palygorskite Group-
Peatite-(Y) (TL)-Li4Na12Y12(PO4)12(CO3)4(F,OH)8
Phillipsite-
Quintinite-3T-Mg4Al2(OH)12CO3 · 4H2O
Ramikite-(Y) (TL)-Li4(Na,Ca)12Y6Zr6(PO4)12(CO3)4O4[(OH),F]4
Rogermitchellite (TL)-Na6Sr12Ba2Zr13Si39B4O123(OH)6 ·20H2O
Steedeite (TL)-NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2
Tetranatrolite-
UM1986-63-SiO:FeHKMnNa-(K,Na)4-x(Mn,Fe)4-ySi8O20 · nH2O
UM1990-13-CO:HNaREESrY -Sr2Na2(Ce,La)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O ?
UM1990-71-SiO:FeHKMnNaTi-(Na,K)3Ti2(Fe,Mn)2-3Si8O20 · nH2O
Unnamed (MSH UK-37A)-Sr3NaCaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Unnamed (MSH UK-51)-Al(OH)3 ?
Unnamed (MSH UK-53B)-NaBSiO4
Unnamed (MSH UK-86)-Fe, S, Si, O, Na, K, Cl

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Thalcusite2.5.5.1Tl2Cu3FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Rasvumite2.9.11.1KFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Erdite2.14.5.1NaFeS2 · 2H2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Behoite6.2.2.1Be(OH)2
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
X(OH)3
Doyleite (TL)6.3.4.1Al(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
AB21O38
Landauite8.5.1.1NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Senaite8.5.1.4Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Franconite8.6.1.1Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Hochelagaite (TL)8.6.1.2(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Griceite (TL)9.1.1.5LiF
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Chlormagaluminite10.6.10.1Mg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Neighborite11.1.1.1NaMgF3
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Ewaldite14.2.4.1Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioburbankite (TL)14.4.4.3Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Petersenite-(Ce) (TL)14.4.5.2Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5
Rémondite-(Ce)14.4.5.1Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
Shortite14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Chalconatronite15.2.3.1Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Pirssonite15.2.1.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y) (TL)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Mckelveyite-(Y)15.3.4.2NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Weloganite15.3.4.4Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(Ce)15.4.2.3(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Shomiokite-(Y)15.4.7.1Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce)16a.1.6.1Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Horváthite-(Y) (TL)16a.3.11.2NaY(CO3)F2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)16a.5.7.1NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Rouvilleite (TL)16a.5.5.1Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Sabinaite16a.5.4.1Na4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Thorbastnäsite16b.1.2.1ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Niveolanite (TL)16b.3.7.NaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
Caresite (TL)16b.7.16.3Fe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Charmarite (TL)16b.7.16.1Mn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Quintinite (TL)16b.7.16.3Mg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Daqingshanite-(Ce)17.1.10.1(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Manganotychite17.1.1.3Na6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
Tundrite-(Ce)17.1.11.Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Mohrite29.3.7.1(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Boyleite29.6.6.5(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
Schairerite30.1.9.1Na21(SO4)7ClF6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Nahpoite37.1.5.1Na2HPO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Beryllonite38.1.5.1NaBePO4
Vitusite-(Ce)38.1.8.1Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Nalipoite (TL)38.4.10.3NaLi2PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Dorfmanite39.1.8.1Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhabdophane-(La)40.4.7.2La(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Natrophosphate42.13.9.1Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Bonshtedtite43.2.1.3Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Bradleyite43.2.1.1Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Sidorenkite43.2.1.2Na3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Peatite-(Y) (TL)43.4.14.Li4Na12Y12(PO4)12(CO3)4(F,OH)8
Ramikite-(Y) (TL)43.4.15.Li4(Na,Ca)12Y6Zr6(PO4)12(CO3)4O4[(OH),F]4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fluorbritholite-(Ce) (TL)52.4.9.8(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Cappelenite-(Y)54.2.3.1Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Hingganite-(Ce)54.2.1a.2(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Stillwellite-(Ce)54.2.3.2(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [4] and higher coordination
Barylite55.1.1.1Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Parakeldyshite55.2.2.3Na2ZrSi2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Leucophanite55.4.2.4NaCaBeSi2O6F
