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Skaergaard intrusion, Sermersooq, Greenland, Denmark

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 68° 12' 51'' North , 31° 51' 42'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 68.21444,-31.86194
GeoHash:G#: gk1k4fncf
Locality type:Intrusion
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


7-km-wide mafic layered intrusion.

From Wikipedia:

"The Skaergaard intrusion is a layered igneous intrusion in the Kangerlussuaq area, East Greenland. It comprises various rock types including gabbro, ferro diorite, anorthosite, and granophyre.

Discovered by Lawrence Wager in 1931 during the British Arctic Air Route Expedition led by Gino Watkins, the intrusion has been important to the development of key concepts in igneous petrology, including magma differentiation and fractional crystallisation and the development of layering. The Skaergaard intrusion formed when tholeiitic magma was emplaced about 55 million years ago, during the initial opening of the North Atlantic Ocean. The body represents essentially a single pulse of magma, which crystallized from the bottom upward and the top downward. The intrusion is characterized by exceptionally well-developed cumulate layering defined by variations in the abundance of crystallizing olivine, pyroxene, plagioclase and magnetite."

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Skaergaard intrusion

Regions containing this locality

North Atlantic Igneous Province

Large Igneous Province - 385 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

48 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006) Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.; Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006) Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.; Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
'Apatite'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632.; Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Tegner, C. (1997) Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 128, 45-51.; Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Augite var: Ferrohedenbergite
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.; Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Biotite'
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Bogdanovite
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., and Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-4290.
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Tegner, C. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 128, 45-51.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Gold
Formula: Au
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Reference:  
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Nielsenite (TL)
Formula: PdCu3
Reference: McDonald A.M., Cabri L.J., Rudashevsky N.S., Stanley C.J., Rudashevsky V.N. , and K.C. Ross: Nielsenite, a new platinum-group intermatallic mineral spoecies from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist 46,709-716(2008); Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
'commodity:Platinum-Group Metals'
Reference:  
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Skaergaardite (TL)
Formula: PdCu
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Sopcheite
Formula: Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Telargpalite
Formula: (Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Reference: Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Telluropalladinite
Formula: Pd9Te4
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'
Formula: Au3Cu
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd'
Formula: (Cu,Pd,Au)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Unnamed (PdAuCu)'
Formula: PdAuCu
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)'
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Sn)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)'
Formula: Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
Vasilite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.
Wollastonite var: Ferrowollastonite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Lindsley, D.H. and Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2, 193-201.
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632; Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Auricupride'1.AA.10aCu3Au
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Nielsenite (TL)1.AG.70PdCu3
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Skaergaardite (TL)1.AG.45PdCu
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
UM1991-06-E:AuCu1.AA.05Au3Cu
UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd1.AA.05(Cu,Pd,Au)
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Bogdanovite'2.BA.80(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltpentlandite'2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Sopcheite2.BC.55Ag4Pd3Te4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Telargpalite2.BC.45(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Telluropalladinite2.BC.30Pd9Te4
Vasilite2.BC.25(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chlorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferrohedenbergite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite'9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Ferrobustamite'9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
var: Ferrowollastonite9.DG.05(Ca,Fe)SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hornblende-
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-
Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)-(Pd,Cu,Sn)
Unnamed (PdAuCu)-PdAuCu
Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)-Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.1.2.4Au3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Zvyagintsevite1.2.5.4Pd3Pb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Telargpalite2.1.3.1(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Bogdanovite2.2.3.1(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Palarstanide2.3.3.2Pd5(Sn,As)2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Sopcheite2.16.10.1Ag4Pd3Te4
Telluropalladinite2.16.6.1Pd9Te4
Vasilite2.16.22.1(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Augite
var: Ferrohedenbergite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Nielsenite (TL)-PdCu3
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Skaergaardite (TL)-PdCu
'UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd'-(Cu,Pd,Au)
'Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)'-(Pd,Cu,Sn)
'Unnamed (PdAuCu)'-PdAuCu
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)'-Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
Wollastonite
var: Ferrowollastonite
-(Ca,Fe)SiO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
O Wollastonite (var: Ferrowollastonite)(Ca,Fe)SiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Si Wollastonite (var: Ferrowollastonite)(Ca,Fe)SiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S DigeniteCu9S5
S SphaleriteZnS
S Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
S Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ca Wollastonite (var: Ferrowollastonite)(Ca,Fe)SiO3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fe Wollastonite (var: Ferrowollastonite)(Ca,Fe)SiO3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe TulameenitePt2CuFe
Fe Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
CoCobalt
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
NiNickel
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ni Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
CuCopper
Cu AuricuprideCu3Au
Cu Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu NielsenitePdCu3
Cu SkaergaarditePdCu
Cu Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
Cu TulameenitePt2CuFe
Cu UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
Cu UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
Cu Unnamed (PdAuCu)PdAuCu
Cu Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)(Pd,Cu,Sn)
Cu Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
Cu Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
As PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
As SperrylitePtAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
PdPalladium
Pd KeithconnitePd20Te7
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd NielsenitePdCu3
Pd PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
Pd SkaergaarditePdCu
Pd SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
Pd Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Pd TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
Pd UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
Pd Unnamed (PdAuCu)PdAuCu
Pd Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)(Pd,Cu,Sn)
Pd Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
Pd Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Pd Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
Pd ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag SilverAg
Ag SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
Ag Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
SnTin
Sn PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
Sn Unnamed (Pd-Cu-Sn Alloy)(Pd,Cu,Sn)
TeTellurium
Te Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Te KeithconnitePd20Te7
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
Te Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
Te TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
Te Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt TulameenitePt2CuFe
Pt Unnamed (Pt-Fe-Cu-Pd Alloy)Pt, Fe, Cu, Pd
AuGold
Au AuricuprideCu3Au
Au Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
Au UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
Au UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
Au Unnamed (PdAuCu)PdAuCu
PbLead
Pb Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Pb ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
BiBismuth
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Bi Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3191982
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Nagssugtoqidian Mobile Belt

