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Excelsior Mine, Cerro de Pasco, Pasco province, Pasco department, Peru

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 10° 44' 55'' South , 76° 8' 59'' West (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Arsenic Sulphide Glass No. 2'
Habit: Botryoidal masses
Colour: black with bright red internal reflections
Fluorescence: none
Description: Botryoidal masses often connected by laths of Dimorphite
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed. pg 890.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130; Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130; Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Gratonite (TL)
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Type Locality:
Habit: Heagonal prisms with rhombohedral terminations
Colour: grey
Fluorescence: none
Description: Found on rotting Marcasite, not many large specimens left
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1939) 24, 136; www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Mallardite
Formula: MnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130; Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Description: Ramdohr calls it fahlerz, but the locality is arsenic rich, so one would expect tannantite.
Reference: P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Dimorphite'2.FA.10As4S3
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gratonite' (TL)2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
'Luzonite'2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Seligmannite'2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Fibroferrite'7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
'Goslarite'7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Mallardite'7.CB.35MnSO4 · 7H2O
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Rozenite'7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
'Schwertmannite'7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
'Starkeyite'7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Arsenic Sulphide Glass No. 2'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Dimorphite2.6.1.1As4S3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Gratonite (TL)3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ø = 3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
Miscellaneous
Schwertmannite6.4.10.1Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mallardite29.6.10.5MnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Arsenic Sulphide Glass No. 2'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S DimorphiteAs4S3
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As DimorphiteAs4S3
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Smuda, Jochen; Dold, Bernhard; Friese, Kurt; Morgenstern, Peter; Glaesser, Walter (2007): Mineralogical and geochemical study of element mobility at the sulfide-​rich Excelsior waste rock dump from the polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​(Ag-​Bi-​Cu) ore deposit, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 92, 97-110.


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