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Barytolamprophyllite56.2.6c.1(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Epistolite56.2.7.1Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hiortdahlite56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)56.2.5.2NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Rosenbuschite56.2.4.8Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with [Si2O7] with other cation groups
Vuonnemite56.4.3.1Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Uedaite-(Ce)58.2.9.4{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Wadeite59.1.1.4K2Zr(Si3O9)
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Calciohilairite59.2.3.2CaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Gaidonnayite (TL)59.2.2.3Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Hilairite (TL)59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Paraumbite59.2.1.2K3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
Sazykinaite-(Y)59.2.3.3Na5YZr[SiO3]6 · 6H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Joaquinite-(Ce)60.1.1a.1NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)60.1.1b.1NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Lovozerite61.1.2a.1Na2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Petarasite (TL)61.1.2b.3Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Six-Membered Rings with other anions
Abenakiite-(Ce) (TL)61.4.1.1Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O
Steenstrupine-(Ce)61.4.2.1Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite (TL)63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Poudretteite (TL)63.2.1a.8KNa2B3Si12O30
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferrokentbrooksite (TL)64.1.2.2Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Johnsenite-(Ce) (TL)64.1.2.7Na12Ce3Ca6Mn3Zr3WSi25O73(CO3)(OH)2
Kentbrooksite64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Khomyakovite (TL)64.1.2.5Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Manganoeudialyte64.1.1.4Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Manganokhomyakovite (TL)64.1.2.6Na12Sr3Ca6Mn3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zirsilite-(Ce)64.1.5. Na11-12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si19O55)(Si3O9)2(CO3)(OH)3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Lintisite65.1.6.3LiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=6
Chkalovite65.5.2.1Na2BeSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Kaersutite ?66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Epididymite66.3.1.4Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eudidymite66.3.1.3Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Zircophyllite69.1.1.5K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Column or Tube Structures with Si2O7 dimers
Miserite70.2.1.1K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Penkvilksite70.2.2.1Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Column or Tube Structures with balo-silicates
Ashcroftine-(Y)70.3.1.1K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Manganoneptunite70.4.1.2Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kellyite71.1.2c.5Mn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Tainiolite71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite71.3.5.4Na(H2BSi2O7)
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Baileychlore71.4.1.6(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite ?72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Thornasite (TL)72.1.2.1(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Sazhinite-(Ce)72.2.1.3Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Carletonite (TL)72.3.1.4KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Leucosphenite72.5.2.1BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Monteregianite-(Y) (TL)72.5.1.2(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2O
Nordite-(Ce)72.5.2.2(Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Zeophyllite73.1.4.1Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Ganophyllite74.1.2.1(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Hogarthite (TL)74.3.4.4(Na,K)2CaTi2Si10O26 · 8H2O
Lemoynite (TL)74.3.3.2(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2O
Makatite74.3.5.2Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Natrosilite74.3.5.1Na2Si2O5
Revdite74.3.6.1Na16Si16O27(OH)26 · 28H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Silinaite (TL)74.3.5.3NaLiSi2O5 · 2H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite74.3.1a.2Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Yofortierite (TL)74.3.1a.3Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cancrisilite76.2.5.4Na7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
Eirikite76.2.11.3KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Genthelvite76.2.4.3Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Tugtupite76.2.3.7Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Ussingite76.3.3.1Na2AlSi3O8OH
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Gobbinsite77.1.3.4Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Paranatrolite (TL)77.1.5.3Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Zeolite group - related species
