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Kali Kafi Mine (Kale Kafi Mine), Anarak District, Nain County (Nayin County), Isfahan, Irani
Regional Level Types
Kali Kafi Mine (Kale Kafi Mine)Mine
Anarak DistrictDistrict
Nain County (Nayin County)County
IsfahanProvince
IranCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 32' 8'' North , 54° 32' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Porphyry copper deposit.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin from the (labelled) collection of Neil Hubbard
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Jambor, J.L. et al. (1996). "Clinoatacamite a new polymorph of Cu2(OH)3Cl and its relationship to paratactamite and "anarakite"." Canadian Mineralogist, 34,pp:61-72.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: P Haas collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Seelite
Formula: Mg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
Reference: Hairapetian collection
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
Zincrosasite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Manfred Kampf collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Group 3 - Halides
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Seelite4.JD.10Mg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Zincrosasite5.BA.10(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zincrosasite16a.3.1.4(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Seelite46.2.9.1Mg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Herbertsmithite-Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
ClChlorine
Cl HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3316499

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Low level piedment fan and valley terrace deposits

Reference: Sahandi, M.R., and M. Soheili (compilers). 1:1,000,000 scale Bedrock and Structural geology of Iran. National Geoscience Database of Iran. [191]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3188225
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Adib, D. 1972. Mineralogische untersuchungen in der oxydationszone der lagerstatte Tschah Khuni, Anarak, Zentral Iran. Inaugural dissertation. Heildelberg-Tehran.
Adib, D. and Ottemann, J. 1970. Some new lead oxide minerals and Murdochite from T. Khuni Mine, Anarak, Iran. Mineralium Deposita 5: 86-93.
Bariand, P. 1963. Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 86: 17-64.
Bariand, P. and Herpin, P. 1963. Une nouvelle espece minerale: l'iranite, chromate hydrate de plomb . Bulletin Societe Francaise Mineralogie et Cristallographie 86: 133-135.
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Mereiter, K., Paar, W.H., and Clark, A.M. 2004. Herbertsmithite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new species, and the definition of paratacamite. Mineralogical Magazine 68(3): 527–539.
Romanko, E., Y. Kokorin, B. Krivyakin, M. Susov, L. Morozov, and M. Sharkovski. 1984. Outline of metallogeny of Anarak area (Central Iran). V/O Technoexport, Report no. 21: 1-136. Tehran.
Wilke, H.-J. 1977. Persisches Tagebuch. Lapis, 2 (9): 30-34.


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