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Kamoto Principal Mine (Kamoto Fond Mine; Kamoto Mine), Kamoto, Kolwezi mining district, Lualaba, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Kamoto Principal Mine (Kamoto Fond Mine; Kamoto Mine)Mine
Kamoto- not defined -
Kolwezi mining districtDistrict
LualabaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
10° 43' 20'' South , 25° 24' 7'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kolwezi418,000 (2016)7.1km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Started in the 1950s below the opencast workings of the same name, and abandoned in 1990.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Central AfricaRegion
Katanga, DR CongoProvince (Historical)
Katanga Copper Crescent, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Paul De Bondt photo & specimen
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Billietite
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Reference: B Thorne collection
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Art Sorgaroli
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Reference: Art Sorgaroli
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Kolwezite
Formula: CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Gauthier, G. & Deliens, M. (1999): Cobalt minerals of the Katanga Crescent, Congo. Mineralogical Record 30 (4): 255-273
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Soddyite
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: Gauthier, G. & Deliens, M. (1999): Cobalt minerals of the Katanga Crescent, Congo. Mineralogical Record 30 (4): 255-273
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Vandenbrandeite
Formula: Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Billietite4.GB.10Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vandenbrandeite4.GB.45Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Kolwezite5.BA.10CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Cuprosklodowskite9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Soddyite9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO4·xH2O
Vandenbrandeite5.3.2.1Cu(UO2)(OH)4
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Billietite5.7.1.3Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kolwezite16a.3.1.7CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Soddyite53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Dolomite
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
-(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
CCarbon
C KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
C Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
O Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
O BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
O CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Si CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
CaCalcium
Ca BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
Co Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
Cu CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
BaBarium
Ba BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
UUranium
U VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
U Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
U BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
U CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoproterozoic to Carboniferous : 669 ± 1 Ma to 306 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Carboniferous
   Pennsylvanian
ⓘ Uraninite (youngest age)306 Ma
    
 
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Cryogenian
ⓘ Uraninite (oldest age)669 ± 1 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).


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