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Chilei
Regional Level Types
ChileCountry

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Name in French:Chili
Name in German:Chile
Name in Italian:Cile
Name in Russian:Чили
Name in Simplified Chinese:智利
Name in Spanish:Chile
Name in Afrikaans:Chili
Name in Albanian:Kilia
Name in Arabic:تشيلي
Name in Belarusian:Чылі
Name in Bulgarian:Чили
Name in Catalan:Xile
Name in Czech:Chile
Name in Danish:Chile
Name in Dutch:Chili
Name in Estonian:Tšiili
Name in Farsi/Persian:شیلی
Name in Finnish:Chile
Name in Galician:Chile
Name in Greek:Χιλή
Name in Hebrew:צ’ילה
Name in Hindi:चिली
Name in Hungarian:Chile
Name in Icelandic:Síle
Name in Indonesian:Chili
Name in Irish Gaelic:An tSile
Name in Japanese:チリ
Name in Korean:칠레
Name in Latvian:Čīle
Name in Lithuanian:Čilė
Name in Macedonian:Чиле
Name in Norwegian:Chile
Name in Polish:Chile
Name in Portuguese:Chile
Name in Romanian:Chile
Name in Serbian:Чиле
Name in Slovak:Čile
Name in Slovenian:Čile
Name in Swahili:Chile
Name in Swedish:Chile
Name in Tagalog:Chile
Name in Thai:ชิลี
Name in Turkish:Şili
Name in Ukrainian:Чилі
Name in Vietnamese:Chile
Name in Welsh:Chile
Area:756,096 km2
Locality type:Country


Chile is divided into 16 regions, each of which is headed by an intendente appointed by the President. Every region is further divided into provinces with a Gobernador Provincial, also appointed by the President. Finally each of the 51 provinces is divided into municipalities (324) which are sometimes referred to as comunas, each with its own mayor, and councilors, known as concejales elected by their inhabitants.

Each region is designated by a name and a Roman numeral, assigned from north to south. In general, the Roman numeral is used, rather than the name. The only exception is the region where Santiago is situated, which is designated RM, that stands for Región Metropolitana, Metropolitan Region.

In 2005, the Chilean congress passed a reform to create two new regions, one in the north, around the city of Arica, and one in the south centered around Valdivia (aka Region of the Rivers). Being designated by numerals XIV and XV, both break the geographical numerical order from north to south. There is speculation that the numeral system will be dropped in favor of their formal names.
The two regions, 'Arica and Parinacota' in the north (created by subdividing the Tarapacá Region), and 'Los Ríos' in the south (created by subdividing the Los Lagos Region), became operative in October 2007.

On March 11, 2010, the creation of the Marga Marga Province gave Chile a new total of 54 provinces.

Note on names of mines: 'Oficina' is the name for a nitrate (saltpeter) mining property.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

714 valid minerals. 138 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Adamite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1866): 62, 692; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Alacránite (TL)
Formula: As8S9
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970): Alpha-arsenic sulfide, from Mina Alacrán, Pampa Larga, Chile. Am. Mineral. 55, 1338-1344; [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Alcaparrosaite (TL)
Formula: K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Algodonite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [Economic Geology 66 (1971), 133]
'Alisonite'
Formula: Cu6PbS4
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'α-Arsenic Sulphide'
Formula: AsS
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Amarantite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie 87 (1964), 125
Amarillite (TL)
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci., Paris (1933) 197, p. 1133
Ammineite (TL)
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Reference: Walter, F., Bojar, H.-P., Baumgartner, J. (2010): Ammineite, CuCl2(NH3)2 - the first mineral with an ammine complex. 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association - Budapest 21-27.08.2010 (in press).
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Andesite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Anomalous IIE iron meteorite'
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antipinite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lysenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G. and Van, K.V. (2014) Antipinite, IMA 2014-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 801; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lyssenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G., Möhn, G., Van, K.V. (2015): Antipinite, KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4, a new mineral species from a guano deposit at Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1111-1121.
