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Hilfe Gottes Mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Hilfe Gottes an der Wiemannsbucht (Erzbergwerk Bad Grund; Erzbergwerk Grund), Bad Grund, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 51° 48' 19'' North , 10° 13' 25'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 51.80537,10.22349
GeoHash:G#: u1pq8wus0
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


A large lead and zinc mine, owned by Preussag Metall AG and closed in 1992. The ores, mainly galena and sphalerite, are included in calcite veins hosted by carboniferous slates.
This mine was alreay mentioned in 1564 as 'Hilff Gots im Grundt'.
Located 1.5 km ESE of Bad Grund and about 5 km west of Clausthal-Zellerfeld.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


45 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: No reference listed
Akrochordite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Haack, U., Schnorrer-Koehler, G. & Lueders, V. (1987): Seltenerd-Minerale aus hydrothermalen Gängen des Harzes. Chemie der Erde 47, 41-45 (in German).
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: No reference listed
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Haack, U., Schnorrer-Koehler, G. & Lueders, V. (1987): Seltenerd-Minerale aus hydrothermalen Gängen des Harzes. Chemie der Erde 47, 41-45 (in German).
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: No reference listed
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: No reference listed
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: No reference listed
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: No reference listed
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: No reference listed
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: No reference listed
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: No reference listed
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: No reference listed
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: No reference listed
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: No reference listed
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 199.
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Haack, U., Schnorrer-Koehler, G. & Lueders, V. (1987): Seltenerd-Minerale aus hydrothermalen Gängen des Harzes. Chemie der Erde 47, 41-45 (in German).
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: No reference listed
'Wad'
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Antimony'1.CA.05Sb
'Mercury'1.AD.05Hg
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Kermesite'2.FD.05Sb2S2O
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Polybasite'2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
'Proustite'2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
'Pyrargyrite'2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stibnite'2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Lepidocrocite'4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Bastnäsite-(Y)'5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Kutnohorite'5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
'Strontianite'5.AB.15SrCO3
'Synchysite-(Y)'5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Akrochordite'8.DD.10(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Y)16a.1.1.3Y(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Akrochordite42.4.1.1(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
OOxygen
O Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
MgMagnesium
Mg Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
MnManganese
Mn Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
YYttrium
Y Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
Y Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Permian
251.902 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 3145573
Late Permian dolomite/dolostone

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 272.95 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{dolomite/dolostone}, Minor{limestone,siltstone,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Carboniferous - Silurian
298.9 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3191443
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (298.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2618305

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: marine

Comments: Kulm facies

Lithology: Graywacke, shale and/or slate, plattenkalk, kieselkalk, radiolarite, alum shale

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Sperling, H. (1973): Die Erzgänge des Erzbergwerkes Grund.
- Slotta, R., Stedingk, K. & Steinkamm, U. (1987): Der Blei-Zink-Erzbergbau von Bad Grund, Harz. Emser Hefte 1987, Nr. 1, 1ff.
- Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168
- S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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