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Chile

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Key
Lock Map
Area:756,096 km2
Locality type:Country


Chile is divided into 13 regions, each of which is headed by an intendente appointed by the President. Every region is further divided into provinces with a Gobernador Provincial, also appointed by the President. Finally each of the 51 provinces is divided into municipalities (324) which are sometimes referred to as comunas, each with its own mayor, and councilors, known as concejales elected by their inhabitants.

Each region is designated by a name and a Roman numeral, assigned from north to south. In general, the Roman numeral is used, rather than the name. The only exception is the region where Santiago is situated, which is designated RM, that stands for Región Metropolitana, Metropolitan Region.

In 2005, the Chilean congress passed a reform to create two new regions, one in the north, around the city of Arica, and one in the south centered around Valdivia (aka Region of the Rivers). Being designated by numerals XIV and XV, both break the geographical numerical order from north to south. There is speculation that the numeral system will be dropped in favor of their formal names.
The two regions, 'Arica and Parinacota' in the north (created by subdividing the Tarapacá Region), and 'Los Ríos' in the south (created by subdividing the Los Lagos Region), became operative in October 2007.

On March 11, 2010, the creation of the Marga Marga Province gave Chile a new total of 54 provinces.

Note on names of mines: 'Oficina' is the name for a nitrate (saltpeter) mining property.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

