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Fuxian kimberlite field, Wafangdian Co., Dalian Prefecture, Liaodong Peninsula, Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region), China

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 39° North , 121° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~56km
Köppen climate type:Dwa : Monsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climate

Diamond deposit, located in the Fuzhou Basin in Eastern Liaoning uplift of the North China Platform. The basement rock consists of Archean granite and gneiss that is overlain by Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary rock in a N-NE-trending synclinorium. Kimberlite occurs along EW striking faults in the basement and NE-striking faults in overlying rocks. The major Tanlu fault zone is the main ore-controlling structure.

Eighteen kimberlite pipes and 58 kimberlite dikes occur in the area. The pipes are complicated and irregular. Eight of them have economic grades, averaging 50 mg/m3. A maximum grade of 308 mg/m3 occurs in pipe No. 50. The kimberlite dikes occur along fractures that strike N-NE and dip at 70° to 80°. They are parallel to each other and eight of them, which are intensely carbonate-altered, bear diamonds. The richest of these dikes is no. 69, with a grade of 327 mg/m3. The diamond hardness is more than 88,000 kg/mm2. Most diamonds are transparent and with a strong adamantine luster.

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15 valid minerals.

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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Leung, I.S. (1990) Silicon carbide cluster entrapped in a diamond from Fuxian, China. American Mineralogist: 75: 1110–1119.
Leung, I.S., Guo, W., Freidman, I., and Gleanson, J. (1990) Natural occurrence of silicon carbide in a diamondiferous kimberlite from Fuxian. Nature: 346: 352–354.
Lijian Qi, Zuojun Tang, Xinbiao Lu, Mouchun He, Fan Zhang, and Qing Miao (1999) Typomorphic peculiarities and significance of mineral inclusions in diamond in Liaoning Province, China. Journal of Gems & Gemmology: 1(3).
Huifang Liu (2002) Hexagonal pentlandite and sylvite inclusions in diamond from Liaoning. Geological Science and Technology Information [Dizhi Keji Qingbao]: 21(2): 51-54.

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