Lithology: Granulite grade gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3158058
Archean gneiss

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: high grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Mesoarchean
2800 - 3200 Ma



ID: 631593
Supracrustal; Sedimentary and/or volcanic: undivided

Age: Mesoarchean (2800 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Greenland, Rae Craton (Greenland)

Comments: Craton and massif; Escher & Pulvertaft, 1995; Hamann et al., 2005; Jepsen, unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Mafic, intermediate and felsic volcanics, clastic metasedimentary rocks, schist, iron-formation; ultramafics, anorthosite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lindsley, D.H., Muir, I.D. (1969) Conditions of the ferrowollastonite-ferrohedenbergite inversion in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper: 2: 193-201.
Manning, C.E., Bird, D.K. (1986) Hydrothermal clinopyroxenes of the Skaergaard intrusion. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 92: 437-447.
Tegner, C. (1997) Iron in plagioclase as a monitor of the differentiation of the Skaergaard intrusion. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 128: 45-51.
Rudashevsky, N.S., McDonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Nielsen, T.F.D., Stanley, C.J., Kretzer, Yu.L., Rudashevsky, V.N. (2004) Skaergaardite, PdCu, a new platinum-group intermetallic mineral from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine: 68(4): 615–632.
Thomassen, B., Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006) Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.
McDonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Rudashevsky, N.S., Stanley, C.J., Rudashevsky, V.N., Ross, K.C. (2008) Nielsenite, a new platinum-group intermetallic mineral species from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 709-716.
Namur, O., Humphreys, M.C.S., Holness, M.B., Veksler, I.V. (2013) Solidification of interstitial melt in a gabbroic crystal mush: the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts: 15: EGU2013-4290.
Holwell, D.A., Keays, R.R., McDonald, I., Williams, M.R. (2015) Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 170(5-6): 1-26.
Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Holness, M.B., Nielsen, T.F.D., Tegner, C. (2017): The Skaergaard intrusion of East Greenland: paradigms, problems and new perspectives. Elements 13, 391-396.
Morse, S.A., Davidson, J.P., Tepley III, F.J. (2017): Plagioclase zonation: an archive of trapped liquid and crustal contamination. Elements 13, 403-408.

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