'Antitaenite'
Formula: Fe3Ni
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Antofagastaite'
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2·1.5H2O
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Aplite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Argentotennantite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Argyropyrite'
Formula: near Ag2Fe7S11
Arhbarite
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
'Arkose'
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Asbolane var: Cuproasbolane
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Type Locality: Atacama, Chile
Reference: Blumenbach J F (1803) L´atacamit, sable vert d´Atacama, in Manuel D´Histoire Naturelle, Volume 2, Soulange Artaud (Paris) 348-349
'Atlasite'
Formula: near Cu15(CO3)6Cl2(OH)16 · H2O
Aubertite (TL)
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: Bull.Min.(1979) 102, 348-350
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Babánekite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Bakhchisaraitsevite
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Bandylite (TL)
Formula: Cu[B(OH)4]Cl
Reference: Palache & Foshag (1938); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 374; American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 875.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Bariopharmacoalumite
Formula: Ba0.5Al4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Zn)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bellingerite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(IO3)6 · 2H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1940): 25: 505-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 315.
Belloite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Reference: Neues Jahrb.,Mh.(2000) 67-73; M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Betpakdalite-NaCa
Formula: [Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)16Na(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O33(OH)4]
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Betpakdalite-NaNa, IMA 2011-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2892; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bideauxite
Formula: Pb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Biphosphammite
Formula: (NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bobierrite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 754.
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Bonazziite (TL)
Formula: As4S4
Reference: American Mineralogist 55,1338(1970)
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Boothite var: Ferroan Boothite
Formula: (Cu,Fe2+)SO4 · 7H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 119 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Breccia'
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite var: Iodian Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Bromargyrite var: Mercuroan Bromargyrite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)Br
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brüggenite (TL)
Formula: Ca(IO3)2 · H2O
Reference: Progr.Abstr.,Geol.Soc.Amer.,Ann. Meeting (1971) p. 653; Am Min 57 (1972),
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'C3 chondrite meteorite'
Cadwaladerite (TL)
Formula: AlCl(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Notulae Naturae, Acad.Nat.Sci., Philadelphia (1941) no. 80, 4 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 77.
Caesiumpharmacosiderite (TL)
Formula: CsFe4[(AsO4)3(OH)4]·4H2O
Reference: Mills, S.J., Petrini, E., Bellatreccia, F., Schlu¨ter, J., Kampf, A.R., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M. and Spratt, J . (2013) Caesiumpharmacosiderite, IMA 2013-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3257; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Calamaite (TL)
Formula: Na2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
Reference: Pekov,I.V., Siidra,O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G. and Möhn, G. (2016) Calamaite, IMA 2016-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1136; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 282 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Camanchacaite (TL)
Formula: NaCaMg2[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Camanchacaite, IMA 2018-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.
Camaronesite (TL)
Formula: [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4) · 1–2H2O
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
Canutite (TL)
Formula: NaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nash, B. and Dini, M. (2013) Canutite, IMA 2013-070. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3251; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2014): Canutite, NaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2, a new protonated alluaudite-group mineral from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 787-795.
Capgaronnite
Formula: AgHgClS
Caracolite (TL)
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Periodico di Mineralogia 54 (1985), 34; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 82, 547.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carlosruizite (TL)
Formula: K6(Na,K)4Na6Mg10(SeO4)12(IO3)12 · 12H2O
Reference: [American Mineralogist (1994) 79, 1003-1008; MinRec 27:201]
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cattiite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Ceruleite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Dufet (1900) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 23: 147 (as Céruléite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 928..
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cesanite
Formula: Na3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 490, 564; Lapis 17(1), 8-11 (1992).
Chalcanthite var: Phillipite
Formula: Cu3Fe3+2(SO4)6 · 40H2O
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 127 localities in this region.
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 293 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Challacolloite (TL)
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: J. Schlüter at al.: N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101 (2005)
Chanabayaite (TL)
Formula: CuCl(N3C2H2)(NH3)·0.25H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Möhn, G., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Chanabayaite, IMA 2013-065. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3004; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.; Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Mohn, G., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zadov, A.E. (2015): Chanabayaite, Cu2(N3C2H2)2Cl(NH3Cl,H2О,□)4 a new mineral containing triazolate anion. Zapiski RMO, 144(2), 36-47.
'Chañarcillite'
Formula: Ag-As-Sb
Changoite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: NJMM (1999), 97; MR 30 (1999), 400; Min. Abstr. 50/3 (1999), 378
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chert'
Chinchorroite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg5(As2O7)2(AsO3OH)2(H2O)10
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Chinchorroite, IMA 2017-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, 448; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Chongite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mg2(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2·4H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2015) Chongite, IMA 2015-039. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 946; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016): Chongite, Ca3Mg2(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2·4H2O, a new arsenate member of the hureaulite group from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1255-1263
Christelite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch Min. Mon.: 1996:188-192.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 163 localities in this region.
