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Hongtoushan Mine, Qingyuan Co., Fushun, Liaoning, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Hongtoushan MineMine
Qingyuan Co.County
FushunPrefecture
LiaoningProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):红透山铜矿, 清原满族自治县, 抚顺市, 辽宁省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 59' 50'' North , 124° 30' 55'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.99722,124.51528
GeoHash:G#: wz2wcmm78
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dwa : Monsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climate


Medium-scale volcanogenic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide (VHMS) deposit, consisting of chimneys, veins, and stratiform ore bodies in the lower and middle parts of the Hongtoushan Formation of the Archean Anshan Group. The Hongtoushan Formation consists of biotite-plagioclase-gneiss and amphibole-plagioclase gneiss with intercalations of felsic gneiss and magnetite quartzite. Ore minerals are mainly pyrite (50%), pyrrhotite (20%-30%), chalcopyrite (1%-10%), sphalerite (1%-15%), and minor galena, cubanite, and chalcocite. The ore minerals occur in masses, breccia, bands, and disseminations.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


40 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
'Biotite'
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Covellite var: Selenian Covellite
Formula: Cu(S,Se)
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2004): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-146
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2006): Types of disperse element deposits and their ore-forming regularity and ore-searching and comprehensive utilization direction. Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2004): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-156
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2004): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-156
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2004): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-156
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20
'Turgite'
Reference: Guangyu Zhou (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
var: Selenian Covellite2.CA.05aCu(S,Se)
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Goslarite'7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Clinozoisite'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Turgite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Covellite
var: Selenian Covellite
-Cu(S,Se)
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Covellite (var: Selenian Covellite)Cu(S,Se)
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Covellite (var: Selenian Covellite)Cu(S,Se)
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SeSelenium
Se Covellite (var: Selenian Covellite)Cu(S,Se)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3192217
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Some problems in exploration of the Hongtoushan metamorphic Cu-Zn deposit. Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5 (in Chinese).
Guangyu Zhou (1983): Characteristics of the oxidation zone of the Hongtoushan copper deposit and the process of its formation. Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20.
Weihua Yang (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Copper Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi and Xu Zhonglun, eds.: Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press, Beijing (1996), pp. 470-507.
Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Mechanisms of Cu-Au enrichment in ore mylonites of the Hongtoushan massive sulphide deposit, Longtoushan, China. Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351.
Minzhi Yang (2004): Se geochemistry in the oxidation zone of Hongtoushan Cu deposit and its resource environmental recovery. Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-156 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xuzhao Wang, Hongyong Wang, and Jinhong Qu (2005): Characteristics of rock-burst disaster and its geological conditions in the Hongtoushan copper mine. Geology and Prospecting 41(6), 102-106.
Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Yuanchuan Zheng, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Pei Ni, Xinjian Xiao, and Zeman Tian (2005): Formation mechanism of oreshoots in massive sulphide orebodies at Hongtoushan, NE China. In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P., Eds.: Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting, Beijing, China, 18 - 21 August 2005, 610-614.
Kejun Hou, Yanhe Li, and Defang Wan (2006): Stable isotope geochemistry and genesis of the Archean Hongtoushan sulfide deposit in Liaoning Province. Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 167-170 (in Chinese with English title).
Zheng, Y.C. et al. (2011): Geology and Geochemistry of Highly Metamorphosed Footwall Alteration Zones in the Hongtoushan Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposit, Liaoning Province, China. Resource Geology 61, 113–139.

External Links



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