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Mission complex, San Xavier, Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District), Sierrita Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mission complexComplex
San Xavier- not defined -
Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District)Mining District
Sierrita MtsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 59' 48'' North , 111° 3' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


This ASARCO operation is a complex of several mine workings. The original workings were the South San Xavier pit, now essentially mined out, and the Mission pit. These two pits were combined with the Eisenhower mine (pit), forming one large open pit. The complex also contains the Mission (underground) mine, the Mineral Hill area (all contiguous and active) plus the North San Xavier pit (a little distance away and active). The complex is located along Interstate 19, about 18 miles South of Tucson, and features a free visitors' Mineral Learning Center with geoscience educational exhibits. San Xavier is a small town with a Spanish mission (San Xavier del Bac, the famous "white dove of the desert"), located to the North of the Mission complex, and is on the San Xavier (Tohono O'odom) Indian Reservation. Trespassing on the complex is strictly prohibited except for the visitors' center, adjacent to the highway. This complex is also located about 6 miles North of the Twin Buttes deposit and mine.

Reserves in 1995 were demonstrated at 471,409,000 metric tons.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

57 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Colour: Blue-green
Description: Small veinlets, commonly 1/16 to 1 inch wide, not everywhere having a medially disposed stringer of pyrite and chalcopyrite, in hornfels, western part of the Mission orebody.
Reference: Kinnison, J.E. (1966), The Mission copper deposit, AZ, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 285.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Colour: Pale olive-green
Description: Primary constituent of tactite formed in Paleozoic limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111; Kinnison, J.E. (1966), The Mission copper deposit, AZ, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 281-287; Richard, K. & J.H. Courtwright (1959), Some geologic features of the Mission copper deposit, in Southern Arizona Guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 201-204.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities:
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
'Clays'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities:
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 186.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039575, RDS D #M050359.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10111429, MRDS ID #M050387.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 242.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs in thin veins in diopside-garnet tactites as micro-material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 199.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals with fluorite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 207, 224.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039575, RDS D #M050359.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals with dolomite and tetrahedrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 207, 224.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities:
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities:
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Description: Occurs as thin semas of granular material in cuprite, coated by aurichalcite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 230, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Abundant in limestone hornfels with diopside & tremolite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205, 240, 402; Journeay, J.S. (1959), Pyrometasomatic deposits at Pima mine, in Southern Arizona guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 198-199.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities:
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 248.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103751, MRDS ID #M050384.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities:
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities:
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039575, RDS D #M050359.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Occurs intergrown with flat-bladed calcite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 366.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039593, MRDS ID #M050388.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039575, RDS D #M050359.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Colour: Black
Description: Masses of crystalline material in a matrix of snow-white wollastonite and marble.
Reference: ASARCO site geologist.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Min.Rec.: 8: 517.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities:
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039575, RDS D #M050359.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
NNitrogen
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
OOxygen
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O QuartzSiO2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CupriteCu2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AragoniteCaCO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
ClChlorine
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Argall, George D., Jr. (1962) ASARCO’s Mission Copper. Mining World: 24(1)(Jan): 19-42.
Engineering & Mining Journal (1962): ASARCO’s Mission: January, 1962: 70-84.
Fall, C.S. (1965) Drilling and Blasting at the Mission Mine, Mining Review: September, 1965: 84-86.
Schaefer, A.L. (1965) History of the Mission Mine, A.I.M.E. section: May 17, 1965, 4 pp.
Tainter, S.L. (1965) Mine Engineering Methods at the Mission Mine, Mining Engineering: December, 1965: 89-92.
Engineering & Mining Journal (1966): ASARCO By-products Plant Recovers Mo-Zn Concentrates: June, 1966: 600.
Kinnison, J.E. (1966), The Mission Copper Deposit, Arizona, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 281-287.
Mining and Milling (1976), ANAMAX, Anaconda, and ASARCO Form New Company, World Mining: November, 1976: 48-49, 77.
Jansen, Louis J. (1982) Stratigraphy and Structure of the Mission Copper Deposit; in: Advances in Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits – Southwestern North America, University of Arizona Press: 467-474.
Titley, Spencer R. (1982) Some Features of tectonic History and Ore Genesis in the Pima Mining District; in: Advances in Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits – Southwestern North America, University of Arizona Press: 387-406.
USGS Minerals Yearbook - Mining & Quarrying Trends (1988): 33.
Epler, Bill (1991) ASARCO Completes Mission Portion of Major Copper Expansion, Southwestern Pay Dirt: 12/91: 23A.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10113915, MRDS ID #M050387, MAS ID #0040190007; and, Dep. ID #10162101, MAS ID #0040190061.
Williams, Billy M. (2018) Playing in a Big Boy’s Sandbox – Asarco’s Mission Mining Complex. Self published, 140 pages plus CDROM.

USGS MRDS Record:10113915

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