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Corporation quarries, Clifton Hill, Collingwood, City of Yarra, Victoria, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Corporation quarriesGroup of Quarries
Clifton HillHill
Collingwood- not defined -
City of Yarra- not defined -
VictoriaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 47' 27'' South , 145° 0' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -37.79083,145.00389
GeoHash:G#: r1r158ks7
Locality type:Group of Quarries
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Abbotsford4,907 (2016)1.1km
Clifton Hill5,790 (2015)1.1km
Fairfield5,946 (2015)1.7km
Collingwood5,500 (2017)1.9km
North Fitzroy11,473 (2015)2.2km


"Quarrying operations at Clifton Hill, alongside Merri Creek date back to 1846 and possibly earlier. Small quarry operations (of around half an acre) were made available for leasing to the public from 1846. Theses leases were subsequently resumed by the Melbourne City Council for suppling material for road and building construction. This area was approximately ten acres in size. Later approximately three and and a half acres of this property was granted to the Collingwood Council in 1884 for quarrying purposes. These two ajoining quarries have been referred to as "Corporation Quarries" and "Metropolitan Quarries"." (Birch, 1989)
Three basalt flows exposed in the quarry. The upper flow contains no mineralisation, the middle and low flows contain the mineralisation.
"The first discovery of zeolites at the Corporation Quarries was made by a field geologist with the Geological Survey of Victoria in 1879. Both chabazite (variety phacolite) and phillipsite were found in association with ferroan calcite in various forms and aragonite."
Remediation of the quarry was completed in 1983 and it is no longer visible.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Melbourne-Mathinna Zone, Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaZone (Tectonic)
Selwyn Province, Victoria, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Description: Analcime is present as perfect water-clear trapezohedrons, less than 0.5 mm in size, with crystals of large phillipsite and phacolite.
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: "Aragonite has been found generally in vesicular basalt above the zeolite zones. Mamillary calcite is a common associated carbonate. Spectacular aragonite sprays, white or yellow and measuring up to 60 mm across, have been collected. Hexagonal prisms, doubly terminated by pyramids and the faces of the prisms being horizontally striated occurred at Clifton Hill."
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Ferroan calcite is by far the most common type of calcite at the F19 cuttings. Normal calcite occurs as white to cream mammillary coatings lining cavities along with aragonite crystal sprays.
Reference: Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Description: "Ferroan calcite is abundant and is intimately associated with the zeolites. The calcites are various shades of yellow, orange and brown, are translucent to opaque, and occur in a number of spectacular forms such as clubs which sometimes taper to fragile stems providing the point of attachment to the matrix; 'bow-ties'; hemispheres and nodules. The various structures are usually made up of tightly packed fibres which give a silky appearance to the specimen when held in a certain direction. Calcite also occurs as yellowish brown glassy prisms. Simple calcite rhombs are rare, although 'dog-tooth spar' is not uncommon."
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Description: "Chabazite occurs as colourless, water-clear sparkling crystals, which usually rapidly dehydrate and become opaque and crazed upon exposure. Micro crystals are very much less affected. The crystals are always twinned, and simple chabazite rhombs, or forms dominated by the rhomb, have never been observed in Melbourne Basalt. The 'phacolite' form and complex clusters based on this unit, are exceedingly common and alternative forms are rare. The terminal plane is always domed and has a frosted or etched appearance." Single phacolite type crystals occur up to 12 mm across and complex twin/clusters occur up to 20 mm across.
Reference: B. Birch chemical analysis; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Description: "The gonnardite/natrolite intergrowth, considered mesolite prior to 1988, has been verified from all Melbourne localities, and occurs as small, opaque white hemispheres and tufts composed of radiating fibres and prismatic needles. The individual groups have diameters up to 6 mm, though typically are 1 to 3 mm. The groups show a variety of lustre-chalky, sub-vitreous or silky- and the prismatic needles appear quite glassy when viewed through the microscope. The clusters that have been studied are radially zoned, presenting a compact gonnargite-rich core and a soft fibrous natrolite-rich outer zone."
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Cited by Atkinson in 1894
Reference: - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Description: "White nodules of huntite from Clifton Hill quarries have been identified by X-ray diffraction of old specimens of 'hydrous dolomite'. " The original report of this materials is as follows. "Occasionally, large and small cavities, as well as horizontal planes and joints, contain a soft white substance, of a consistence varying, when freshly exposed, from a near milky state, to that of a soft putty, of which an analysis proved it to be a hydrous dolomite. These soft masses seem gradually to part with their water, and become converted into a variety of dolomite, sometimes soft and earthy, resembling chalk; and at other times extremely hard and semi-opaline in appearance."
Reference: - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Description: What was originally identified as mesolite has proven to be an intergrowth of Gonnardite/Natrolite.
Reference: - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Description: "The gonnardite/natrolite intergrowth, considered mesolite prior to 1988, has been verified from all Melbourne localities, and occurs as small, opaque white hemispheres and tufts composed of radiating fibres and prismatic needles. The individual groups have diameters up to 6 mm, though typically are 1 to 3 mm. The groups show a variety of lustre-chalky, sub-vitreous or silky- and the prismatic needles appear quite glassy when viewed through the microscope. The clusters that have been studied are radially zoned, presenting a compact gonnargite-rich core and a soft fibrous natrolite-rich outer zone."
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Cited by Atkinson in 1894.
Reference: - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Cited by Atkinson in 1894.
Reference: - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49; - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Phillipsite-Na
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Description: "In common with chabazite, phillipsite is always found in complex twinned crystals, with smaller crystals generally showing the simple forms such as the fourling, the prismatic and cruciform eightling and clusters based on these. Varieties of the larger crystals include the 'double cross', clusters based on this twinned form, and exceedingly complex rosettes and hemispheres and blocky aggregates. In freshly opened cavities, crystals of phillipsite are colourless to water-clear, but the larger crystals, like those of chabazite, soon become translucent to opaque-white when allowed to dehydrate upon exposure."
Reference: Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Description: "Thomsonite often forms smooth, translucent, grey to pale brown hemispheres with a resinous lustre. The hemispheres are up to 3 mm in diameter and are composed of elongated plates which are exceedingly thin. Other forms include compact fibrous sheafs and tuffs which retain the grey translucent appearance of the globular form. The tips of these fibres sometimes appear as if they have been partly fused together."
Reference: - Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Mesolite ?9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Phillipsite-Na9.GC.10(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Mesolite ?77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-Na-(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
AlAluminium
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
FeIron
Fe Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 932427
Newer Volcanic Group

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Newer Volcanic Group

Description: Cinder cones - scoria, minor ash and agglutinates; Lava flows - tholeiitic to minor alkaline and basanitic lavas.

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Early Silurian - Cambrian
427.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3185333
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (427.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Lachlan Fold Belt

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Birch, W. D., ed. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, p.49


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