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Chile

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Key
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Area:756,096 km2
Locality type:Country


Chile is divided into 13 regions, each of which is headed by an intendente appointed by the President. Every region is further divided into provinces with a Gobernador Provincial, also appointed by the President. Finally each of the 51 provinces is divided into municipalities (324) which are sometimes referred to as comunas, each with its own mayor, and councilors, known as concejales elected by their inhabitants.

Each region is designated by a name and a Roman numeral, assigned from north to south. In general, the Roman numeral is used, rather than the name. The only exception is the region where Santiago is situated, which is designated RM, that stands for Región Metropolitana, Metropolitan Region.

In 2005, the Chilean congress passed a reform to create two new regions, one in the north, around the city of Arica, and one in the south centered around Valdivia (aka Region of the Rivers). Being designated by numerals XIV and XV, both break the geographical numerical order from north to south. There is speculation that the numeral system will be dropped in favor of their formal names.
The two regions, 'Arica and Parinacota' in the north (created by subdividing the Tarapacá Region), and 'Los Ríos' in the south (created by subdividing the Los Lagos Region), became operative in October 2007.

On March 11, 2010, the creation of the Marga Marga Province gave Chile a new total of 54 provinces.

Note on names of mines: 'Oficina' is the name for a nitrate (saltpeter) mining property.



Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Adamite (TL)

var: Cuprian Adamite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

'Agardite'

Agardite-(Y)

Aguilarite

Akaganeite

Alacránite (TL)

Alamosite

Albite

var: Andesine

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Alcaparrosaite (TL)

Algodonite (TL)

'Alisonite'

Almandine

'α-Arsenic Sulphide'

'α-Brass'

Altaite

Aluminite

Aluminocopiapite

Alum-(K)

Alunite

Alunogen

Amarantite (TL)

Amarillite (TL)

Ammineite (TL)

'Amphibole Supergroup'

Analcime

Anatase

Andalusite

var: Chiastolite

'Andorite'

Andradite

var: Melanite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Anilite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Anorthite

Antarcticite

Antimony

Antipinite (TL)

'Antitaenite'

Antlerite

'Apatite'

'Apatite Group'

Apjohnite

Aragonite

Aramayoite

Arcanite

Arfvedsonite

Argentojarosite

Argentopyrite

Argentotennantite

'Argyropyrite'

Arhbarite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolamprite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

var: Danaite

Arsentsumebite

Arthurite

Arzrunite

'Asbestos'

'var: Mountain Leather'

Asbolane

Aspidolite

Astrophyllite

Atacamite (TL)

'Atlasite'

Aubertite (TL)

Augite

Aurichalcite

Auricupride

Austinite

Autunite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Azurite

Babánekite

Baddeleyite

Baileychlore

Bakhchisaraitsevite

Bandylite (TL)

Barahonaite-(Al)

Bariopharmacoalumite

Bariopharmacosiderite

Barringerite

Baryte

Barytocalcite

Bassanite

Bayldonite

Beaverite-(Cu)

Beaverite-(Zn)

Bellingerite (TL)

Belloite (TL)

Bendadaite

Beryl

β-Roselite

Betpakdalite-CaCa

Betpakdalite-NaCa

Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)

Beudantite

Bideauxite

Bieberite

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Biphosphammite

Birnessite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

'Bitumen'

'Blaubleibender Covellite'

Blödite

Bobierrite (TL)

Boleite

Bonattite

Bonazziite (TL)

Boothite

var: Ferroan Boothite

Bornite

Botallackite

Botryogen

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Brandtite

Braunite

Brochantite

Bromargyrite

var: Iodian Bromargyrite

var: Mercuroan Bromargyrite

Brookite

Brucite

Brüggenite (TL)

Brushite

Butlerite

Cadwaladerite (TL)

Caesiumpharmacosiderite (TL)

Cahnite

Calamaite (TL)

Calaverite

Calcite

Caledonite

Calomel

Camaronesite (TL)

Canutite (TL)

Capgaronnite

Caracolite (TL)

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Carlosruizite (TL)

Carlsbergite

Carnotite

Carrollite

Cassiterite

Cattiite

Celadonite

Celestine

Ceruleite (TL)

Cerussite

Cervantite

Cesanite

'Chabazite'

Chalcanthite (TL)

var: Phillipite

Chalcoalumite

Chalcocite

Chalconatronite

Chalcophanite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcosiderite

Challacolloite (TL)

Chanabayaite (TL)

'Chañarcillite'

Changoite (TL)

Chenevixite

Chinchorroite (TL)

Chlorapatite

Chlorargyrite

var: Bromian Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chongite (TL)

Christelite (TL)

Chromite

Chrysocolla

Chudobaite

Cinnabar

Claudetite

'Clays'

Clinoatacamite (TL)

Clinochlore

var: Ripidolite

Clinoclase

Clinoptilolite-K

Clinoptilolite-Na

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

'Clinotyrolite'

Clinoungemachite (TL)

Clinozoisite

Clintonite

Cobaltite

Coloradoite

Colusite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copiapite (TL)

Copper

'Copper Stain'

Coquimbite (TL)

Corkite

Cornetite

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

Cotunnite

Covellite

Crandallite

Creaseyite

Cristobalite

Crocoite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cumengeite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuprocopiapite (TL)

Cuprotungstite

Currierite (TL)

Cyanotrichite

Darapskite (TL)

'Daviesite'

Descloizite

Destinezite

Devilline

Diaboleite

Diaspore

Dickite

Dietzeite (TL)

Digenite

Dimorphite

Diopside

'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'

Dioptase

Dittmarite

Djurleite

Dolomite

Domeykite (TL)

Dravite

Duftite

Dumortierite

Dyscrasite

'Electrum'

Emmonsite

Emplectite

Enargite

Enstatite

Epidote

Epsomite

var: Aromite (of Darapsky)

Erazoite (TL)

Eriochalcite

Erythrite

Eucairite

Euchroite

Eugenite

Eugsterite

Famatinite

Farringtonite

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

'Ferri-barroisite'

Ferricopiapite (TL)

Ferri-katophorite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrinatrite (TL)

Ferrisymplesite

'Ferri-winchite (of Leake 1978)'

Ferro-richterite

Feruvite

Fettelite

Fibroferrite (TL)

Fischesserite

'Florencite'

Florencite-(Ce)

Florencite-(La)

Fluorapatite (TL)

var: Cuproapatite (FRL)

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorite

'Forbesite'

Fornacite

Forsterite

Fraipontite

Franklinite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

Fuenzalidaite (TL)

Gajardoite (TL)

Galena

'Garnet Group'

Gartrellite

Geffroyite

George-ericksenite (TL)

Gerhardtite

Gilmarite

Girvasite

'Glass'

Glauberite

Glaucodot (TL)

Glauconite

Goethite

Gold

Goldfieldite

Goldichite

Gordaite (TL)

Goudeyite

Graphite

Greenockite

Greigite

Guanacoite (TL)

Guanajuatite

Guanine

'Gummite'

Gunningite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Haiweeite

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halotrichite

Hannayite

Hausmannite

Haüyne

Hawleyite

Haydeeite (TL)

'Hayesine (of Alger)'

Hectorfloresite (TL)

Hedegaardite (TL)

Hedenbergite

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemihedrite

Hemimorphite

Herbertsmithite (TL)

Hercynite

var: Picotite

Hessite

Hetaerolite

Heterogenite

'Heulandite'

Hexahydrite

Hidalgoite

Hinsdalite

Hisingerite

Hohmannite (TL)

Hollandite

'Hornblende'

Huangite (TL)

Hübnerite

Huenite (TL)

Humberstonite (TL)

Huntite

Hydrocerussite

Hydrochlorborite (TL)

Hydroniumjarosite

Hydroniumpharmacosiderite

'Hydrophilite'

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydrozincite

Idaite

Ilmenite

Ilvaite

Iodargyrite

Iquiqueite (TL)

Iranite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Isocubanite

Jalpaite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

'Jeromite'

Joanneumite (TL)

Jordisite

Joteite (TL)

Juangodoyite (TL)

Juansilvaite (TL)

Jurbanite

Kalinite

Kalsilite

Kaolinite

Karibibite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Khademite

Kimuraite-(Y)

Klockmannite

Kolymite

Koritnigite

Köttigite

Krausite

Krautite

Krennerite

Kröhnkite (TL)

Kutnohorite

'Labradorite'

Lammerite

Lanarkite

Laumontite

Lautarite (TL)

Lavendulan

Lazulite

'Lazurite'

Leadhillite

Lecontite

Leightonite (TL)

Lemanskiite (TL)

Leonite

Lepidocrocite

Lesukite

Leucophosphite

Leucostaurite (TL)

Leucoxene

Leverettite (TL)

Libethenite

Likasite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Lindgrenite (TL)

Linnaeite

Liveingite

Löllingite

Lonecreekite

Lópezite (TL)

Lotharmeyerite

Luanheite

Ludjibaite

Ludlockite

Lüneburgite

Luzonite

Mackayite

Maghemite

Magnesioaubertite

Magnesiocanutite (TL)

Magnesiocopiapite

Magnesiofluckite (TL)

Magnesiokoritnigite (TL)

Magnesiovoltaite (TL)

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

Maldonite

Mandarinoite

Manganite

Manganlotharmeyerite

Manganohörnesite

Manjiroite

Mansfieldite

Marcasite

Marialite

Marshite

var: Cupro-iodargyrite

Massicot

Matildite

Matlockite

Mawsonite

Mckinstryite

Mejillonesite (TL)

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

'Melilite Group'

'Melnikovite'

Mendozavilite-KCa (TL)

Mendozavilite-NaCu (TL)

Mendozavilite-NaFe

Mendozite

'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'

Mercury

Merrillite

Mesolite

Meta-alunogen (TL)

Meta-ankoleite

Meta-autunite

Metahohmannite (TL)

Metasideronatrite (TL)

Metastibnite

Metatamboite (TL)

Metatorbernite

Metavoltine

Metazeunerite

Meurigite-K

Miargyrite

Microcline

Miersite

Miguelromeroite

Mimetite

var: Bellite

var: Chromian Mimetite

Minium

Minyulite

Mirabilite

Misenite

Mixite

Möhnite (TL)

Molybdenite

Molybdite

Molybdofornacite

'Monazite'

Montmorillonite

Moschellandsbergite

Mottramite

Murdochite

Muscovite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Nagyágite

Nahcolite

Nantokite (TL)

'Native Amalgam'

'var: Arquerite'

Natroalunite

'Natroalunite-2c'

Natrochalcite (TL)

Natrodufrénite

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

Natropharmacosiderite

Natroxalate

Nekoite

Neotocite

Nepheline

Newberyite

'Nickel-iron'

Nickeltalmessite

Niter

Nitratine (TL)

Nitrobarite ? (TL)

Nobleite

Nowackiite

Obradovicite-KCu (TL)

Obradovicite-NaCu (TL)

Obradovicite-NaNa (TL)

Okenite

Olivenite

var: Zincian Olivenite

Opal

var: Opal-CT

Orpiment

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Orthoserpierite

Osarizawaite

Palmierite

Palygorskite

Parabutlerite (TL)

Paracoquimbite (TL)

Paralaurionite

Paraotwayite

Parasymplesite

Paratacamite (TL)

Paratacamite-(Mg) (TL)

Paratellurite

Pargasite

Parnauite

Pearceite

Penfieldite

Percylite

Perroudite

Pertlikite

Petzite

Pharmacoalumite (TL)

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

'Phengite'

Philipsbornite

Philipsburgite

'Phillipsite'

Phlogopite

Phoenicochroite

Phosgenite

Phosphohedyphane (TL)

Phurcalite

Pickeringite (TL)

Picromerite

Picropharmacolite

Piemontite

Pigeonite

'Pilolite'

Plancheite

'Planerite-Turquoise Series'

'Plessite'

Plumbogummite

'Plumbogummite Group'

Plumbojarosite

Polybasite

Polyhalite

Posnjakite

Poughite

Powellite

'Powellite-Scheelite Series'

Prehnite

Probertite

Proustite

'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'

Pseudoboleite

Pseudobrookite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

'Pumpellyite'

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

var: Cobaltoan Pyrite

'Pyrobitumen'

Pyrochlore Group

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrophyllite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Chalcedony

var: Jasper

var: Rock Crystal

Quenstedtite (TL)

Rammelsbergite

Ramsdellite

Realgar

Retgersite

Rhodochrosite

Rhomboclase

Riotintoite (TL)

Rockbridgeite

Rodalquilarite

Romanèchite

'Roméite'

Römerite

Rosasite

Roselite

Roxbyite

Rozenite

Rruffite (TL)

'Rubrite'

Rutile

Safflorite

Salammoniac

Salesite (TL)

Sampleite (TL)

Sanrománite (TL)

Santanaite (TL)

Santarosaite (TL)

Saponite

var: Sobotkite

Sassolite

'Scapolite'

'var: Wernerite'

Schapbachite

Scheelite

Schlossmacherite (TL)

Schneiderhöhnite

Schorl

Schreibersite

Schulenbergite

Schwartzembergite (TL)

Scolecite

Scorodite

Seeligerite (TL)

Segerstromite (TL)

Segnitite

Senarmontite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Serpierite

Shattuckite

Shilovite (TL)

Siderite

Sideronatrite (TL)

'Sideronatrite-2M'

'Sideronatrite-2O'

'Silica'

Silver

var: Chilenite

Skutterudite

'Smectite Group'

Smithite

Smithsonite

'Soapstone'

'var: Combarbalite'

Sodalite

Spangolite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

var: Marmatite

Spherocobaltite

Stanfieldite

Stannite

Starkeyite

Stephanite

Stercorite

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stilpnomelane

Strengite

Stringhamite

Stromeyerite

'Stylotypite' (FRL)

Sulphur

Svanbergite

Sylvanite

Sylvite

Symplesite

Szenicsite (TL)

Szomolnokite

Tacharanite

Taenite

Talc

Talmessite

Tamarugite (TL)

Tamboite (TL)

Tangeite

Tapiaite (TL)

Tarapacáite (TL)

Tellurite

Tellurium

Telluromandarinoite (TL)

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tephroite

Teruggite

Teschemacherite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite (TL)

var: Argentian Tetrahedrite

Tetrataenite

'Thénardite'

Thomsonite-Ca

Titanite

Tobermorite

Tocornalite

Todorokite

Tondiite (TL)

Torbernite

Torrecillasite (TL)

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Triazolite (TL)

Tridymite

Trippkeite (TL)

Troilite

Trona

'Trudellite'

Tsumebite

Turquoise

Tyrolite

Uklonskovite

Ulexite (TL)

'UM1966-02-E:FeNi'

'UM1970-18-S:As' (FRL)

'UM1970-26-S:CuZn'

'UM1971-17-S:Mo'

'UM1971-20-SiO:Mo'

'UM1998://:IOCrO-CaClKTi'

Ungemachite (TL)

'Unnamed (Arseniosiderite-related mineral)'

'Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Valentinite

Valleriite

Vanadinite

Veenite

Vendidaite (TL)

Vésigniéite

Veszelyite

Vladimirite

Volborthite

Voltaite

'Vredenburgite'

'Wad'

'var: Cobaltian Wad'

'var: Cuprian Wad'

Wakabayashilite

Walfordite (TL)

Walthierite (TL)

Weeksite

Wendwilsonite

Whitlockite

Willemite

Winstanleyite

Wittichenite

Witzkeite (TL)

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Woodhouseite

Wulfenite

var: Chromian Wulfenite

Xanthoconite

Yavapaiite

Zálesíite

Zektzerite

'Zeolite Group'

Zeunerite

Zinc (TL)

Zincobotryogen

Zincolibethenite

Zincolivenite

Zircon

Zoisite

Zunyite

Zussmanite


683 valid minerals. 132 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Cenozoic : 46 Ma to Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Anthropocene
ⓘ Telluromandarinoite MaWendy open pit (Wendy pit), Tambo Mine, El Indio deposit, Elqui Province, Coquimbo Region, Chile
    
   
  Neogene
   Pliocene
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)4.4 MaTeniente Mine (Braden Mine), El Teniente, Rancagua, Cachapoal Province, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region, Chile
   Miocene
ⓘ Alunite (youngest age)6.97 ± 6.28 MaTambo Mine, El Indio deposit, Elqui Province, Coquimbo Region, Chile
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)10.6 MaLos Pelambres Mine, Salamanca, Choapa Province, Coquimbo Region, Chile
ⓘ Alunite (oldest age)11.10 ± 1.46 MaTambo Mine, El Indio deposit, Elqui Province, Coquimbo Region, Chile
    
   
  Paleogene
   Eocene
ⓘ Pyrite46 MaEl Salvador Mine, El Salvador district, Diego de Almagro, Chañaral Province, Atacama Region, Chile

Localities in this Region
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Chile
Chile

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Singewald, J. T. Jr. and Miller, B. L. (1916): The genesis of the Chilean nitrate deposits. Economic Geology, 11, 103-114.
Whitehead, W. L. (1920): The Chilean nitrate deposits. Economic Geology, 15, 187-224.
Ericksen, G.E. (1981): Geology and origin of the Chilean nitrate deposits. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1188, 37 pp.
Ericksen, G.E. (1983): The Chilean nitrate deposits. American Scientist, 71, 366-374.
C. Ruiz Fuller & F. Peebles (1988): Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile. Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile, xx pp.
Moreno, T. & Gibbons, W., eds. (2007): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), 414 pp.
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C. & Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. Pp. 179-199 in: Moreno, T. and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), 414 pp.
Seo, J. (2011): Solving the mystery of the Atacama nitrate deposits: the use of stable oxygen isotope analysis and geochemistry. Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research, 1, 38-45. [http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1008&context=jpur]

External Links

http://www.sernageomin.cl/ [Servicio National de Geología y Minería de Chile (Chilean National Service for Geology and Mines); contains various databases]

http://www.direcmin.com/ [El Directorio Minero de Chile]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_Chile

http://www.statoids.com/ucl.html

http://www.albumdesierto.cl/aleman/1oficina.htm [Lists of Oficinas]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology_of_Chile

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining_in_Chile

Mineral and/or Locality  
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