Gaultite (TL)77.2.6.1Na4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Perraultite (TL)78.1.5.2BaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Zakharovite78.1.17.1Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Raite78.5.8.1Na4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
Leifite78.7.10.1(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Magadiite78.7.12.1Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Terskite78.7.15.1Na4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamsite-(Y) (TL)-NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite Group'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Arfvedsonite Root Name'-ANa2(Z2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Astrophyllite Supergroup'-A2pFrC7D2(T4O12)2IXOD2XOA4XPDnWA2
'Astrophyllite-Kupletskite Series'-
'Biotite'-
Bobshannonite (TL)-Na2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2
Bobtraillite (TL)-(Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Bussyite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4
Bussyite-(Y) (TL)-(Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34
'Cancrinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Charleshatchettite (TL)-CaNb4O10(OH)2·8H2O
'Charmarite-2H'-Mn2+4Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
'Charmarite-3T'-Mn2+4Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca-Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-K ?-K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Donnayite Group'-
'Eudialyte Group'-
Faujasite-Na-(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferri-kaersutite-NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-eckermannite'-NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-nybøite (TL)-NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-ferri-sadanagaite'-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-nybøite'-NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite-K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluornatropyrochlore-(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Garronite-Na (TL)-Na6(Al6Si10O32)·8.5H2O
Gismondine-Ca-CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gjerdingenite-Na (TL)-K2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2O
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Haineaultite (TL)-(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
'Hellandite Group'-X4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
Heyerdahlite-Na3Mn7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
Hydroterskite-Na2ZrSi6O12(OH)6
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kapustinite-Na5(Na,Mn2+)<1Zr(H2Si6O18)
Korobitsynite-Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)-Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Labuntsovite-Mn-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lalondeite (TL)-(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2O
'Lanthanite'-
Laurentianite (TL)-Na3Nb3Si4O17 · 9H2O
Lecoqite-(Y) (TL)-Na3Y(CO3)3 · 6H2O
'Leifite Group'-
Litvinskite-Na2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6
'Lovozerite Group'-A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Lukechangite-(Ce) (TL)-Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Malinkoite-NaBSiO4
Manganokukisvumite (TL)-Na6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
Martinite (TL)-(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2O
Mazzite-Na-Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Micheelsenite (TL)-(Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
'Molybdenite-3R'-MoS2
Natrite-Na2CO3
Natrolemoynite (TL)-Na4Zr2Si10O26•9H2O
Niobokupletskite (TL)-K2NaMn2+7(Nb,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)
Nolzeite (TL)-NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2·2H2O
Normandite (TL)-NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Oneillite (TL)-Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Palygorskite Group'-
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na-(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Phosinaite-(Ce)-Na13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
Potassic-richterite-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Quintinite-3T'-Mg4Al2(OH)12CO3 · 4H2O
Reederite-(Y) (TL)-(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)Cl
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rogermitchellite (TL)-Na6Sr12Ba2Zr13Si39B4O123(OH)6 ·20H2O
Rémondite-(La)-Na3(La,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sazhinite-(La)-Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Sheldrickite (TL)-NaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2O
Steedeite (TL)-NaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2
Tadzhikite-(Ce) ?-Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
'Tetranatrolite'-
Thomasclarkite-(Y) (TL)-(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tsepinite-Na-Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Tumchaite-Na2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Turkestanite-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
'UM1986-63-SiO:FeHKMnNa'-(K,Na)4-x(Mn,Fe)4-ySi8O20 · nH2O
'UM1990-13-CO:HNaREESrY '-Sr2Na2(Ce,La)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O ?
'UM1990-71-SiO:FeHKMnNaTi'-(Na,K)3Ti2(Fe,Mn)2-3Si8O20 · nH2O
'Unnamed (MSH UK-37A)'-Sr3NaCaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
'Unnamed (MSH UK-51)'-Al(OH)3 ?