Chudobaite
Formula: (Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
'Clays'
Clinoatacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1996): 34: 61-72; Mineralogical Record: 27: 463.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Clinotyrolite'
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Clinoungemachite (TL)
Formula: (Na, K, Fe, SO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 597; American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 314.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
'CO3.1 chondrite meteorite'
'commodity:Coal'
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copiapite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rose (1833) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 27: 314 (as Basisches schwefelsaures Eisenoxyd).
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Copper Stain'
Coquimbite (TL)
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Type Locality: Coquimbo, Chile
Reference: AM 55 (1970), 534
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creaseyite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cuatrocapaite-(K) (TL)
Formula: K3(NaMg⃞)(As2O3)6Cl6·16H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Chukanov, N.V., Möhn, G., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. and Friis, H. (2018) Cuatrocapaite-(K), IMA 2018-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.
Cuatrocapaite-(NH4) (TL)
Formula: (NH4)3(NaMg⃞)(As2O3)6Cl6·16H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Chukanov, N.V., Möhn, G., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. and Friis, H. (2018) Cuatrocapaite-(NH4), IMA 2018-083. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprocopiapite (TL)
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625; Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 23: 53.
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Currierite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca3MgAl4(AsO3OH)12·9H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016): Currierite, IMA 2016-030. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 920; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 915–922
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Dacite'
Darapskite (TL)
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 310; American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 1500.
'Daviesite'
Formula: (Pb O Cl H) (?)
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Dietzeite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(IO3)2(CrO4) · H2O
Reference: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig (1894): 23: 588; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 319.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Diorite'
Dittmarite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Domeykite (TL)
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: W. Haidinger (1845) Hannb. besimm. Min. p.562
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Epsomite var: Aromite (of Darapsky)
Formula: near Mg6Al2(SO4)9 · 54H2O
Erazoite (TL)
Formula: Cu4SnS6
Reference: Schlüter J., Malcherek, T., Stanley, C. J., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A. A. (2016) Erazoite, a new copper tin sulfide from the El Guanaco gold deposit, Antofagasta Province, Chile. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry. 194/1 : 91-96.
Eriochalcite
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Espadaite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca3Mg2[AsO3(OH)]2[AsO2(OH)2]10·7H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Espadaite, IMA 2018-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82:xxxx–xxxx.
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Eugsterite
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Farringtonite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Ferri-barroisite'
Formula: ☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferricopiapite (TL)
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Type Locality: Atacama, Chile
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferrinatrite (TL)
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: NJMM (1987), 171; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457, 605, 620.
Ferrisymplesite
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
'Ferri-winchite (of Leake 1978)'
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Feruvite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fettelite
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Fibroferrite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616; NJMM (1987), 171.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
'Florencite'
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La)
Formula: LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: No reference listed
Fluorapatite var: Cuproapatite (FRL)
Formula: (Ca,Cu)5(PO4)3F
Reference: No reference listed
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Forbesite'
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Fuenzalidaite (TL)
Formula: K6(Na,K)4Na6Mg10(SO4)12(IO3)12 · 12H2O
Reference: NM 90-94 (1997)
Gajardoite (TL)
Formula: KCa0.5As3+4O6Cl2 · 5H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2015) Gajardoite, IMA 2015-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 947; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947 ; Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016): Gajardoite, KCa0.5As3+4O6Cl2·5H2O, a new mineral related to lucabindiite and torrecillasite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1265-1272.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 192 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Geffroyite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
George-ericksenite (TL)
Formula: Na6CaMg(IO3)6(CrO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1998) 83, 390-399 http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/AmMin/TOC/Articles_Free/1998/Cooper_p390-399_98.pdf
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Gilmarite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Girvasite
Formula: NaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
'Glass'
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Glaucodot (TL)
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Ann.Phys.Chem., Poggendorff (1849) 77, 127
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Glaucophane schist'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 134 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 134 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 134 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gordaite (TL)
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.(1997) 155-162
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Granite'
'Granodiorite'
Graphite
Formula: C
'Gravel'
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Guanacoite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Witzke, T., Kolitsch, U., Krause, W., Wiechowski, A., Medenbach, O., Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., Favreau, G. (2006): Guanacoite, Cu2Mg2(Mg0.5Cu0.5)(OH)4(H2O)4(AsO4)2, a new arsenate mineral species from the El Guanaco Mine, near Taltal, Chile: Description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 813-821.
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Guanine
Formula: C5H5N5O
'Gummite'
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'H6 chondrite meteorite'
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hannayite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Haydeeite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Reference: IMA website
'Hayesine (of Alger)'
Formula: CaB4O7 · 6H2O
Hectorfloresite (TL)
Formula: Na9(SO4)4(IO3)
Reference: Amer. Min.:74:1207-1214.
Hedegaardite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)9(Ca,Na)Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Reference: Witzke, T., Phillips, B.L., Woerner, W., Countinho, J.M.V., Fa¨rber, G. and Contreira Filho, R.R. (2015) Hedegaardite, IMA 2014- 069. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 54; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 180 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Hemihedrite
Formula: Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 68(3):527-539 (2004)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hohmannite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: (Tschermaks) Min.Mitt. (1887): 9: 397; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 614.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Hornfels'
Huangite (TL)
Formula: Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: AM 77 (1992), 1275; NM 90-94 (1997
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Huenite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(MoO4)3(OH)2
Reference: Vignola, P., Gatta, G.D., Merlini, M., Rotiroti, N., Hatert, F., Bersani, D., Risplendente, A., Gentile, P., Pavese, A. (2016): Huenite, IMA 2015-122. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 692; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697;
Humberstonite (TL)
Formula: Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Geol.Soc.Amer., Progr. annual meeting (1967) p. 59
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrochlorborite (TL)
Formula: Ca4B8O15Cl2 · 21H2O
Reference: AmMin. 62:147-150 (1977)
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroniumpharmacosiderite
Formula: (H3O)Fe4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
'Hydrophilite'
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
'Ignimbritic tuff'
'IIAB iron meteorite'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Iquiqueite (TL)
Formula: K3Na4Mg(CrO4)B24O39(OH) · 12H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1986) 71, 830-836
Iranite
Formula: Pb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
'Jeromite'
Joanneumite (TL)
Formula: Cu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2
Reference: Bojar, H.-P., Walter, F. (2012) Joanneumite, IMA 2012-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 814; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817.;Bojar, H.-P., Walter, F., Baumgartner, J. (2017): Joanneumite, Cu(C3N3O3H2)2(NH3)2, a new mineral from Pabellón de Pica, Chile and the crystal structure of its synthetic analogue. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 155–166.
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Joteite (TL)
Formula: Ca2CuAl(AsO4)[AsO3(OH)]2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Nash, B. P., Dini, M., & Jenkins, R. A. (2013). Joteite, Ca2CuAl [AsO4][AsO3 (OH)] 2 (OH) 2· 5H2O, a new arsenate with a sheet structure and unconnected acid arsenate groups. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2811-2823.
Juangodoyite (TL)
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2
Reference: J. Schlüter, D. Pohl: N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):11-14 (2005); Schlüter, J., T. Malcherek & D. Pohl (2007): "Sanrománite, from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama desert, Chile, a new mineral of the burbankite group": Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 183, 117-121.
Juansilvaite (TL)
Formula: Na5Al3[AsO3(OH)]4[AsO2(OH)2]2(SO4)2·4H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2015) Juansilvaite, IMA 2015-080. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1863; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864; Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2017): Juansilvaite, Na5Al3[AsO3(OH)]4[AsO2(OH)2]2(SO4)2·4H2O, a new arsenate-sulfate from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 619–628.
Jurbanite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kimuraite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Kolymite
Formula: Cu7Hg6
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Krautite
Formula: Mn(HAsO4) · H2O
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Kröhnkite (TL)
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Jarrell, O. W. (1944): Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology, 39, 251-86.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 310, 446, 564; Acta Cryst. B31 (1975), 1753; Ericksen & Mrose (1970) American Mineralogist 55:1500-1517
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
'L6 chondrite meteorite'
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lammerite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
'Lapis lazuli'
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lautarite (TL)
Formula: Ca(IO3)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 313; Acta Cryst. B34 (1978), 84.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Lazurite'
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lecontite
Formula: (NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Leightonite (TL)
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 21, 315; American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 34-37.
Lemanskiite (TL)
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F, Sejkora, J., Skála, R., Pažout, R., Frýda, J., Gabašová, A., Vajdak, J. (2005): Lemanskiite, NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl•5H2O, a new mineral species from the Abundancia mine, Chile. Can. Mineral. 44, 523-531.
Leonite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lesukite
Formula: Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Leucostaurite (TL)
Formula: Pb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
Reference: Brugger J, Meisser N, Ansermat S, Krivovichev S V, Kahlenberg V, Belton D, Ryan C G (2012) Leucostaurite, Pb2[B5O9]Cl·0.5H2O, from the Atacama Desert: The first Pb-dominant member of the hilgardite group, and micro-determination of boron minerals by PIGE. American Mineralogist 97, 1206-1212
Leucoxene
Leverettite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Co(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A. and Dini, M. (2013) Leverettite, IMA 2013-011. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, 2013, page 2703; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Leverettite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Provence, Chile: the Co-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3047-3054.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Likasite
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
'Limestone'
'Limestone'
'commodity:Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 126 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Lindgrenite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1095.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Liveingite
Formula: Pb9As13S28
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Lonecreekite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Lópezite (TL)
Formula: K2Cr2O7
Reference: Bandy (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 929-930.
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Luanheite
Formula: Ag3Hg
Lucabindiite
Formula: (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Luetheite
Formula: Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Lüneburgite
Formula: Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackayite
Formula: Fe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Magnesioaubertite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Magnesiocanutite (TL)
Formula: NaMnMg2[AsO4]2[AsO2(OH)2]
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016) Magnesiocanutite, IMA 2016-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1141; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiofluckite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(AsO3OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Magnesiofluckite, IMA 2017-103. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 447; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 445–451.
Magnesiokoritnigite (TL)
Formula: Mg(AsO3OH)·H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B. and Dini, M. (2013) Magnesiokoritnigite, IMA 2013-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3001; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Magnesiokoritnigite, Mg(AsO3OH)•H2O, from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile: the Mg-analogue of koritnigite. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3081-3092.
Magnesiovoltaite (TL)
Formula: K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., and Lorenz, J.A., 2016. Magnesiovoltaite, IMA 2015-095. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 203; Mineralogical Magazine 80, 199–205; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pelov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Magnesiovoltaite, K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O, a new mineral from the Alcaparrosa mine, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy 28, 1005-1017.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 126 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 138 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Mandarinoite
Formula: Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
'commodity:Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Manganlotharmeyerite
Formula: CaMn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Manganohörnesite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Marshite var: Cupro-iodargyrite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)I
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Mejillonesite (TL)
Formula: HNaMg2(HPO4)(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Nestola, F., Witzke, T., M.V. Coutinho, J.M.V., Zadov, A.E., Contreira Filho, R.R. and Färber, G. (2011): CNMNC Newsletter 8, 291; Atencio, D., Chukanov, N. V., Nestola, F., Witzke, T., Coutinho, J. M., Zadov, A. E., ... & Färber, G. (2012). Mejillonesite, a new acid sodium, magnesium phosphate mineral, from Mejillones, Antofagasta, Chile. American Mineralogist, 97(1), 19-25.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Melnikovite'
Mendozavilite-KCa (TL)
Formula: [K2(H2O)15Ca(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Spratt, J. and Dini, M. (2012): Mendozavilite-KCa, IMA 2011-088. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M. S., Dini, M., Birch, W. D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I. M., Jenkins, R. A., and Pinch, W. W. (2012): The heteromolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine: 76(5): 1175-1207.
Mendozavilite-NaCu (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)15Cu(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M. and Jenkins, R.A. (2011): Mendozavilite-NaCu, IMA 2011-039. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2557; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M. S., Dini, M., Birch, W. D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I. M., Jenkins, R. A., and Pinch, W. W. (2012): The heteromolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine: 76(5): 1175-1207.
Mendozavilite-NaFe
Formula: [Na2(H2O)15Fe3+(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O35(OH)2]
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
'Mesosiderite-A1 meteorite'
Meta-alunogen (TL)
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Meta-ankoleite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metahohmannite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 748; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 608.
Metasideronatrite (TL)
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: NJMM (1982), 255
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Metatamboite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(OH)(H2O)2(SO4)(Te4+O3)3(Te4+O(OH)2)(H2O)
Reference: : Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Walford, P.C. and Back, M.E. (2016) Metatamboite, IMA 2016-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1142; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Meurigite-K
Formula: KFe3+8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Miersite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)I
Miguelromeroite
Formula: MnMn2Mn2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Mimetite var: Bellite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
Mimetite var: Chromian Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4,CrO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Misenite
Formula: K8H6(SO4)7
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Möhnite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)K2Na(SO4)2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Britvin, S.N. (2015) Möhnite, IMA 2014-101. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 251; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N. (2015): Möhnite, (NH4)K2Na(SO4)2, a new guano mineral from Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109, 643-648.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Molybdofornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
'Monazite'
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Monzodiorite'
'Monzonite'
Moschellandsbergite
Formula: Ag2Hg3
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Nantokite (TL)
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Dana 6 (1892): 154; Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 18.
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
'Native Amalgam var: Arquerite'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Natroalunite-2c'
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrochalcite (TL)
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: American Journal of Science, series 4 (1908): 26: 342; Jarrell, O. W. (1944): Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology, 39, 251-86.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 603.
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Natroxalate
Formula: Na2(C2O4)
Nekoite
Formula: Ca3Si6O15·7H2O
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
'Nickel-iron'
Nickeltalmessite
Formula: Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Nitratine (TL)
Formula: NaNO3
Type Locality: Tarapacá, Chile
Reference: Nat. Bur. Standards Circ. 539/6 (1956), 50
Nitrobarite ? (TL)
Formula: Ba(NO3)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1951): Dana’s system of mineralogy, (7th edition), v. II, 305–306.; NBS Circ. 539/1 (1953), 81; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Nobleite
Formula: CaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Nowackiite
Formula: Cu6Zn3As4S12
Obradovicite-KCu (TL)
Formula: [K2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Reference: Finney, J. J., Williams, S. A., Hamilton, R. D. (1986) Obradovicite, a new complex arsenate-molybdate from Chuquicamata, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 283-284; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207.
Obradovicite-NaCu (TL)
Formula: Na2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Obradovicite-NaCu, IMA 2011-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2893; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893
Obradovicite-NaNa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)16Na(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O33(OH)4]
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Birch, W.D. and Dini, M. (2011) Obradovicite-NaNa, IMA 2011-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10,October 2011, page 2559
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Olivenite var: Zincian Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Palmierite
Formula: (K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Parabutlerite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1938) 23, 742-745; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 611.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Paracoquimbite (TL)
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Reference: Ungemach (1933) C.R. Acad.Sci. Paris: 197: 1133; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 535.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Paraotwayite
Formula: Ni(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5x
Pararsenolamprite
Formula: (As,Sb)
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Smith, G.F.H. and Prior, G.T. (1906) Paratacamite, a new oxychloride of copper. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 14, n° 65, 170-177.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Paratacamite-(Mg) (TL)
Formula: Cu3(Mg,Cu)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Leverett, P., Williams, P.A., Malcherek, T., Schlu¨ ter, J., Welch, M. and Dini, M. (2013) Paratacamite-(Mg), IMA 2013-014. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Leverett, P., Williams, P.A., Malcherek, T., Schlüter, J., Welch, M.D., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Paratacamite-(Mg), Cu3(Mg,Cu)Cl2(OH)6; a new substituted basic copper chloride mineral from Camerones, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3113-3124.
Paratellurite
Formula: TeO2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
'Percylite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perroudite
Formula: Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Pertlikite
Formula: K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacoalumite (TL)
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.,Mh.(1981) 97-102
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Phosphohedyphane (TL)
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A. (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analog of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 91(11-12), 1909-1917.
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Picaite (TL)
Formula: NaCa[AsO3OH][AsO2(OH)2]
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Picaite, IMA 2018-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.
Pickeringite (TL)
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: American Journal of Science (1844): 46: 360; Palache et al (1951), Dana's System of Mineralogy, seventh ed., vol. II: 131, 526.
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Pilolite'
Formula: Mg4Al2Si10O27 · 15H2O
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'
'Plessite'
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Plumbogummite Group'
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'PMG pallasite meteorite'
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
'Porphyry'
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Poughite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Powellite-Scheelite Series'
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 286 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
'Pyrobitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 373 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
'Quartz-diorite'
Quenstedtite (TL)
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.(1888) 1, p. 213; MinRec 6:106; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457, 536.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Rhyolite'
Riosecoite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO3OH)3(H2O)2
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Ríosecoite, IMA 2018-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.
Riotintoite (TL)
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH)·3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Lorenz, J.A. (2016) Riotintoite, IMA 2015-085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016,page 201; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 199–205; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Kampf, A.R., Möhn, G., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Riotintoite, Al(SO4)(OH)·3H2O, a new mineral from La Vendida copper mine, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 1293-1305.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rodalquilarite
Formula: Fe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)Cl
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite'
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Roselite
Formula: Ca2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rruffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
'Rubrite'
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Salesite (TL)
Formula: Cu(IO3)(OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist (1939): 24: 388-392.
'commodity:Salt'
Sampleite (TL)
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Hurlbut, C.S., Jr. (1942) Sampleite, a new mineral from Chuquicamata, Chile. American Mineralogist: 27: 586-589; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 946.
'Sand'
'Sandstone'
Sanrománite (TL)
Formula: Na2CaPb3[CO3]5
Reference: Schlüter, J., T. Malcherek & D. Pohl (2007): "Sanrománite, from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama desert, Chile, a new mineral of the burbankite group": Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 183, 117-121.
Santanaite (TL)
Formula: Pb11(CrO4)O12
Reference: NJMM (1972), 455; HB3 (1997)
Santarosaite (TL)
Formula: CuB2O4
Reference: Schlüter, J., Pohl, D., Golla-Schindler, U. (2008): Santarosaite, CuB2O4, a new mineral with disordered structure from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama desert, Chile. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 27-32.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite var: Sobotkite
Formula: (K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Scapolite var: Wernerite'
Schapbachite
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Schlossmacherite (TL)
Formula: (H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Schmetzer, K., Ottemann, J. and Bank, H. (1980): Schlossmacherite, a new mineral of the alunite-jarosite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 215-222. (in German).
Schneiderhöhnite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Schwartzembergite (TL)
Formula: Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 317; NJMM (1970), 467; Canadian Mineralogist (2001): 39: 785; American Mineralogist (2002): 87: 358.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Seeligerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1971) 210-217
Segerstromite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(As5+O4)2[As3+(OH)3]2
Reference: Hexiong Yang, Benjamin N. Schumer, Robert A. Jenkins, J. Rueben Bautista, Robert T. Downs and Stanley H. Evans (2014) Segerstromite, IMA 2014-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 554; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Jenkins, R.A., Evans, S.H. (2018): Segerstromite, Ca3(As5+O4)2[As3+(OH)3]2, the first mineral containing As3+(OH)3, the arsenite molecule, from the Cobriza mine in the Atacama Region, Chile. American Mineralogist: 103: 1497–1501
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Shilovite (TL)
Formula: Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Mo¨hn, G., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Nestola, F., Kasatkin, A.V. and Dini, M. (2014) Shilovite, IMA 2014-016. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 798; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Möhn, G., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Nestola, F., Kasatkin, A.V., Dini, M. (2015): Shilovite, natural copper(II) tetrammine nitrate, a new mineral species. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 613-623.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Sideronatrite (TL)
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 605; Bull. Min. 87 (1964): 125; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index."
'Sideronatrite-2M'
'Sideronatrite-2O'
'Silica'
'Silt'
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 205 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 205 localities in this region.
Silver var: Chilenite
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Skarn'
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Slag'
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Smithite
Formula: AgAsS2
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
'Soapstone'
'Soapstone var: Combarbalite'
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 146 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Stanfieldite
Formula: Ca4Mg5(PO4)6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stercorite
Formula: Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Stringhamite
Formula: CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
'Stylotypite' (FRL)
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: von Kobell (1865) Berichte Akademie Muenchen, v. 1, p. 163-168.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Szenicsite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)(OH)4
Reference: Francis, C.A., Pitman, L.C., Lange, D.E. (1994) Szenicsite, a new mineral from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. The Mineralogical Record, 25:1, 76-76. Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 83, 400-403. Francis, C.A., Pitman, L.C., Lange, D.E. (1997) Szenicsite a new copper molybdate from Inca de Oro, Atacama, Chile. The Mineralogical Record, 28:5, 387-394.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tacharanite
Formula: Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tamarugite (TL)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: NJMM (1987), 171; Peter G. Seroka collection
Tamboite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(OH)(H2O)2(SO4)(Te4+O3)3(Te4+O(OH)2)(H2O)3
Reference: : Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Walford, P.C. and Back, M.E. (2016) Metatamboite, IMA 2016-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1142; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144.
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Tapiaite (TL)
Formula: Ca5Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4·12H2O
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Dini, M., & Molina Donoso, A. A. (2015). Tapiaite, Ca5Al2 (AsO4) 4 (OH) 4· 12H2O, a new mineral from the Jote mine, Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(2), 345-354.
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Tarapacáite (TL)
Formula: K2(CrO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 645; Acta Cryst. B28 (1972), 2843; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Telluromandarinoite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2Te3O9·6H2O
Reference: BACK, M.E., GRICE, J.D., GAULT, R.A., COOPER, M.A., WALFORD, P.C. & MANDARINO, J.M. (2011): Telluromandarinoite, a new tellurite mineral from the El Indio-Tambo mining property, Andes Mountains, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist 55, 21-28.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Teruggite
Formula: Ca4Mg[AsO4|B6O7(OH)6]2 · 12H2O
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite (TL)
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: von Kobell (1865) Berichte Akademie Muenchen, v. 1, p. 163-168.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tinsleyite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tocornalite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)I
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
'Tonalite'
Tondiite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Malcherek, T., Bindi, L., Dini, M., Ghiara, M. R., Molina Donoso, A., Nestola, F., Rossi, M., Schlüter, J. (2014): Tondiite, Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2, the Mg-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 583-590.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Torrecillasite (TL)
Formula: Na(As,Sb)3+4O6Cl
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B. and Dini, M. (2014) Torrecillasite, IMA 2013-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 168; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170.; Kampf, A., Nash, B., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A. (2014): Torrecillasite, NaAs4O6Cl, a new mineral from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 747-755.; Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2016): Chongite, Ca3Mg2(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2·4H2O, a new arsenate member of the hureaulite group from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Triazolite (TL)
Formula: NaCu2(N3C2H2)2(NH3)2Cl3·4H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Möhn, G., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.I., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017) Triazolite, IMA 2017-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1035; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Trippkeite (TL)
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1034; Hey's Mineral Index (1993)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
'Trudellite'
Tsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Ulexite (TL)
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 347; American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 712.
'UM1966-02-E:FeNi'
Formula: Fe0.94Ni0.06
'UM1970-18-S:As' (FRL)
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Amer. Min. 55,1338(1970)
'UM1970-26-S:CuZn'
Formula: Cu3ZnS4
'UM1971-17-S:Mo'
Formula: MoS2.85-3.1
'UM1971-20-SiO:Mo'
Formula: Mo-Si-O
'UM1998://:IOCrO-CaClKTi'
Formula: Ca-K-Ti-I-Cr-O-Cl-H
Ungemachite (TL)
Formula: K3Na8Fe(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 597; American Mineralogist (1936): 21(12): part 2, p.2; Mineralogical Record: 9: 329.
'Unnamed (Arseniosiderite-related mineral)'
Formula: Ca, Fe, As, O, H
'Unnamed (Na-Cu-Cl Triazolate)'
Formula: NaCu2Cl3[N3C2H2]2[NH3] 2·4H2O
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
'Ureilite meteorite'
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Veenite
Formula: Pb2(Sb,As)2S5
Vendidaite (TL)
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)3Cl·6H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Chernyatieva, A.P., Mohn, G., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., Lorenz, J.A. (2013): Vendidaite, Al2(SO4)(OH)3Cl·6H2O, a new mineral from La vendida copper mine, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 559-568.
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Vredenburgite'
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Wad var: Cobaltian Wad'
'Wad var: Cuprian Wad'
Wakabayashilite
Formula: [(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Walfordite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Te6+)Te4+3O8
Reference: Back, M.E., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Criddle, A.J. & Mandarino, J.A. (1999): Walfordite, a new tellurite from the Wendy open pit, El Indio - Tambo mining property, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist 37, 1261-1268.
Walthierite (TL)
Formula: Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1275-1284
Weddellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Weeksite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Weilite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4)
Wendwilsonite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Winstanleyite
Formula: TiTe4+3O8
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Witzkeite (TL)
Formula: Na4K4Ca(NO3)2(SO4)4·2H2O
Reference: Nestola, F., Cámara, F., Chukanov, N.V., Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Contreira Filho, R.R. and Fa¨rber, G. (2012) Witzkeite, IMA 2011-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 153; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6