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Ludwig Mine, Ludwig, Yerington District, Singatse Range, Lyon Co., Nevada, USAi
Regional Level Types
Ludwig MineMine
Ludwig- not defined -
Yerington DistrictMining District
Singatse RangeMountain Range
Lyon Co.County
NevadaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 57' 26'' North , 119° 16' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Yerington3,064 (2017)10.2km
Smith1,033 (2006)18.0km
Smith Valley1,603 (2011)20.2km
Topaz Ranch Estates1,501 (2017)31.5km
Fish Springs648 (2017)32.5km


2 miles west of Bluestone. Garnetised limestone.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Castor & Ferdock, "Minerals of Nevada" NBMG #31 p. 275
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: from Jungles collection
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: from Jungles collection
'Axinite Group'
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Lapidary grade
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: from Jungles collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Copper Handbook 1911
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Copper Handbook 1911
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: from Jungles collection
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Found on iron rails
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Engineering & Mining Journal (1900) Vol 70 p 673
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Castor & Ferdock, "Minerals of Nevada" NBMG #31 p. 272
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Castor & Ferdock, "Minerals of Nevada" NBMG #31 p. 275
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Castor & Ferdock, "Minerals of Nevada" NBMG #31 p.347
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: from Jungles collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: from Jungles collection
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: from Jungles collection
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Description: reported "from a prospect close to the Ludwig townsite"
Reference: Castor & Ferdock, "Minerals of Nevada" NBMG #31, p.454
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S CovelliteCuS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3192576
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Middle Jurassic - Middle Triassic
163.5 - 247.2 Ma



ID: 2767189
Walker Lake Terrane - Pine Nut assemblage - Volcanogenic, carbonate, and clastic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (163.5 - 247.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Excelsior Formation

Description: This assemblage is composed of Upper Triassic basinal-marine volcanic and carbonate rocks overlain by Lower Jurassic fine-grained, marine siliciclastic and tuffaceous sedimentary rocks, and by partly nonmarine sandstone, coarse clastic rocks, and volcanic rocks of late Early Jurassic and possibly younger age. This assemblage has stratigraphic similarities to the Luning-Berlin and Pamlico-Lodi assemblages, but shares only part of their late Mesozoic structural history, and is separated from them by the linear trace of the northwesterly trending Pine Nut fault (Oldow, 1984a; Silberling, Jones, and others, 1992). Structurally, the rocks are involved in only a single phase of tight to isoclinal folds with north-northwest striking axial planes, and no major internal thrust faults are known (Oldow, 1984a). The Pine Nut assemblage crops out in southern Washoe, Lyon, Douglas, Carson, and Mineral Counties, and includes rocks originally mapped as the Excelsior Formation, the Peavine sequence, and other metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks.

Comments: Original map source: Crafford, A.E.J., 2007, Geologic Map of Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 249, 1 CD-ROM, 46 p., 1 plate; Scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{volcanic,carbonate,clastic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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