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Globe Hills, Globe Hills District, Globe-Miami District, Gila Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Globe HillsGroup of Hills
Globe Hills DistrictMining District
Globe-Miami DistrictMining District
Gila Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° North , 110° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~65km
Locality type:
Group of Hills


In all of the veins the principal hypogene minerals are quartz, pyrite, chalcopyrite, bornite, and specularite. Cuprite that is intergrown with specular hematite may also be hypogene. Sphalerite and galena occur locally in very small amounts, and a little tetrahedrite and enargite have been reported in the ores of the old Dominion Mine.

The veins were formed by replacement of breccia and wall rock along faults and fissures that cut upper Precambrian and Paleozoic sedimentary rocks and bodies of diabase intruded into them. Undoubtedly the veins continue downward into the underlying Pinal schist, but the few that have been followed down to the schist were found to be poorly mineralized. Some of the veins, the Old Dominion for example, are along faults that have displacements of several hundred feet, whereas others follow fissures with little or no displacement. The largest and most continuous orebodies are along faults or segments of faults having relatively large displacements.

In general, the ore does not appear to be limited to definite shoots of great vertical extent but rather seems to be localized in areas of the fault zones that show a definite relationship to the formations traversed by the faults; that is, the character and volume of the vein matter differ from place to place, according to the type of wall rock. Except for limestones of the Paleozoic age, the differences are due mainly to the physical characteristics of the rocks that affect the permeability of the fault zones rather than to the chemical character of the rocks.

Very abrupt changes occur where veins pass from one type of rock to another. The Paleozoic limestones were the most readily replaced and commonly contain thick lenses of very rich ore. In some places, flat tabular orebodies extend outward along certain especially favorable beds as far as a hundred feet from the vein fault. Extensive orebodies have been mined between walls of mescal limestone and between walls of the various quartzite and sandstone formations or any combination of these formations. Good orebodies may be found also where diabase forms one wall and any of the sedimentary formations the other; but where both walls are of diabase, the vein fault is likely to be tight and poorly mineralized or entirely barren.

Apparently the veins pinch and swell and range from a single quartz stringer to broad zones of wholly or partly replaced breccia, or lodes comprised of several to many irregular, discontinuous stringers. The character of the vein changes abruptly with changes of wall rocks. Where the vein faults traverse quartzite, the veins are zones of loose, angular breccia in which the vein minerals occur as replacement films or crusts coating the rock fragments and locally, fill the spaces between the fragments. In other places, the vein faults contain only sporadic deposits of quartz, coarse granular pyrite intergrown with some chalcopyrite, and specularite. Specularite is commonly present in otherwise barren parts of the vein faults, and it may continue far beyond the limits of areas characterized by quartz and sulfides.

Most of the copper veins have been affected by supergene enrichment, much that probably occurred while the veins were exposed during the interval of erosion that preceded the eruption of dacite, because rich chalcocite ore and some leached gossan are present under thick cover of dacite and Gila conglomerate.

The copper-bearing veins of the Globe Hills area have yielded less than 20% of the total metal produced from the district, but nevertheless, their contribution amounts to nearly 1 billion pounds of copper and more than $9,000,000 in gold and silver (period values).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert
San Pedro river valley, Arizona/Sonora, USA/MexicoValley

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

66 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Occurs along bedding planes in Mescal Limestone as a mountain leather.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 101; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 92.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Occurs in veins as much as 6 inches (15 cm) wide in altered diabase.
Reference: Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 75; Lausen, C. (1923), Geology of the Old Dominion mine, Globe, Arizona, unpublished M.A. thesis, Univ. AZ; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 64.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ankerite var: Manganoan Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Description: Along with rhodochrosite, one of the principal hypogene gangue minerals in this deposit; generally fine-grained and commonly intergrown with quartz.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 113, 353; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 74, 131.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 146, 291; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 146, 291; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: ; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J.Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 42; Dana 7:II:14.
'Buserite'
Formula: Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Reference: Am. Min. 87, 580-591 (2002); Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities:
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Occurs as stalactites and floor coverings in old workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 60.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: MacFall (1951), Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities:
'Copper Stain'
Description: Stains of copper carbonates rarely seen.
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 110.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 196; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 33; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 30.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 20:591.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10046353, MRDS ID #M241482.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min. Record:20:447.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10046353, MRDS ID #M241482.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities:
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities:
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Colour: Bright yellow
Description: Powdery coatings on & in cerussite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 290; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 72, 126; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 106.
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 146, 291; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Occurs on the 15th. level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs on the 15th. level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Min. Record:20:447.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Colour: Black
Description: Rich druses; free-standing, arborescent-botryoidal forms (rare).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 306-307; Wilson, W. (1971), Min.Rec.: 2: 252-258; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 128; Rocks & Min.: 20:591; Rocks & Min.: 20:591; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 105.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10109030, MRDS ID #M002898.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 319.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10109030, MRDS ID #M002898.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: A gangue mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 169; Guild, F.N. (1917), A microscopic study of the silver ores and their associated minerals, Econ.Geol.: 12: 297-353.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities:
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 385; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 16.
Takanelite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Reference: Bargar, J. R., Fuller, C. C., Marcus, M. A., Brearley, A. J., De la Rosa, M. P., Webb, S. M., & Caldwell, W. A. (2009). Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(4), 889-910.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 415.
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
'Buserite'4.FL.35Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Takanelite4.FL.40(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
var: Manganoan Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Takanelite7.10.1.2(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ankerite
var: Manganoan Ankerite
-Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
'Buserite'-Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Copper Stain'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Ankerite (var: Manganoan Ankerite)Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CupriteCu2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MassicotPbO
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O Ankerite (var: Manganoan Ankerite)Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FFluorine
F MatlockitePbFCl
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Ankerite (var: Manganoan Ankerite)Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ankerite (var: Manganoan Ankerite)Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Ankerite (var: Manganoan Ankerite)Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Ankerite (var: Manganoan Ankerite)Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MassicotPbO
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 97-120.

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