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Alice Mary Mine, Kundip, Ravensthorpe Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Alice Mary MineMine
Kundip- not defined -
Ravensthorpe ShireShire
Western AustraliaState

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 40' 29'' South , 120° 12' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -33.67491,120.20232
GeoHash:G#: qdj2rm8tk
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
Ravensthorpe1,101 (2012)17.6km
Hopetoun584 (2014)31.4km

A historic copper mine. Tectonic Resources is presently (2012) accessing the feasiblity of opening the mine again. The company states the deposit also holds gold, silver, lead and zinc. Located approximately 20 kilometres south of Raventhorpe to the east of the Ravensthorpe-Hopetoun Road.

There has been miniature specimens of lavendulan rarely seen on the market from this mine. A passing reference is made to lavendulan at the mine (Sampleite from Jingemia Cave, Mineralogical Magazine, Sept 1978, Vol 42, pp369-371, P.J. Bridge et al.) although the article itself relates to a different species and location in Western Australia. More information is needed on the provenance of these lavendulan specimens.

A newspaper article (Western Mail, Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals 27/02/1909), which rarely for a newspaper printed a geology piece. Its included as provides useful information about species at the mine, but fails to mention lavendulan. I part quote and part summarise due to the 'flowery' nature of the article:

'The Government Geologist has received the following interesting report from the Assistant Government Geologist (Mr Woodward). The facts are briefly as follows- whilst engaged upon the recent examination of the field I was struck by the appearance of certain minerals in the ore from Alice Mary, ML99, owned by Mr (John) Ellis, which were suppose to be cuprite and azurite but did not answer the description of these minerals. I therefore collected as many as I could carry, and upon my return to Perth submitted these to Mr Simpson for determination. They proved to be olivenite and erythrite'(which are described later as streaks of pink).

The article proceeds to describe a third mineral but did not have enough material to identify so got more ore from Mr Ellis.

'In this second lot of ore two more minerals hitherto unrecorded in this State has been detected- symplesite and cobaltite. The latter two minerals are an intermate admixture in the form of veins and nodules of massive black and green symplesite, inpregnated with finely granular cobaltite and occasionally by arsenopyrite'.

They regret much of the ore had already been sent to the smelters for copper as cobalt at the time was higly valuable.

The only historic references found for the mine was across 1909-1910 (2 articles). Either it was a small operation swallowed up by a neighbouring mine, changed its name, or ceased to exist as an active mine. It states it adjoins Xmas Gift Mine (which is still not much help) and the lease is 5 acres owned by John Ellis. The operation is described as very small, the copper occurring in bunches along a narrow lode. Handpicking brings the copper content to 16% and gold at 10dwt per tonne. Cobalt (Cobaltite) was struck at the 18 metres level and continues downwards. The 1910 reference merely states high grade ore struck. More information is needed here as well.

The difficulty with the Kundip field, is there were dozens of small mines covering several kilometres, as a continuous broad line of diggings and shafts. These have now been overgrown with thick scrub through one hundred years of neglect. A mine may have had only one shaft, or several with alluvial diggings as well, and it is very difficult to determine where one mine ends and the next starts. The writer noted the lack of specimens at any of the mines he visited. Tectonic Resources as noted in the first paragraph from another writer has dug several pits in one small section of the Kundip field.

A word of warning: you can only get to the field by hiking in. The maze of tracks and thick scrub means without local knowledge you are likely to become lost. Numerous unfenced open shafts exist surrounded by soft loamy unstable soil.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Central Australian Element, AustraliaCraton
Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia, AustraliaOrogen
Northern Foreland, Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia, AustraliaOrogen
Ravensthorpe Nickel Metallogenic Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Western Mail Newspaper (Perth), Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals; 27/02/1909
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Western Mail Newspaper (Perth), Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals; 27/02/1909
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: P Haas and RD Green collections
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 309
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Western Mail Newspaper (Perth), Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals; 27/02/1909
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Western Mail Newspaper (Perth), Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals; 27/02/1909
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 148
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 148

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3 <ø < 4
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

1000 - 1600 Ma

ID: 3186846
Mesoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Mount Barren Formation

Comments: Albany-Fraser Orogen

Lithology: Shale,sandstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 776732
andesite 74245

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Meta-andesite, locally porphyritic; mafic to intermediate tuff, agglomerate, and volcaniclastic rocks, dacite

Comments: igneous intermediate volcanic; igneous volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous intermediate volcanic; igneous volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Western Mail newspaper (Perth) (1909): Phillips River Goldfield. Discovery of New Minerals (27 Feb 1909)
The West Australian newspaper (Perth) (1909): The Phillips River Goldfield. Report by Inspector of Mines No2 (13 Aug 1909)

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