Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Kipawa alkaline complex, Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue, Témiscamingue RCM, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Québec, Canada

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 48' 10'' North , 78° 29' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.80278,-78.49472
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate

Formerly: Kipawa alkaline complex, Lac Sheffield, Villedieu Township, Témiscamingue County, Québec, Canada

This is a metamorphosed alkaline intrusive and also the type locality of agrellite, gittinsite and hiortdahlite II.

Mineral List

48 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
AARDEN, H. M., (1969). Hiortdahlite from Kipawa River,Quebec: its Chemistry and Mineralogy. Ph. D. thesis, Univ. Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
AARDEN, H. M., & GITTINS, J., (1974). Hiortdahlite from Kipawa river, Villedieu township, Temiscaming County, Québec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 241-247.
CURRIE,K.L.& VAN BREEMEN, O. (1996). The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, Western Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.435
ANSELL, H.G., ROBERTS, A.C., PLANT, A.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1980): Gittinsite, a new calcium zirconium silicate from the Kipawa agpaitic syenite complex.. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 201-203.
BERRY, I.G., LIN, HSI CHE, and DAVIS, G.C. (1972) A new occurrence of miserite from the Kipawa Lake area, Temiscamingue Co., Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 569. (Abstract)
CURRIE, K.L. & VAN BREEMEN, O. (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34, 435-451.
GITTINS, J., BOWN, M.G. & STURMAN, D. (1976) Agrellite, a new rock-forming mineral in regionally metamorphosed agpaitic alkalic rocks. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 120-126.
GHOSE, S. & WAN, CHENG (1979): Agrellite, Na(Ca,RE)2Si4O10F: a layer structure with silicate tubes. American Mineralogist 64, 563-572.
MERLINO, S. & PERCHIAZZI, N. (1985): The crystal structure of hiortdahlite I. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 34, 297-310.
MERLINO, S. & PERCHIAZZI, N. (1987): The crystal structure of hiortdahlite II. Mineralogy and Petrology 37, 25-35.
ROBERTS, A.C. & BONARDI, M. (1983) Potassian gaidonnayite from the Kipawa agpaiitic syenite complex, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 83-1A, 480-482.
ROELOFSEN-AHL, J.N. & PETERSON, R.C. (1989): Gittinsite: a modification of the thortveitite structure. Canadian Mineralogist 27, 703-708.

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 23, 2018 14:00:38 Page generated: January 23, 2018 11:54:22
Go to top of page