'Unnamed (MSH UK-53B)'-NaBSiO4
'Unnamed (MSH UK-86)'-Fe, S, Si, O, Na, K, Cl
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite Root NameANa2(Z42+Fe3+}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H Ashcroftine-(Y)K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BehoiteBe(OH)2
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H BobshannoniteNa2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2
H Bobtraillite(Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H Bussyite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4
H Bussyite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H CalciohilairiteCaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
H CaresiteFe42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H CharleshatchettiteCaNb4O10(OH)2·8H2O
H CharmariteMn42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H Charmarite-2HMn42+Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H Charmarite-3TMn42+Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Clinoptilolite-KK6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H DorfmaniteNa2HPO4 · 2H2O
H DoyleiteAl(OH)3
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
H ErditeNaFeS2 · 2H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
H Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
H Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe32+,Mg)Fe23+](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
H FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
H Ferro-nybøiteNaNa2(Fe32+Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
H GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
H Garronite-NaNa6(Al6Si10O32)·8.5H2O
H GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
H Gjerdingenite-NaK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HeyerdahliteNa3Mn7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
H Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
H Hogarthite(Na,K)2CaTi2Si10O26 · 8H2O
H HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydroterskiteNa2ZrSi6O12(OH)6
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
H Johnsenite-(Ce)Na12Ce3Ca6Mn3Zr3WSi25O73(CO3)(OH)2
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KapustiniteNa5(Na,Mn2+)<1Zr(H2Si6O18)
H KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
H KhomyakoviteNa12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
H Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
H Lalondeite(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2O
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H LaurentianiteNa3Nb3Si4O17 · 9H2O
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Lecoqite-(Y)Na3Y(CO3)3 · 6H2O
H Leifite(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
H Lemoynite(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
H LitvinskiteNa2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LovozeriteNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
H Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
H MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
H ManganokhomyakoviteNa12Sr3Ca6Mn3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H ManganokukisvumiteNa6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
H Martinite(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2O
H Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
H Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Micheelsenite(Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
H Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Monteregianite-(Y)(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NahpoiteNa2HPO4
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H NatrolemoyniteNa4Zr2Si10O26•9H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
H Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H NiobokupletskiteK2NaMn72+(Nb,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)
H NiveolaniteNaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
H NolzeiteNaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2·2H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
H Peatite-(Y)Li4Na12Y12(PO4)12(CO3)4(F,OH)8
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
H PerraultiteBaNaMn42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
H PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H Quintinite-3TMg4Al2(OH)12CO3 · 4H2O
H RaiteNa4Mn32+Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
H Ramikite-(Y)Li4(Na,Ca)12Y6Zr6(PO4)12(CO3)4O4[(OH),F]4
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H RevditeNa16Si16O27(OH)26 · 28H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H RogermitchelliteNa6Sr12Ba2Zr13Si39B4O123(OH)6 ·20H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
H Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
H Sazykinaite-(Y)Na5YZr[SiO3]6 · 6H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
H SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H SheldrickiteNaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2O
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H SilinaiteNaLiSi2O5 · 2H2O
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
H SteedeiteNaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2
H Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn22+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
H TerskiteNa4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H Thomasclarkite-(Y)(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
H Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
H TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
H TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
H Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H UM1986-63-SiO:FeHKMnNa(K,Na)4-x(Mn,Fe)4-ySi8O20 · nH2O
H UM1990-13-CO:HNaREESrY Sr2Na2(Ce,La)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O ?
H UM1990-71-SiO:FeHKMnNaTi(Na,K)3Ti2(Fe,Mn)2-3Si8O20 · nH2O
H Unnamed (MSH UK-37A)Sr3NaCaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H Unnamed (MSH UK-51)Al(OH)3 ?
H UssingiteNa2AlSi3O8OH
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
H WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
H ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
H ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
H ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
H Zirsilite-(Ce)Na11-12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si19O55)(Si3O9)2(CO3)(OH)3 · H2O
LiLithium
Li GriceiteLiF
Li LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
Li ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Li NalipoiteNaLi2PO4
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Li Peatite-(Y)Li4Na12Y12(PO4)12(CO3)4(F,OH)8
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li Ramikite-(Y)Li4(Na,Ca)12Y6Zr6(PO4)12(CO3)4O4[(OH),F]4
Li SilinaiteNaLiSi2O5 · 2H2O
Li SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Li TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
BeBeryllium
Be BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BehoiteBe(OH)2
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylloniteNaBePO4
Be Bussyite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4
Be Bussyite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34
Be ChkaloviteNa2BeSi2O6
Be EirikiteKNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Be EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Be EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Be GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Leifite(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Be LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be NiveolaniteNaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
Be TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12Cl
BBoron
B Bobtraillite(Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
B Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Hellandite GroupX4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
B LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
B MalinkoiteNaBSiO4
B Martinite(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2O
B NolzeiteNaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2·2H2O
B PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
B RogermitchelliteNa6Sr12Ba2Zr13Si39B4O123(OH)6 ·20H2O
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
B SteedeiteNaMn2[Si3BO9](OH)2
B Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
B Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce23+Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
B Unnamed (MSH UK-53B)NaBSiO4
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O
C Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
C Ashcroftine-(Y)K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
C Astrophyllite SupergroupA2pFrC7D2(T4O12)2IXOD2XOA4XPDnWA2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
C BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C CaresiteFe42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
C CharmariteMn42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C Charmarite-2HMn42+Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
C Charmarite-3TMn42+Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
C GraphiteC
C Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Johnsenite-(Ce)Na12Ce3Ca6Mn3Zr3WSi25O73(CO3)(OH)2
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Lecoqite-(Y)Na3Y(CO3)3 · 6H2O
C Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
C Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C Micheelsenite(Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
C NatriteNa2CO3
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C NiveolaniteNaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Peatite-(Y)Li4Na12Y12(PO4)12(CO3)4(F,OH)8
C Petersenite-(Ce)Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5
C PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C Quintinite-3TMg4Al2(OH)12CO3 · 4H2O
C Ramikite-(Y)Li4(Na,Ca)12Y6Zr6(PO4)12(CO3)4O4[(OH),F]4
C Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)Cl
C Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
C Rémondite-(La)Na3(La,Ce)3(CO3)5
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
C RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
C SabinaiteNa4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4
C SheldrickiteNaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2O
C Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
C ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C Thomasclarkite-(Y)(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2O
C ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
C UM1990-13-CO:HNaREESrY Sr2Na2(Ce,La)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O ?
C Unnamed (MSH UK-37A)Sr3NaCaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C VateriteCaCO3
C WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C Zirsilite-(Ce)Na11-12(Ce,Na)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si19O55)(Si3O9)2(CO3)(OH)3 · H2O
NNitrogen
N Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
OOxygen
O Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Arfvedsonite Root NameANa2(Z42+Fe3+}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
O Ashcroftine-(Y)K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O Astrophyllite SupergroupA2pFrC7D2(T4O12)2IXOD2XOA4XPDnWA2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BehoiteBe(OH)2
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BerylloniteNaBePO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BobshannoniteNa2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2
O Bobtraillite(Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
O Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
O BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O BrookiteTiO2
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Bussyite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4
O Bussyite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
O CalciohilairiteCaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
O Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O CaresiteFe42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
O CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CharleshatchettiteCaNb4O10(OH)2·8H2O
O CharmariteMn42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
O Charmarite-2HMn42+Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Charmarite-3TMn42+Al2(CO3)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O ChkaloviteNa2BeSi2O6
O ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Clinoptilolite-KK6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O CorundumAl2O3
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O DorfmaniteNa2HPO4 · 2H2O
O DoyleiteAl(OH)3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O EirikiteKNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
O ErditeNaFeS2 · 2H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
O EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
O Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
O Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
O Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe32+,Mg)Fe23+](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
O FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
O Ferro-nybøiteNaNa2(Fe32+Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
O GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
O Garronite-NaNa6(Al6Si10O32)·8.5H2O
O GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
O GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
O Gjerdingenite-NaK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2O
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
O Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Hellandite GroupX4Q2ZT2[B4Si4O22]W2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O HeyerdahliteNa3Mn7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
O Hogarthite(Na,K)2CaTi2Si10O26 · 8H2O
O Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2
O HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HydroterskiteNa2ZrSi6O12(OH)6
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
O Johnsenite-(Ce)Na12Ce3Ca6Mn3Zr3WSi25O73(CO3)(OH)2
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KapustiniteNa5(Na,Mn2+)<1Zr(H2Si6O18)
O KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
O KhomyakoviteNa12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3W[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
O KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
O Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
O Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
O Lalondeite(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2O
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O LaurentianiteNa3Nb3Si4O17 · 9H2O
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Lecoqite-(Y)Na3Y(CO3)3 · 6H2O
O Leifite(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
O Lemoynite(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
O LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
O LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
O LitvinskiteNa2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O LovozeriteNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
O Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
O MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca