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Chilei
Regional Level Types
ChileCountry

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Name in French:Chili
Name in German:Chile
Name in Italian:Cile
Name in Russian:Чили
Name in Simplified Chinese:智利
Name in Spanish:Chile
Name in Afrikaans:Chili
Name in Albanian:Kilia
Name in Arabic:تشيلي
Name in Belarusian:Чылі
Name in Bulgarian:Чили
Name in Catalan:Xile
Name in Czech:Chile
Name in Danish:Chile
Name in Dutch:Chili
Name in Estonian:Tšiili
Name in Farsi/Persian:شیلی
Name in Finnish:Chile
Name in Galician:Chile
Name in Greek:Χιλή
Name in Hebrew:צ’ילה
Name in Hindi:चिली
Name in Hungarian:Chile
Name in Icelandic:Síle
Name in Indonesian:Chili
Name in Irish Gaelic:An tSile
Name in Japanese:チリ
Name in Korean:칠레
Name in Latvian:Čīle
Name in Lithuanian:Čilė
Name in Macedonian:Чиле
Name in Norwegian:Chile
Name in Polish:Chile
Name in Portuguese:Chile
Name in Romanian:Chile
Name in Serbian:Чиле
Name in Slovak:Čile
Name in Slovenian:Čile
Name in Swahili:Chile
Name in Swedish:Chile
Name in Tagalog:Chile
Name in Thai:ชิลี
Name in Turkish:Şili
Name in Ukrainian:Чилі
Name in Vietnamese:Chile
Name in Welsh:Chile
Area:756,096 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Santiago4,837,295 (2016)
Puente Alto510,417 (2018)
Antofagasta309,832 (2013)
Viña del Mar294,551 (2017)
Valparaíso282,448 (2017)
Talcahuano252,968 (2013)


Chile is divided into 16 regions, each of which is headed by an intendente appointed by the President. Every region is further divided into provinces with a Gobernador Provincial, also appointed by the President. Finally each of the 51 provinces is divided into municipalities (324) which are sometimes referred to as comunas, each with its own mayor, and councilors, known as concejales elected by their inhabitants.

Each region is designated by a name and a Roman numeral, assigned from north to south. In general, the Roman numeral is used, rather than the name. The only exception is the region where Santiago is situated, which is designated RM, that stands for Región Metropolitana, Metropolitan Region.

In 2005, the Chilean congress passed a reform to create two new regions, one in the north, around the city of Arica, and one in the south centered around Valdivia (aka Region of the Rivers). Being designated by numerals XIV and XV, both break the geographical numerical order from north to south. There is speculation that the numeral system will be dropped in favor of their formal names.
The two regions, 'Arica and Parinacota' in the north (created by subdividing the Tarapacá Region), and 'Los Ríos' in the south (created by subdividing the Los Lagos Region), became operative in October 2007.

On March 11, 2010, the creation of the Marga Marga Province gave Chile a new total of 54 provinces.

Note on names of mines: 'Oficina' is the name for a nitrate (saltpeter) mining property.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

719 valid minerals. 138 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
Adamite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1866): 62, 692; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: M. Dini collection
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Agardite'
Reference: Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of Mineral Sciences at NHM of LAC, California; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Leverettite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Provence, Chile: the Co-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3047-3054.
Alacránite (TL)
Formula: As8S9
Type Locality:
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970): Alpha-arsenic sulfide, from Mina Alacrán, Pampa Larga, Chile. Am. Mineral. 55, 1338-1344; [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Reference: Zori, C., & Tropper, P. (2013). Silver lining: evidence for Inka silver refining in northern Chile. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(8), 3282-3292.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Alcaparrosaite (TL)
Formula: K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Algodonite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [Economic Geology 66 (1971), 133]
'Alisonite'
Formula: Cu6PbS4
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'α-Arsenic Sulphide'
Formula: AsS
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970) Alpha-Arsenic Sulfide, from Mina Alacrán, Pampa Larga, Chile. The American Mineralogist, 55, 1338-1344.
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Description: Occurs between native zinc and native copper.
Reference: Am Min 55:5-6 pp 1019-1021
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Magnesiovoltaite K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12•18H2O, a new mineral from the Alcaparrosa mine, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 1005-1017
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Amarantite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie 87 (1964), 125
Amarillite (TL)
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci., Paris (1933) 197, p. 1133
Ammineite (TL)
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Type Locality:
Reference: Walter, F., Bojar, H.-P., Baumgartner, J. (2010): Ammineite, CuCl2(NH3)2 - the first mineral with an ammine complex. 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association - Budapest 21-27.08.2010 (in press).
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov and Martins da Pedra specimens.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: José Carlos Mañuz Sanz specimen
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Sanna, L., Vattano, M., Galli, E., & Forti, P. (2017). Secondary minerals from halite caves in the Atacama Desert (Chile). In 17th International Congress of Speleology (No. I, pp. 242-246). Australian Speleological Federation Inc.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antipinite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lysenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G. and Van, K.V. (2014) Antipinite, IMA 2014-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 801; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lyssenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G., Möhn, G., Van, K.V. (2015): Antipinite, KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4, a new mineral species from a guano deposit at Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1111-1121.
'Antitaenite'
Formula: Fe3Ni
Reference: Scorzelli, R. B., & Souza Azevedo, I. (2001). Mössbauer Spectroscopic Studies on Mesosiderites. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 185.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Antofagastaite'
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2·1.5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Kovrugin, V.M., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Koshlyakova, N.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Turchkova, A.G. and Möhn, G. (2018) Antofagastaite, IMA 2018-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14984
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Peter G. Seroka collection
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: http://forum.amiminerals.org/viewtopic.php?t=3756&highlight=patache
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov, IR Spectroscopy by Nikita V. Chukanov
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn609#browse (accessed 01/19/2018)
Argentotennantite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Argyropyrite'
Formula: near Ag2Fe7S11
Reference: Cucurella J., Flores I. 1994: Condoriaco silver deposit: a geological, mineralogical and genetic reconstruction from I. Domeyko collection of the University La Serena, Chile. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 25, no. 1, 59-68
Arhbarite
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed specimens
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: Zeits. Krist. Min. 31 (1899), 230; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 130.
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 154-167
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Asbolane var: Cuproasbolane
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Description: In the analysed sample: Cu:Co = 3:1
Reference: XRD by Joachim Lorenz, SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fidel Costa, Michael A. Dungan, and Brad S. Singer (2001) Magmatic Na-rich phlogopite in a suite of gabbroic crustal xenoliths from Volcán San Pedro, Chilean Andes: Evidence for a solvus relation between phlogopite and aspidolite. American Mineralogist 86:29-35.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
Atacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 168 localities in this region.
Type Locality: Atacama, Chile
Reference: Blumenbach J F (1803) L´atacamit, sable vert d´Atacama, in Manuel D´Histoire Naturelle, Volume 2, Soulange Artaud (Paris) 348-349
'Atlasite'
Formula: near Cu15(CO3)6Cl2(OH)16 · H2O
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Aubertite (TL)
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Bull.Min.(1979) 102, 348-350
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: extraLapis no.2, 43
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Dana 6:529.
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Babánekite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Kimura, M., Ikeda, Y., Ebihara, M., & Prinz, M. (1991). New enclaves in the Vaca Muerta mesosiderite: Petrogenesis and comparison with HED meteorites. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 4, 263.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
Bakhchisaraitsevite
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Bandylite (TL)
Formula: Cu[B(OH)4]Cl
Reference: Palache & Foshag (1938); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 374; American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 875.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Bariopharmacoalumite
Formula: Ba0.5Al4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Rumsey, M. S., Favreau, G., Spratt, J., Raudsepp, M. and Dini M. (2011): Bariopharmacoalumite, a new mineral species from Cap Garonne, France and Mina Grande, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 135-144.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Zn)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bellingerite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(IO3)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1940): 25: 505-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 315.
Belloite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.,Mh.(2000) 67-73; M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: AmMin 20:81-105, 153-75.
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ruiz Fuller C.-Peebles F.; "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile", Fondecyt, Stgo 1988, Chile
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: analysed with Edx, Pdf and Microprobe (by dr. Jochen Schlüter); Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207
Betpakdalite-NaCa
Formula: [Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)16Na(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O33(OH)4]
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Betpakdalite-NaNa, IMA 2011-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2892; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bideauxite
Formula: Pb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 55
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 507.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Biphosphammite
Formula: (NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: Flint, S. (1986): Sedimentary and diagenetic controls on red-bed ore genesis: the Middle Tertiary San Bartolo copper deposit, Antofagasta Province, Chile. Economic Geology 81, 761-778.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bobierrite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 754.
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Bonazziite (TL)
Formula: As4S4
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist 55,1338(1970)
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Description: As salvadorite.
Reference: Hey; Herz (1896) Zeits Krist. 26:16-18
Boothite var: Ferroan Boothite
Formula: (Cu,Fe2+)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: As salvadorite.
Reference: Hey; Herz (1896) Zeits Krist. 26:16-18
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 122 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: maurizio Dini & Arturo Molina collctions- analysed by EDX & PDF (by dr. Jochen Scluter)
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 84 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite var: Iodian Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Cook, R B. (1979): Famous mineral localities; Chanarcillo, Chile. Mineralogical Record. 10, 197-204.
Bromargyrite var: Mercuroan Bromargyrite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)Br
Reference: Cook, R B. (1979): Famous mineral localities; Chanarcillo, Chile. Mineralogical Record. 10, 197-204
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 154-167
Brüggenite (TL)
Formula: Ca(IO3)2 · H2O
Reference: Progr.Abstr.,Geol.Soc.Amer.,Ann. Meeting (1971) p. 653; Am Min 57 (1972),
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Pieczonka, J., Piestrzyński, A., & Zygo, W. (2017). Złoże Cu-Mo Sierra Gorda, północne Chile. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego.
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cadwaladerite (TL)
Formula: AlCl(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Never observed during several visits by Peter G. Seroka.
Reference: Notulae Naturae, Acad.Nat.Sci., Philadelphia (1941) no. 80, 4 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 77.
Caesiumpharmacosiderite (TL)
Formula: CsFe4[(AsO4)3(OH)4]·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mills, S.J., Petrini, E., Bellatreccia, F., Schlu¨ter, J., Kampf, A.R., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M. and Spratt, J . (2013) Caesiumpharmacosiderite, IMA 2013-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3257; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Reference: TESIS PARA OPTAR AL GRADO DE MAGÍSTER EN CIENCIAS, MENCIÓN GEOLOGÍA MEMORIA PARA OPTAR AL TÍTULO DE GEÓLOGO CONSTANZA BEATRIZ NICOLAU DEL ROURE EYLERTS, 2013
Calamaite (TL)
Formula: Na2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov,I.V., Siidra,O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G. and Möhn, G. (2016) Calamaite, IMA 2016-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1136; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144; Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Möhn, G. (2018) Calamaite, a new natural titanium sulfate from the Alcaparrosa mine, Calama, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 801-809.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 284 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Reference: Econ Geol (1991) 86:1287-1300
Camanchacaite (TL)
Formula: NaCaMg2[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Nash, B., Dini, M. and Molina Donoso, A.A. (2018) Camanchacaite, IMA 2018-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.
Camaronesite (TL)
Formula: [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4) · 1–2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
Canutite (TL)
Formula: NaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nash, B. and Dini, M. (2013) Canutite, IMA 2013-070. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3251; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nash, B.P., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2014): Canutite, NaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2, a new protonated alluaudite-group mineral from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 787-795.
Capgaronnite
Formula: AgHgClS
Caracolite (TL)
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Periodico di Mineralogia 54 (1985), 34; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 82, 547.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: M. Dini & A.Molina Collections - analysed with quantitative and semi quantitative methods by Dr. Jochen Schluter (curator of Hamburg Mineral Museum)
Carlosruizite (TL)
Formula: K6(Na,K)4Na6Mg10(SeO4)12(IO3)12 · 12H2O
Reference: [American Mineralogist (1994) 79, 1003-1008; MinRec 27:201]
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Reference: H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Egert R., Ernesto; Vieira G., Camilo; Bobenrieth G., Luis (1983): Mineralization of uranium associated with halite from Salar Grande, I Region de Tarapaca, Chile. Minerales 38, 7-19 (in Spanish).; Perez Andraca, Luis Ernesto (1987): Uranium occurrences in Neogene formations of northern Chile. Nucleotecnica 12, 15-29 (in Spanish).; Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cattiite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: field collected by Alfredo Petrov
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Sanna, L., Vattano, M., Galli, E., & Forti, P. (2017). Secondary minerals from halite caves in the Atacama Desert (Chile). In 17th International Congress of Speleology (No. I, pp. 242-246). Australian Speleological Federation Inc.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: analysed by Gerhard Möhn and Joy Desor
Ceruleite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Dufet (1900) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 23: 147 (as Céruléite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 928..
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
Cesanite
Formula: Na3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)
Reference: Brugger J, Meisser N, Ansermat S, Krivovichev S V, Kahlenberg V, Belton D, Ryan C G (2012) Leucostaurite, Pb2[B5O9]Cl·0.5H2O, from the Atacama Desert: The first Pb-dominant member of the hilgardite group, and micro-determination of boron minerals by PIGE. American Mineralogist 97, 1206-1212
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
Chalcanthite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 490, 564; Lapis 17(1), 8-11 (1992).
Chalcanthite var: Phillipite
Formula: Cu3Fe3+2(SO4)6 · 40H2O
Description: Occurs at unspecified copper mines.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 520.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 130 localities in this region.
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Maurizio Dini; Schlüter, J., T. Malcherek & D. Pohl (2007): "Sanrománite, from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama desert, Chile, a new mineral of the burbankite group": Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 183, 117-121.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 296 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O