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Mount Rubellite Quarries, Hebron, Oxford County, Maine, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mount Rubellite QuarriesGroup of Quarries
Hebron- not defined -
Oxford CountyCounty
MaineState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 12' 51'' North , 70° 23' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Quarries
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hebron1,095 (2017)2.4km
Buckfield1,791 (2017)8.5km
South Paris2,267 (2017)10.2km
Paris5,073 (2017)10.5km
Turner5,470 (2017)11.3km


Closed location. Granite Pegmatite. Oxford pegmatite field. Hosted by the Patch Mountain member (a calc-silicate) of the Sangerville Formation. The contact contains diopside, calcite, minor grossular and perhaps vesuvianite.

The larger upper quarry is probably the original opening, active in the early 1860s and early 1890s, possibly also in the 1930s. The lower prospect may have been opened in the mid-1950s and many fluorapatite specimens were produced in the 1980s.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Description: This is one of the few places in Maine that has instrumentally verified amblygonite. Amblygonite is comparatively rare worldwide. Many Maine localities were wrongly thought to have amblygonite.
Reference: King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Amblygonite var: Hebronite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.; King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Van King
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Beryl var: Goshenite ?
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: No reference listed
Beryl var: Morganite ?
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: No reference listed
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.; USGS Bull 445
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Van King
Cookeite (TL)
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Brush (1866) Am J.. Sci 41:246 ; Penfield (1893) Am. J. Sci 3rd ser. 45:393; USGS Bull 445
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Van King
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Van King
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Formula: {KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Reference: Van King
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: King, V. and Foord, E, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: Van King
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Van King
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: A specimen of "goyazite" from Gunar Bjareby's collection was analysed (XRD and EDS) and proved to be hydroxylherderite (King and Foord, 1994).
Reference: Gunnar Bjareby
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Van King
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 822.; USGS Bull 445
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: No reference listed
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Reference: Fransolet, André-Mathieu (1989) The Problem of Na-Li Substitution in Primary Li-Al Phosphates: New Data on Lacroixite, a Relatively Widespread Mineral. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 211-217.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf)
'Lepidolite'
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Description: Moore (2000) analyzed lithiophilite from this locality and found the Mn/Mn + Fe ratio was 0.55, although a triphylite was also found with 0.40
Reference: Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Van King
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Description: The chemical composition of primary material is F-rich and therefore amblygonite, but the composition of late crystals is nearly end-member montebrasite.
Reference: Palache, C., Richmond, W. E., and Wolfe, C. W., 1943, On Amblygonite, American Mineralogist, v. 28, p. 39-53.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Muscovite var: Damourite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Van King
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Van King
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Van King
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: USGS Bull 445; confirmed Van King
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Van King
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: King, V. and Foord, E, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: King, V. and Foord, E, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1, p.349
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: USGS Bull 445
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: No reference listed
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: USGS Bull 445
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: No reference listed
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.
Triphylite ?
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Description: Moore (2000) analyzed lithiophilite from this locality and found the Mn/Mn + Fe ratio was 0.55, although a triphylite was also found with 0.40 The correct locality of the triphylite is in question.
Reference: Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Vesuvianite ?
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Van King

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
var: Hebronite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Childrenite ?8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Diadochite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)8.BF.05{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Goyazite ?8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lacroixite8.BH.10NaAl(PO4)F
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Triphylite ?8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite (TL)9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Damourite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Vesuvianite ?9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite ?38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lacroixite41.5.5.1NaAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)41.7.2.2{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Childrenite ?42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Goyazite ?42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Diadochite43.5.2.1Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite ?58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite (TL)71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
Amblygonite
var: Hebronite
-LiAl(PO4)F
Beryl
var: Goshenite ?
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite ?-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
Muscovite
var: Damourite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Sceptre Quartz
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
H DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
LiLithium
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Amblygonite (var: Hebronite)LiAl(PO4)F
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Amblygonite (var: Hebronite)LiAl(PO4)F
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O SideriteFeCO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amblygonite (var: Hebronite)LiAl(PO4)F
F LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
Na Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Amblygonite (var: Hebronite)LiAl(PO4)F
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P Amblygonite (var: Hebronite)LiAl(PO4)F
P LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
P DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MnManganese
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Richmond, W.E., and Wolfe, C.W. (1943) On Amblygonite. American Mineralogist: 28: 39-53.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938.
Members of the Maine Federation of Mineral Clubs (1973) Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt: 5.
Fransolet, André-Mathieu (1989) The Problem of Na-Li Substitution in Primary Li-Al Phosphates: New Data on Lacroixite, a Relatively Widespread Mineral. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 211-217.
Moore, P.B. (2000) Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities. in V.T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology. Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine: 333-336.

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