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Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field, North Karelia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore fieldOre Field
North KareliaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude:
62° North , 29° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~135km
Locality type:


Ophiolite-related stratiform massive Cu-Zn-Co sulphides, disseminated Ni sulphides, massive stratiform sulphides, disseminated Ni sulphides in serpentinite, quartz-rock and calc-silicate rock.

Famous mainly for well-crystallised and large, dark green uvarovite crystals in matrix.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

82 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Treloar P.J., Charnley N.R. (1987) Chromian allanite from Outokumpu, Finland, - Canadian Mineralogist, 25, pp. 413-418.
Allanite-(Ce) var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Treloar P.J., Charnley N.R. (1987) Chromian allanite from Outokumpu, Finland, - Canadian Mineralogist, 25, pp. 413-418.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Anduoite
Formula: (Ru,Os)As2
Reference: No reference listed
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2011. Vuonos - Copper Database
'Asbestos'
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
'Bitumen'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: American Mineralogist (1959), 44, 897-900
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dissakisite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: AmMin 88:604-610
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: It is Cr-bearing dravite with 9,60% Cr2O3
Reference: Peltola et al 1968. A chromian tourmaline from Outokumpu. Bull Soc Geol. Finland n:o 40, p. 35-38
Dravite var: Chromian Dravite
Formula: Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: It is Cr-bearing dravite with 9,60% Cr2O3
Reference: Peltola et al 1968. A chromian tourmaline from Outokumpu. Bull Soc Geol. Finland n:o 40, p. 35-38
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote var: Tawmawite
Formula: {Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: No reference listed
Eskolaite (TL)
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Am Min 43 (1958), 1098
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Guyanaite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö; Häkli, T.A.; Kataja, M. 1968. A hydrated oxide of chromium as a pseudumorph after eskolaite, Outokumpu, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland n:o 40, p. 125-129, illus.
Haapalaite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Type Locality:
Reference: Bul. Geol. Soc. Fin. 45 (1973)
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2011. Vuonos - Copper Database
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: No reference listed
Karelianite (TL)
Formula: V3+2O3
Type Locality:
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Vuollo,J & Piirainen, T. 1989.Mineralogical evidence for an ophiolite from the the Outokumpu serpentinites in North Karelia, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 61 (1) , 95-112.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: GEOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUKSEN ETELÄ-SUOMEN PLATINATUTKIMUS V. 1989 90.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Nolanite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Reference: Long, J.V.P., Vuorelainen, Y. & Kouvo, O. 1963. Karelianite, a new vanadium mineral. The American Mineralogist 48 (1-2), 33-41.
Osarsite
Formula: (Os,Ru)AsS
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Patrónite
Formula: VS4
Reference: Peltola,Esko 1960. On the black schists in the Outokumpu region in eastern Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 192. 107 s.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pentlandite var: Argentian Pentlandite
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Uusinoka, R. 1975. A study of composition of rock-gouge in fractures of Finnish Precambrian bedrock. Commentationes Physico-Mathematicae Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 45 (1). 101 s.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2011. Vuonos - Copper Database
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: No reference listed
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vuorelainenite
Formula: Mn2+V3+2O4
Reference: Long, J.V.P. &al 1963.; Long, J.V.P. & al 1963. Karelianite, a new vanadium mineral. The American Mineralogist 48 (1-2), 33-41.
Willyamite
Formula: CoSbS
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Kouvo, Olavi; Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Magneettikisun koostumuksesta ja rakenteesta. Geologi 14 (6), 79-82.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Anduoite2.EB.15a(Ru,Os)As2
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite (TL)2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite2.EB.25(Ni,Co)AsS
Haapalaite (TL)2.FD.30(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Osarsite2.EB.20(Os,Ru)AsS
Patrónite2.EC.10VS4
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
var: Argentian Pentlandite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Willyamite2.EB.25CoSbS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Eskolaite (TL)4.CB.05Cr2O3
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Guyanaite4.FD.10CrO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite (TL)4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nolanite4.CB.40(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vuorelainenite4.BB.05Mn2+V3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dissakisite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Dravite9.CK.05Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Tawmawite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Cobaltpentlandite (TL)2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Anduoite2.12.2.8(Ru,Os)As2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Osarsite2.12.4.3(Os,Ru)AsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Willyamite2.12.3.4CoSbS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Haapalaite (TL)2.14.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Patrónite2.16.21.1VS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Eskolaite (TL)4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite (TL)4.3.1.4V3+2O3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Miscellaneous
Nolanite4.6.7.1(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Guyanaite6.1.2.3CrO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Vuorelainenite7.2.4.1Mn2+V3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dissakisite-(Ce)58.2.1a.5{CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Ce)
var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)
-{CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite
var: Chromian Dravite
-Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
var: Tawmawite
-{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
-(Ni,Co)AsS
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Iron-Fe
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pentlandite
var: Argentian Pentlandite
-(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Tremolite
var: Chrome-Tremolite
-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
H Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BBoron
B Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O UraniniteUO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S LauriteRuS2
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
S AlabanditeMnS
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S WillyamiteCoSbS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S PatróniteVS4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S MarcasiteFeS2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
VVanadium
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V PatróniteVS4
V Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
V VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
CrChromium
Cr EskolaiteCr2O3
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cr Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Cr Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cr GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe IronFe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Fe Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Co Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co WillyamiteCoSbS
NiNickel
Ni Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As NickelineNiAs
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
As Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
Ru Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
AgSilver
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb WillyamiteCoSbS
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
TeTellurium
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
CeCerium
Ce Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Allanite-(Ce) (var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadPb
BiBismuth
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rehtijaervi, P. (1984) Enrichment of bromine and chlorine in Proterozoic serpentinites from the Outokumpu Cu-Co ore district, Finland. Economic Geology, 79(3), 549-552.
Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008) Outokumpu revisited: New mineral deposit model for the mantle peridotite-associated Cu–Co–Zn–Ni–Ag–Au sulphide deposits. Ore Geology Reviews, 33, 559-617.

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