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Hongtoushan Mine, Qingyuan Co., Fushun Prefecture, Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region), China

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Name(s) in local language(s): 红透山铜矿, 清原满族自治县, 抚顺市, 辽宁省, 中国
Medium-scale volcanogenic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide (VHMS) deposit, consisting of chimneys, veins, and stratiform ore bodies in the lower and middle parts of the Hongtoushan Formation of the Archean Anshan Group. The Hongtoushan Formation consists of biotite-plagioclase-gneiss and amphibole-plagioclase gneiss with intercalations of felsic gneiss and magnetite quartzite. Ore minerals are mainly pyrite (50%), pyrrhotite (20%-30%), chalcopyrite (1%-10%), sphalerite (1%-15%), and minor galena, cubanite, and chalcocite. The ore minerals occur in masses, breccia, bands, and disseminations.

Mineral List

53 entries listed. 41 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Some problems in exploration of the Hongtoushan metamorphic Cu-Zn deposit. Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5 (in Chinese).

Guangyu Zhou (1983): Characteristics of the oxidation zone of the Hongtoushan copper deposit and the process of its formation. Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 15-20.

Weihua Yang (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Copper Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi and Xu Zhonglun, eds.: Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press, Beijing (1996), pp. 470-507.

Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Mechanisms of Cu-Au enrichment in ore mylonites of the Hongtoushan massive sulphide deposit, Longtoushan, China. Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351.

Minzhi Yang (2004): Se geochemistry in the oxidation zone of Hongtoushan Cu deposit and its resource environmental recovery. Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-156 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Xuzhao Wang, Hongyong Wang, and Jinhong Qu (2005): Characteristics of rock-burst disaster and its geological conditions in the Hongtoushan copper mine. Geology and Prospecting 41(6), 102-106.

Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Yuanchuan Zheng, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Pei Ni, Xinjian Xiao, and Zeman Tian (2005): Formation mechanism of oreshoots in massive sulphide orebodies at Hongtoushan, NE China. In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P., Eds.: Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting, Beijing, China, 18 - 21 August 2005, 610-614.

Kejun Hou, Yanhe Li, and Defang Wan (2006): Stable isotope geochemistry and genesis of the Archean Hongtoushan sulfide deposit in Liaoning Province. Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 167-170 (in Chinese with English title).

Zheng, Y.C. et al. (2011): Geology and Geochemistry of Highly Metamorphosed Footwall Alteration Zones in the Hongtoushan Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposit, Liaoning Province, China. Resource Geology 61, 113–139.

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