712 valid minerals. 135 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Adamite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1866): 62, 692; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Alacránite (TL)
Formula: As8S9
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970): Alpha-arsenic sulfide, from Mina Alacrán, Pampa Larga, Chile. Am. Mineral. 55, 1338-1344; [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Alcaparrosaite (TL)
Formula: K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Algodonite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [Economic Geology 66 (1971), 133]
'Alisonite'
Formula: Cu6PbS4
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'α-Arsenic Sulphide'
Formula: AsS
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Amarantite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie 87 (1964), 125
Amarillite (TL)
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci., Paris (1933) 197, p. 1133
Ammineite (TL)
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Reference: Walter, F., Bojar, H.-P., Baumgartner, J. (2010): Ammineite, CuCl2(NH3)2 - the first mineral with an ammine complex. 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association - Budapest 21-27.08.2010 (in press).
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Andesite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Anomalous IIE iron meteorite'
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antipinite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lysenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G. and Van, K.V. (2014) Antipinite, IMA 2014-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 801; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lyssenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G., Möhn, G., Van, K.V. (2015): Antipinite, KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4, a new mineral species from a guano deposit at Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1111-1121.
'Antitaenite'
Formula: Fe3Ni
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Aplite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Argentotennantite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Argyropyrite'
Formula: near Ag2Fe7S11
Arhbarite
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
'Arkose'
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Asbolane var: Cuproasbolane
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Type Locality: Atacama Region, Chile
Reference: Blumenbach J F (1803) L´atacamit, sable vert d´Atacama, in Manuel D´Histoire Naturelle, Volume 2, Soulange Artaud (Paris) 348-349
'Atlasite'
Formula: near Cu15(CO3)6Cl2(OH)16 · H2O
Aubertite (TL)
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: Bull.Min.(1979) 102, 348-350
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Babánekite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Bakhchisaraitsevite
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Bandylite (TL)
Formula: Cu[B(OH)4]Cl
Reference: Palache & Foshag (1938); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 374; American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 875.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Bariopharmacoalumite
Formula: Ba0.5Al4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Zn)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bellingerite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(IO3)6 · 2H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1940): 25: 505-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 315.
Belloite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Reference: Neues Jahrb.,Mh.(2000) 67-73; M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Betpakdalite-NaCa
Formula: [Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)16Na(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O33(OH)4]
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Betpakdalite-NaNa, IMA 2011-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2892; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bideauxite
Formula: Pb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Biphosphammite
Formula: (NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bobierrite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 754.
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Bonazziite (TL)
Formula: As4S4
Reference: American Mineralogist 55,1338(1970)
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Boothite var: Ferroan Boothite
Formula: (Cu,Fe2+)SO4 · 7H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 119 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Breccia'
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite var: Iodian Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Bromargyrite var: Mercuroan Bromargyrite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)Br
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brüggenite (TL)
Formula: Ca(IO3)2 · H2O
Reference: Progr.Abstr.,Geol.Soc.Amer.,Ann. Meeting (1971) p. 653; Am Min 57 (1972),
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'C3 chondrite meteorite'
Cadwaladerite (TL)
Formula: AlCl(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Notulae Naturae, Acad.Nat.Sci., Philadelphia (1941) no. 80, 4 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 77.
Caesiumpharmacosiderite (TL)
Formula: CsFe4[(AsO4)3(OH)4]·4H2O
Reference: Mills, S.J., Petrini, E., Bellatreccia, F., Schlu¨ter, J., Kampf, A.R., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M. and Spratt, J . (2013) Caesiumpharmacosiderite, IMA 2013-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3257; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Calamaite (TL)
Formula: Na2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
Reference: Pekov,I.V., Siidra,O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G. and Möhn, G. (2016) Calamaite, IMA 2016-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1136; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 282 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Camanchacaite (TL)
Formula: NaCaMg2[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Camanchacaite, IMA 2018-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.
Camaronesite (TL)
Formula: [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4) · 1–2H2O
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
Canutite (TL)
Formula: NaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nash, B. and Dini, M. (2013) Canutite, IMA 2013-070. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3251; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2014): Canutite, NaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2, a new protonated alluaudite-group mineral from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 787-795.
Capgaronnite
Formula: AgHgClS
Caracolite (TL)
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Periodico di Mineralogia 54 (1985), 34; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 82, 547.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carlosruizite (TL)
Formula: K6(Na,K)4Na6Mg10(SeO4)12(IO3)12 · 12H2O
Reference: [American Mineralogist (1994) 79, 1003-1008; MinRec 27:201]
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cattiite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Ceruleite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Dufet (1900) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 23: 147 (as Céruléite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 928..
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cesanite
Formula: Na3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 490, 564; Lapis 17(1), 8-11 (1992).
Chalcanthite var: Phillipite
Formula: Cu3Fe3+2(SO4)6 · 40H2O
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 126 localities in this region.
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 293 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Challacolloite (TL)
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: J. Schlüter at al.: N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101 (2005)
Chanabayaite (TL)
Formula: CuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Möhn, G., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Chanabayaite, IMA 2013-065. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3004; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.; Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Mohn, G., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zadov, A.E. (2015): Chanabayaite, Cu2(N3C2H2)2Cl(NH3Cl,H2О,□)4 a new mineral containing triazolate anion. Zapiski RMO, 144(2), 36-47.
'Chañarcillite'
Formula: Ag-As-Sb
Changoite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: NJMM (1999), 97; MR 30 (1999), 400; Min. Abstr. 50/3 (1999), 378
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chert'
Chinchorroite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg5(As2O7)2(AsO3OH)2(H2O)10
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Chinchorroite, IMA 2017-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, 448; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Chongite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mg2(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2·4H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2015) Chongite, IMA 2015-039. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 946; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016): Chongite, Ca3Mg2(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2·4H2O, a new arsenate member of the hureaulite group from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1255-1263
Christelite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch Min. Mon.: 1996:188-192.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 163 localities in this region.
Chudobaite
Formula: (Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
'Clays'
Clinoatacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1996): 34: 61-72; Mineralogical Record: 27: 463.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Clinotyrolite'
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Clinoungemachite (TL)
Formula: (Na, K, Fe, SO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 597; American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 314.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
'CO3.1 chondrite meteorite'
'commodity:Coal'
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Colusite
Formula: Cu12VAs3S16
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copiapite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rose (1833) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 27: 314 (as Basisches schwefelsaures Eisenoxyd).
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Copper Stain'
Coquimbite (TL)
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Type Locality: Coquimbo Region, Chile
Reference: AM 55 (1970), 534
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creaseyite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprocopiapite (TL)
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625; Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 23: 53.
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Currierite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca3MgAl4(AsO3OH)12·9H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016): Currierite, IMA 2016-030. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 920; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 915–922
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Dacite'
Darapskite (TL)
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 310; American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 1500.
'Daviesite'
Formula: (Pb O Cl H) (?)
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Dietzeite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(IO3)2(CrO4) · H2O
Reference: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig (1894): 23: 588; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 319.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Diorite'
Dittmarite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Domeykite (TL)
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: W. Haidinger (1845) Hannb. besimm. Min. p.562
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb